Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

February 02, 2007
Common blood pressure drug reduces progressive muscle degeneration in mice
Scientists supported in part by the National Institutes of Health's National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases and National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke have found that that the commonly prescribed blood pressure medication losartan improves muscle regeneration and repair in a mouse model of Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD), a devastating disease characterized by rapid progression of muscle degeneration in boys and young men.

UK-India success for University of Nottingham
Academics at the University of Nottingham will conduct joint research with their counterparts in India after success in the biggest ever education initiative between the two countries.

Physicists find way to 'see' extra dimensions
Peering backward in time to an instant after the big bang, physicists at the University of Wisconsin-Madison have devised an approach that may help unlock the hidden shapes of alternate dimensions of the universe

University of Delaware engineers receive grant for energy research
Researchers at the University of Delaware have received a $960,000 grant from the US Department of Energy to identify low-cost, nano-sized catalysts -- tiny amounts of metal compounds -- that can spur the chemical conversion of liquid fuels into hydrogen for powering cars to heating homes.

Emergency departments test chest pain patients differently, based on race, gender and insurance
A new study by researchers at the Medical College of Wisconsin in Milwaukee and Johns Hopkins University has found that race, gender and insurance differences factor strongly in the evaluation of patients with chest pain seen in emergency departments.

Sophisticated ESA space weather tool under development
If a satellite encounters high-energy particles or other

Researchers build lasers for NASA climate studies
NASA has given researchers at Montana State University $1.14 million to study two important, but poorly understood, pieces in the global-warming puzzle: aerosols and water vapor in the atmosphere.

Cassini images mammoth cloud engulfing Titan's North Pole
A giant cloud half the size of the United States has been imaged on Saturn's moon Titan by the Cassini spacecraft.

Tiny 'gas-flow' sensor has industrial, environmental applications
Researchers at Purdue University have shown how to create a new class of tiny sensors for applications ranging from environmental protection to pharmaceutical preservation.

Remicade therapy shown to improve productivity in patients treated for chronic plaque psoriasis
Investigators reported today at the American Academy of Dermatology annual meeting that patients with moderate to severe plaque psoriasis receiving Remicade (infliximab) induction and maintenance therapy experienced significant improvements in productivity at week 10, which were sustained through week 50.

Brain's reward circuit activity ebbs and flows with a woman's hormonal cycle
Fluctuations in sex hormone levels during women's menstrual cycles affect the responsiveness of their brains' reward circuitry, an imaging study has revealed.

Climate change only one symptom of a stressed planet Earth
The International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme responds to the IPCC AR4 by focussing on the need for an integrated, Earth Systems Science approach to the challenges posed by global environmental change.

New analyses reinforce efficacy of Remicade in treatment of severe psoriasis
Findings from an integrated analysis of data from three pivotal, randomized, placebo-controlled trials showed that at week 10 more than three-quarters of patients with severe psoriasis receiving Remicade (infliximab) 3 mg/kg or 5 mg/kg achieved a 75 percent improvement in the chronic, inflammatory skin disease as measured by the Psoriasis Area Severity Index (PASI 75).

British Antarctic Survey response to IPCC report
British Antarctic Survey welcomes the carefully considered and rigorous set of statements in the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change: The Physical Science Basis fourth report published today February 2, 2007.

AMS climate change statement
Despite uncertainties, there is adequate evidence from observations and interpretations of climate simulations to conclude that the atmosphere, ocean, and land surface are warming; that humans have significantly contributed to this change; and that further climate change will continue to have important impacts on human societies, on economies, on ecosystems and on wildlife through the 21st century and beyond, according to a new information statement on climate change issued by the American Meteorological Society today.

IP for value creation in biotechnology
The second Science and Innovation Management Studies Executive Course, titled

Energy institute will put Illinois at forefront of farm bioenergy production
A $500 million research program announced Feb. 1 by the energy company British Petroleum will bring farm bioenergy production to Illinois on a grand scale, say researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.

Commitment to promoting understanding between Germany and Japan
DFG awards the Sixth Eugen and Ilse Seibold Prize.

Pilot study shows withdrawal drug offers symptom relief to Crohn's sufferers
A Penn State College of Medicine pilot study suggests a low dose of naltrexone, a drug used to ease symptoms of alcohol and drug addiction, may also bring relief to people with Crohn's disease, a chronic inflammatory disorder of the intestine that affects an estimated 500,000 Americans.

Lessons learned from liver retransplantation
A new study on liver retransplantation (re-LT) over a 15 year period at a clinic in Germany found that indications for the surgery had changed and there were fewer rejections, complications, and recurrence of disease during that time.

Solar physicist shines, wins second Harvey Award for Montana State University
Jiong Qiu, 36, will be awarded the Karen Harvey Award in late May during the annual meeting of the Solar Physics Division of the American Astronomical Society in Honolulu.

Survey indicates people with chronic moderate to severe plaque psoriasis may be undertreated
The National Psoriasis Foundation and Amgen today released data, which show that nearly 40 percent of patients with chronic moderate to severe psoriasis are not currently receiving any treatment.

Go team -- 2 kinds of teamwork improves care for chronic heart failure
Active patient involvement during treatment of chronic heart failure, coupled with partnership with healthcare team members to provide care consistent with evidence-based guidelines, dramatically improves quality of care for chronic heart failure patients according to a study by researchers from the Indiana University School of Medicine, the Regenstrief Institute and the Roudebush VA Medical Center.

Lipid plays big role in embryonic development
A little-known lipid plays a big role in helping us grow from a hollow sphere of stem cells into human beings, researchers have found.

Engineering Cell Biology II
This is the second in a series of conferences that bring together cell biologists and bioengineers to explore the fusion of basic cell biology and engineering approaches, to more fully understand cell behavior and cell interactions with their surroundings.

Folded sediment unusual in Sumatran tsunami area
Sediment folding may have added to the exceptionally large tsunami that struck Sumatra on December 26, 2004, according to an international team of geologists.

March/April Geological Society of America Bulletin media highlights
Geology topics of interest include: evidence from New Zealand challenging the hypothesis that the Northern Hemisphere drives global climate; evidence of two catastrophic volcanic eruptions in the Hannegan Pass area of Washington state's North Cascades National Park; origins of the highly productive topsoil of America's Great Plains; and new insights into hotspots in the Hawaiian-Emperor Island seamount chain.

New report presents strongest evidence yet of human link to global warming, Duke expert says
Evidence presented in the first phase of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change's 4th Assessment Report, released today in Paris, paints the clearest picture yet that human-derived greenhouse gases are playing a significant role in observed global warming, says a Duke University scientist who coauthored one of the report's main chapters.
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