Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

March 02, 2007
A vegetable fiber from tomato which can be used in making functional meat and bakery foods
AZTI-Tecnalia Technological Center has achieved a revaluation of the subproducts of the tomato canning industry to transform them into an ingredient for use in meat and bakery foods.

Hispanic women at higher risk for heart disease
Hispanic women's heart disease risk is comparable to the heart disease risk level of Caucasian women who are about a decade older.

Whole-grain breakfast cereal associated with reduced heart failure risk
Eating whole-grain breakfast cereals seven or more times per week was associated with a lower risk of heart failure, according to an analysis of the observational Physicians' Health Study.

Erectile dysfunction drugs may trump nitroglycerin for heart protection
Erectile dysfunction drugs may be better than nitroglycerin in protecting the heart from damage before and after a severe heart attack, Virginia Commonwealth University researchers report today.

NC research campus and UNC universities host major symposium on nutritional biotechnology
A conference in nutritional bioscience hosted by the six North Carolina research universities and the developing North Carolina Research Campus, will feature many of the leading researchers in nutrigenomics and metabolomics -- emerging fields that hold the key to understanding nutrition at the molecular and genomics level and promise the design of better diets and of foods that are more nutritious, healthier and tastier.

Heatwave on the top of the world
CNRS scientists in collaboration with a team announce findings that global warming has increased the average temperature by 0.74°C over the last century.

Genes and stressed-out parents lead to shy kids
New research in Current Directions in Psychological Science shows that shyness in kids could relate to the manner in which a stress-related gene in children interacts with being raised by stressed-out parents.

Conflicting signals can confuse rescue robots
Researchers at NIST report that the radio transmissions of multiple search and rescue robots can interfere with each other and degrade performance.

A key to male fertility
French CNRS scientists in collaboration with a team at the Institute of Genetics Strasbourg, France have just identified a key regulator of male fertility.

Corals that can fight global warming may one day help fragile reefs
Global warming is threatening corals, reported Cornell's Drew Harvell at the AAAS meeting February 18.

Helping managers get a handle on IT security
Two new publications issued by NIST will help senior executives, auditors, and others in federal agencies better understand how to manage, support and evaluate their information security programs.

Fish extinctions alter critical nutrients in water, study shows
A Cornell study using computer simulations has teased out how extinctions of freshwater fish can affect the availability of certain nutrients that other species rely on.

Genome sequencing reveals key to viable ethanol production
As the national push for alternative energy sources heats up, researchers at the University of Rochester have for the first time identified how genes responsible for biomass breakdown are turned on in a microorganism that produces valuable ethanol from materials like grass and cornstalks.

Researchers find the mechanism by which cells resist chemotherapy
A team of researchers from the UAB's Mutagenesis Group, led by Dr.

New medical finding: Treatment for gum disease could also help the heart
Scientists at University College London have conducted the first clinical trial to demonstrate that an intensive treatment for periodontitis (gum disease) directly improves the health of blood vessels.

Hot tubs hurt fertility, UCSF study shows
Exposure to hot baths or hot tubs can lead to male infertility, but the effects can sometimes be reversible, according to a new study led by a University of California, San Francisco urologist.

Pregnant smokers raise their child's risk of stroke, heart attack
Women who smoke during pregnancy can cause permanent vascular damage in their children -- increasing their risk for stroke and heart attack.

Rare cell prevents rampant brain activity
One of the mysteries of the brain is how it avoids ending up in a state of chaos, something which happens only on exceptional occasions, when it can lead to epileptic fits.

Reactions to 'false-positive' prostate cancer screenings assessed
Men who get a

Atom 'noise' may help design quantum computers
Physicists at NIST have found that images of noise in clouds of ultracold atoms trapped by lasers reveal hidden structural patterns, including spacing between atoms and cloud size.

VLTI: Amber penetrates to the heart of the stars
French CNRS teams can observe almost all stages in the evolution of stars with the Amber Telescope built by the consortium the they manage with other associated teams.

Sphingolipids with therapeutic ends
In the Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology of the University of the Basque Country, they are trying to understand how sphingolipids operate in the cells and how they can regulate certain biological functions.

UAB coordinates a European project on vaccine research
The STREP research project,

Discovery of new cave millipedes casts light on Arizona cave ecology
Discovery of new cave millipedes casts light on Arizona cave ecology.

Quantum effects make the difference
The atomic constituents of matter are never still, even at absolute zero (-273.15 degrees Celsius).

NIST risk mitigation guide gives planners a head start
NIST's new web-enabled 'Risk Mitigation Toolkit' can help in identifying the most important hazards threatening buildings and other constructions and taking action to eliminate them or reduce their potential impact.

Climate changes brews trouble for marine life in European Seas, Marine Board-ESF report says
There is no denying that climate changes have profound impacts on the world and especially on the marine environment.

Rosetta teams up with New Horizons
ESA and NASA are mounting a joint campaign to observe Jupiter over the next few weeks with two different spacecraft.

New coating is virtual black hole for reflections
Researchers have created an anti-reflective coating that allows light to travel through it, but lets almost none bounce off its surface.

GIOVE-A navigation signal available to users
The GIOVE-A Signal-in-Space Interface Control Document, the document that gives the technical details of the signals transmitted by the GIOVE-A satellite, has been released.

Seeds of Change and Conservation International join forces to fight rainforest devastation
Seeds of Change, a global leader in sustainable organic agriculture practices, announced today that it will partner with Conservation International (CI) on vital programs to create an environmentally sustainable cacao industry in the Brazilian Atlantic Forest where both cacao farming and biodiversity are in jeopardy.

Computer-designed molecule to clean up fluorocarbons?
The chemical bond between carbon and fluorine is one of the strongest in nature, but researchers at NIST and Philip Morris's Interdisciplinary Network of Emerging Science and Technology group have used

Hubble sees 'Comet Galaxy' being ripped apart by galaxy cluster
The NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope, in collaboration with several other ground- and space-based telescopes, has captured a galaxy being ripped apart by a galaxy cluster's gravitational field and harsh environment.

Free our data? -- Manchester
A public debate, Free our Data?, is to be held in at 6 p.m.

Antidepressants improve post-stroke 'thinking outside the box'
Antidepressant treatment appears to help stroke survivors with the kind of complex mental abilities often referred to as

Cancer treatment targets tumor blood supply in patients
An antibody called J591 specifically targets an antigen found in high amounts on both prostate tumors and on blood vessels of all solid tumors, according to a study by researchers at NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital/Weill Cornell Medical Center.

Emory algorithm improves kidney transplant chances for sensitized patients
Researchers at Emory University have developed a decision process, based on innovative technology, that may help to level the organ transplant playing field and give new hope to patients whose immune systems are sensitized due to prior transplants, pregnancies, or blood transfusions.

Physicists reveal water's secrets in journal Science
Equipped with high-speed computers and the laws of physics, scientists from the University of Delaware and Radboud University in the Netherlands have developed a new method to

Regulation of heart procedures fall short of expectations
Certificate of Need, a form of state government regulation designed to keep mortality rates and healthcare costs down, appears to do neither with regard to two widespread heart procedures.

Biology professor helps others go with the flow of dam removal
Northern Arizona University Biology professor helps others go with the flow of dam removal.

Delicate relation between single spins
Probing the magnetic interaction between single atoms is no longer a dream.

Atomic clock signals may be best shared by fiber-optics
Time and frequency information can be transferred between laboratories or to other users in several ways, often using the Global Positioning System (GPS), but today's best atomic clocks are so accurate that more stable methods are needed.

Carnegie Mellon researchers urge regulators to rethink strategies for soot emission
Carnegie Mellon University researchers say government officials need to adopt new ways of measuring and regulating the fine particles of smoke and soot so endemic to serious health problems and global warming crisis.

Outcomes for patients with hepatitis B who need liver transplants
Survival rates are similar among patients with hepatitis B who are listed for liver transplantation, whether or not they have hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), according to a new study in the March 2007 issue of Liver Transplantation.

Economical and flexible
A flat screen that can be rolled up and put into a jacket pocket -- organic transistors with low energy consumption could make this possible.

Frozen lightning: NIST's new nanoelectronic switch
Researchers at NIST have demonstrated a prototype nanoscale electronic switch that can be built from self-assembled layers of organic molecules on silver wires.

NIST 'micro-rack' measures cell mechanical properties
Researchers at NIST have developed a microelectromechanical system (MEMS) cell-stretcher that can measure the mechanical properties of a living cell, such as its ability to stick to a surface.

NIH selects Children's Hospital as Center of Excellence to train future generations of scientists
The National Institutes of Health (NIH) has selected Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh of UPMC as a Center of Excellence for training the nation's future leaders in pediatric research.
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