Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

March 21, 2007
Victor Lawrence honored with IEEE Simon Ramo Medal
Victor Lawrence, associate dean and Batchelor Chair Professor of Electrical Engineering in Stevens' Charles V.

Darveau receives Periodontal Disease Research Award
Dr. Richard Darveau, professor, Department of Periodontics and Oral Biology, University of Washington School of Dentistry, Seattle, has been selected to receive the 2007 Basic Research in Periodontal Disease Award from the International Association for Dental Research, convening here today for its 85th General Session.

International and American Associations for Dental Research present awards and fellowships
As part of the opening ceremonies of its 85th General Session & Exhibition, convening today at the Ernest N.

Baum to receive IADR Oral Medicine & Pathology Award
Dr. Bruce J. Baum, chief of the Gene Therapy and Therapeutics Branch of the National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research (National Institutes of Health), has been named the 2007 recipient of the Oral Medicine & Pathology Research Award, conferred by the International Association for Dental Research, convening here today for its 85th General Session.

System monitors health of new composite military missiles
Engineers at Purdue University have designed and tested a

IADR presents Research in Prosthodontics & Implants Award to Stanford
At the opening ceremonies of the 85th General Session of the International Association for Dental Research, convening here today, the 2007 Research in Prosthodontics and Implants Award will be presented to Dr.

Connecticut's Hand to receive IADR Salivary Research Award
Dr. Arthur R. Hand, professor, Department of Craniofacial Sciences, University of Connecticut, Farmington, is the recipient of the 2007 Salivary Research Award from the International Association for Dental Research, convening here today for its 85th General Session.

Study focuses on wandering minds
College students reported mind-wandering almost one-third of the time in their daily lives, according to a new study led by faculty and graduate students at the University of North Carolina at Greensboro.

American Society for Microbiology to host 107th General Meeting in Toronto
For the first time in its 107-year history, the American Society for Microbiology will hold its annual meeting outside the United States.

Winner of Tyler Environmental Prize announced
The 2006 Tyler Environmental Prize goes to Gatze Lettinga, who gave up the patent rights to his invention of a wastewater treatment that cuts air and water pollution, so as to keep it affordable for the developing world.

Expressive robot computers
Imagine if your computer could tune into the mood you're in, tilting its screen to one side when you look gloomy or swing cheerfully upwards when you perk up.

International Society for Heart and Lung Transplantation 27th Annual Meeting and Scientific Sessions
The 27th Annual Meeting and Scientific Session of the International Society for Heart and Lung Transplantation will be held at the Hilton Hotel in San Francisco, April 25-28, 2007.

Mooney to receive IADR's Isaac Schour Memorial Award
The 2007 Isaac Schour Memorial Award from the International Association for Dental Research will be presented today to Dr.

Research institutions, businesses launch renewable fuels venture
A joint venture among businesses and Colorado research institutions to further develop renewable fuels was announced March 19 at the state capitol in Denver.

American Chemical Society, Portico sign agreement for permanent electronic archiving of ACS content
The American Chemical Society Publications Division has signed a major archiving agreement with Portico, an electronic archiving service whose mission is to preserve scholarly literature published in electronic form and to ensure that these materials remain accessible to future scholars, researchers and students.

Birkhed receives Research in Dental Caries Award
At the opening ceremonies of the 85th General Session of the International Association for Dental Research, convening here today, Dr.

Oral Biology Research Award presented to Russell
The 2007 Research in Oral Biology Award will be presented today to Dr.

Moral judgment fails without feelings
Individuals with damage to a part of the frontal lobe make ruthless decisions when confronted with moral dilemmas that cause others to waver.

IADR to present Behavioral Science Award to Harvard's Douglass
Dr. Chester Douglass, professor and chair, Department of Oral Health Policy and Epidemiology at Harvard University School of Dental Medicine, Boston, Mass., has been named the 2007 recipient of the Behavioral Sciences & Health Services Research Award, presented by the International Association for Dental Research, convening today for its 85th General Session.

Leading drug discovery and biotechnology scientists and experts discuss latest advancements
More than 3,000 of the world's experts in the area of biomolecular science and drug discovery are expected to attend the 13th Annual Conference & Exhibition of the Society for Biomolecular Sciences April 15-19, 2007 in Montreal, Canada to discuss advances in biotechnology, challenges and automation solutions to the field.

Scientists identify a gene that may suppress colorectal cancer
In Genome Research, a husband-and-wife research team from Thomas Jefferson University report the discovery of a gene that, when mutated, may suppress colorectal cancer.

Is bigger better? Breast surgery linked to boost in self-esteem and sexuality
Although breast augmentation should not be seen as a panacea for feelings of low self-worth or sexual attractiveness, it is important for health-care practitioners to understand the psychological benefits of these procedures, UF researchers say.

Simmer to receive research in Biological Mineralization Award
The 2007 Award for Basic Research in Biological Mineralization will be presented today by the International Association for Dental Research to Dr.

American College of Physicians releases new patient education resources
The American College of Physicians today released

Gender and age can be determined from face silhouettes
A new study published in Journal of Vision demonstrates that face silhouettes are visually processed much like regular face stimuli and provide enough information to determine traits about the subject including age and gender.

Listen to your heart: Researchers discover a physiological indicator of vulnerability to temptation
A measure of cardiac regulation called

Researchers find best way to detect airborne pathogens
Current methods used to sniff out dangerous airborne pathogens may wrongly suggest that there is no threat to health when, in reality, there may be.

University of Minnesota's 6th annual Design of Medical Devices Conference to be held April 17-19
The University of Minnesota's Sixth Annual Design of Medical Devices Conference will be held April 17-19, at the Radisson University Hotel, 615 Washington Ave.

Study shows that anal cytology predicts anal precancer in HIV-positive gay men
HIV-positive men who have sex with men are up to 90 times more likely than the general population to develop anal cancer.

Researchers find substantial amount of mercury entering the ocean through groundwater
Researchers from the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution have found a new and substantial pathway for mercury pollution flowing into coastal waters.

MU receives $1 million to create college advising corps
The Jack Kent Cooke Foundation today awarded a $1 million grant to the University of Missouri-Columbia as part of a nationwide initiative to significantly increase college enrollment and graduation among high-ability, low-income high school students and to encourage community college students to continue their studies toward completion of bachelor's degrees.

Marshall to receive Wilmer Souder Award from IADR
The 2007 Wilmer Souder Award for research in the field of dental biomaterials science is being presented today by the International Association for Dental Research to Dr.

Hersh receives IADR Research Award in Pharmacology
Dr. Elliot V. Hersh, professor of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery and Pharmacology, University of Pennsylvania School of Dental Science, Philadelphia, has been named the 2007 recipient of the Pharmacology, Therapeutics, & Toxicology Research Award, presented today during the opening ceremonies of the 85th General Session of the International Association for Dental Research, convening at the Ernest N.

Morphine kills pain -- not patients
Many people, including health care workers, believe that morphine is a lethal drug that causes death when used to control pain for a patient who is dying.

Synthetic production of potential pharmaceuticals dramatically simplified by Scripps research team
A team of researchers at the Scripps Research Institute has developed new techniques that dramatically reduce the time, complexity, and cost of synthesizing natural products with pharmaceutical potential.

Survey reveals family ties and traditional activities keep arctic communities vital
A newly released survey of indigenous Arctic people indicates that an overwhelming majority of the region's native people think traditional pursuits such as hunting, boat-building and manufacturing crafts are important to their identity.

Europe and Russia confirm closer space cooperation
Europe and Russia are strengthening their cooperation in space. The Head of the Federal Space Agency of the Russian Federation (Roscosmos), Anatoly Perminov, ESA Director General, Jean-Jacques Dordain, and European Commission Director General Heinz Zourek met today at Roscosmos in Moscow within the framework of the Tripartite Space Dialogue between the European Commission, European Space Agency and Roscosmos.

Craniofacial Biology Award presented to Vargervik
The 2007 Craniofacial Biology Research Award is being presented today to Dr.

Position of car indicator lights affects safety -- designers should take note
People find it harder to make rapid decisions about which way a car will turn if its amber indicator lights are inside the headlights (i.e. nearer the middle of the car) than if the indicator lights are outside the headlights, according to research published today in the Journal of Applied Cognitive Psychology.

Gifted students beat the blues with heavy metal
Gifted students who feel the pressure of their ability could be using Heavy Metal music to get rid of negative emotions according to research at the University of Warwick.

MIT: Lack of fuel may limit US nuclear power expansion
Limited supplies of fuel for nuclear power plants may thwart the renewed and growing interest in nuclear energy in the United States and other nations, says an MIT expert on the industry.

Emergency responses greatly increase risk to firefighters of dying on duty from heart disease
In a new, large-scale study, researchers from the Harvard School of Public Health examined the link between CHD deaths and firefighting and looked at specific job duties to see which might increase the risk of dying from a coronary event.

Stephen receives Trendley Dean Memorial Award
The 2007 H. Trendley Dean Memorial Award will be presented today to Dr.

Major new research program
Why are so many Pakistani children being educated at religious Madrasas and what, if anything, are these schools contributing to the development process in Pakistan?

Ren receives IADR Young Investigator Award
The International Association for Dental Research, convening here today at the Ernest N.

AGU Journal highlights -- March 21, 2007
In this issue: Solar blast from the past dwarfed modern ozone destruction; Deep-diving West Coast plate may have triggered massive central US quake; Dry winters in north Mediterranean stoke hot European summers; Calculating a sharper view of the Moon's geochemistry; Lake Superior summer temperatures rising faster than regional air temperatures; Whatever the warming, ocean acidifies from carbon-dioxide buildup; and Mineral physics illuminates lower mantle hypothesis.

Mechanics meets chemistry in new way to manipulate matter
Researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have found a novel way to manipulate matter and drive chemical reactions along a desired direction.

Schmalz to receive major IADR Pulp Biology Research Award
Dr. Gottfried Schmalz, professor of Operative Dentistry, Department of Operative Dentistry and Periodontology, University of Regensburg, Germany, has been selected the 2007 recipient of the Pulp Biology Research Award from the International Association for Dental Research, convening here today for its 85th General Session.

Living with water scarcity -- world must act now
Only if we act to improve water use in agriculture now will we meet the acute water-environment-poverty challenges facing humankind over the next 50 years.

Jefferson scientists uncover gene mutation that cuts colon polyps, may suppress cancer
Scientists have found a gene mutation that can dramatically reduce the number of colon polyps that develop, potentially cutting the risk of cancer.

20 of world's 162 grouper species threatened with extinction
The first comprehensive assessment of the world's 162 species of grouper, a culinary favorite and important commercial fish, found that 20 are threatened with extinction unless proper management or conservation measures are introduced.

Brush anode and tubular cathode scale up microbial fuel cells
Generating electricity from renewable sources will soon become as easy as putting a brush and a tube in a tub of wastewater.

A safe folic acid boost from flour
Public consumption of folic acid from fortified flour at current mandated US levels (100 microgram/day) and at double this amount is probably safe, at average intakes, according to an article published today in the open access journal BMC Public Health.

Bird sex is something else
We've all heard about the birds and the bees. But apparently when it comes to birds, they have an unusual take on his and hers -- and the difference is genetic.

International Astronautical Federation joins project to protect World Heritage sites
The joint ESA/UNESCO Open Initiative to conserve hundreds of natural and cultural World Heritage sites using Earth observation satellites gets additional backing as the International Astronautical Federation joins the growing number of space entities to pledge support to the project.

Inhibiting blood to save the brain
Researchers at the UCSD School of Medicine have identified a fibrin-derived peptide that inhibits this specific inflammation process in mouse models of MS, reducing MS symptoms.

ACP hosts 'Internal Medicine 2007' in San Diego
The American College of Physicians, the leading professional organization for internal medicine, has a new name for its annual meeting:

Powerful new tool to track carbon dioxide by source
Scientists from NOAA's Earth System Research Laboratory released today a powerful new tool to monitor changes in atmospheric carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases by region and source around the world.

San Diego stem cell consortium tops in state funding
The San Diego Consortium for Regenerative Medicine leads California in grants and funding following the approval of comprehensive research grants by the state's stem cell agency.

Jones to receive IADR Award in Geriatric Oral Research
The 2007 Geriatric Oral Research Award from the International Association for Dental Research will be presented today to Dr.

Volcanic plumbing dictates development of deep-sea hydrothermal vents
After years of results that repeatedly dogged him, University of Oregon geologist Douglas R.

Controls engineer wins NSF CAREER Award to advance the viability of nuclear fusion
Nuclear fusion offers the promise of unlimited supplies of clean energy, once scientists and engineers learn to control the volatile conditions inside the fusion reactor, where temperatures reach 100 million degrees C.

Glaucoma diagnosis may be mistaken in some younger Chinese people
Many young and middle-aged people of Chinese ancestry told they are at risk of going blind from glaucoma may be getting incorrect information, say researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine.

UCLA scientists create microscopic alphabet, research could lead to tiny devices
UCLA chemists have designed and mass-produced billions of fluorescent microscale particles in the shapes of all 26 letters of the alphabet in an

New system developed by Scripps researchers
Tracing the origins of marine animals can be extremely difficult, especially in the free-flowing, soup-like conditions of the ocean, but obtaining this information is vital not only for understanding these organisms but for managing and conserving them as well.
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