Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

March 30, 2007
Arthritis pain processed in brain's 'fear zone,' first PET scans reveal
Researchers at the University of Manchester have discovered that arthritis pain, unlike that induced as part of an experiment, is processed in the parts of the brain concerned with emotions and fear.

MS patients need better socio-economic support as well as medical care
Better housing and transport and help with financial and employment problems are key issues for MS patients, according to a survey just published.

NYU scientists identify how development of different species uses same genes with distinct features
Biologists at New York University have identified how different species use common genes to control their early development and alter how these genes are used to accommodate their own features.

Novel experiments on cement yield concrete results
Using a brace of the most modern tools of materials research, a team from NIST and Northwestern University has shed new light on one of mankind's older construction materials -- cement.

Preventing cancer without killing cells
Inducing senescence in aged cells may be sufficient to guard against spontaneous cancer development, according to a paper published online this week in EMBO reports.

Children's Hospital Boston presents at the Society for Adolescent Medicine Annual Meeting
Two new studies document bullying of gay and lesbian teens and describe an innovative four-pronged method to capture teens' media use.

AACR-Bardos Awards for undergraduate students announced
To foster interest in cancer research careers among the next generation of young scientists, the AACR will provide an opportunity for undergraduate students to experience the field first hand at its Annual Meeting 2007 through the AACR-Thomas J.

Something fishy in human blood could save lives
Thousands of people with liver and kidney disease die every year from too much ammonia in their blood, and scientists from the US and Japan have found a possible solution.

Monitoring poisons in the environment -- a woolly matter
Heavy metals are present in variable amounts in the natural environment in the UK.

Hopkins research professor talks at NJIT about hospital noise and black heritage in technology
James E. West, Ph.D., a research professor in the department of electrical and computer engineering at Johns Hopkins University, will make two presentations April 9, 2007, at New Jersey Institute of Technology.

The psychology of baseball
Does your recent hitting streak really matter? Is there even such a thing as a clutch hitter?

Concurrent health problems take heavy toll on seniors
In the later years of life, chronic diseases and other health problems tend to accumulate and negatively affect an individual's health, according to reports published in the latest issue of the Journal of Gerontology: Medical Sciences (Vol.

Oil production in the world close to peak
In a worst-case scenario, global oil production may reach its peak next year, before starting to decline.

Cells selectively absorb short nanotubes
DNA-wrapped single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) shorter than about 200 nanometers readily enter into human lung cells and so may pose an increased risk to health, according to scientists at NIST.

Healthy schools project gets an 'A'
Sixth-grade students who took part in a school-based program that encourages physical activity and promotes healthier food choices had a significant drop in their diastolic blood pressure, total cholesterol, and LDL cholesterol levels, new research shows.

For clean air
Japanese researchers headed by Anil K. Sinha at the Toyota Central R&D Labs have developed a new material that very effectively removes volatile organic compounds as well as nitrogen- and sulfur oxides from air at room temperature.

Study finds Census reported Japanese Americans to US security agencies
The US Census Bureau provided information to US surveillance agencies during World War II to identify persons of Japanese ancestry, according to a new study by two scholars of census history, who say their research confirms the bureau's actions, despite decades of official denials.

Bukiet sees subway series a distinct possibility in 2007
The New York Mets should expect to win about 90 games in 2007 and the Yankees a whopping 110 games to lead their divisions, said Bruce Bukiet, Ph.D., an associate professor of mathematical sciences at New Jersey Institute of Technology.

The great escape -- fleeing fish fall in line
With the unappealing prospect of being eaten, one might imagine that during a predator attack it is a case that all fish escape at once in the desperate hurry to escape as quickly as possible.

Making no bones about it -- digestion in Burmese pythons
Burmese pythons don't eat very often, but when they do they like to pig out, ingesting the whole of their prey.

Intelligent materials to regenerate bone tissue
The European Nanobiocom project, led by INASMET-Tecnalia with the help of others, is working on the regeneration and repair of bone tissue.

The eyes have it! How box jellyfish avoid banging into things
Box jellyfish are much more active swimmers than other jellyfish -- they exhibit strong directional swimming, are able to perform rapid 180-degree turns, and can deftly move in between objects.

Brown rot shrivels prune production in California
Brown rot is one of the most economically and ecologically important diseases affecting California's $100 million prune industry, say plant pathologists with The American Phytopathological Society.

Carry on walking!
The next time you are struggling to carry your bags home from the supermarket just remember that this could, in fact, be the reason you are able to walk upright on two legs at all!

Research project tackles 'regeneration' gap
Humans share many genes and cellular pathways with creatures that have remarkable powers of regeneration.

Penn scientists engineer small molecules to probe proteins deep inside cell membrane
To probe the secrets of inaccessible transmembrane proteins, researchers at the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine have designed peptides that are able to bind to specific inner regions, using computer algorithms, and information from existing protein sequence and structure databases.

Rosetta and New Horizons watch Jupiter in joint campaign
ESA's Rosetta and NASA's New Horizons are working together in their joint campaign to observe Jupiter.

Danish researches solve virus puzzle
How is virus as for example HIV and bird flu able to make the cells within a human body work for the purpose of the virus?

ESA satellite images can help IPY expeditions in the Arctic Ocean
International Polar Year expeditions attempting to navigate through the treacherous, ice-infested waters of the Arctic Ocean will be able to access the latest ESA Envisat satellite radar images of the ice conditions surrounding their vessel.

Safety analyses of clinical data for bifeprunox in patients with schizophrenia
Solvay Pharmaceuticals Inc., Wyeth Pharmaceuticals, a division of Wyeth (NYSE:WYE), and Lundbeck A/S presented clinical study results on bifeprunox at an international medical congress this week.

Harvard and U. Pittsburgh researchers explain carbon monoxide's anti-inflammatory effects
In a study appearing in The FASEB Journal (April 2007), scientists from Harvard and the University of Pittsburgh have shown for the first time that anti-inflammatory effects of CO originate within cells' own molecular engines, mitochondria.

Sandia researchers help to understand climate change
Sandia researchers Mark Ivey and Bernie Zak are members of a research team from around the world whose work on the cold tundra in northern Alaska is helping to transform scientists' understanding of what the future may hold for Earth's climate.

The CIMA and a Dutch scientific center have found a treatment for porphyria
The Center for Applied Medical Research from the University of Navarra and the Amsterdam Molecular Therapeutics BV have demonstrated the pre-clinical effectiveness of a treatment against acute intermittent porphyria.

AACR awards minority and other underrepresented scientists
Three Scholar Awards programs, sponsored by the American Association for Cancer Research, will provide scientists traditionally underrepresented in cancer research with financial support to participate in the premier international meeting in the field.

Case Western researcher, international team call for better global warming forecasting
Case Western Reserve University faculty member Matthew Sobel has joined a team of international scientists calling for better forecasting methods in predicting how climate changes will impact the earth's plant and animal species.

Titanium dioxide -- It slices, it dices ...
Chemists from NIST and Arizona State University have proposed an elegantly simple technique for cleaving proteins into convenient pieces for analysis.

A sweet step toward new cancer therapies
By recognizing sugars, a technique developed by University of Michigan analytical chemist Kristina Hakansson sets the stage for new cancer diagnosis and treatment options.

Traces of nanobubbles determine nanoboiling
Using a microscope and photography with shutter speeds only a few nanoseconds long, researchers from NIST and Cornell University have uncovered the traces of ephemeral

New Adaptive Optics technique demonstrated
On the evening of March 25, 2007, the Multi-Conjugate Adaptive Optics Demonstrator achieved First Light at the Visitor Focus of Melipal, the third Unit Telescope of the Very Large Telescope.

Why Hispanic immigration is not a threat to American identity
New research by political scientists concludes that available data does not appear to support the claim that Hispanic immigration poses a threat to American identity.

Estrogen protects liver after traumatic injury
Researchers have identified the receptor pathway used by estrogen to decrease liver injury after trauma and hemorrhage.
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