Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

April 04, 2007
The discovery of America: The revolutionary claims of a dead historian
History tells us Columbus discovered America in 1492 and, five years later, John Cabot reached the mainland of North America before Columbus could claim South America for Spain.

Dust clouds in cosmic cycle
It has been a mystery for astronomers how certain dying stars have their colossal quantities of material blown out into the universe and shrink into objects called

Study of California's tobacco control study
Since the advent of the California Tobacco Control Program, in 1989, the state's young adult smokers are quitting the habit in record numbers and older smokers are consuming far fewer cigarettes, according to a new series of studies from the Moores Cancer Center at University of California, San Diego.

Multivitamins improve birth outcomes among children born to HIV-negative women
In a new study, the largest to date, researchers from the Harvard School of Public Health and Muhimbili University College of Health Sciences in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, found that giving daily multivitamin supplements to HIV-negative women during pregnancy significantly reduced the risks of low birth weight and a small- for-gestational age birth size.

Gender and race still an issue for school leaders
Women fill the vast majority of classrooms as teachers, but check the administration office, and most of the school leaders are men.

Discovery in plants suggests entirely new approach to treating human cancers
For the first time, scientists from the University of Washington School of Medicine, Indiana University Bloomington and the University of Cambridge have determined how a plant hormone -- auxin -- interacts with its hormone receptor, called TIR1.

Research finds that culture is key to interpreting facial emotions
Research has uncovered that culture is a determining factor when interpreting facial emotions.

Binghamton University's Public Archaeology Facility receives major state contract
The Public Archaeology Facility at Binghamton University, State University of New York, has won a new state contract worth up to $20 million over five years to inspect prospective Department of Transportation project sites.

Ibuprofen may boost chance of heart problems in high risk patients with osteoarthritis
The common painkiller, ibuprofen, may boost the likelihood of heart problems in high risk patients who have osteoarthritis, suggests research published ahead of print in the Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases.

Seats helped ancient greeks hear from back row
The theater at Epidaurus has been known for centuries as an acoustic marvel that allowed spectators to hear in the back row.

Researchers at Penn study new airway bypass treatment to help emphysema sufferers breathe easier
Researchers at the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine are now studying an investigational treatment that may offer a significant new, minimally-invasive option for those suffering from advanced widespread emphysema.

Cable laid for new deep-sea observatory
On April 1, 2007, researchers completed an important step in constructing the first deep-sea cabled observatory in the continental United States.

Arctic sea ice narrowly missed record low in winter 2007, says University of Colorado team
The maximum extent of Arctic sea ice in winter 2007 was the second lowest on satellite record, narrowly missing the 2006 record, according to a team of University of Colorado at Boulder researchers.

Approval to start US BTT pivotal trial
Ventracor has received approval from the US Food & Drug Administration to begin enrollment in the US Bridge To Transplant Pivotal Trial of the VentrAssist Left Ventricular Assist Device.

News tips from ACS Chemical Biology
Highlights from the American Chemical Society journal, ACS Chemical Biology, are now available on EurekAlert!.

Measuring the brain's 'rich switch'
Economists have postulated that people's perception of the value of financial gains decreases as they become richer, but scientists have not really been able to measure this change in

Superconductivity: From mystery to mastery
Five Nobel Prize-winning physicists join the Chief Technology Officer of American Superconductor and other esteemed researchers to discuss the nature of superconductivity, its broad scientific utility and current applications to energy transmission, transportation and computing.

Almac Diagnostics announces pioneering genetic research on colorectal pre-malignancies
Today Almac Diagnostics announced a major study analyzing colorectal polyp tissue samples using its novel Colorectal Cancer DSA microarray.

Plays promote prevention of drug abuse
A new study finds that theatrical drama is an educational tool in the fight against drug addiction and abuse.

FSU's Magnet Lab to build world's strongest magnet designed for 'neutron scattering' experiments
The Hahn-Meitner Institute in Berlin has contracted with the National High Magnetic Field Laboratory and Florida State University in Tallahassee, Fla., to build an $8.7-million hybrid magnet for

UCLA's project strive seeks to reunite runaway teens and families
UCLA is offering an intervention program for families and teens in Los Angeles County to stop teens from running away from home due to dissension between parent and child.

3.2 billion-year-old surprise: Earth had strong magnetic field
Geophysicists at the University of Rochester announce in today's issue of Nature that the Earth's magnetic field was nearly as strong 3.2 billion years ago as it is today.

John H. Morrison, Ph.D., receives MERIT Award
John H. Morrison, Ph.D., Dean of Basic Sciences and the Graduate School of Biological Sciences of the Mount Sinai School of Medicine, has received a MERIT Award from the National Institute on Aging, a division of the National Institutes of Health.

Promising new drug for HIV
A new antiretroviral drug to treat HIV has proven extremely effective in a drug trial when combined with an existing treatment, according to an article published online and in the upcoming issue of the Lancet.

UC research shows rapid decline in geriatric medicine studies
The older population may soon be facing a medical care crisis as numbers of students studying geriatric medicine continue to decrease rapidly, say researchers at the University of Cincinnati.

Breakthrough MS treatment doesn't reach US patients
Many US multiple sclerosis (MS) patients aren't receiving the latest drug therapies, according to research published in the online journal BMC Medicine.

New technology offers hope of safe MRI exams
As the diagnostic capability of MRI continues to advance, and as the availability of MRI machines increases worldwide, so should the availability of implantable devices that are MRI safe.

Dairy, fruits and veggies may help smokers quit
Milk does the body good -- and may help smokers break the habit, say researchers at Duke University Medical Center.

Aspirin discovery may improve cancer treatments
Scientists have uncovered the molecular pathways involved in the inhibition of protein synthesis in cells by aspirin, a discovery that may have implications for the treatment of cancer.

Therapy is not one size fits all
The new school of thought is that there is not just one correct school of thought when it comes to counseling people.

NH scientists awarded DOE grant for fusion and space science research
A team of scientists at the University of New Hampshire and Dartmouth College has been awarded a $1.7 million grant from the federal Department of Energy to establish a new center that will develop theoretical and computer simulation models for applications to controlled thermonuclear fusion and to the problems of turbulence and heating in the sun's environment.

Glucose triggers brain cell death in rats after hypoglycemic coma
Brain damage that was thought to be caused by hypoglycemic coma actually occurs when glucose is administered to treat the coma, according to a study in rodents led by researchers at the San Francisco VA Medical Center.

Cold Spring Harbor Protocols highlights reliable methods for gene and protein analyses
This month's release of Cold Spring Harbor Protocols highlights methods for creating and detecting specific proteins, as well as for characterizing the activities of specific genes during embryonic development.

A 'traffic light' for neurons means 'go' for improving brain research
New Stanford-led research published in the April 5 issue of Nature describes a technique to directly control brain cell activity with light.

Canada's new government provides free online access to digital mapping data
Experts and other users of digital topographic data will no longer have to pay to use digital versions of government maps and data.

Supernova impostor goes supernova
In a galaxy far, far away, a massive star suffered a nasty double whammy.

New book by stress measurement expert creates guide for researchers
Binghamton University Professor Gary D. James is hoping his new book will take the stress out of researching stress.

UT Metroplex institutions to collaborate on biomedical research
Researchers from the three University of Texas campuses in the Dallas-Fort Worth metropolitan area are combining their expertise in biomedical science, engineering and physical sciences on projects aimed at solving real-world medical problems.

Northwestern chemists develop new method for synthesizing anti-cancer flavonoids
For years chemists have struggled to find a good way to make flavonoids -- the good-for-your-health compounds found in plants -- in the lab.

Multiple myeloma clinical trial closes early
Mayo Clinic Cancer Center announced today that a multiple myeloma clinical trial has shown a significant improvement in survival with lenalidomide plus low-dose dexamethasone therapy compared to lenalidomide plus high-dose dexamethasone.

Social computing study to track college students' networking habits
Tracking how students network online, where they go and the virtual communities they form is the focus of Rochester Institute of Technology professor Susan Barnes' latest study in social computing.

Psychologists publish 3 new studies on violent video game effects on youths
New research by Iowa State University psychologists provides more concrete evidence of the adverse effects of violent video game exposure on the behavior of children and adolescents.

Mechanism of nicotine's learning effects explored
While nicotine is highly addictive, researchers have also shown the drug to enhance learning and memory -- a property that has launched efforts to develop nicotine-like drugs to treat cognitive deficits in Alzheimer's and Parkinson's diseases, schizophrenia and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder.

Slow but sure -- Burned forest lands regenerate naturally
A new study of forest lands that burned in the 1990s in northern California and southwestern Oregon has concluded there is a

Study links propensity toward worry to early death
As reported in the May issue of Psychological Science, men who increased over time in neuroticism died earlier, mostly from cancer and heart disease.

Aurora Space Exploration Program's proposal mulls take off in May
Scientists working with the European Science Foundation are putting the finishing touches to an ambitious program of research for the exploration of the moon and Mars.
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