Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

April 11, 2007
Richard Mayeux awarded AAN Potamkin Prize for Alzheimer's research
The American Academy of Neurology is awarding the 2007 Potamkin Prize to Richard Mayeux, M.D., M.Sc., Fellow of the AAN and co-director of the Taub Institute for Research on Alzheimer's and the Aging Brain, Columbia University Medical Center in New York, for his research related to Alzheimer's disease.

Oncolytics Biotech Inc. proceeds to initiate US Phase II sarcoma clinical trial
Oncolytics Biotech Inc., announced that subsequent to the regulatory review period for this submission, it is proceeding with a Phase II trial to evaluate the intravenous administration of Reolysin in patients with various sarcomas that have metastasized to the lung.

Mayo Clinic solves painful puzzle of UT ligament split tear in wrist
A Mayo Clinic orthopedic surgeon has discovered a common cause of debilitating wrist pain -- a split tear of the UT ligament -- that can be reliably detected through a simple physical examination and can be fully repaired through an arthroscopically guided surgical procedure.

UCLA study challenges conventional treatment
The chemical lactate has gotten a bad rap. Conventional wisdom considered it to be little more than the bane of runners and other athletes, causing stiff muscles and fatigue, and the

AACR to present distinguished public service awards at 2007 Annual Meeting
The American Association for Cancer Research will honor Andrew C.

Farewell to 'collateral damage' in surgery
Minimally invasive surgery for prostate cancer and other diseases is still the exception and not the rule -- lack of training and difficulty in learning the techniques are the obstacles that are often mentioned.

Rensselaer Professor Michael Shur elected as 2007 IET Fellow
Michael Shur, the Patricia W. and C. Sheldon Roberts '48 Chaired Professor in Solid State Electronics at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, has been promoted to fellow of the Institution of Engineering and Technology (IET).

MIT's assistive robot adapts to people, new places
In the futuristic cartoon series

Rapid oral HIV test shows great promise according to MUHC-led research
A convenient, easy to use, and rapid alternative to blood-based HIV testing may become the new standard for field testing according to a new MUHC study.

Where has all the antimatter gone?
Scientists from the Universities of Liverpool and Glasgow have completed work on the inner heart of an experiment which seeks to find out what has happened to all the antimatter created at the start of the Universe.

Scientists meet to review Envisat results after 5 years of operations
From April 23-27 in Montreux, Switzerland, over 900 scientists from around the world will attend the Envisat Symposium 2007 to review and present results of ESA's Earth Observation satellites and in particular Envisat.

Long-standing neutrino question resolved
An announcement by scientists at the Department of Energy's Fermilab today significantly clarifies the overall picture of how neutrinos behave.

3 proteins may play important role in nerve-cell repair
Some mature brain cells can grow new extensions when the amount of three particular proteins on their surface increases, a new study shows.

Liver regeneration may be simpler than previously thought
The way the liver renews itself may be simpler than what scientists had been assuming.

Mount Sinai School of Medicine makes Presidential Honor Roll for Community Service
Mount Sinai School of Medicine has been named to the first-ever President's Higher Education Community Service Honor Roll, an honor that recognizes students, faculty, and staff for building a culture of service and civic engagement.

NASA predicts nongreen plants on other planets
NASA scientists believe they have found a way to predict the color of plants on planets in other solar systems.

April Geosphere media highlights
The April issue of Geosphere, published in electronic format only by the Geological Society of America, is now available online.

MiniBooNE opens the box
Scientists of the MiniBooNE experiment at the Department of Energy's Fermilab today announced their first findings.

Brain tumors coax important support from nearby immune system cells
Developing brain tumors can coax assistance from nearby cells known as microglia, according to a new study from scientists at Washington University School of Medicine in St.

UAF scientist among authors of international climate report
University of Alaska Fairbanks climate scientist John Walsh is among the lead authors of the second volume of the Fourth Assessment Report from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change.

MiniBooNE findings clarify the behavior of neutrinos
The initial data from the 10-year-long

3-D solar cells boost efficiency while reducing size, weight and complexity
Unique three-dimensional solar cells that capture nearly all of the light that strikes them could boost the efficiency of photovoltaic (PV) systems while reducing their size, weight and mechanical complexity.

Nancy Brinker and Lance Armstrong honored with Centennial Medals at the AACR 2007 Annual Meeting
Ambassador Nancy Brinker and Lance Armstrong will receive inaugural AACR Centennial Medals for Distinguished Public Service during special opening ceremonies of the 2007 AACR Annual Meeting.

Misclassified for centuries, medicinal leeches found to be 3 distinct species
Genetic research has revealed that commercially available medicinal leeches used around the world in biomedical research and postoperative care have been misclassified for centuries.

Poor diet puts teenagers' health at risk
A quarter of Australian teenagers eat fast food everyday and more than a third hardly ever eat fruit, a Deakin University study has found.

American Association for Cancer Research provides support for promising cancer scientists
The American Association for Cancer Research offers a number of grants for cancer researchers at various stages in their careers to foster the development of the most promising scientists.

Statistical analysis of complex data sets with robust statistical methods
Robust statistical analysis methods capable of dealing with large complex data sets are required more than ever before in almost all branches of science.

Space data unveils evidence of ancient mega-lake in northern Darfur
Researchers from the Boston University Center for Remote Sensing used recently acquired topographic data from satellites to reveal an ancient mega-lake in the Darfur province of northwestern Sudan.

U of M researcher addresses reality of pandemic flu and how the country should prepare
Michael T. Osterholm, Ph.D., M.P.H., director of the University of Minnesota Center for Infectious Disease Research and Policy will discuss the risk of pandemic flu attacking the United States and how the country should prepare for the worst-case scenario.

2007 Joint Assembly in Acapulco -- abstracts and sessions now online
The 2007 Joint Assembly of the American Geophysical Union and 11 other scientific societies takes place in Acapulco, Mexico, May 22-25.

Massive gene screening points way to more effective chemotherapy
Using a technology that can quickly screen all 20,000-plus human genes for biological activity, scientists have isolated 87 genes that seem to affect how sensitive human cancer cells are to certain chemotherapy drugs.

Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation salutes passage of Senate stem cell bill
JDRF praises Senate passage of S. 05 Stem Cell Research Bill and urges President to sign into law.

Researchers create smallest organic light-emitters
A Cornell team of researchers has produced microscopic

Earthshaking images
The powerful earthquake struck suddenly, shaking the seven-story building so hard it bent, cracked and swayed in response.

Aflac expands decade-long partnership with AACR
Recognizing the growing need to nurture the next generation of cancer researchers, Aflac, a leading provider of insurance products, has expanded its generous commitment to the American Association for Cancer Research by sponsoring the new AACR-Aflac Career Development Award for Pediatric Cancer Research, in addition to renewing its support for the AACR Associate Member Council and the AACR-Aflac Scholar-in-Training Awards, now in their 10th year.

Shared satellite architecture enables more efficient mission control
Flight Control Teams for Mars Express and Venus Express now work side-by-side for key aspects of their routine activities.

ecoENERGY Initiatives -- Open for business
The Honourable Gary Lunn, Minister of Natural Resources, today announced details of Canada's New Government's ecoENERGY Initiatives during an event at Standard Building Supplies in North Vancouver.

Pump design could give new hope to heart patients
The pump is a bi-ventricular assist device which supports both sides of the heart simultaneously.

Study finds drug helps PTSD nightmares
A generic drug already used by millions of Americans for high blood pressure and prostate problems has been found to improve sleep and lessen trauma nightmares in veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD).

NASA's GLAST mission one step closer to launch
NASA's next major space observatory, the Gamma-ray Large Area Space Telescope, is one step closer to unveiling the mysteries of the high-energy universe.

1 year at Venus, and going strong
One year has passed since April 11, 2006, when Venus Express, Europe's first mission to Venus and the only spacecraft now in orbit around the planet, reached its destination.

Study of US restaurants shows no healthier foods without healthier profits
With obesity, diabetes and other diet-related maladies on the rise in the United States, are healthy choices available when eating out?

New analysis says eradicating polio a better option than extended control of the disease
In a new study, researchers from the Harvard School of Public Health analyzed the costs and health outcomes of control and eradication options for polio.

A new study of living cells could revolutionize the way we test drugs
Researchers have made a breakthrough by detecting the electrical equivalent of a living cell's last gasp.

MacroChem completes patient enrollment for Phase II trial of EcoNail for treatment of onychomycosis
MacroChem Corporation announced the completion of patient enrollment in a 40 patient US multi-center open label Phase II efficacy study of EcoNail, a topical anti-fungal lacquer for the treatment of onychomycosis (nail fungus).

Genes set scene for metastasis
Biologists at Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center have identified a set of genes expressed in human breast cancer cells that work together to remodel the network of blood vessels at the site of the primary tumor.

UTSA neurobiologist awarded $225,000 from Whitehall Foundation
The Whitehall Foundation has awarded Gary Gaufo, an assistant professor of biology at the University of Texas at San Antonio, $225,000 to support his research in developmental neurobiology.

Weizmann Institute scientists discover a key player in embryonic muscle development
In the final stage of muscle fiber development, the cell membranes of attached myoblasts open up and fuse together, forming one large, unified cell.

A genetic 'gang of 4' drives spread of breast cancer
Studies of human tumor cells implanted in mice have shown that the abnormal activation of four genes drives the spread of breast cancer to the lungs.

Anti-wrinkle compound causes pathological reaction in skin cells
Researchers from Université Laval's Faculty of Medicine have discovered that a compound commonly used in many anti-wrinkle products causes a pathological reaction in skin cells.

Margaret Foti receives AACR Award for Leadership and Extraordinary Achievements in Cancer Research
The Board of Directors of the American Association for Cancer Research is pleased to honor Margaret Foti, Ph.D., M.D.

Wired for sound: How the brain senses visual illusions
In a study that could help reveal how illusions are produced in the brain's visual cortex, researchers at the UCSD School of Medicine have found new evidence of rapid integration of auditory and visual sensations in the brain.

Spanish doctors more likely to drink and drive
A disturbingly high prevalence of self-reported drinking and driving has been found among Spanish health professionals.

Study of coastal disasters yields surprising findings, arresting images
Two of the world's worst natural disasters in recent years stemmed from different causes on opposite sides of the globe, but actually had much in common, according to researchers who are part of a large National Science Foundation-funded research initiative that has been studying both the Indian Ocean Tsunami of 2004 and the Hurricane Katrina of 2005.

Massive coral death attributed to earthquake
Scientists have reported what is thought to be one of the world's greatest mass death of corals ever recorded as a result of the earthquake in Aceh, Indonesia on March 28, 2005.

Level-headed: Economics experiment finds taste for equality
The rich don't get richer -- at least not in laboratory games.

Seismologist discuss latest research at international meeting
The Seismological Society of America will hold its annual convention in Kona, Hawaii, from April 11-13 at the Hilton Hawaiian Village.

Study pries into ovarian cancer's deadly secrets
A new study sheds light on cell defects that lead to one common type of ovarian cancer and puts forth a promising new mouse model that already is being used for preclinical drug testing.

NASA aims to clear up mystery of elusive clouds at edge of space
NASA is preparing to launch the Aeronomy of Ice in the Mesosphere spacecraft, the first mission dedicated to exploration of mysterious ice clouds that dot the edge of space in Earth's polar regions.

Global momentum for smoke-free indoor environments at tipping point
In a perspective in the April 12, 2007, issue of the New England Journal of Medicine researchers from the Harvard School of Public Health and the Association of European Cancer Leagues describe the growing momentum for indoor smoking bans in countries across the globe.
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