Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

April 13, 2007
Argonne helps improve air quality for 2008 Beijing Olympics
To improve the air quality of Beijing and ensure a healthy atmosphere for athletes and spectators at the 2008 Summer Olympics, the US Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory has been working with leading institutions, including the US Environmental Protection Agency, the University of Tennessee, Tsinghua University, Peking University and the Chinese Academy of Sciences.

Scientists discover first seafloor vents on ultraslow-spreading ridge
Scientists have found one of the largest fields of seafloor vents gushing super-hot, mineral-rich fluids on a mid-ocean ridge that, until now, remained elusive to the 10-year hunt to find them.

Intravenous delivery of clot-busting drug still best intervention for ischemic stroke
Intravenous delivery of an approved clot-busting drug remains the most beneficial proven intervention for ischemic stroke, according to updated American Heart Association/American Stroke Association guidelines published in Stroke: Journal of the American Heart Association.

Consumer nail gun injuries spike
According to new statistics that would make Bob Vila cringe, the number of injuries from nail guns has almost doubled since 2001.

Satellite images aid implementation of agricultural reforms
An ESA-backed project has demonstrated how Earth observation satellites can assist in the cross compliance measures -- a set of environmental and animal welfare standards that farmers have to respect to receive full funding from the European Union -- included in the 2003 reforms of the Common Agricultural Policy.

High-pressure chemistry in ultra small pressure cooker
Small, clever process technology is essential for the future, but is it possible?

Reliable cup of coffee
Dutch-sponsored researcher Laura Brandán Briones has elevated software testing to a higher level.

Is television traumatic? Study describes impact of post-9/11 media exposure to dreams
Dream journals being kept by students in a college psychology class have provided researchers with a unique look at how people experienced the events of 9/11, including the influence that television coverage of the World Trade Center attacks had on people's levels of stress.

New study examines effectiveness of military's 'Don't Ask, Don't Tell' policy
In a new study that will be published this year in Employee Responsibilities and Rights Journal, Kent State assistant professor Dr.

New reflux guidelines released
New, updated guidelines for esophageal reflux testing appear in the American Journal of Gastroenterology.

Research on grey mold offers possible breakthrough in tomato cultivation
Tomato growers are likely to soon be able to cultivate new tomato varieties without having to use pesticides against grey mold (Botrytis cinerea).

LSU professor helps India prepare for impact of global warming
Robert Twilley, associate vice chancellor of research and economic development at LSU, director of the Coastal Systems and Society Initiative and professor of coastal sciences, recently joined an international science team tasked with helping India, one of the countries facing the most dramatic consequences of world climate change.

Childhood obesity among Quebec Cree raises concerns
Childhood obesity is increasing among the general population in Canada, but the statistics are even more alarming among First Nations, Inuit and Métis children.

Sporting research aims to reduce childhood obesity
The Hunter Medical Research Institute is joining forces with award winning health and fitness organization The Forum, managed by Newcastle University Sport (NUsport), to improve the health of current and future generations.

Help the Aged funds the University of Nottingham to research pain affecting older people
A little-understood medical condition -- which affects millions of older people in Britain -- is to be studied at the University of Nottingham.

Not just a menopausal symptom -- men have hot flashes, too
A new study in Psychophysiology confirms a surprising fact -- men who have undergone chemical castration for conditions such as prostate cancer experience hot flashes similar to those experienced by menopausal women.

Exchange rates have little impact on UK export levels, claim researchers
Changes in exchange rates have little impact on UK manufacturing exports and are likely to have only a modest effect in reducing the country's record trade deficit, researchers at GEP -- the Globalisation and Economic Policy Centre at The University of Nottingham -- claimed today.

Howe School symposium: The future of innovation and productivity, April 19
The Howe School Alliance for Technology Management at Stevens Institute of Technology will host the symposium,

First international conference on self-healing materials
Scientific research into self-healing materials has taken off significantly worldwide in recent years.

Gay men have higher prevalence of eating disorders, says Mailman School of Public Health study
Gay and bisexual men may be at far higher risk for eating disorders than heterosexual men, according to a study conducted at Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health.

Hotter than expected neutron star surfaces help explain superburst frequency
A new theoretical thermometer built from heavy-duty mathematics and computer code suggests that the surfaces of certain neutron stars run significantly hotter than previously expected.

Leading economist from World Trade Organization to visit Ohio, April 25-26
The World Trade Organization's chief economist, Patrick Low, will be discussing how recent events have affected global commerce and which factors will influence trade in the future, during his two Ohio stops at Kent State University on Wednesday, April 25, and at the City Club of Cleveland on Thursday, April 26.

Interpreters play in trials more active roles than expected
According to a doctoral thesis written inside the Department of Translation and Interpreting of the UGR, the work of the interpreter in a trial can affect the very proceedings.

Fertilizers help Zimbabwean farmers to increase crop yields
A little bit of manure and fertilizer can considerably improve the perspectives of Zimbabwean smallholder farmers in semi-arid regions.

Prepare CO2 capture and storage now for greater environmental benefit later
CO2 capture and storage can make a major contribution to CO2 reduction in the Netherlands.

Iowa State physicist leads team designing detector for international particle collider
John Hauptman, an Iowa State University professor of physics and astronomy, is leading an international team that's designing a detector for the proposed International Linear Collider.

Groundbreaking principles on sexual orientation and human rights released
Groundbreaking international legal principles on sexual orientation, gender identity and international law have been released by 29 international human rights experts, led by University of Nottingham academic professor Michael O'Flaherty.

Diffraction and scattering -- the solution to what's in solution
Researchers at the Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory and the University of Notre Dame have successfully applied X-ray scattering techniques to determine how dissolved metal ions interact in solution.

CO2 storage in coal can be predicted better
CO2 storage in the ground is being considered increasingly more often in order to realise the climate and energy objectives.

Breast cancer diagnosis from combined MRI-optics method
By combining two techniques, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and near-infrared optics, researchers at Dartmouth College and Dartmouth Medical School may have devised a new, potentially more accurate method for diagnosing breast cancer.

Microbes start immune response by sneaking inside cells
Bacteria that insert themselves inside key front-line immune cells in mice can trigger a strong immune response, according to a new University of Michigan study published online in Immunity.

Study shows hope for early diagnosis of Alzheimer's
Electroencephalograms can help in the diagnosis of early-stage Alzheimer's disease, indicates a multi-year study by three institutions for the National Institutes of Health's National Institute on Aging.

A move to full shift-working could spell bad news for the future health of the NHS
The increase in shift-work among junior doctors could have a detrimental effect on the NHS of the future warns a junior doctor in this week's BMJ.
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