Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

April 18, 2007
Decrease in breast cancer incidence linked to drop in hormone replacement
A special report in the April 19, 2007, edition of the New England Journal of Medicine concludes that the sharp decline in breast-cancer incidence in 2003, followed by a relative stabilization at a lower rater in 2004, is most likely related to the first report of the Women's Health Initiative and the ensuing drop in hormone-replacement therapy among postmenopausal women.

How genetic malfunction causes a form of retardation
Researchers have discovered that the genetic malfunction that causes a form of mental retardation called Noonan Syndrome produces an imbalance in the genesis of two types of cells in the developing embryonic brain.

Electronic displays that fit on clothing could power revolution in lighting
A thin film of plastic which conducts electricity and produces solar power could be the basis for a revolution in the way we light our homes and design clothes.

Scent prediction
In a scratch and sniff cover story of Angewandte Chemie, R.

Researchers identify key gene that may be a marker of breast cancer metastasis
Researchers at Fox Chase Cancer Center have identified an important gene involved in the spread of breast cancer that has developed resistance to long-term estrogen deprivation.

OHSU lab finds meth receptor that could lead to therapy
A recently discovered signaling system in the brain has just been shown to be turned on by methamphetamine, an Oregon Health & Science University study found.

Robotic surgeon to team up with doctors, astronauts on NASA mission
Lightweight surgical robots being developed for the battlefield might also be used in space.

New findings in smell and taste
Recent advances in understanding how taste and smell work and how these sensory system influence physiology and behavior are soon to be presented.

Breast cancer incidence continues to trend low in 2004; decline supports role of HRT
An extended analysis of cancer rates reinforces a strong association between use of hormone replacement therapy and increased breast cancer incidence, according to research led by scientists at the University of Texas M.

Racing neurons control whether we stop or go
In the children's game

Bernstein to discuss trustworthy software at Conference on Autonomic and Autonomous Systems
Larry Bernstein, industry professor in the computer science department at Stevens Institute of Technology, will present a talk at the third International Conference on Autonomic and Autonomous Systems.

New method to directly probe the quantum collisions of individual atoms
A new method has been developed to directly and precisely measure a quantum property of individual atoms -- the phase shifts that result when they collide at ultracold temperatures -- in a way that is independent of the accuracy-limiting density of the atoms.

Map predicting spread of avian flu
Boender and colleagues examine data from the 2003 outbreak of Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza in the Netherlands and produce a model which can predict the probability of infection from one farm to another: the

Jefferson researchers boost immune 'killer cells,' increase antibody effectiveness against cancer
Researchers have devised a novel method to expand the number of immune system

How the brain copes with shifty eyeballs
Neurobiologists have pinpointed brain regions critical to one of the brain's more remarkable feats -- piecing together a continuous view of the world by integrating snippets of visual input from constantly moving eyes.

Oregon team's documentation of Mongolian High Altai gets funding boost
Rock art, altars, burial mounds and standing stones of the Altai Mountains in Mongolia reveal cultural traces of ancient hunters, herders and nomads of the Eurasian steppes.

Penn study on lung-infecting bacterial enzyme suggests new approach to cystic fibrosis treatment
Researchers at the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine have discovered that an enzyme produced by lung-infecting bacteria further shuts down a protein that is defective in cystic fibrosis patients.

Scientists to track impact of Asian dust and pollution on clouds, climate change
Scientists using one of the nation's newest and most capable research aircraft are launching a far-reaching field project this month to study plumes of airborne dust and pollutants that originate in Asia and journey to North America.

Scientists to track impact of Asian dust and pollution on clouds, weather, climate change
Scientists using the nation's newest and most capable aircraft for environmental research are launching a far-reaching field project this month to study plumes of airborne dust and pollutants that originate in Asia and journey to North America.

Experts come together to discuss aerospace integration at Infotech@Aerospace 2007 Conference
Industry leaders from diverse areas of aerospace will discuss topics such as unmanned air systems, intelligent systems, sensors, communications and more.

UAB study may lead to new therapies for binge eating disorder
University of Alabama at Birmingham psychologists have developed an animal model for the binge eating disorder, which affects an estimated one in 20 Americans.

Decrease in breast cancer rates related to reduction in use of hormone replacement therapy
The sharp decline in the rate of new breast cancer cases in 2003 may be related to a national decline in the use of hormone replacement therapy (HRT).

Chinese Academy of Engineering and Springer enter publishing partnership
Springer has announced a new partnership with the Chinese Academy of Engineering to publish their journal Engineering Sciences as of January 2008.

Waxman receives Guggenheim to study notions of natural world
Sandra R. Waxman, professor of psychology at Northwestern University, has been awarded a Guggenheim Fellowship for her provocative research on how language and culture affect acquisition of knowledge about the natural world.

LASIK for older adults
A new University of Illinois at Chicago study appearing in the online edition of the journal Ophthalmology reports on the safety, efficacy and predictability of laser eye surgery -- laser in situ keratomileusis or LASIK -- in patients 40-69 years old.

Ethanol vehicles pose a significant risk to human health, study finds
Ethanol is widely touted as an eco-friendly, clean-burning fuel. But if every vehicle in the United States ran on fuel made primarily from ethanol instead of pure gasoline, the number of respiratory-related deaths and hospitalizations would likely increase, according to a new study by Stanford University atmospheric scientist Mark Z.

Depression: New therapy gives reason for hope
A study at the University Clinics of Bonn and Cologne gives people with therapy-resistant depression reason for hope.

1,000 extra ovarian cancer deaths due to HRT in UK since 1991
A suspected 1,000 extra women in the UK have died from ovarian cancer between 1991 and 2005 because they were using Hormone Replacement Therapy, according to an article published online and in an upcoming edition of the Lancet.

Difficult births in obese women due to uterus failure
Liverpool scientists have uncovered the reason why overweight women have more Caesarean sections -- they are at significant risk of their uterus contracting poorly in childbirth.

Iris Cantor funds senior chair at Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center
Philanthropist and art collector Iris Cantor has made a major commitment to New York's Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center to create an endowed chair for a senior researcher in the field of digestive cancers.

FSU pushing boundaries with environmentally friendly community
With more than 1,000 people a day moving to Florida, the Sunshine State is starting to get a little crowded.

Canada top US supplier as scientific research and technological innovation fuels energy sector
For the eighth consecutive year, Canada is the main source of oil and natural gas to the United States.

Carnegie Mellon University scientists identify genes activated during learning and memory
Researchers have long recognized that for learning and memory to take place, certain genes must be activated to alter neuron activity inside the brain.

Caterpillar robot to mend broken hearts
Robot caterpillars, 20-milimeters long could soon be let loose to crawl over the surface of a beating heart to deliver drugs or other treatments.

US critical care delivery system in critical condition
The demand for critical care services in the United States will soon outpace the supply of specialists trained in intensive care -- a situation that may prove fatal for critically ill patients.

First systematic study of China's one-child policy reveals complexity, effectiveness
The first systematic examination of China's fertility policy and practice reveals that, despite government exemptions in rural areas, 63 percent of Chinese couples are strictly limited to one child.

New book explores the nature of the Web and its evolution towards autonomy
Has the Web evolved into a new life form?

Cheaper, better disease treatments expected from faster approach to developing antibodies
A method of mass-producing disease-fighting antibodies entirely within bacteria has been developed by a research group at the University of Texas at Austin.

Researchers find that childhood sarcoma increases risk of blood clots
Researchers at NCI have determined that children and young adults with a form of cancer called sarcoma are at increased risk of having a thromboembolic event in their veins.

Mystery of fossilized trees is solved
An international team of researchers has identified two fossils found near Gilboa, upstate New York, as being the earliest known examples of forest trees.

CERN is guest of honor at international inventions exhibition
The world's largest particle physics laboratory, CERN, is guest of honor at the annual Salon International des Inventions in Geneva April 18-22 this year.

Smoking indicator of alcohol misuse
Where there is cigarette smoking there is probably misuse of alcohol too, according to a study by Yale School of Medicine researchers in the Archives of Internal Medicine.

Plant a garden to grow your kids' desire for vegetables and fruit, new SLU study suggests
Preschool children eat more fruits and vegetables when the produce is homegrown, a study by Saint Louis University researchers finds.

Discoveries thrust cancer-initiating stem cells into a larger role in cancer biology and treatment
Recent discoveries about the role of stem cells in cancer have altered the landscape of cancer research.

Jefferson participating in global study to extend effectiveness of drug for Parkinson's
Jefferson researchers are participating in a global study to extend effectiveness of drug for Parkinson's.

Forming social memories
CNRS scientists in France, in collaboration with Canadian scientists, have identified the key structure for the memory formation of social information.

IMS reaction to report on breast cancer incidence in 2003 in US
Following a report of the analysis of data from the SEER registries of the NCI, showing that the incidence of breast cancer fell by 6.7 percent in 2003 in the US, and the suggestion that the data might be linked to the decrease in the use of postmenopausal hormones, the IMS advises caution in linking these two trends and recommends that hormone therapy be prescribed whenever indicated.

UCSF launches study on treatment for prescription drug addiction
UCSF is launching a new study to evaluate treatments for addiction to prescription painkillers and has openings for patients to enroll.

Researchers find hepatitis A and hepatitis C attack same protein to block immune defenses
Hepatitis A and hepatitis C, two otherwise unrelated liver viruses have one important thing in common: a trick for avoiding destruction by the immune system.

ESRC and British Academy announce results of new visiting fellowship collaboration
The Economic and Social Research Council and the British Academy have today announced the results of the new joint scheme to fund Visiting Fellowships from South Asia and the Middle East.

Researcher focuses on pros, cons of antioxidants from fruits and vegetables
Researcher Susanne Mertens-Talcott of Texas A&M University is looking into how plant-based phytochemicals, including antioxidants and herbal supplements, can be useful in the promotion of health and prevention of chronic diseases.

Amur leopard still on the brink of extinction, scientists say
A new census of the world's most endangered cat, the Amur or Far Eastern leopard, shows that as few as 25 to 34 are left in the wild, renewing fears for the future of the species.

New network launches to keep UK at forefront of stem cell science
A new network to coordinate and promote the UK's stem cell science effort has been launched today.

Common algae helps illustrate mammalian brain electrical circuitry
Mice whose brain cells respond to a flash of light are providing insight into the complexities of the sense of smell and may ultimately yield a better understanding of how the human brain works.

The 'Numb3rs' add up -- Popular TV show and its creators receive public service award
The popular television drama series
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