Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

April 19, 2007
New method predicts hip joint decay from chemotherapy
Investigators at St. Jude Children's Research Hospital say they have found the best way for predicting when patients will need future surgery to repair hip joints that have deteriorated because of pediatric leukemia or lymphoma treatment.

JCI table of contents -- April 19, 2007
This release contains summaries, links to PDFs and contact information for the following newsworthy papers to be published online, April 19, 2007, in the JCI, including: Why cisplatin kills breast cancer cells when other drugs fail; Why don't mothers' bodies reject their fetus?; Understanding how glucocorticoids work to stop skin irritation; Filling in the blanks: MAPKs mediate heart function defects in Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy; and others.

Elsevier partnership with Peking University Medical Press
Elsevier, a world-leading medical publisher, today announced an extension of their partnership with Peking University Medical Press.

Driving on the wrong side of the road -- the myth of Japanese efficiency in car manufacturing
The real culprit for the collapse of Rover Group under the ownership of BMW was a misconceived attempt to emulate Japanese production methods that pre-dated ownership by the German car giant, a new book shows.

Bill and Melinda Gates to receive honorary degrees from Karolinska Institutet
Microsoft founder Bill Gates and his wife Melinda French Gates will receive honorary doctor of medicine degrees from Karolinska Institutet for their contributions to global health through the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation.

Renewable hydrogen energy -- an answer to the energy crisis
Harvesting solar energy to produce renewable, carbon free and cost-effective hydrogen as an alternative energy source is the focus of a new £4.2 million research program at Imperial College London.

What makes a racist? A debate at the Institute of Advanced Study, Durham University, April 26, 2007
Some of the world's finest scientists, writers and evolutionary thinkers are converging on Durham for a major event which will examine provocative questions relating to fundamental human beliefs and spirituality.

Renowned nutrition experts tackle nation's obesity problem in new book on primary care nutrition
Two of the country's most respected nutrition experts, Drs. Lisa Hark and Darwin Deen, have responded to the problem of inadequate nutrition training among primary care physicians by developing a comprehensive guide that educates doctors about the important role that nutrition plays in the promotion of their patients' health.

RAND study finds school playgrounds can help fight childhood obesity
A RAND Corp. study issued today says school playgrounds and athletic facilities can be important tools in the fight against childhood obesity, but many are locked and inaccessible to children on weekends -- especially in poor and minority neighborhoods.

Novel transfusion strategy for pediatric patients in intensive care
Before this study, titled

Why cisplatin kills breast cancer cells when other drugs fail
The cancerous cells of some individuals with breast cancer lack expression of two cell surface proteins, the estrogen and progesterone receptors, and do not express increased amounts of HER2.

Green Nanotechnology: It's Easier Than You Think
On April 26, 2007, the Wilson Center's Project on Emerging Nanotechnologies will release its first report on green nanotechnology, which highlights the research breakthroughs, industry perspectives, and policy options in this exciting field.

2-protein team would be lost without each other
Just as a hard-charging person sometimes needs a calming partner to be more effective, so it is with a pair of critical proteins that promote cell division and growth in the rapidly expanding root tip of plants.

Latest plant health research to be presented in San Diego
Plant health experts from around the world will gather in San Diego for the joint meeting of the American Phytopathological Society and the Society of Nematologists.

Delirium could be prevented in a third of cases
At least one third of cases of delirium could be prevented if better systems of care were in place according to a doctor in today's BMJ.

President of Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, to speak on global energy security
Shirley Ann Jackson, president of Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute in Troy, N.Y., will speak at the National Science Foundation on April 23, 2007, from 2:00-3:00 p.m. on the role of global energy security in addressing what she calls the

Discovery of an HIV inhibitor in human blood points to new drug class
A new study has pinpointed a natural ingredient of human blood that effectively blocks HIV-1, the virus predominantly responsible for human AIDS, from infecting immune cells and multiplying.

Fewer heart patients need antibiotics before dental procedures
Based on a review of new and existing scientific evidence, most dental patients with heart disease do not need antibiotics before dental procedures to prevent infective endocarditis (IE), a rare, but life-threatening heart infection.

Why some aphids can't stand the heat
For pea aphids, the ability to go forth and multiply can depend on a single gene, according to new research.

Eating less salt could prevent cardiovascular disease
People who significantly cut back on the amount of salt in their diet could reduce their chances of developing cardiovascular disease by a quarter, according to a report online today.

Montana State University joins search for gravitational waves
Montana State University scientists who search for black holes and super novas are now part of an international group devoted to gravitational waves.

Jefferson researchers' discovery may change thinking on how viruses invade the brain
A molecule thought crucial to ferrying the deadly rabies virus into the brain, where it eventually kills, apparently isn't.

UF scientists discover new genus of frogmouth bird in Solomon Islands
Your bird field guide may be out of date now that University of Florida scientists discovered a new genus of frogmouth bird on a South Pacific island.

Global Earth Day broadcast to feature South Pole
Air quality research and ozone monitoring at the National Science Foundation's Amundsen-Scott South Pole will be showcased as part of a global Earth Day telecast scheduled for April 20, 2007, on various ABC-television's news programs.

Morphine kills the pain, not the patient
Professional and public anxieties about the effects of morphine continue to hinder adequate prescribing of this vital painkiller for genuine pain relief, claims a comment in this week's edition of the Lancet.

Stopping fatal blood clots after acute ischaemic stroke
Enoxaparin is more effective than unfractionated heparin at stopping fatal blood clots in the veins of the legs and lungs following an acute ischaemic stroke, according to an article published in this week's edition of the Lancet.

Novel drug preventing protein recycling shows potential for treating leukemia
Researchers from the Children's Cancer Hospital at the University of Texas M.

Risk and outcome similar for bypass surgery, drug-eluting stents
Drug-eluting stent therapy and bypass surgery for coronary artery disease have about the same risk for a major cardiac event within 30 days after the procedures, researchers reported at the American Heart Association's 8th annual Conference on Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis and Vascular Biology.

Scientists unlock secret of what makes plants flower
A protein acting as a long-distance signal from leaf to shoot-tip tells plants when to flower, says new research published in Science Express today.

Road traffic accidents: the young people's pandemic
Road traffic accidents -- not AIDS, cancer or any other disease -- are the major cause of death for 15-19-year-olds worldwide.

Scientists and polar explorers brave the elements in support of CryoSat-2
It is perhaps an unlikely combination -- an international team of scientists stationed in Svalbard, Norway and two polar explorers crossing the North Pole on foot.

UCR chemists identify organic molecules that mimic metals
Chemists at UC Riverside report that a class of carbenes -- molecules that have unusual, highly reactive carbon atoms -- can mimic, to some extent, the behavior of metals.

U of Colorado researchers forecast 1 in 3 chance of record low sea ice in 2007
University of Colorado at Boulder researchers are forecasting a one in three chance that the 2007 minimum extent of sea ice across the Arctic region will set an all-time record low.

Iowa State astrophysicists provide the eyes for new gamma ray telescope system
Iowa State University researchers built the four cameras for the VERITAS telescope system in Arizona.

Freeze! Scientists film proteins at work by freezing them at different states
It is difficult to find similarities between Grenoble and Hollywood or between the researchers at the ESRF and the Institut de Biologie Structural and world-known filmmakers.

Molecular signature may identify cisplatin-sensitive breast tumors
Researchers at the Massachusetts General Hospital Cancer Center have identified a subgroup of hard-to-treat breast cancers that may be sensitive to the drug cisplatin, rarely used in the treatment of breast tumors.

World first test potential to identify breast cancer patients who will react badly to radiotherapy
Medical scientists at the University of Leicester have announced a potentially unique advance in breast cancer research by identifying two genes associated with adverse reaction to cancer treatment.

UCLA scientists design new super-hard material
Ultra-hard materials are used for everything from drills that bore for oil and build new roads to scratch-resistant coatings for precision instruments and the face of your watch.

Botox for sweaty hands
A woman who experienced frequent embarrassing episodes in which sweat would literally drip from one of her hands was successfully treated using botox, details a clinical picture in this week's edition of the Lancet.

Strawberry daiquiris -- the extra-healthy cocktail?
While exploring ways to help keep strawberries fresh during storage, researchers from Thailand and the US discovered that treating the berries with alcohol led to an increase in antioxidant capacity and free radical scavenging activity within the fruit.

New health insurance survey -- Women have trouble affording care needed
As Cover the Uninsured Week approaches, a new Commonwealth Fund report by researchers at the National Women's Law Center finds that even women with health insurance coverage are more likely than insured men to go without needed health care because of costs.

Counseling after suicide has no effect on grief, but helps prevent feelings of blame
A grief counseling program for families bereaved by suicide does not reduce grief or depression, but may help to prevent perceptions of blame among close relatives and spouses, finds a study published online today.

ACP and ACP Foundation launch tools to improve diabetes care
Eat right. Exercise. Monitor blood sugar. Take medication regularly. This is the advice physicians give the more than 20 million Americans affected with diabetes.

Green tea may help prevent autoimmune diseases
Green tea may help protect against autoimmune disease, Medical College of Georgia researchers say.

Drinking heavily in college may lead to heart disease later in life
College-age students who drink heavily may increase their risk for future heart disease, researchers reported at the American Heart Association's 8th annual Conference on Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis and Vascular Biology.

Plastic solar cell efficiency breaks record at Wake Forest Nanotechnology Center
Researchers at Wake Forest University's Center for Nanotechnology and Molecular Materials have doubled the efficiency of organic or flexible, plastic solar cells in just two years.

Scientists track impact of Asian dust and pollution on clouds, climate change
Scientists using one of the nation's newest and most capable research aircraft are launching a far-reaching field project this month to study plumes of airborne dust and pollutants that originate in Asia and journey to North America.

Most patients don't need antibiotics before dental procedures
Taking a precautionary antibiotic before a trip to the dentist isn't necessary for most people, and in fact, might create more harm than good, according to updated recommendations from the American Heart Association.

UCLA/Toronto researchers unlock key to memory storage in brain
Scientists know little about how the brain chooses cells to encode and store memories.
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