Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

April 25, 2007
How is the digitization of information impacting across the health service?
In a survey of 200 patients and their representatives, clinicians and other healthcare professionals (librarians and IT staff) from across eight NHS trusts, Professor Ann Blandford and Professor Peter Lunt have looked at the growing need to understand how digitization of health information will impact upon patients, staff and managers across the health service.

Cosmologically speaking, diamonds may actually be forever
If you've ever wondered about the ultimate fate of the universe, Lawrence Krauss and Robert Scherrer have some good news -- sort of.

Halos and horns: Fixing the 'taste' of diet soda
University of Illinois researchers Soo-Yeun Lee and Shelly Schmidt are trying to solve a mystery: Why doesn't diet soda taste more like regular soda?

U of M study shows no link between self-weighing and depression in women
Frequent self-weighing is not associated with depression in women, according to researchers at the University of Minnesota School of Public Health.

New hereditary breast cancer gene discovered
New hereditary breast cancer gene discovered.

Developed/emerging market biotech firms convene at largest-ever meeting with global health focus
Toronto will host a conference May 2-4 of 30 leading North American health biotechnology firms with over 30 counterparts from developing countries -- the biggest-ever known assembly of emerging market biotech companies to focus on global health problems.

International conference to probe mystery of the cosmos
Dark energy has baffled astronomers since its discovery in 1999.

Liverpool scientists work to improve water quality in Ghana
Scientists at the University of Liverpool are working with Ghanaian villagers and scientists to improve water quality and wildlife stocks.

SNM's 54th Annual Meeting speakers address state of molecular imaging/nuclear medicine technologies
Internationally recognized experts in molecular imaging and nuclear medicine are on hand for the Society of Nuclear Medicine's 54th Annual Meeting June 2-6 at the Washington Convention Center in Washington, D.C.

Rapid-fire pulse brings Sandia Z method closer to goal of high-yield fusion reactor
An electrical circuit that should carry enough power to produce the long-sought goal of controlled high-yield nuclear fusion and, equally important, do it every 10 seconds, has undergone extensive preliminary experiments and computer simulations at Sandia National Laboratories' Z machine facility.

New treatment for fungus which causes thrush and sepsis
A new treatment for Candida species of fungi, which can cause thrush and sepsis, has proven equally effective as the existing treatment in a drug trial.

New edition of touchstone microbiology reference book now available
The latest edition of the gold-standard reference for clinical microbiology is now available from ASM Press.

1/3 of sexually active older adults with HIV/AIDs has unprotected sex
One out of three sexually active older adults infected with HIV has unprotected sex, according to a study by Ohio University researchers.

ISHLT membership explores expansion of computer modeling system for organ allocation
The International Society for Heart and Lung Transplantation announces evaluation of a new mathematical modeling system for lung allocation in the United States and the ethical issues surrounding organ allocation facing patients awaiting transplants.

Carnegie Mellon unveils Internet-controlled robots anyone can build
Carnegie Mellon University researchers have developed new robots that are simple enough for almost anyone to build with off-the-shelf parts, but are sophisticated machines that wirelessly connect to the Internet.

New nanocomposite processing technique creates more powerful capacitors
A new technique for creating films of barium titanate (BaTiO3) nanoparticles in a polymer matrix could allow fabrication of improved capacitors able to store twice as much energy as existing devices.

'No' doesn't always mean 'no'
Just because someone decides not to participate in a research project doesn't necessarily mean that they fundamentally object to taking part, a study published online in BMC Health Services Research suggests.

Morphine makes lasting -- and surprising -- change in the brain
Morphine stops the synapse-strengthening process in the brain known as long-term potentiation at inhibitory synapses, according to new research conducted by Brown University brain scientist Julie Kauer.

An electroacoustic path to custom-made gene chips
A Viterbi School of Engineering researcher who with his team won a prize last year for demonstrating a way to custom-build gene chips in researchers' labs has now improved the technique to make it much more powerful.

Physician ties to drug industry stronger than ever
A new national survey finds that physician ties to drug manufacturers are a standard part of practice.

Researchers making significant strides against diabetic retinopathy
Research increasingly shows promise to both slow and relieve the effects diabetic retinopathy, the most common complication of diabetes.

Asymmetry due to perfect balance
Mathematical model allows elucidation of universal principles in cell polarity.

Hay fever can send work productivity down the drain
Employers can blame hay fever for the loss of millions of hours of work productivity this spring.

INTERMACS group reveals recent successes to international transplant community
INTERMACS, the Interagency Registry for Mechanically Assisted Circulatory Support, and its role in facilitating ongoing development of ventricular assistive devices (VAD) will be the subject of presentations and discussion during the International Society for Heart and Lung Transplantation (ISHLT) 27th Annual Meeting and Scientific Sessions this week.

Prize winners announced at ISN's World Congress of Nephrology
The International Society of Nephrology today announced Vicente Torres, professor of medicine and chair of the Division of Nephrology and Hypertension (Mayo Clinic) and Jing Zhou, associate professor of medicine and director of the Harvard Center of Polycystic Kidney Disease Research, as the 2007 winners of the Lillian Jean Kaplan International Prize.

Chronically ill prisoners can face great healthcare problems
An incontinent prisoner forced to use a bin bag to protect his mattress.

Pierre Ronco and Rashad Barsoum awarded for oustanding contributions to nephrology
Pierre Ronco and Rashad Barsoum have been recognized for their outstanding contributions and achievements within the nephrology field.

Yerkes researchers awarded $10 million for comparative aging study
Yerkes researchers will compare aging nonhuman primates to aging humans in an effort to develop more effective treatment options for aging-related diseases.

BDSI announces positive phase III clinical trial results
BioDelivery Sciences International Inc. announced today statistically significant results with BEMA Fentanyl in cancer patients with breakthrough pain in its pivotal Phase III efficacy clinical trial for the product.

Short chromosomes put cancer cells in forced rest
A Johns Hopkins team has stopped in its tracks a form of blood cancer in mice by engineering and inactivating an enzyme, telomerase, thereby shortening the ends of chromosomes, called telomeres.

Why nanowires make great photodetectors
The geometry of semiconducting nanowires makes them uniquely suited for light detection, according to a new UC-San Diego study that highlights the possibility of nanowire light detectors with single-photon sensitivity.

Research group gets $7 million to pursue new antibiotic agents
The National Institutes of Health has awarded $7 million to a team of researchers from the University of Illinois and the University of Wisconsin to discover, engineer and produce a promising -- yet little explored -- class of antibiotic agents.

Lighting the way to a greener future -- Canada's new government to ban inefficient light bulbs
The Honorable Gary Lunn, Minister of Natural Resources, joined by the Honorable John Baird, Minister of the Environment, announced today that Canada's New Government is taking another important step to protect the environment and the health of Canadians by introducing national standards for lighting efficiency to come into force by 2012.

Satellites play vital role in understanding the carbon cycle
The global carbon cycle plays a vital role in climate change and is of intense importance to policy makers, but significant knowledge gaps remain in our understanding of it.

Water flows like molasses on the nanoscale
A Georgia Tech research team has discovered that water exhibits very different properties when it is confined to channels less than two nanometers wide -- behaving much like a viscous fluid with a viscosity approaching that of molasses.

New materials for making 'spintronic' devices
An interdisciplinary group of scientists at the US Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory has devised methods to make a new class of electronic devices based on a property of electrons known as

The Gerontological Society of America chooses 2007 Hartford Faculty Scholars
Ten outstanding geriatric social work faculty members have been chosen as the newest inductees into the Hartford Faculty Scholars Program, a venture funded by the John A.

Commonly used pain medications do not prevent Alzheimer's disease
Over-the-counter pain medication naproxen and prescription pain reliever celecoxib do not prevent Alzheimer's disease, according to a study published April 25, 2007, in the online edition of Neurology, the scientific journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

MEDICUS Project wins Internet2 Idea award
A system created by researchers at the University of Southern California's Viterbi School of Engineering that uses grid technology to allow researchers and physicians to share medical images easily and securely was one of two projects receiving 2007 Internet2 Idea Awards.

National Academy of Sciences' Institute of Medicine report calls for more dairy foods at school
Today, the National Academy of Sciences' Institute of Medicine released a report recommending nutrition standards be established for

MicroRNAs can be tumor suppressors
University of Virginia researchers have discovered that microRNAs, a form of genetic material, can function as tumor suppressors in laboratory studies.

International Review Panel commends ESF's efforts in collaborative research
A detailed Review Panel Report submitted to and approved by the ESF Governing Council on April 19-20, 2007, outlines how to best develop the EUROCORES (European Collaborative Research) Scheme, one of the European Science Foundation's most successful instruments, in the future.

Young children with epilepsy seizures could benefit from animal model of disease
Researchers have developed an animal model of infantile spasms, improving the likelihood of finding new treatments for the thousands of young children who suffer from these catastrophic epilepsy seizures, according to research to be presented at the American Academy of Neurology's 59th Annual Meeting in Boston, April 28-May 5, 2007.

Global warming, Antarctic ice is focus of multinational workshop
As the national repository for geological material from the Southern Ocean, the Antarctic Marine Geology Research Facility at Florida State University in Tallahassee, Fla., houses the premier collection of Antarctic sediment cores -- and a hot new acquisition will offer an international team of scientists meeting there May 1-4 its best look yet at the impact of global warming on oceans worldwide.

UC researchers shatter world records with length of latest carbon nanotube arrays
UC engineering researchers have developed a novel composite catalyst and optimal synthesis conditions for oriented growth of multiwall CNT arrays.

National Academies advisory: Invasive aquatic species in the Great Lakes
On May 7, a National Research Council committee will hold a meeting in Toronto to gather information on trade in the Great Lakes region and ways to eliminate further introductions of nonindigenous aquatic species into the lakes by vessels traveling the St.
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