Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

May 02, 2007
Eggs promote weight loss and help close nutrient consumption gap
Nine studies presented at this week's Experimental Biology 2007 meeting support the growing body of research on the nutritional benefits of egg consumption, including its promotion of weight loss and its role in providing choline, an essential nutrient often lacking in the diet that promotes brain and memory development and function.

Cell splits water via sunlight to produce hydrogen
Engineers at Washington University in St. Louis have developed a unique photocatlytic cell that splits water to produce hydrogen and oxygen in water using sunlight and the power of a nanostructured catalyst.

Gene malfunctions cause schizophrenia, depression symptoms in mice
Researchers have demonstrated for the first time that malfunction of a gene that had been associated with schizophrenia and depression does indeed cause symptoms of those disorders.

Self-powered display technologies
Two recent patents have revealed new display technologies that not only display images but generate their own power.

Prenatal toxicity linked to immune dysfunctions in later life
A Cornell researcher has found that people who had been exposed to prenatal toxins and develop later-life diseases have in common an imbalanced immune system and hyperinflammatory responses.

New study probes how religion can help HIV/AIDS patients
After a University of Cincinnati study revealed that people living with the HIV virus felt alienated by their churches following diagnosis, researchers began to explore the feelings of religious leaders and congregations about the illness.

X-ray holograms expose secret magnetism
Collaborative research between scientists in the UK and USA has led to a major breakthrough in the understanding of antiferromagnets, published in this week's Nature.

Rutgers presents Susman award to College of Nursing faculty member Marlene Rankin
Rutgers University presented one of its Warren I. Susman awards, the university's highest honor for innovative teaching and mentoring, to Marlene Rankin, a Rutgers College of Nursing faculty member, during a ceremony at Rutgers President Richard L.

Engaging seniors with science pays civic dividends
Drawing on the SPRY Foundation's

Quantum dot recipe may lead to cheaper solar panels
Rice University scientists have developed a new method for cost-effectively producing four-armed quantum dots that have previously been shown to be particularly effective at converting sunlight into electrical energy.

Treating ticks with antibiotics inhibits their reproduction
Bacteria that may provide ticks with essential nutrients they can't get from their meals of blood could be a key to controlling ticks and the diseases they carry, a new study published today in the PLoS ONE shows.

Engineering professor receives highest honor for career accomplishments
It's an honor bestowed to less than one percent of the 400,000 members worldwide, but University of Texas at San Antonio Electrical Engineering Professor Philip Chen joins fellow UTSA colleagues Mo Jamshidi and G.V.S.

Once-yearly treatment significantly reduces bone fractures in women with postmenopausal osteoporosis
Phase III clinical trial shows effectiveness of once-yearly treatment for postmenopausal osteoporosis.

Hubble sees multiple star generations in a globular cluster
Hubble's observations of the massive globular cluster NGC 2808 provide evidence for three generations of stars that formed early in its life.

Drinking heavy amounts of alcohol shrinks your brain
Drinking heavy amounts of alcohol over a long period of time may decrease brain volume, according to research that will be presented at the American Academy of Neurology's 59th Annual Meeting in Boston, April 28-May 5, 2007.

SEMATECH and CNSE expand immersion lithography research program with Columbia University
SEMATECH, the world's leading nanoelectronics consortium, and the College of Nanoscale Science and Engineering of the University at Albany, home to the New York State Center of Excellence in Nanoelectronics and Nanotechnology, announced today that International SEMATECH North will provide additional funding to Columbia University to expand a program that is enabling vital research and development in the area of immersion lithography.

Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists wins national award
The American Society of Magazine Editors presented the 2007 National Magazine Award for General Excellence (under 100,000 circulation) to the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists in New York City on May 1.

Solar breakthrough could lead to cheaper power
Solar energy could become more affordable following a breakthrough by Australian scientists, who have boosted the efficiency of solar cell technology.

Researcher receives $1.8M AIDS-related grant
A microbiologist at Eastern Virginia Medical School received a grant totaling more than $1.8 million to study the molecular mechanics of a brain disease that kills four percent of AIDS patients worldwide.

How the brain's backup system compensates for stroke
Researchers have pinpointed in humans how a

Scripps research team sheds light on long-sought cold sensation gene
For years, scientists have struggled to identify the genes responsible for mammals' sensation of cold.

Children from low income families more likely to have sleep problems
Children from low income families have more sleep problems than children from middle class families, potentially impacting their health and performance at school, according to research that will be presented at the American Academy of Neurology's 59th Annual Meeting in Boston, April 28-May 5, 2007.

Arizona State University scientist finds Martian ice is patchy and variable
For the first time, scientists have found that water ice lies at variable depths over small-scale patches on the Red Planet.

'Insulator' helps silence genes in dormant herpes virus
By adulthood, most people have suffered at least one bout of painful cold sores brought on by Herpes simplex virus 1.

Salk researchers discover first gene that specifically links calorie restriction to longevity
In studies going back to the 1930s, mice and many other species subsisting on a severely calorie-restricted diet have consistently outlived their well-fed peers by as much as 40 percent.

Carnegie's Paul Silver elected to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences
Paul Silver, a geophysicist at Carnegie's Department of Terrestrial Magnetism in Washington, D.C., was elected as a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences on Friday, April 27.

Hubble finds multiple stellar 'baby booms' in a globular cluster
Analysis of Hubble observations of the massive globular cluster NGC 2808 provides evidence that it has three generations of stars that formed early in the cluster's life.

India's DBT and IAVI forge partnership to develop 'next generation' vaccine candidates
The Department of Biotechnology, Ministry of Science and Technology, government of India and the International AIDS Vaccine Initiative signed an agreement today to address a major obstacle in AIDS vaccine development -- the design of candidate vaccines to elicit neutralizing antibodies against HIV.

Making old hearts young again
Griffith University researchers are unraveling the molecular events associated with aging that reduce the ability of older hearts to withstand disease.

HCV patients survival after liver transplantation is not improving
For liver transplant recipients without hepatitis C, survival has improved over time.

'Personality-gene' makes songbirds curious
Max-Planck scientists find evidence for an association between gene variants and exploratory behavior in great tits (Parus major).

National Academy of Sciences elects 2 Rutgers professors
Hugo K. Dooner, a professor at the Waksman Institute of Microbiology and in the Department of Plant Biology and Pathology at the School of Environmental and Biological Sciences; and Paul G.

Literature review shows spinal manipulation beneficial for neck pain
A new literature review finds evidence that patients with chronic neck pain reported significant improvement following chiropractic spinal manipulation.

Estrogen use before 65 linked to reduced risk of Alzheimer's disease
Women who use hormone therapy before the age of 65 could cut their risk of developing Alzheimer's disease or dementia.

Work with nanoparticles may lead to 'on-the-spot' virus detector
Chemical engineers from the University at Buffalo have collaborated with scientists from other institutions to solve a critical bottleneck in the transport and capture of virus nanoparticles, making possible a device that could rapidly sample and detect infectious biological agents, such as viruses.

Spouse may 'drive you to drink' but also can protect you from alcohol
Men and women at risk for alcohol dependence are more likely to choose a mate who also is at risk, say investigators at the Washington University School of Medicine in St.

Less sun better than using sunscreen
Avoiding direct sunlight and wearing clothes which stop harmful UV rays from reaching the skin, rather than sunscreen, are the best ways of avoiding skin cancer and the aging effects of the sun.

Gel-based handrub improves hospital hygiene
Giving health care workers easy access to alcohol-based handrubs can improve hygiene in hospitals, a study published today in the online open access journal Critical Care suggests.

Ecology in an era of globalization
In a special issue, scientists from the Americas explore ecology in an era of globalization, looking at the impacts of human migration, production systems, and invasive species on ecosystems and people throughout North, Central and South America.

Does amateur boxing cause brain damage?
Blows to the head in amateur boxing appear to cause brain damage, according to research that will be presented at the American Academy of Neurology's 59th Annual Meeting in Boston, April 28-May 5, 2007.

Once-a-year drug reduces fractures from osteoporosis
A treatment for osteoporosis delivered once a year is as effective as current monthly or weekly osteoporosis regimens at reducing the incidence of bone fractures, according to a new study led by a UCSF research team.

Rapid, high-resolution 3-D images of the retina
In efforts that may improve diagnoses of many eye diseases, researchers will introduce a new type of laser for providing high-resolution 3-D images of the retina, the part of the eye that converts light to electrical signals that travel to the brain.

Picking up bad vibes to gauge bridge health
By monitoring changes in vibrations of bridges it is possible to identify hidden cracks and fractures, according to a Queensland University of Technology researcher.

New edition of medical reference book provides the latest in hematology
Just released, the third edition of the ASH Self-Assessment Program is a comprehensive educational resource from the American Society of Hematology designed to help hematologists, oncologists, internists, pediatricians and fellows in training stay current with the latest advancements in the rapidly evolving disciplines of adult and pediatric hematology and oncology.

Drought limits tropical plant distributions, scientists at the Smithsonian report
Drought tolerance is a critical determinant of tropical plant distributions, researchers working at the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute in Panama report in the journal Nature, May 3.

SNM 'capitalizes' opportunity to meet with policymakers, regulators at annual meeting in D.C.
SNM, the world's largest society for molecular imaging and nuclear medicine professionals, will host a number of sessions and activities to educate policymakers and regulators about advances in this evolving field during its 54th annual meeting June 2-6 in Washington, D.C.

Smoking influences Crohn's disease
A new study in the American Journal of Gastroenterology suggests that smoking may determine which part of the intestinal tract is attacked in those who suffer from Crohn's disease.

First research to show that diabetes damages DNA in men's sperm and may affect fertility
Scientists have found that sperm from diabetic men have greater levels of DNA damage than sperm from men who do not have the disease.

Study confirms the risk of exposure to secondhand tobacco smoke outdoors
Tens of thousands of Americans die each year from secondhand tobacco smoke.

Manchester to spearhead £8.3 million particle physics project
The University of Manchester is leading an £8.3 million drive to develop a new type of particle accelerator, which could lead to more effective cancer treatment, greener electricity and less nuclear waste.

Cat hair at home poses an allergy risk, particularly for young children
Cats and cat allergens in the home clearly raise the risk of the allergic sensitisation of children up to the age of two.

Study of damaged gene gives insight into causes of mental illness
Scientists have pinpointed how different types of damage in types of damage to the same gene can cause some people to suffer from schizophrenia while others have major depression.

Laser-induced shocks in diamond anvil can achieve pressures inside supergiant planets
Diamond anvil cells and laser-induced shocks can separately achieve pressures higher than that at the core of the Earth, but in combination they could achieve pressures 100 to 1,000 times greater than possible today, reproducing conditions expected in the cores of supergiant planets.

TWAS, illycaffè announce Trieste Science Prize winners 2007
An eminent Mexican biologist, whose research helped to spur the creation of the first genetically modified plants, and an internationally renowned Indian chemist, whose innovative laboratory techniques have led to the synthesis of more than 50 natural products, have been awarded the Trieste Science Prize for 2007.

Study shows Botox decreases pain and intensity of spasticity following a stroke
Final results from a multi-center study shows that repeated treatments of botulinum toxin type A (BoNTA or Botox) over one year is well tolerated and results in a significant decrease in spasticity, pain frequency and average pain intensity in upper limbs following stroke, according to research from a neurologist at Wake Forest University Baptist Medical Center.

Stroke risk nearly doubles for siblings of people who have had a stroke
People with a brother or sister who have had a stroke are almost twice as likely as the average American to suffer a stroke themselves, according to research that will be presented at the American Academy of Neurology's 59th Annual Meeting in Boston, April 28-May 5, 2007.

Send in the robots -- Robot teams handle hazardous jobs
Searching buildings for weapons of mass destruction and supply routes for improvised bombs are extremely dangerous but important jobs.

Machine preservation may promote more organ sharing
Preserving the kidneys of deceased older donors on a pump -- as opposed to the conventional method of storing and transporting organs in a cooler -- may lower hospital costs, improve initial organ function, and promote greater use and more sharing of organs, according to new research by Wake Forest University Baptist Medical Center.

Protein enables discovery of quantum effect in photosynthesis
When it comes to studying energy transfer in photosynthesis, it's good to think

J&JPRD discovery may lead to new treatments for chronic sensitivity, pain caused by cold
Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development discovery may lead to new treatments for people with chronic sensitivity and pain caused by exposure to cold temperatures.

Lab-on-a-chip device from Berkeley Lab to speed proteomics research
Future proteomics research should see a substantial acceleration with the development of a new device that provides the first monolithic interface between mass spectrometry and silicon/silica-based microfluidic

Breastfeeding and good fats help new moms fight depression
Breastfeeding and the good fats in Omega-3 fatty acids help new moms fight depression, according to a new article published in the most recent issue of the International Breastfeeding Journal by a University of New Hampshire researcher.

New clues for treatment of disease that causes accelerated aging
There is renewed hope for treatment of a rare genetic condition that causes rapidly accelerated aging and leads to an average life expectancy of 13 years.

Molecular rendezvous caught on camera
A team of researchers from the Max Planck Institute for Solid State Research in Stuttgart, the Fraunhofer Institute in Freiburg, and King's College in London, has filmed pairs of molecules during recognition processes, which are vital to the functioning of organisms.

Technique monitors thousands of molecules simultaneously
A chemist at Washington University in St. Louis is making molecules the new-fashioned way -- selectively harnessing thousands of minuscule electrodes on a tiny computer chip that do chemical reactions and yield molecules that bind to receptor sites.

Gender and racial factors in medical exam success
Women from all ethnic backgrounds are more successful at passing UK medical exams than their male counterparts, according to research published today in the open access journal BMC Medicine.

May: Multiple Sclerosis Awareness Month -- latest research is good news
A new drug under investigation for Multiple Sclerosis appears to be safe and effective according to studies involving researchers at the Montreal Neurological Institute.

New, less painful wound treatment for pediatric patients
Negative pressure wound therapy is a new innovation in treating severe and complex wounds in children that decreases the need for frequent and stressful dressing changes.

Liquid CO2 drives rapid thrust of diamond-bearing structures
In the May 3 issue of Nature, James Head, a Brown University professor of geology and Lionel Wilson, a professor of volcanology at the University of Lancaster, propose an inte-grated and dramatic mechanism for the formation of kimberlites, the enigmatic structures bearing most of the world's diamonds.

Cholesterol-lowering drugs reduce risk of stroke, heart attack
People whose cholesterol improved after one month on cholesterol-lowering drugs called statins reduced their risk of stroke and heart attack, according to research that will be presented at the American Academy of Neurology's 59th Annual Meeting in Boston, April 28-May 5, 2007.

Cause of gender differences in blood pressure, kidney damage under study
While men and women both get high blood pressure and related kidney disease, the path to get there is shorter, steeper and just different for men, researchers say.

Study shows tight diabetes control does not impact cognitive ability in type 1 diabetes
National Joslin-led study shows tight blood glucose control in people with type 1 diabetes does not negatively impact cognitive ability.

Princeton physicists connect string theory with established physics
String theory, simultaneously one of the most promising and controversial ideas in modern physics, may be more capable of helping probe the inner workings of subatomic particles than was previously thought, according to a team of Princeton University scientists.
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