Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

May 08, 2007
Enhanced MR-guided focused ultrasound guidelines demonstrate improved efficacy and durability
Data released today show that MR-guided focused ultrasound is a more effective option for a broader population of uterine fibroid sufferers.

100 percent juice not associated with overweight in children
Using the same database that the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention uses to confirm the rise in obesity rates, researchers have concluded that 100 percent juice is not associated with young children being overweight or at risk for becoming overweight.

IEEE-USA promotes engineering awareness
As part of its public-awareness program to improve public understanding of engineers and engineering and to promote technological literacy, IEEE-USA participates in collaborative activities with two other nonprofit organizations: the American Association for the Advancement of Science; and Engineers Without Borders-USA.

$10M grant to VCU to develop new cancer treatments
The National Cancer Institute has awarded a five-year, $10.7 million grant to Virginia Commonwealth University Massey Cancer Center researchers to develop a new form of radiation therapy that will enable the safe administration of more aggressive cancer treatments.

'Stigma from science' at the APS 19th Annual Convention
This year's presidential symposium at the 19th annual Association for Psychological Science is titled

Genetic roots of bipolar disorder revealed by first genome-wide study of illness
Several specific genes are implicated in bipolar disorder. This was the first genome-wide

Boston College chemist Amir Hoveyda honored
Amir Hoveyda, Joseph T. and Patricia Vanderslice Millennium Professor of Chemistry at Boston College, has received the Max Tishler Prize in recognition of his outstanding contributions in chemistry.

Phoenix Mars mission spacecraft lands at Kennedy Space Center
A US Air Force C-17 cargo airlift carried NASA's Phoenix Mars Lander spacecraft from Colorado to Florida's Kennedy Space Center on May 7.

Expenditures for special equipment add to high personal cost for visually impaired persons
Researchers will present the results of their study concerning the personal costs of vision impairment in Australia during the Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology 2007 Annual Meeting in Fort Lauderdale, Fla.

Double the death rate from cirrhosis for 'blue collar' men
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Off-label and untested use of drug-coated stents appears widespread
The off-label and untested use of drug-coated stents in the treatment of coronary artery blockage is common in US practice, and ischemic complication rates are higher among patients receiving drug-coated stents for off-label indications, according to two studies in the May 9 issue of JAMA.

Agent protects cells from lethal effects of radiation even if given after exposure
Researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis report they have developed an agent that protects cells from the lethal effects of radiation, regardless of whether it is given before or after exposure.

Baby aspirin better for your health, University of Kentucky study says
Nearly a quarter of a million Americans each year may be hospitalized with bleeding complications caused by needlessly taking a daily dose of an adult-sized aspirin rather than a baby aspirin to prevent a heart attack or stroke.

Checking automotive surface quality
Research stemming from recent EUREKA project E! 2373 SURFAS hopes to contribute to the increased use of Sheet Moulding Compound composites in the automotive industry.

Health officials renew Indo-US Vaccine Action Program
US and Indian health officials have renewed the Indo-US Vaccine Action Program (VAP), a 20-year-old bilateral collaboration supporting research on vaccines, immunology and related biomedical issues.

Dr. Michael Petrides: Elected to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences
Dr. Michael Petrides, a leading expert in the field of cognitive neuroscience, was elected to the prestigious American Academy of Arts and Sciences.

Research suggests men's sexual behavior adapts to perceived threats
A review of the latest research in sexual adaptation shows that evidence is building for what researchers call

Biosensor sniffs out explosives
Temple University School of Medicine researchers have developed a new biosensor that sniffs out explosives and could one day be used to detect landmines and deadly agents, such as sarin gas, according to a paper in the June issue of Nature Chemical Biology.

Researchers at Illinois explore queen bee longevity
The queen honey bee is genetically identical to the workers in her hive, but she lives 10 times longer and -- unlike her sterile sisters -- remains reproductively viable throughout life.

Environmental concern increases pace of lighting technology revolution
Governments and large corporations like Wal-Mart are looking at ways to reduce energy consumption.

Federal Budget boosts Australian health and medical research
Research Australia has welcomed tonight's Federal Budget announcement of $486 million for medical research infrastructure.

Animal study identifies promising new target for brain tumor therapy
A drug that targets the body's immune cells may be effective in treating malignant brain tumors, according to a new study led by researchers from Duke's Preston Robert Tisch Brain Tumor Center.

Stress of deployment increases risk of child abuse, neglect in military families, UNC study shows
Rates of abuse and neglect of young children in military families in Texas has doubled since October 2002, a University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill study shows, raising concerns about the impact of deployment on military personnel and their families across the country.

World's leading scientists announce creation of 'Encyclopedia of Life'
The Encyclopedia of Life is an unprecedented global effort to document all 1.8 million named species of animals, plants, and other forms of life on Earth.

National Science Board to meet May 14-15 in Arlington, Va.
The National Science Board will hold one of its regular meetings related to national science and engineering policy issues and on activities of the National Science Foundation, May 14-15, 2007, in Arlington, Va., at NSF headquarters, 9th and Stuart streets.

Study implicates protein as a trigger of advanced prostate cancer recurrence
Scientists with the Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill have for the first time implicated a growth-promoting cellular protein as one trigger of the inevitable recurrence of advanced prostate cancer in men who are undergoing drug treatment to shut down their sex hormones, or androgens.

Fat screen delivers plant-derived chemical with antidiabetic effects
After screening hundreds of compounds for their effects on fat development, researchers have discovered that an ingredient found in some plants fights diabetes in mice without some of the side effects attributed to other antidiabetes drugs.

Angioplasty reduces long-term cardiac risk among heart patients with 'silent' ischemia
When compared with intensive drug therapy, percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI, angioplasty) was more beneficial in reducing the long-term risk of major cardiac events among heart attack survivors with

VA should revise its methods for evaluating and rating PTSD in veterans
To ensure more consistent and appropriate disability compensation for veterans, the US Department of Veterans Affairs needs to revise how it evaluates former military personnel for service-connected post-traumatic stress disorder and determines the payment amounts they merit, says a new report from the Institute of Medicine and National Research Council.

Hepatitis C increases risk of non-Hodgkin lymphoma
Hepatitis C infection is associated with an increased risk of non-Hodgkin lymphoma (malignancy involving lymphatic tissue) of 20 percent to 30 percent, and a three-fold increase in the risk of another type of lymphoma, according to a study in the May 9 issue of JAMA.

Warts vaccine -- 1 of many in pipeline
A vaccine for genital warts could be one of the first products to come out of the new multi-million dollar medical research base built in Brisbane.

Invasion of the island bats
Ever since the relationship between land area and number of species crystallized into a mathematical power function, islands and island archipelagoes have been thought of as biological destinations where species from large continents arrive and, over time, evolve into new species in geographic seclusion.

Creation of an international industrial chair in life cycle assessment
The official launch of the International Industrial Chair in Life Cycle Assessment Methodology, a research unit of École Polytechnique's Interuniversity Research Centre for the Life Cycle of Products, Processes and Services, Canada's leading research centre in the field, will take place today, May 8.

New Brandeis research sheds light on memory by erasing it
For years, scientists have studied the molecular basis of memory storage, trying to find the molecules that store memory, just as DNA stores genetic memory.

Transcontinental wildfire emissions monitored from space
Using data from the SCIAMACHY instrument aboard ESA's environmental satellite Envisat, scientists have determined that the carbon monoxide hovering over Australia during the wildfire season largely originated from South American wildfires some 13,000 kilometers away.

$30 million boost to dementia research
The Federal Government has announced a $30 million investment to establish a Neuroscience Research Precinct on the Prince of Wales Campus in Sydney.

No evidence older women generate new eggs
It is highly unlikely that older women generate new eggs, report researchers at the University of South Florida in collaboration with a center in China.

Why predicting the next influenza pandemic is difficult and how scientists can best prepare
In planning for a future influenza pandemic, most experts agree that two things are known for certain -- there will be another pandemic someday, and nobody can predict when.

Scientists report new take on sexual signaling
In dangerous environments, females looking for a mate run great risks.

NIH funding UIC brain tumor research
Researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago College of Pharmacy have received a $1.7 million five-year federal grant to develop a new approach to treat brain tumors.

UC engineering researchers uncover factors that control ion motion in solid electrolytes
University of Cincinnati researchers show for the first time that they can connect an increase in electrical, or ionic, conductivity with flexibility of their networks.

Discovery of cellular processes which regulate heart's energy supply
The heart needs a steady supply of energy to function properly.

Combined molecular-targeted and hormonal therapies offer promise in treating ovarian cancer
A combination of molecular-targeted therapy and hormonal therapy may be the most promising area of research for those seeking an effective treatment for ovarian cancer, according to a new review in the International Journal of Gynecological Cancer.

Children's Hospital Boston presents at the 2007 Pediatric Academic Societies Annual Meeting
From May 5-8 in Toronto, Children's Hospital Boston is presenting a wide range of newsworthy research -- hard science, public health, and clinical research of interest to parents.

Ronald Cape to receive 2007 Biotechnology Heritage Award
Chemical Heritage Foundation and the Biotechnology Industry Organization will present the ninth annual Biotechnology Heritage Award to Ronald Cape, co-founder of Cetus Corp.

Stumbling on happiness
Daniel Gilbert, a leader in the field of affective forecasting, will be this year's Bring the Family speaker at the 19th annual Association for Psychological Science conference, May 24-27 in Washington, D.C.

Molecule that destroys bone also protects it, new research shows
An immune system component that is a primary cause of bone destruction and inflammation in autoimmune diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis actually protects bone in the oral cavity from infectious pathogens that play a major role in periodontal disease in humans, research at the University at Buffalo has shown.

Tomb of King Herod discovered at Herodium
The long search for Herod the Great's tomb has ended with the exposure of the remains of his grave, sarcophagus and mausoleum on Mount Herodium's northeastern slope, Professor Ehud Netzer of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem Institute of Archaeology announced today.

Gene mutation linked to cognition is found only in humans
A new study showed that a certain form of neuropsin, a protein that plays a role in learning and memory, is expressed only in the central nervous systems of humans and that it originated less than five million years ago.

Test improves prediction of self-injurious behavior
Through the use of the Implicit Association Test, researchers at Harvard have found a better way to predict self-injurious behavior.

Mechanoluminescence event yields novel emissions, reactions
Researchers at the University of Illinois report that a new study of mechanoluminescence revealed extensive atomic and molecular spectral emission not previously seen in a mechanoluminescence event.

Research reveals way to speed up treatment of deadly malignant hyperthermia
Every second counts for anesthesia patients afflicted by the often deadly condition known as malignant hyperthermia.

Risk of lymphoma increases with hepatitis C virus infection
People infected with the hepatitis C virus are at an increased risk of developing certain lymphomas -- cancers of the lymphatic system.

NIH awards VBI, Mayo Clinic $2.4M to study chronic rhinosinusitis
A National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases project could help researchers at Virginia Bioinformatics Institute and the Mayo Clinic develop treatments, diagnostic tools and preventative measures for patients suffering from chronic rhinosinusitis.

Automatic identification of protein's critical features from the structure
Scientists led by Dr. Gabriel del Río at the Instituto de Fisiologia Celular/UNAM, have developed an automatic procedure that allows scientists for the first time to identify the critical elements of proteins from their shape exclusively.

Can personality be changed?
Carol Dweck, a leading expert in motivation and personality psychology, will be this year's keynote speaker at the 19th annual convention of the Association for Psychological Science taking place May 24-27 in Washington, D.C.

Home improvement warning -- Ladder-related injuries increasing in the US
Falls from ladders can result in serious injury and affect people of all ages.

News tips from the Journal of Neuroscience
Articles included in this issue:

Global heartbeat control suggests therapy for beating heart failure
Keeping a healthy heart beating requires the production of a constant supply of energy, a feat depending on the coordination of several genetic programs.
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