Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

May 11, 2007
Southeastern Theoretical Chemistry Association meets at Virginia Tech
The 2007 meeting of the Southeastern Theoretical Chemistry Association will be held at the Inn at Virginia Tech on Friday, May 18, and Saturday, May 19.

Study revises dynamin's role in nerve cell function
An unexpected finding on how nerve cells signal to one another could rewrite the textbooks on neuroscience, says a collaborative team of researchers at Weill Cornell Medical College and Yale University.

SCAI'S Hildner Lecture traces progress through 30 years of interventional cardiology
The world of interventional cardiology has changed dramatically in nearly three decades, and Donald Baim, M.D., FSCAI, has seen it all.

DNA sieve -- Nanoscale pores can be tiny analysis labs
A international team led by researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology has proven for the first time that a single nanometer-scale pore in a thin membrane -- resembling one found in a living cell -- can be used to accurately detect and sort different-sized polymer chains (a model for biological molecules) that pass through the channel.

HIV survival improves if patients stay in care
People with HIV who drop out of care do not live as long as those who remain under a doctor's treatment, said Baylor College of Medicine and Veterans Affairs researchers in a report published in the June 1 issue of Clinical Infectious Diseases and available online.

Study sheds light on Earth's CO2 cycles
Study published in Science reveals history of carbon release and effects of carbon release on ocean circulation.

Engineer who led investigation into collapse of World Trade Center among 6 honored by AAES
Dr. W. Gene Corley, P.E., who led the federal investigation into the 2001 collapse of the World Trade Center, was one of six honorees at the American Association of Engineering Societies awards ceremony on May 7.

Inherited genes linked to toxicity of leukemia therapy
Investigators at St. Jude Children's Research Hospital have discovered inherited variations in certain genes that make children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia susceptible to the toxic side effects caused by chemotherapy medications.

Nerves controlling muscles are best repaired with similar nerves
When repairing severed or damaged motor nerves with a donor nerve graft, surgeons have traditionally used a sensory nerve from another area of the patient's body.

Climate swings have brought great CO2 pulses up from the deep sea
A study released provides some of the first solid evidence that warming-induced changes in ocean circulation at the end of the last Ice Age caused vast quantities of ancient carbon dioxide to belch from the deep sea into the atmosphere.

Work starts for EuroScience Open Forum 2008 Barcelona
Presentations and debates on the leading scientific questions of the day, from research into stem cells to the challenge of climate change, are planned for the ESOF2008 Scientific Program.

One pill may be better than two for treating patients with high blood pressure
Adults with high blood pressure and additional risk factors for heart disease may benefit more from taking one tablet rather than two, if their current treatment combines the lipid-lowering medication atorvastatin with the blood pressure-lowering medication amlodipine.

Slowing the racing heart
Scientists at the University of Illinois at Chicago have discovered how we put the brakes on a racing heartbeat and slow the heart's

Quick, innovative procedure helps men minimize incontinence after prostatectomy
Thousands of men facing surgical removal of the prostate due to cancer may someday have one less thing to worry about: post-surgical urinary incontinence.

Stenting of abdominal arteries offers welcome relief for 'intestinal angina'
Using catheter techniques perfected in the heart arteries, interventional cardiologists are successfully treating chronic mesenteric ischemia, a condition akin to intestinal angina.

FDA approves Dey, L.P.'s Perforomist inhalation solution for maintenance treatment of COPD
Dey, L.P. announced today that the Food and Drug Administration has approved its new drug application for Perforomist Inhalation Solution for long-term, twice-daily maintenance treatment of bronchoconstriction for emphysema and chronic bronchitis, also known as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

Burroughs Wellcome Fund awards $14M to support physician-scientists
Burroughs Wellcome Fund awards $14 million to support physician-scientists.

IEEE-USA president-elect to receive honorary Doctor of Letters from University of North Dakota
IEEE-USA President-Elect Dr. Russell Lefevre will be awarded an honorary Doctor of Letters from his alma mater, the University of North Dakota, on Saturday, May, 12.

$2.6M grant awarded to New York University College of Nursing
The attached is a joint release announcing that the Harford Institute for Geriatric Nursing at New York University College of Nursing, in collaboration with the American Journal of Nursing, has been awarded a $2,622,560 grant from the John A Hartford Foundation to produce and distribute demonstration videos and a companion series of journal articles for teaching nurses the use of geriatric health assessment tools.

Joint research on poverty-related diseases
As part of a new funding initiative, the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG, German Research Foundation) is promoting projects in which German and African scientists carry out joint research on infectious diseases.

Researchers create model of cancer-preventing enzyme, study how it works
Researchers at the University of Missouri-Columbia recently created a model of proline dehydrogenase, an important cancer-preventing enzyme in the human body, and analyzed how it works.

New impetus through networking
A networked approach to addressing new questions facing basic research -- that is the formula for success of the Priority Programmes of the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG, German Research Foundation).

Bare-metal stents are better for some heart patients
While drug-eluting stents are effective in keeping open diseased heart arteries, they should not be used for patients who need to have noncardiac surgery a short time after an interventional heart procedure.

Higher gas prices leave many workers running on empty
Few have been unaffected by the rapidly increasing price of gas, which has inched its way up toward $4 a gallon in some parts of the United States.

ESA presents the sharpest ever satellite map of Earth
The most detailed portraits ever of the Earth's land surface have been created with ESA's Envisat environmental satellite.

UCLA researchers discover link between Parkinson's and narcolepsy
UCLA researchers have found that Parkinson's disease patients have severe damage to the same small group of neurons whose loss causes narcolepsy.

Online education program better source of information for patients
Patients who used the American Heart Association's online heart disease education program were more aware of treatment options than other patients.

Confirmed -- deforestation plays critical climate change role
New research confirms that avoiding deforestation can play a key role in reducing future greenhouse gas concentrations.

Experts debate role of stenting, bypass surgery in left main coronary artery disease
Coronary artery bypass surgery has been the preferred treatment for patients with a blockage in the left main coronary artery, the conduit that supplies blood to about two-thirds of the heart.

Debate focuses on door-to-balloon time in heart attack treatment
In the treatment of heart attack, the 90-minute goal for inflation of an angioplasty balloon in a blocked coronary artery to restore normal blood flow is so revered it's been codified in clinical guidelines, accreditation standards, and pay-for-performance programs.

U of M faculty honored by US FDA for contributions to national food safety and defense
Three University of Minnesota faculty members will be awarded special citations from the US Food and Drug Administration for their contributions to maintaining and promoting national food safety and defense.

States' spending may help keep childless seniors independent
Researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago report that living in a state with higher spending on home- and community-based services is associated with a lower risk of nursing home admission among childless seniors.

High-dose anticlotting drug cuts heart attack, death risk in half
Pretreatment with double-dose anticlotting medication just before percutaneous coronary intervention cuts the combined risk of heart attack and cardiac death by half, according to a study reported at the 30th annual Scientific Sessions of the Society for Cardiovascular Angiography and Interventions, May 9-12, 2007, in Orlando, Fla.

Epps receives national award for young scientists
Thomas H. Epps III, assistant professor of chemical engineering at the University of Delaware, is the recipient of the 2007 Lloyd Ferguson Young Scientist Award from the National Organization for the Professional Advancement of Black Chemists and Chemical Engineers.
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