Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

May 18, 2007
Southern ocean carbon sink weakened
An international research team has found that the Southern Ocean's ability to absorb carbon dioxide has been reduced by around 35 percent since 1981.

Bigger is smarter
Estimating the intelligence of various animals species may be as simple as measuring the overall brain size.

B12 is also an essential vitamin for marine life
B12 -- an essential vitamin for land-dwelling animals, including humans -- also turns out to be an essential ingredient for growing marine plants that are critical to the ocean food web and Earth's climate, scientists have found.

UCLA Nobel Laureate honored with membership in the American Philosophical Society
Louis J. Ignarro, Ph.D. (Beverly Hills, Calif.), distinguished professor of pharmacology at the David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA and winner of the 1998 Nobel Prize in medicine, has been elected to the American Philosophical Society.

2007 Joint Assembly in Acapulco -- press conference schedule
The 2007 Joint Assembly of the American Geophysical Union and 11 sister scientific societies in Latin America takes place May 22-25 in Acapulco, Mexico.

Cornell lab confirms deadly fish virus spreading to new species
A lethal fish virus in the Great Lakes and neighboring waterways is approaching epidemic proportions, according to Paul Bowser, Cornell professor of aquatic animal medicine in the College of Veterinary Medicine.

A first glimpse at healthy brain and behavioral development
The first findings from the NIH's large MRI Study of Normal Brain Development provide new norms for cognition among healthy, school-age children -- the largest, most representative sample to date.

New treatment offers relief from chronic back pain
Chronic back pain is a condition that affects a significant part of the population, with patients falling into three major groups: those with herniated discs, spinal stenosis (a nerve affecting narrowing of the spinal cord), and complications from failed back surgery.

Study of protein folds offers insight into metabolic evolution
Researchers at the University of Illinois have constructed the first global family tree of metabolic protein architecture.

Jackson Laboratory researcher receives JDRF's Grodsky award
The Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation, the world's largest charitable funder of type 1 diabetes research, announced today that Dr.

International cooperation boosts EarthCARE
With the design consolidation phase soon to start for ESA's EarthCARE mission, scientists and engineers from around the world recently met to discuss preparations for a mission that is being implemented with the cooperation of Japanese partners to address the need for a better understanding of how the interactions between clouds, aerosols and solar radiation regulate climate.

A sinking carbon feeling? Try isotope hydrology
Not many people see isotope hydrologists on the front line of the fight against climate change.

Nanoscale pasta: Toward nanoscale electronics
Pasta tastes like pasta -- with or without a spiral.

UD researchers put 'spin' in silicon, advance new age of electronics
Electrical engineers from the University of Delaware and Cambridge NanoTech have demonstrated for the first time how the spin properties of electrons in silicon -- the world's most dominant semiconductor, used in electronics ranging from computers to cell phones -- can be measured and controlled.

Repair of DNA by Brca2 gene prevents medulloblastoma
Investigators at St. Jude Children's Research Hospital have gained some of the first major insights into how certain genes known to prevent cancer also guide the normal development of the nervous system before birth and during infancy by repairing DNA damage.

Before selling carbon credits, read this
Before farmers can sell carbon credits, they need to be able to reliably measure the amount of carbon in their soil.

Journal of Nuclear Medicine releases new research faster
The Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Journal of Nuclear Medicine Technology are now publishing articles online in advance of print publication to bring new research to readers at the earliest possible date, according to SNM, an international scientific and professional organization dedicated to advancing molecular imaging and therapy.

High-quality child care for low-income children offset the risk of later depression
Young adults from low-income families who were in full-time early educational child care from infancy to age 5 reported fewer symptoms of depression than their peers who were not in this type of care, according to a new report.

U. of Colorado to partner on $100 million telescope in Chilean desert
The University of Colorado at Boulder has signed an initial partnership agreement to participate in the design and construction of a 25-meter, far-infrared telescope that will be located in the Chilean desert to probe the distant galaxies, stellar nurseries and outer reaches of the solar system.

Pitt researchers create new form of matter
Physicists at the University of Pittsburgh have demonstrated a new form of matter that melds the characteristics of lasers with those of the world's best electrical conductors.

Fused nasal bones helped tyrannosaurids dismember prey
New evidence may help explain the brute strength of the tyrannosaurid, says a University of Alberta researcher whose finding demonstrates how a fused nasal bone helped turn the animal into a

ANA 2007 Quadrennial Policy Conference
The American Nurses Association is hosting a major policy conference,

New biofuel from trees developed at UGA
A team of University of Georgia researchers has developed a new biofuel derived from wood chips.

NIH study tracks brain development in some 500 children across US
The NIH Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) Study of Normal Brain Development is tracking brain and behavioral development in about 500 healthy American children, from birth to age 18.

Quality improvement effort pays off in diabetes care
According to one of the first studies to examine the clinical and economic impact of quality improvement on diabetes care, a small investment in upgrading the delivery of such care for patients at federally qualified community health centers brought about a substantial improvement in health that justified the costs of the program.

Computer model maps efficient inoculation of hospital staff in pandemic outbreak
Community preparedness for a bioterrorism attack or influenza outbreak has been the focus of much interest and effort in recent years.

UIC awarded $7M NIH grant for infertility research
The University of Illinois at Chicago College of Medicine has received a $7 million renewal grant from the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development to conduct innovative basic and clinical research in the reproductive sciences through 2012.

Stowers Institute's Workman Lab demonstrates mechanism for decoding histone modification marks
Jerry Workman, Ph.D., investigator, and Bing Li, Ph.D., senior research associate in the Workman Lab, have published evidence demonstrating that a combinatorial action of multiple protein domains is required to read a histone modification.
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