Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

May 24, 2007
Want to improve your relationship? Do the dishes because you want to
If you do something positive for your mate, does it matter why?

Plasma science decadal survey
The field of plasma science has progressed dramatically in recent years and is poised to make even more breakthroughs during the next decade.

Recruiting and retaining women in IT jobs requires new policies
Recruiters wanting to hire women for information technology positions have to go beyond the typical sales pitch emphasizing job promotion and security in order to get results, according to a Penn State research study of 92 female IT practitioners.

Stereotype-induced math anxiety undermines girls' ability to perform in other academic areas
A popular stereotype that boys are better at mathematics than girls undermines girls' math performance because it causes worrying that erodes the mental resources needed for problem solving, new researsch shows.

Alcohol use during pregnancy leads to greater risk of extreme preterm delivery
Preterm delivery, and particularly

JCI table of contents: May 24, 2007
This release contains summaries, links to PDFs, and contact information for the following newsworthy papers to be published online, May 24, 2007, in the JCI, including:

Story ideas from the Journal of Biological Chemistry
Story ideas from the June 1, 2007, issue of the Journal of Biological Chemistry include how curry spice helps fight cancer; how tau proteins cause Alzheimer's disease; what causes amyotrophic lateral sclerosis; and new insight into cell division.

WFU to host international conference of physicists
More than 200 of the world's top scientists involved in developing materials that detect high-energy radiation will gather June 4 to 8 at Wake Forest University for SCINT 2007, the 9th International Conference on Inorganic Scintillators and their Applications.

CSHL links activity in brain synapses and developmental abnormalities with schizophrenia gene
CSHL researchers have identified a function of neuregulin1, a gene previously linked to schizophrenia but whose role in the disease was unknown.

Babies able to tell through visual cues when speakers switch languages: UBC study
At four months, babies can tell whether a speaker has switched to a different language from visual cues alone, according to a University of British Columbia study.

Choice is a key element in success for smokers who want to quit
Rochester researcher Dr. Geoffrey Williams associate professor of medicine at the University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, will unveil new findings at a Toronto conference this month that demonstrate patient involvement in a quit plan leads to smokers who are more motivated to quit because they genuinely want to, not because they are being nagged or bullied.

Essential tones of music rooted in human speech
The use of 12 tone intervals in the music of many human cultures is rooted in the physics of how our vocal anatomy produces speech, according to researchers at the Duke University Center for Cognitive Neuroscience.

Departure to cold water corals and other 'hot spots'
With a new coat of paint, thorough ship inspection, and sailing under the flag of the Helmholtz Association, Polarstern begins to make its way toward the north on May 29.

Both alcohol and neighborhood characteristics can affect intimate partner violence
Both alcohol and neighborhood characteristics can affect intimate partner violence.

Poorer countries could struggle to implement new International Health Regulations
Poorer countries could struggle to implement the new International Health Regulations (IHR) about to be brought into force, says an Editorial in this week's edition of The Lancet.

Cosmologists predict a static universe in 3 trillion years
Now, physicists Lawrence Krauss from Case Western Reserve University and Robert J.

Why Good Things Happen to Good People
It turns out that giving -- far more than receiving -- is a surprisingly potent force whose impact reverberates across an entire lifetime, nourishing health and happiness in astonishing ways.

Stuck on you: CEACAM6 helps E. coli stick to intestinal lining in Crohn's disease
In Crohn's disease, the lining of the small intestine is abnormally colonized by E. coli organisms that are able to adhere to and invade intestinal epithelial cells.

German-Korean collaboration in Polar and Marine research will be intensified
Korean and German research institutes would like to increase their collaboration in the area of Polar and Marine research.

2007 National Soybean Rust Symposium to be held in Louisville, KY
The American Phytopathological Society (APS), in cooperation with related organizations, will present the 2007 National Soybean Rust Symposium, December 12-14, 2007 at the Marriott Louisville Downtown Hotel in Louisville, KY.

Definitive evidence found of a swimming dinosaur
An extraordinary underwater trackway with 12 consecutive prints provides the most compelling evidence to-date that some dinosaurs were swimmers.

Binge drinking leads to neurocognitive deficits among college students
Binge drinking leads to neurocognitive deficits among college students.

Steps needed to reduce smoking in the US
A combination of increased excise taxes, nationwide indoor smoking bans, and other measures would significantly lower the US smoking rate, which now hovers at around 21 percent of the adult population, says a new report from the Institute of Medicine.

Chinese space agency joins the International Charter 'Space and Major Disasters'
The China National Space Administration has become the newest member of the International Charter

MBL scientist Julie Huber receives 2007 L'Oréal USA Fellowship for Women in Science
Marine Biological Laboratory Assistant Scientist Dr. Julie Huber has been selected to receive a $40,000 fellowship as part of the L'Oreal USA Fellowships for Women in Science Program.

MIT researchers probe bones' tiny building blocks
In work that could lead to more effective diagnoses and treatments of bone diseases using only a pinhead-sized sample of a patient's bone, MIT researchers report a first-of-its-kind analysis of bone's mechanical properties.

Color vision drove primates to develop red skin and hair, study finds
You might call it a tale of

What exactly is repetitive strain injury?
High quality trials and evidence of effective treatments for repetitive strain injury (RSI) are needed to define this controversial condition which affects millions of patients worldwide.

'Teaching gap' exists among US and Asian math teachers, study says
Compared to math teachers in the high-achieving nations of Hong Kong and Japan, teachers in the United States offer less of certain supports that could help students learn more.

New approach to fixing spreadsheet errors could save billions
Computer scientists at Oregon State University have created a new, much simpler approach to fixing errors in spreadsheets, a system that is easy to use and might help businesses around the world reduce mistakes and save billions of dollars.

Hepatitis B patients' understanding of infection and treatment deficient
Many patients with chronic hepatitis B are deficient in their understanding of the lifelong disease and often do not comply with the drug regimens necessary to control it, according to a new UCLA survey that suggests improved patient involvement in disease management decisions could be the key to fixing this problem.

ICU nurse working conditions linked to increase in patient infections
Hospitals that have better working conditions for nurses are safer for elderly intensive care unit patients, according to a recent report, led by Columbia University School of Nursing researchers that measured rates of hospital-associated infections.

Possible new breast cancer gene
Researchers at the Abramson Family Cancer Research Institute of the University of Pennsylvania and the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute describe in this week's issue of Science a new candidate breast-cancer susceptibility gene.

New device for stroke patients improves walking
Among stroke survivors, one common difficulty is foot drop, a partial leg paralysis that prevents the foot from lifting -- causing instability and difficulty walking.

Analysis reveals extent of DNA repair army
A new database developed by a team of researchers from the Howard Hughes Medical Institute is providing the first detailed portrait of the army of more than 700 proteins that helps maintain DNA's integrity.

New mouse model closely mimics human cancers
A team led by Dana-Farber Cancer Institute scientists has developed a more human-like mouse model of cancer they say will aid the search for cancer-causing genes and improve the predictive value of laboratory drug testing.

Dynamic sonography accurate in diagnosing muscle tears
Dynamic sonography is useful in the diagnosis, management and follow-up of muscle tears and hematomas, according to a recent study conducted by researchers from Khoula Hospital in Muscat, Oman.

Hepatitis C negatively impacts HIV
Researchers at Boston Medical Center and Boston University School of Public Health have found that persons infected with the human immunodeficiency virus, who also have alcohol problems, were negatively affected by co-infection with the hepatitis C virus.

5 rising young women scientists honored with 2007 L'Oréal USA Fellowships for Women in Science
Today, at the American Museum of Natural History in New York City, Laurent Attal, President and CEO, L'Oréal USA, and Dr.

Nature surrenders flowery secrets to international team
It was long thought that separate mechanisms explained the diversity in form and development of

Skills used in British workplaces still rising
Skills being used in British workplaces have been rising for the last two decades, but the pace of change has slowed in the last five years, according to a new study published today by the ESRC Research Centre on Skills, Knowledge and Organisational Performance (SKOPE).

Women with breast cancer do not get potentially life-saving information, survey reveals
New published data from a large pan-European survey indicate that the majority of postmenopausal women with early breast cancer taking post-surgical endocrine therapy are not involved in making key decisions about their treatment, nor are they given sufficient information to make informed treatment choices that could affect their long-term outcome.

A first -- Hebrew University scientist observes brain cell development in 'real time'
For the first time anywhere, a researcher at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem has succeeded in observing in vivo the generation of neurons in the brain of a mammal.

The appetite-regulating peptide leptin influences alcohol craving for some alcoholics
The appetite-regulating peptide leptin influences alcohol craving for some alcoholics.

Carnegie Mellon project boosts book digitization efforts
A Carnegie Mellon University computer scientist is enlisting the unwitting help of thousands, if not millions, of Web users each day to eliminate a technical bottleneck that has slowed efforts to transform books, newspapers and other printed materials into digitized text that is computer searchable.

Clinical review -- A psychological approach to the management of irritable bowel syndrome
Antidepressants and psychological treatments such as hypnotherapy have the potential to help patients with severe irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), say researchers in this week's BMJ.

MIT-led team uncovers malaria mechanism
During the first 24 hours of invasion by the malaria-inducing parasite Plasmodium falciparum, red blood cells start to lose their ability to deform and squeeze through tiny blood vessels-one of the hallmarks of the deadly disease that infects nearly 400 million people each year.

Early education for the health care team -- Bringing nursing and medical students together
An innovative project to bring nursing and medical students together for clinical education aims to encourage better communication and team work between the health professions.

Complications of type 2 diabetes in young people -- a ticking bomb
The increasing prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus and its associated complications in young people mean better approaches and management of both are urgently needed, conclude authors of a review published in this week's issue of the Lancet.

Withdrawn MS drug returns to market
Just months after receiving FDA approval, natalizumab, a medication for the treatment of multiple sclerosis and other inflammatory disorders, was voluntarily withdrawn by its manufacturers after three patients developed a brain infection known as Progressive Multifocal Leukoencephalopathy.

How plague-causing bacteria disarm host defense
Effector proteins are the bad guys that help bacterial pathogens do their job of infecting the host by crippling the body's immune system.

Limiting eligibility for medical studies can omit women and African-Americans
A new analysis has found that many alcohol treatment studies are designed in ways that inadvertently omit women and African-Americans from participation.

Some forest birds can survive in agricultural countryside with limited habitat conservation
Some tropical forest birds can survive alongside humans if given a helping hand, according to a recent study by Cagan H.

June Geology media highlights
Topics include: how oceans reacted to greenhouse conditions of the Cretaceous; first direct age determination of an Archean microfossil; evidence of a swimming dinosaur; understanding volcanoes that don't eject lava or debris; and new insights into the relationship of megathrust earthquakes and volcanic eruptions.

Fire ants are emerging nuisance for Virginians
Red imported fire ants, which have caused trouble in Florida and Texas for decades, are advancing in Virginia.

New reforms could cut the number of unexplained infant deaths
Reforms introduced as a result of the Sally Clark case could lead to a halving in the number of cases of unexplained infant deaths and a positive legacy emerging from tragedy, says a feature in this week's BMJ.

Endogenous cannabinoids linked to fetal brain damage imposed by maternal cannabis use
A critical step in brain development is governed by endogenous cannabinoids,

Different type of iron supplement is better at boosting iron levels
Fortifying cereals with a different type of iron supplement reduces anaemia, iron-deficiency anaemia and general iron deficiency children in developing countries, and boosts three major iron status indicators, conclude authors of an Article published in this week's edition of The Lancet.

Understanding why C. difficile causes disease -- it's hungry
Researchers studying the genetics behind why C. difficile causes disease have come to a simple conclusion -- the bacteria do it because they are starving.

Flexible genes allow ants to change destiny
The discovery of a flexible genetic coding in leaf-cutting ants sheds new light on how one of nature's ultimate self-organizing species breeds optimum numbers of each worker type to ensure the smooth running of the colony.
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