Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

May 25, 2007
Genome of Clostridium botulinum reveals the background to world's deadliest toxin
The genome of the organism that produces the world's most lethal toxin is revealed today.

Adult stem cells from human cord umbilical cord blood successfully engineered to make insulin
In a fundamental discovery that someday may help cure type 1 diabetes by allowing people to grow their own insulin-producing cells for a damaged or defective pancreas, medical researchers have reported that they have engineered adult stem cells derived from human umbilical cord blood to produce insulin.

Aggressive treatment for whiplash does not promote faster recovery
Whiplash, the most common traffic injury, leads to neck pain, headache and other symptoms, resulting in a significant burden of disability and health care utilization.

Most pediatric chemotherapy mistakes reach patients
The vast majority of chemotherapy errors identified in children reach patients, according to one of the first epidemiological studies of cancer drug errors in children.

NIST antenna calibrations extended to 60-110 GHz
NIST has developed a new

New NIST reference material for peptide analysis
NIST has issued its first-ever reference material designed to improve the performance and reliability of experiments to measure the masses and concentrations of peptides in biomolecular samples.

ECP may be effective in treating Crohn's disease
Results from an international multi-center Phase II clinical trial suggest that extracorporeal photopheresis (ECP) may be effective in treating patients with clinically active (OR symptomatic) Crohn's disease who cannot tolerate or are refractory to immunosuppressants and/or anti-TNF agents.

Mapping the English language -- from cockney to Orkney
If they were Scousers they'd be

Telephone 'quitlines' may help dental patients stop smoking
Dentists may be able to help their patients stop smoking by referring them to tobacco-use telephone

High pretreatment PSA velocity predicts worse outcome
The most significant single predictor of aggressive prostate cancer is an elevated rate of increase in prostate specific antigen (PSA) levels, according to a new study.

New fabrication technique yields nanoscale UV LEDs
Researchers at NIST, in collaboration with scientists from the University of Maryland and Howard University, have developed a technique to create tiny, highly efficient light-emitting diodes from nanowires.

NIST atom interferometry displays new quantum tricks
Physicists at NIST have demonstrated a novel way of making atoms interfere with each other, recreating a famous experiment originally done with light while also making the atoms do things that light just won't do.

Experimental gene therapy 'abolishes' arthritis pain and lessens joint damage
Early-stage research has found that a new gene therapy can nearly eliminate arthritis pain, and significantly reduce long-term damage to the affected joints, according to a study published today in the journal Arthritis and Rheumatism.

MU study finds binge drinking among college students impaires decision-making ability
People addicted to alcohol and young adults who are heavy drinkers, but not considered alcoholics, have something in common: they possess poor decision-making skills, according to psychologists at the University of Missouri-Columbia.

Coffee consumption may lower blood uric acid levels -- the precursor of gout
A new large-scale study examined the relationship between coffee, tea, caffeine intake and uric acid levels and found that coffee consumption is associated with lower uric acid levels but that this appears to be due to components other than caffeine.

Drinking 4 or more cups of coffee a day may help prevent gout
Among its complex effects on the body, coffee or its components have been linked to lower insulin and uric acid levels on a short-term basis or cross-sectionally.

Research center unites biomedical competitors to fund medical technology development
The University of Cincinnati has received $1 million to establish a research center that will allow competing biomedical companies to pool their funding to develop new medical technologies for minimally invasive surgical procedures.

Astrophysicists find fractal image of Sun's 'storm season' imprinted on solar wind
Plasma astrophysicists at the University of Warwick have found that key information about the Sun's

New insights into chronic inflammation and atherosclerosis
Does atherosclerosis result from systemic inflammation, a hallmark of these rheumatic diseases, or from local inflammation of vessels?

MU study examines effectiveness of glycerin as cattle feed
Biodiesel is in high demand. The byproduct of this alternative source of energy, glycerin, is next, according to an agriculture scientist at the University of Missouri-Columbia.

News tips from ACS Chemical Biology
Highlights from the American Chemical Society journal, ACS Chemical Biology, are now available on EurekAlert!, included is a link to the May 2007 edition.

UCLA pediatrician honored with prestigious achievement award
Dr. E. Richard Stiehm, professor of pediatrics in the division of allergy, immunology and rheumatology at Mattel Children's Hospital at UCLA, was presented with the 2007 Abbott Laboratories Award in Clinical and Diagnostic Immunology at the annual meeting of the American Society for Microbiology.

CSIRO and Mine Site Technologies join for safer mines
CSIRO has licensed communication technology to Mine Site Technologies that will help make mines safer.

Boston University Medical Center researcher honored by the Institute for Functional Medicine
Michael F. Holick, PhD, MD, was recently awarded the 2007 Linus Pauling Functional Medicine Award from the Institute for Functional Medicine.

Successful tech firms open near universities, says study in May Management Insights
Although businesses often choose locations near their competitors, successful companies with more advanced technology capabilities locate their offices near major academic institutions that can partner in research, according to the Management Insights feature in the May issue of Management Science, the flagship journal of the Institute for Operations Research and the Management Sciences.
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