Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

May 28, 2007
Rapid syphilis testing in Haiti will prevent congenital disease and stillbirths
New research from Weill Cornell Medical College and the Groupe Haitien d'Etude du Sarcome de Kaposi et des Infections Opportunistes published in the May issue of the open-access journal PLoS Medicine finds that integrating a new rapid syphilis test into prenatal HIV testing programs in Haiti can prevent more than 2,000 cases of stillbirth, neonatal death or congenital syphilis.

Blood inflammation plays role in Alzheimer's disease
People whose blood shows signs of inflammation are more likely to later develop Alzheimer's disease than people with no signs of inflammation, according to a study published in the May 29, 2007, issue of Neurology, the scientific journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

Exercise may slightly boost 'good' cholesterol levels
Regular exercise appears to modestly increase levels of high-density lipoprotein, or

Spitzer nets thousands of galaxies in a giant cluster
In just a short amount of time, NASA's Spitzer Space Telescope has bagged more than a thousand previously unknown dwarf galaxies in a giant cluster of galaxies.

Researchers find deadly prescription drug effects 6 years before FDA
Northwestern University's Charles Bennett, M.D., is a super sleuth of potentially deadly prescription drug reactions.

HIV and malaria combine to adversely affect pregnant women and their infants
Researchers discover how HIV virus impairs a pregnant women's defences against malaria -- research that could mean new vaccines for pregnant woman in malaria-ravished regions.

A pioneering system allows autistic children to communicate with their environment
SC@UT is a project designed and developed at the University of Granada which allows autistic children to communicate with people in their environment through a PDA.

New perspective on brain function now possible
A newly started research collaboration between Karolinska Institutet and AstraZeneca has already generated results.

Screaming CMEs warn of radiation storms
Some CMEs also bring intense radiation storms that can disable satellites or cause cancer in unprotected astronauts.

Predicting the quality of life for older adults
As a growing number of baby boomers retire, our society will have more older adults than ever before, so it is crucial to determine what predicts quality of life in older age.

Mayo study: A simple tool can enhance how patients with diabetes take their medications
Though diabetes contributes to nearly a quarter million deaths in the United States annually, patients with chronic ailments don't always take their medication as prescribed.

Inactive kids storing up illness for the future
A new University of Leicester study funded by the British Heart Foundation reveals that the level of physical inactivity among children today has reached epidemic levels.

Human antibodies protect mice from avian flu
An international team of scientists, including researchers from the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, part of the National Institutes of Health, report using antibodies derived from immune cells from recent human survivors of H5N1 avian influenza to successfully treat H5N1-infected mice as well as protect them from an otherwise lethal dose of the virus.

Treating HIV in war zones -- Public health emergencies need rapid advice from WHO
HIV treatment can be delivered even in settings of armed conflict, and humanitarian health agencies should not wait until a conflict is over before launching HIV care programs, say a team from Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) in this week's PLoS Medicine.

Community-associated staph infections involving antibiotic-resistant bacteria increase
The incidence of antibiotic-resistant staph infections associated with being acquired in the community and not in health care institutions increased almost seven-fold in Chicago's Cook County Hospital system between 2000 and 2005, according to a report in the May 28 issue of Archives of Internal Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

ACS News Service Weekly PressPac -- May 23, 2007
The American Chemical Society News Service Weekly Press Package with reports from 35 major peer-reviewed journals on chemistry, health, medicine, energy, environment, food, nanotechnology and other hot topics.

Intake of vitamin D and calcium associated with lower risk of breast cancer before menopause
Women who consume higher amounts of calcium and vitamin D may have a lower risk of developing premenopausal breast cancer, according to a report in the May 28 issue of Archives of Internal Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Avian influenza survivors' antibodies effective at neutralising H5N1 strain
Adults who have recovered from the potentially deadly H5N1 strain of avian influenza may hold the key to future treatments for the virus, according to an international team of researchers.

28 new planets, 7 new brown dwarfs reported by California, Carnegie team
The combined California and Carnegie Planet Search team and Anglo-Australian Planet Search team announced at this week's American Astronomical Society meeting the discovery of 28 new planets outside our solar system, a 12 percent increase in the number of known exoplanets.

Syphilis screening, lithium fights neurodegeneration, monoclonal antibodies against avian flu
Screening pregnant women with newer, rapid syphilis tests would improve the survival and health of babies, according to research from Haiti.

Skimmed milk -- Straight from the cow
Herds of cows producing skimmed milk could soon be roaming our pastures, reports Cath O'Driscoll in Chemistry & Industry, the magazine of the SCI.

NASA's FUSE satellite catches collision of titans
Using NASA's Far Ultraviolet Spectroscopic Explorer satellite and ground-based telescopes, astronomers have determined, for the first time, the properties of a rare, extremely massive, and young binary star system.

Soy nuts may improve blood pressure in postmenopausal women
Substituting soy nuts for other protein sources in a healthy diet appears to lower blood pressure in postmenopausal women, and also may reduce cholesterol levels in women with high blood pressure, according to a report in the May 28 issue of Archives of Internal Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Ground breaking research to end in tears
Winter heating, modern life and growing old are drying the tears in millions of eyes but it's no cause for celebration.

Review of pilot phase of European Union Emissions Trading Scheme finds it to be successful
Articles published today in the first issue of new journal, Review of Environmental Economics and Policy[1], describe the European Union's Emissions Trading Scheme (EU ETS) as by far the most significant accomplishment in climate policy to date, concluding that it will be central to future global climate negotiations.

Personality changes may help detect form of dementia
A simple personality test could help doctors detect dementia with Lewy bodies, a form of dementia often confused with Alzheimer's disease, sooner, according to a study published in the May 29, 2007, issue of Neurology, the scientific journal of the American Academy of Neurology.
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