Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

May 29, 2007
New hope for severe heart disease patients
Patients with severe heart disease may soon have access to a simple injection to help manage their symptoms and reduce their need for large amounts of pain relief medication if a groundbreaking new study at the Victor Chang Cardiac Research Institute is successful.

Increasing radiation dose shortens treatment time for women who choose breast sparing treatment
Radiation therapy after lumpectomy for early-stage breast cancer can be safely delivered in higher daily doses to greatly reduce treatment time.

Eavesdropping comes naturally to young song sparrows
Long before the National Security Agency began eavesdropping on the phone calls of Americans, young song sparrows were listening to and learning the tunes sung by their neighbors.

Dr. H├ęctor J. Sussmann to be awarded the W.T. and Idalia Reid Prize
The 2007 W.T. and Idalia Reid Prize will be awarded to Dr.

What is data security and privacy worth?
An international array of economists, computer scientists, lawyers, psychologists and other researchers will gather June 7-8 at Carnegie Mellon University for the 2007 Workshop on the Economics of Information Security.

Yin and yang -- Balance could play key role in progression of Alzheimer's disease
Researchers at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute are challenging current thinking on the causes and prevention of Alzheimer's disease, offering a new hypothesis that could be the key to preventing this form of dementia.

Evidence from ancient European graves raises questions about ritual human sacrifice
A fascinating new paper explores ancient multiple graves and raises the possibility that hunter gatherers in what is now Europe may have practiced ritual human sacrifice.

Researchers create new nanotechnology field
Researchers have created a novel way to control the quantum state of an electron's spin.

Researchers use MRI to predict recovery after spinal cord injury
Using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), radiologists can better predict the likelihood of full or partial recovery of patients with acute spinal cord injuries (SCI), according to a study published in the June issue of the journal Radiology.

Economists put much higher value on loss of loved ones than courts
Researchers at the University of Warwick and the University of London's Institute of Education have produced new research that shows the UK court system considerably undervalues the impact of the loss of a loved one when deciding financial compensation for surviving family members.

New study suggests potential for a broadly-protective HIV vaccine
New research conducted at the Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences (USU) suggests that it may be possible to develop a vaccine that protects against the myriad strains of the HIV virus.

Decapitation and rebirth
Images of disembodied heads are widespread in the art of Nasca, a culture based in Peru from AD 1 to AD 750.

Hybrid advanced materials and the effect of Zirconium on synthesis and properties
Organic-inorganic hybrid materials are significantly important materials due to their peculiar properties.

Hubble photographs grand spiral galaxy Messier 81
The sharpest image ever taken of the large

Natural compound and exercise boost memory in mice
A natural compound found in blueberries, tea, grapes and cocoa enhances memory in mice, according to newly published research.

Urgent need for guidance on mobile phone use in clinical care
Both national and international guidelines on the use of mobile phones in the provision of clinical care are urgently needed, an editorial in the June issue of Quality and Safety in Health Care argues.

Workplace bullying 50 percent higher in the US than Scandinavia
New research to be published in Journal of Management Studies reveals that US employees are bullied up to 50 percent more often than workers in Scandinavia.

Conductive plastics made from natural, renewable, environmentally friendly soybeans
Polymer matrix composites with carbon black are very interesting materials.

Extra-aggressive form of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis identified
Selman and coworkers present in an article published in the online, open-access journal PLoS ONE on Wednesday 30th May, strong evidence indicating that a subset of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis patients has a short duration of symptoms before diagnosis and display an accelerated clinical course to end-stage disease.

Brain activity reflects differences in types of anxiety
All anxiety is not created equal, and a research team at the University of Illinois now has the data to prove it.

Lonnie Thompson to receive National Medal Of Science
Lonnie Thompson, the Ohio State University glaciologist who has probably spent more time at high altitudes than any other person, was named today to receive the National Medal of Science for his work providing explicit evidence of global climate change.

Focused ultrasound relieves fibroid symptoms in women
A noninvasive ultrasound procedure effectively shrinks uterine fibroids and significantly relieves fibroid-related symptoms in women, according to the results of a multicenter clinical trial reported in the June issue of the journal Radiology.

A living memory chip, black holes on the loose, and a clearer picture of ocean currents
Researchers make progress toward a living memory chip, black holes may be ejected during galactic collisions, and a new analysis offers a clearer picture of ocean currents.

Alien soundscapes, crackling jets, stalking volcanoes
Over a dozen newsworthy lay-language versions of meeting papers are now posted for the 153rd Meeting of the Acoustical Society of America (ASA).

How E. coli evolves to adapt to changing acidity
Forthcoming in Physiological and Biochemical Zoology are a fascinating new selection of papers collects leading experimental research in evolution and artificial selection, providing insight into how organisms adapt to changing environmental conditions and fluctuations.

A new zest for life
New research from Newcastle University shows treatment for a shortage of the hormone thyroxine lowers cholesterol, reverses weight gain and reduces the risk factors for heart disease.

OFT's value-based pricing scheme is well-founded, but could increase overall NHS drug spend
A report by the OFT has recommended that drug pricing is based not on how much the drug costs to develop, but on the benefit that the drug can bring.

Story ideas from the Journal of Lipid Research
Story ideas from the June 2007 issue of the Journal of Lipid Research include new insight into how low HDL causes heart disease, the role of a key protein in type 2 diabetes, and how fat tissue works.

Elsevier partners with European Federation of Organizations for Medical Physics
World-leading scientific and medical publisher Elsevier is pleased to announce the formation of a publishing partnership with the European Federation of Organizations for Medical Physics, a federation of professional societies representing more than 6000 physicists and engineers in the field of medical physics in Europe, and the Associazione Italiana di Fisica Medica.

New designer lipid-like peptide with lipid nanostructures for drug delivery systems
Scientists from Institute of Biophysics and Nanosystems Research, Austrian Academy of Sciences and of Centre for Biomedical Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, USA report the study of

Texas aging meeting to feature NIA Interventions Testing Program 1st report
Scientists will discuss the first interim report of the National Institute on Aging Interventions Testing Program on Friday, June 1, in San Antonio.

Climate change signal detected in the Indian Ocean
The signature of climate change over the past 40 years has been identified in temperatures of the Indian Ocean near Australia.

New AIDS Tech Transfers reinforce Roche commitment to strengthen African manufacturing
Roche today announced the agreement of two new technology transfers with local manufacturing companies in Africa -- Addis Pharmaceutical Factory in Ethiopia and Varichem Pharmaceuticals in Zimbabwe.

Energy 2100 Conference rescheduled to Fall 2007
Energy 2100: Global Perspectives on a Sustainable Future conference originally scheduled for June 18-20 is being rescheduled to the Fall of 2007.

Dentists need more training in oral cancer detection
More than 92 percent of Illinois dentists provide oral cancer examinations for their patients, but many are not performing the procedures thoroughly or at optimum intervals, according to a new University of Illinois at Chicago study.

Cytomegalovirus exacerbates atherosclerosis through an autoimmune mechanism
The online, open-access PLoS ONE publishes a new study on the relationship between Cytomegalovirus infection and atherosclerosis, conducted by Prof.

Rutgers meeting spotlights future moon missions, permanent lunar settlements
This Rutgers-sponsored symposium brings together scientists, engineers, medical experts, business leaders and astronauts who advocate that humans return to the moon and establish permanent settlements.

Stevens researchers win the Herbert A. Simon Best Paper Award
A Stevens Institute of Technology team won the Herbert A.

Growth factors and environment combine to increase brain maturation
A new study showing that growth factors and the environment combine to increase brain maturation appears in the May 30th issue of the online, open-access journal PLoS ONE.

Help for pediatricians in treating behavioral health problems only partially successful
Continuing medical education, newsletters and resource guides were only partially successful in changing the way that pediatricians handled behavioral health problems, according to a follow-up study at Wake Forest University School of Medicine.

Access to alcohol among middle school children
New research suggests that if parents want to keep alcohol away from their middle school children, the best place to start is at home.

Magnetic field uses sound waves to ignite sun's ring of fire
Sound waves escaping the sun's interior create fountains of hot gas that shape and power a thin region of the sun's atmosphere which appears as a ruby red

NASA researcher finds days of snow melting on the rise in Greenland
In 2006, Greenland experienced more days of melting snow and at higher altitudes than average over the past 18 years, according to a new NASA-funded project using satellite observations.

News tips from the Journal of Neuroscience
The following articles are featured in the upcoming issue of the Journal of Neuroscience:

Innovative device to treat brain cancer shows promise in early studies
New early data showed that an investigational device that specifically targets rapidly growing cancer cells with intermediate frequency electrical fields -- called Tumor-Treating Fields -- more than doubled the median overall survival rates in patients with recurrent glioblastoma multiforme, the most common and aggressive type of malignant brain tumor.

Canada's new government invests $583 million in the next generation of canadian researchers
Dr. Colin Carrie, Parliamentary Secretary to the Honourable Maxime Bernier, Minister of Industry and Minister responsible for the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC), and Dr.

Doctors, engineers develop new wireless system to detect esophageal reflux
UT Southwestern Medical Center doctors and UT Arlington engineers have developed a wireless monitoring system that uses electrical impulses to track esophageal reflux.

Study questions risks of anti-bleeding drug during heart surgery
Contrary to recent studies, proper use of a drug called aprotinin to reduce bleeding during heart surgery does not increase the risk of heart attack or stroke, according to a study in the June issue of the Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery.

New research shows sharks use their noses and bodies to locate smells
New research from Boston University marine biologists, sharks can not use just their noses to locate prey; they also need their skin -- specifically a location called the lateral line.

Common treatment for methamphetamine overdose may damage brain cells
A common antipsychotic drug used in emergency rooms to treat methamphetamine overdose damages nerve cells in an area of the brain known to regulate movement, a new study shows.

Dr. Eli Peli of Schepens Eye Research Institute elected SPIE fellow
The International Society for Optical Engineering will honor Dr. Eli Peli of Schepens Eye Research Institute for specific achievements in image understanding and perception, visual psychophysics, and physiological optics for the visually impaired.

Magnetic 'handedness' could lead to better magnetic storage devices
Better magnetic storage devices for computers and other electronics could result from new work by researchers in the United States and Germany.

Risk of Parkinson's disease increases with pesticide exposure and head trauma
Exposure to pesticides and traumatic head injury may have a causative role in Parkinson's disease, according to a study published online ahead of print in the journal Occupational and Environmental Medicine.

Policy changes have direct effect on nursing home care
States that set high staffing standards for elder care in nursing homes are the only ones that come close to having enough staff nurses to prevent serious safety violations, according to a new study by a professor in the UCSF School of Nursing.
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