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Science News | Science Current Events | Brightsurf | May 30, 2007


Leading prevention researchers meeting in Washington, D.C., May 30-June 1, 2007
The nation's leading prevention researchers are set to release new findings on violence, suicide, school suspension, obesity and other major topics.
Gene expression patterns predict rapid decline in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis patients
University of Pittsburgh researchers have identified a specific genetic profile in a group of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) patients that indicates a far more rapid progression to complete pulmonary failure and death without a lung transplant in comparison with other patients.
Second SPORT study shows surgery advantage for spinal stenosis and slipped vertebra
In one of the three most common back conditions for which patients seek treatment, surgery proved to have substantially better results than non-surgical remedies, according to Dartmouth-led research published in the May 31 New England Journal of Medicine.
Manchester researcher wins Libyan award
A University of Manchester researcher has been named the Best Libyan International Student 2007 having published an amazing number of papers before his PhD.
Swabs not reliable for detecting lead dust in homes
The quick, inexpensive test kits used by homeowners nationwide to detect lead-laced dust are prone to high error rates, according to a University of Rochester study.
Research shows aerobic exercise helps maintain muscle in elderly
Recent studies have shown that insulin provides crucial assistance in building muscle, and that its ability to do so drops off dramatically in the elderly.
Sandia/Boeing collaboration targets aircraft fuel cell application
Sandia National Laboratories and Boeing are collaborating on a project looking at the feasibility of using a hydrogen-powered fuel cell for providing backup power in aircraft.
Want to save polar bears? Follow the ice
In the wake of the US governments watershed decision to propose listing the polar bear as
Better insight into brain anatomical structures
In the journal Angewandte Chemie, Korean researchers led by Jung Hee Lee at Samsung Medical Center and Taeghwan Hyeon at Seoul National University report on a new contrast agent for magnetic resonance imaging using manganese oxide nanoparticles that produces images of the anatomic structures of mouse brain which are as clear as those obtained by histological examination.
Government of Canada supports campaign against light pollution by ASTROLab of Mount Mégantic
Parliamentary Secretary Jacques Gourde, speaking on behalf of the Honorable Gary Lunn, minister of Natural Resources, applauds the efforts of ASTROLab to fight light pollution on the summit of Mount Mégantic.
Study: Who claims to be a pediatrician?
New research from U-M C.S. Mott Children's Hospital may leave some parents wondering how well they know their child's pediatrician.
Moths mimic sounds to survive
In a night sky filled with hungry bats, good-tasting moths increase their chances of survival by mimicking the sounds of their bad-tasting cousins, according to a new Wake Forest University study.
Human stem cell treatment restores motor function in paralyzed rats
Rats paralyzed due to loss of blood flow to the spine returned to near normal ambulatory function six weeks after receiving grafts of human spinal stem cells (hSSCs), researchers from the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine report.
UCL scientist develops a measure of distraction
A scientific indicator of how easily distracted you are has been designed by a UCL psychologist.
June 2007 issue of the Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine focuses on contrast-enhanced ultrasound
The June 2007 issue of the Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine will contain substantial content focusing on contrast-enhanced ultrasound.
Arithmetic is child's play
Children are able to solve approximate addition or subtraction problems involving large numbers even before they have been taught arithmetic, according to a study conducted by researchers from the University of Nottingham and Harvard University.
Scripps Research awarded $17 million for adult stem cell use to treat eye diseases
A group of scientists at The Scripps Research Institute has been awarded a five-year, $17,037,185 grant from the National Eye Institute (NEI), part of the National Institutes of Health.
The general public lacks basic medical knowledge
The general public are worryingly ignorant about the symptoms and risk factors that contribute to serious medical conditions such as stroke and HIV/AIDS, according to a study published in the online open access journal BMC Medicine.
Children can perform approximate math without arithmetic instruction
In a study conducted at Harvard by researchers from the University of Nottingham and Harvard, children who had not yet received arithmetic instruction, but had mastered verbal counting, were able to perform symbolic addition and subtraction, provided that only approximate accuracy was required.
Once-fatal metabolic disorders treatable, says Stanford/Packard researcher
People with a class of rare genetic disorders that often lead to brain damage, coma and death can be successfully treated with drugs, says a researcher at the Stanford University School of Medicine and Lucile Packard Children's Hospital.
Magnetic field uses sound waves to ignite sun's ring of fire
Sound waves escaping the Sun's interior create fountains of hot gas that shape and power the chromosphere, a thin region of the sun's atmosphere which appears as a ruby red
Nanoscale imaging reveals unexpected behaviors in high-temperature superconductors
Recent discoveries regarding the physics of ceramic superconductors may help improve scientists' understanding of resistance-free electrical power.
Evolution of animal personalities
Animals differ strikingly in character and temperament. Yet only recently has it become evident that personalities are a widespread phenomenon in the animal kingdom.
For many insects, winter survival is in the genes
Many insects living in northern climates don't die at the first signs of cold weather.
Basic research must orient itself toward societal goals
Citing numerous examples historical and contemporary, leading science policy analysts Sheila Jasanhoff, Kennedy School of Government, Harvard, and Suzan Cozzens, Georgia Institute of Technology, have urged a fundamental shift in the way scientific research is carried out.
Radio 'screams' from the Sun warn of radiation storms
ESA's SOHO has helped uncover radio screams that foretell dangerous Coronal Mass Ejections, or CMEs, which produce radiation storms harming infrastructure on ground, in space as well as humans in space.
Mule deer moms rescue other fawns
An intriguing study of mule deer and whitetail deer conducted by the University of Alberta and the University of Lethbridge showed that both species responded to the recorded distress calls of fawns, similar to the responses elicited when coyotes attack fawns, with mule deer mothers responding to both whitetail and mule deer calls, even when their own fawn stood next to them.
'Virtual Patient' to simulate real-time organ motions for radiation therapy
With a $2 million grant from the National Institutes of Health (NIH), researchers from Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute are developing a physics-based virtual model that can simulate a patient's breathing in real time.
AIUM hosts Third Annual Ultrasound Practice Forum
On April 23, the AIUM's third annual Ultrasound Practice Forum, entitled
RIT study predicts how fast a black hole can be booted from a galaxy
Scientists at RIT have discovered for the first time just how fast a supermassive black hole can be thrown from a galaxy when it merges with another black hole.
XO-3b: Supersized planet or oasis in the 'brown dwarf desert'?
One of the oddest extrasolar planets ever cataloged -- a mammoth orb more than 13 times the mass of Jupiter that orbits its star in less than four days -- will be unveiled at the American Astronomical Society meeting in Honolulu.
Detecting cold, feeling pain: Study reveals why menthol feels fresh
Scientists have identified the receptor in cells of the peripheral nervous system that is most responsible for the body's ability to sense cold.
Woes for 3 DOE programs, report finds
The three major components of the Stockpile Stewardship Program at the Department of Energy are all seriously over budget and seriously behind schedule, according to a report issued today by the Federation of American Scientists.
Daily forecasts track smoke from southern fires
At the request of the Georgia State Department of Health, scientists with the Southern Research Station Smoke Management Team located at the Center for Forest Disturbance Science in Athens, GA, are producing daily smoke forecasts which help communities determine potential health risks caused by current wildfires across south Georgia and north Florida.
Society for Prevention Research meeting May 30-June 1, Washington, D.C.
New resedarch findings on drinking and driving, suicide, school suspension, obesity and other topics to be presented at 15th Annual Meeting of Society for Prevention Research, Washington, D.C., May 30-June 1, 2007.
Exercise test may help predict mortality risk in heart failure patients
A simple exercise test may help predict mortality risk in patients with heart failure and help doctors to better tailor treatment strategies, according to new research from Wake Forest University Baptist Medical Center.
NASA mission checks health of Greenland's ice sheet and glaciers
A NASA-led research team has returned from Greenland after an annual three-week mission to check the health of its glaciers and ice sheet.
JRRD releases single-topic issue on pain and pain management
JRRD releases single-topic issue on pain and pain management. Full text articles can be accessed online without prior registration or a password.
NASA embarks on cutting-edge polar exploration and research
NASA has selected 33 new scientific investigations to fund that will advance interdisciplinary studies of Earth's polar regions and the objectives of the International Polar Year.
New system for reporting toxicity burden of cancer treatment
A new system for reporting the relative toxicity burden of different cancer treatments is proposed in an article published early online and in the July edition of the Lancet Oncology
Galaxy cluster takes it to the extreme
Evidence for an awesome upheaval in a massive galaxy cluster was discovered in an image made by NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory.
Limiting stroke damage is focus of study
Brain damage that occurs even days after a stroke, increasing stroke size and devastation, is the focus of researchers trying to identify new treatments.
Old idea spawns new way to study dark matter
An international team of astronomers led by Ohio State University has examined dark matter in the outer reaches of our galaxy in a new way.
Talking sex on the factory floor in China
Young, single women in urban China are aware of contraceptive methods but some may be too shy to ask for them, research published in the online open access journal BMC Health Services Research reveals.
In search of the biological significance of modular structures in protein networks
Refuting previous studies, the authors show by computer simulation that modular structures can arise during network growth via a simple model of gene duplication, without a natural selection preference for modularity.
Doctors conclude temsirolimus is effective new treatment for advanced renal cell carcinoma
The results of a phase III, randomized clinical study involving patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma and poor prognostic features show temsirolimus improved overall survival when compared to the current treatment for this stage of disease.
Molecular motors may speed nutrient processing
Intestinal microvilli, finger-like protrusions on the cell surface, are packed with the motor protein myosin-1a.
New research on No Child Left Behind Act will be presented at Washington, D.C. conference
Leading researchers will present new findings about the impact of the federal No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 on the nation's schools during a half-day conference June 12 in Washington D.C.
Mercury's link to heart disease begins in blood vessel walls
New research focusing on a relatively obscure, misunderstood protein suggests the heavy metal mercury's link to heart disease can be traced to activation of this enzyme, which triggers a process leading to plaque buildup in blood vessel walls.
An 'elegant' idea proves its worth 25 years later
The simple notion of copying the body's own natural
Two Stevens students receive awards from the Barry M. Goldwater Scholarship Foundation
The Barry M. Goldwater Scholarship Foundation named two students from Stevens Institute of Technology among the scholars to receive awards in the 2007-2008 academic year.
Hinode's solar data ready for Europe's access
Since May 27, Europe's scientists have free access to spectacular data and images from Hinode, a Japan-led mission with ESA participation that studies the mechanisms that power the Sun's atmosphere and cause violent eruptions.
Huge waves from 1 storm slam coasts some 6000 km apart
Huge waves that struck Reunion Island and coastlines across Indonesia earlier this month all originated from the same storm that occurred south of Cape Town, South Africa, and were tracked across the entire Indian Ocean for some 10,000 kilometers over a nine-day period by ESA's Envisat satellite.
Survey shows asthma not controlled in majority of patients
A survey of 1,812 patients with moderate-to-severe asthma revealed that the disease was not controlled in 55 percent, despite the fact that most had health insurance and visited their health care providers regularly.
From the Earth to ... the Earth, with ESA, at 'Le Bourget 2007'
The 47th International Paris Air Show will open its doors on Monday, June 18, until Sunday, June 24, and promises to be an outstanding event, with almost 2000 exhibitors present, and over 200,000 visitors expected.

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