Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

May 31, 2007
Mayo researchers discover overdiagnosis of long QT heart syndrome
Congenital long QT syndrome can be lethal if not diagnosed -- yet recent increased awareness of the disorder may lead to diagnosing patients when they don't have the syndrome and then prescribing treatments that restrict patients' lifestyles, a new Mayo Clinic study shows.

Almac Diagnostics attends pre-IDE meeting with FDA
Almac Diagnostics attended a pre-IDE meeting with the FDA to discuss the proposed regulatory pathway for the company's prognostic gene signature for relapse in colorectal cancer.

Research identifies protein that signals flowering in squash plants
In research published today in the Plant Cell, analysis of the phloem sap collected from daylength-induced and non-induced squash plants shows that the presence of FT-Like protein, but not FT-Like mRNA, is highly correlated with the onset of flowering.

'Energy Up' demonstrates success as obesity intervention program for inner-city girls
The effectiveness of the

GM field trials 'underestimate potential for cross-pollination'
Field trials could be underestimating the potential for cross-pollination between GM and conventional crops, according to new research by the University of Exeter.

Study: Directly observed HIV therapy for children is promising
The first study in the developing world of directly observed antiretroviral therapy for HIV-infected children shows this form of treatment is an inexpensive, effective way to ensure that children take life-saving medications.

Scientists discover 5 new species of sea slugs from the Tropical Eastern Pacific
The Tropical Eastern Pacific, a discrete biogeographic region that has an extremely high rate of endemism among its marine organisms, continues to yield a wealth of never-before-described marine animals to visiting scientists at the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute in Panama.

Small-scale agricultural changes may help eradicate widespread disease
Small changes in agricultural and sanitation practices may eliminate the spread of a disease that affects some 200 million people living in developing nations around the world.

Massive transiting planet with 31-hour year found around distant star
A team of astronomers with the Transatlantic Exoplanet Survey today announce the discovery of their third planet, TrES-3.

Gene therapy offers new hope for treatment of peripheral neuropathy
Researchers from the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine report that they have successfully used gene therapy to block the pain response in mice with neuropathic pain, a type of chronic pain in people for which there are few effective treatments.

Soils offer new hope as carbon sink
The huge potential of agricultural soils to reduce greenhouse gases and increase production at the same time has been reinforced by new research findings from the NSW Department of Primary Industries'.

West African Ocean sediment core links monsoons to global climate evolution
Monsoons, the life-giving, torrential rains of Asia and Africa, have an ancient, unsuspected connection to previous Ice Age climate cycles, according to scientists at the University of California, Santa Barbara, and at Kiel University in Germany.

Releasing fish for the future
NSW Department of Primary Industries fisheries scientists are investigating ways to boost the survival rates of fish caught and then released by anglers.

International studies show high efficacy for HPV vaccine
A new vaccine aimed at preventing cervical cancer is nearly 100 percent effective against the two types of the human papillomavirus responsible for most cases of cervical cancerÑstrains 16 and 18.

Researchers discover inherited mutation for leukemia
Researchers have discovered the first inherited gene mutation that increases a person's risk for chronic lymphocytic leukemia, one of the most common forms of the disease.

Scientists honored with 'Excellence in Clinical Research Award'
Mary Tyler Moore, the Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation¡on's International Chairman, and her husband S.

European meeting in Athens fuels future space exploration missions to Mars, moon
A European Science Foundation-led workshop sponsored by the European Space Agency has enabled 88 scientists from 11 European countries to agree on science goals for future Europe's planetary exploration program -- providing the continent with an ambitious roadmap to examine Mars and the moon.

Single spinning nuclei in diamond offer a stable quantum computing building block
Surmounting several distinct hurdles to quantum computing, physicists at Harvard University have found that individual carbon-13 atoms in a diamond lattice can be manipulated with extraordinary precision to create stable quantum mechanical memory and a small quantum processor, also known as a quantum register, operating at room temperature.

Research finds evidence tropical cyclones have climate-control role
Purdue University researchers have found evidence that tropical cyclones and hurricanes play an important role in the ocean circulation patterns that transport heat and maintain the climate of North America and Europe.

XMM-Newton reveals X-rays from gas streams around young stars
XMM-Newton has surveyed nearly 200 stars under formation to reveal, contrary to expectations, how streams of matter fall onto the young stars' magnetic atmospheres and radiate X-rays.

Doctors have key role in preventing and detecting child neglect and abuse
Doctors have a key role in detecting the signs of child abuse and neglect, and in ensuring such cases are well-documented and reported to the appropriate public agency to protect the children involved.

454 Life Sciences and Baylor College of Medicine complete sequencing of DNA pioneer
454 Life Sciences Corporation, in collaboration with scientists at the Human Genome Sequencing Center, Baylor College of Medicine, announced today in Houston, Texas, the completion of a project to sequence the genome of James D.

New mothers often not asked about depression, UNC survey finds
The majority of doctors in North Carolina do not probe for signs of postpartum depression in new mothers, according to a survey conducted by researchers at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

UCR physicist demonstrates how light can be used to remotely operate micromachines
A research team led by physicist Umar Mohideen at the University of California, Riverside has demonstrated in the laboratory that the Casimir force -- the small attractive force that acts between two close parallel uncharged conducting plates -- can be changed using a beam of light, making the remote operation of micromachines a possibility.

Celebrating space with ESA in Paris
The French capital has been chosen to host a celebration of space,

Lessons from the orangutans: Upright walking may have begun in the trees
By observing wild orangutans, a research team has found that walking on two legs may have arisen in relatively ancient, tree-dwelling apes, rather than in more recent human ancestors that had already descended to the savannah, as current theory suggests.

FDA approves ZYFLO CR extended-release tablets for chronic treatment of asthma
Dey, L.P. announced today that the US Food and Drug Administration has approved the new drug application of its marketing partner, Critical Therapeutics Inc., for ZYFLO CR extended-release tablets.

Cedars-Sinai endocrine researchers to discuss gene that may be linked to polycystic ovary syndrome
Dr. Ricardo Azziz and other researchers from Cedars-Sinai Medical Center will be presenting data at the meetings of the Androgen Excess Society and the Endocrine Society.

Gazing up at the man in the star?
For the first time, researchers have seen the surface of Altair, a star at the same stage of life as our sun but light years away.

TV ads may spur more stroke victims to get help sooner
Mass-media advertising can encourage more people experiencing stroke symptoms to go to the hospital more quickly, according to a study published in Stroke: Journal of the American Heart Association.

No escape from the bullies
It happens in school, at work, physically, verbally, even by e-mail and text.

Veterinarians at increased risk of avian influenza virus infection
Veterinarians who work with birds are at increased risk for infection with avian influenza virus and should be among those with priority access to pandemic influenza vaccines and antivirals, according to a study conducted by researchers in the University of Iowa College of Public Health.

MU researchers to study hydrogen storage for use in vehicles
Researchers at the University of Missouri-Columbia have been awarded a grant from the US Department of Energy to study low-pressure hydrogen storage.

NASA-funded robotic sub finds bottom of world's deepest sinkhole
A robotic vehicle designed for underwater exploration plunged repeatedly into the depths of Mexico's mysterious El Zacatón sinkhole in late May, finding its previously undiscovered bottom 318 meters below the surface and generating a sonar map of its inner dimensions.

Vaxfectin-formulated measles DNA vaccine elicits long-term protection in nonhuman primates
Diane Griffin, M.D., Ph.D., of Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health will be presenting findings on Thursday, May 31 at the 10th Annual American Society of Gene Therapy meeting in Seattle showing that an experimental measles DNA vaccine showed promising results in infant monkeys and achieved

Chronicle of a death foretold
Using ESO's VLTI on Cerro Paranal and the VLBA facility operated by NRAO, an international team of astronomers has made what is arguably the most detailed study of the environment of a pulsating red giant star, leading to significant progress in our understanding of the mechanism of how, before dying, evolved stars lose mass and return it to the interstellar medium.

Decision aid tool could cut the number of Caesarean sections by 4000 a year
A computerized decision analysis program which helps women decide on the type of birth that is most appropriate for them could cut the number of Caesarean sections performed in England and Wales by 4000 a year, according to a study published online today.

Papillomavirus vaccine could substantially reduce cervical cancer incidence
Doctors have a key role in detecting the signs of child abuse and neglect, and in ensuring such cases are well-documented and reported to the appropriate public agency to protect the children involved.

Transformation for people with AIDS on the horizon
A major breakthrough for people with AIDS is on the horizon, according to an editorial in this week's BMJ.

Recycled garden compost reduces phosphorus in soils
Broccoli, eggplant, cabbage and capsicum grown with compost made from recycled garden offcuts have produced equivalent yields to those cultivated by conventional farm practice, but without the subsequent build up of phosphorus.

Philandering female felines forgo fidelity
While promiscuity in the animal kingdom is generally a male thing, researchers for the Wildlife Conservation Society and the Zoological Society of London have found that, in cheetah society, it's the female with the wandering eye, as reported in a paper in the latest issue of Proceedings of the Royal Society B.

Men worry more about penile size than women, says 60-year-old research review
Does size matter? Men feel better if they are well-endowed but women don't always agree that bigger is better.

Folic acid supplementation lowers stroke risk
Folic acid supplementation can reduce the risk of stroke by 18 percent or more, conclude authors of an article published in this week's edition of the Lancet.

Existence of muscle-building stem cells points to regenerative therapies for muscular disease
A new report in the June 1 issue of the journal Cell, a publication of Cell Press, confirms the existence of some apparently uncommitted stem cells amongst cells responsible for generating the bulging biceps of body builders and the rippling abs of fitness buffs.

When the villain becomes your friend: The strange tale of muscle lactate
In a paper published this week in the Journal of Physiology, Frank de Paoli and colleagues, working at the University of Aarhus in Denmark, add to the growing literature leading to a more complete understanding of the physiological role of lactic acid production in muscle.

Bringing order to 'what if?'
The University of Southern California Information Sciences Institute is creating a tool that will speed and help make more consistent the complex task of quantifying risk estimates to guide policymakers, working through the DHS-funded Center for Risk and Economic Analysis of Terrorism Events.

Thinking straight while seeing red?
Anger is appropriately blamed for flawed thinking since it tends to alter perception of risk, increase prejudice, and trigger aggression.

University of Michigan astronomers capture the first image of surface features on a sun-like star
University of Michigan astronomers combined light from four widely separated telescopes to produce the first picture showing surface details on a sun-like star beyond our solar system.

Most call centers for US consumers aren't abroad, study finds
Despite the move of many business services overseas, call centers serving US consumers are still largely at home, a Cornell-led study finds.

Research finds that Earth's climate is approaching 'dangerous' point
NASA and Columbia University Earth Institute research finds that human-made greenhouse gases have brought the Earth's climate close to critical tipping points, with potentially dangerous consequences for the planet.

More rib fractures, but better survival rates
New findings show that the majority of people untrained in how to perform cardiopulmonary resuscitation, and even many trained emergency personnel, do not push with enough force to properly administer CPR.

A&A special feature: XMM-Newton deciphers the magnetic physics around forming stars
Astronomy & Astrophysics is publishing a special feature this week dedicated to the XMM-Newton extended survey of the Taurus molecular cloud.

New method for making improved radiation detectors
Scientists at the US Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory, with funding from DOE's National Nuclear Security Administration, have devised ways to improve the performance of radiation detectors, such as those used by law enforcement agencies to locate and identify radioactive material.

Virus widely used in gene therapy research yields important clues to genomic instability
Researchers at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine say they have the ability to study the potential cause of genomic instability in sporadic cancers using a recombinant adeno-associated virus, a virus commonly used for gene therapy experiments.

NASA pondering a future grapple on the James Webb Space Telescope
When it launches in 2013 the James Webb Space Telescope will settle in an orbit roughly one million miles from the Earth.

Northeastern University researchers solve Rubik's Cube in 26 moves
It's a toy that most kids have played with at one time or another, but the findings of Northeastern University Computer Science professor Gene Cooperman and graduate student Dan Kunkle are not child's play.

Nobel laureate James Watson receives personal genome in ceremony at Baylor College of Medicine
Nobel laureate James Watson -- co-discoverer of the DNA double helix and father of the Human Genome Project -- today, in a presentation at Baylor College of Medicine, became the first human to receive the data that encompass his personal genome sequence.

New biodegradable magnesium stents for coronary arteries
Biodegradable magnesium stents have been developed to treat blockages in coronary arteries which can degrade within four months and achieve the same results as conventional stents, conclude authors of an article published in this week's edition of the Lancet.

Targeted initiatives can encourage people to walk more
People can be encouraged to walk for up to 30-60 minutes more per week if they are given the right kind of help, finds a study published online today.

£2 million dwarfism study launched
An international team of researchers have been awarded more than £2 million to study the genetic causes of dwarfism in a bid to develop future treatments.

2nd International EuroFIR Congress
Having access to quality and accurate compositional data about the food we eat is crucial to regulators, health policy makers, researchers, the food industry and the public.

Older motorists improve driving performance with physical conditioning
Older people who performed a physical conditioning program developed by researchers at Yale School of Medicine were able to maintain or enhance their driving performance, potentially leading to a safer and more independent quality of life.

Common cancer gene sends death order to tiny killer
Scientists at Johns Hopkins have discovered one way the p53 gene does what it's known for -- stopping the colon cancer cells. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to