Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

June 07, 2007
JCI table of contents: June 7, 2007
This release contains summaries, links to PDFs, and contact information for the following newsworthy papers to be published online June 7, 2007, in the JCI, including:

Super fruit fly may lead to healthier humans
Researchers at USC and Caltech slow aging dramatically in fruit flies with a new technique that shows general promise in pharmaceutical development.

Turning the tables in chemistry
What do glowing veggies have to do with a career in science?

Scientists reveal how supermassive black holes bind into pairs during galaxy mergers
Now, using supercomputers to simulate galaxy mergers, scientists at Stanford and elsewhere have seen the formation of a new type of structure-a central disk of gas that can be from a hundred to a few thousand light years wide and from a few hundred million to a billion solar masses.

Minister Lunn announces $785,000 for Clean Energy Pipeline Project
Waste pressure from natural gas pipelines may be the answer to providing the next generation of clean power for Canadian cities.

Alzheimer's enzyme acts as a tumor suppressor
Researchers at Burnham Institute for Medical Research (

Cedars-Sinai stroke team earns performance award from American Heart Association
Cedars-Sinai's stroke team was presented with the American Heart Association's

New book examines communication and aging
Jake Harwood, professor of communication at the University of Arizona, looks both at the existing body of research on communication and aging, and at the stereotypical notions surrounding the issues.

Brightening prospects of using fluorescent nanotubes in medical applications
Researchers from the Vanderbilt Institute of Nanoscale Science and Engineering have removed an obstacle that has restricted fluorescent nanotubes from a variety of medical applications, including anti-cancer treatments.

New interview technique could help police spot deception
Shifting uncomfortably in your seat? Stumbling over your words? Can't hold your questioner's gaze?

Frank Goodyear to lead tour of 'Mariana Cook: Faces of Science' at the NAS
Frank Goodyear, assistant curator of photographs at the National Portrait Gallery, will lead a gallery tour of

FPG receives $8 million for autism research
Two of the most often-used classroom approaches for teaching young children with autism have never been evaluated, until now.

'Cultured' chimpanzees pass on novel traditions
The local customs that define human cultures in important ways also exist in the ape world, suggests a study reported online June 7 in Current Biology, a Cell Press publication.

Millions of children denied drug that costs less than $3 a year
Millions of children with epilepsy in developing countries are being denied an effective drug that costs less than $3 a year, according to an editorial in this week's British Medical Journal.

Brain holds clues to bipolar disorder
Looking into the brain is yielding vital clues to understanding, diagnosing and treating bipolar disorder, according to findings being presented today at the Seventh International Conference on Bipolar Disorder.

Newer contrast agents safe for children
Allergic-like reactions to newer iodine-containing contrast agents (nonionic contrast media), are rare in children according to a recent study conducted by researchers from the University of Michigan Medical Center and C.S.

Dietary preferences and patterns may be linked to genes
Research indicates that the APOA2 gene is associated with food preferences and dietary patterns.

CAM-oriented primary care providers result in cost savings, high patient satisfaction
Patients visiting chiropractors and other holistically oriented physicians who serve as primary care physicians have lower utilization costs and higher patient satisfaction levels than patients treated by conventional medical doctors, according to a recent study.

SIAM Activity Group on Dynamical Systems Jürgen Moser Lecture Prize awarded
The 2007 SIAM Activity Group on Dynamical Systems Jürgen Moser Lecture Prize was presented on May 28 to Dr.

Improved meningitis vaccine for Africa could signal eventual end to to deadly scourge
The Meningitis Vaccine Project today released new data on the performance of a meningitis vaccine in West African children, suggesting that the new vaccine -- expected to sell initially for 40 US cents a dose -- will be much more effective in protecting African children and their communities than any vaccine currently on the market in the region.

SIAM Activity Group on Dynamical Systems J. D. Crawford Prize awarded
The 2007 SIAM Activity Group on Dynamical Systems J. D.

Combination therapy reduces tumor resistance to radiation
Radiation is used to treat a variety of tumors as it causes hypoxia and tumor cell death.

Nanotube flickering reveals single-molecule rendezvous
In this week's issue of Science, French and US researchers describe a new technique that allowed them to zoom in and observe quantum quasiparticles called excitons on individual carbon nanotubes.

Elsevier's Inteleos poised to launch integrating technology for drug tracking and analysis
Elsevier, a world-leading healthcare and scientific publisher, announced today, that it has renewed its agreement with AdvantTechnologies paving the way for the launch of the Inteleos Universal Integrator a revolutionary tool to integrate information on drug pipeline research from multiple sources.

University of Manchester researchers reveal clues to new genes behind rheumatoid arthritis
Researchers at the University of Manchester have identified evidence of several new genes behind the chronic inflammatory disease rheumatoid arthritis (RA), which affects 387,000 people in the UK.

For first time, cochlear implant restores hearing to patient with rare genetic disorder
Researchers at Georgetown University Medical Center and the National Institutes of Health have, for the first time, used a

Major study predicts grim future for Europe's seas
Their models developed during a €2.5 million EU funded research project have predicted dire consequences for the sea unless European countries take urgent action to prevent further damage from current and emerging patterns of development.

Dramatic increase in legal supply of organs needed to stop trafficking
Initiatives to dramatically increase the legal supply of organ donation, such as the proposal for the European Union-wide donor card, are urgently needed to prevent organ trafficking, says an editorial in this week's edition of the Lancet.

Newly found sensing system enables certain bacteria to resist human immune defenses
Researchers at the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, a component of the National Institutes of Health, have discovered a survival mechanism in a common type of bacteria that can cause illness.

Malaria and Epstein-Barr virus linked to pediatric cancer in Africa
Arnaud Chene and colleagues have identified CIDRla as the first microbial protein able to spur a latently EBV-infected cell into active production.

Columbine flowers develop long nectar spurs in response to pollinators
In flowers called columbines, evolution of the length of nectar spurs -- the long tubes leading to plants' nectar -- happens in a way that allows flowers to match the tongue lengths of the pollinators that drink their nectar, biologists have found.

Understanding and treating congenital diaphragmatic hernia
Four new reviews shed light on CHD by describing the diversity of the condition, exploring potential ways of treating it, using animal models to discover which genes play a role in diaphragm development, and examining its connection to cardiovascular malformations.

Who needs environmental monitoring?
We monitor the stock market, the weather, our blood pressure.

Dr. Joseph Fins awarded prestigious Robert Wood Johnson Investigator Award
Dr. Joseph Fins has been awarded a prestigious Robert Wood Johnson Investigator Award in Health Policy Research.

Unrelated umbilical cord blood transplants could boost treatment options for children with leukemia
The five-year leukemia-free survival rates in children are similar following either allele-matched bone-marrow transplants or transplants of umbilical cord blood mismatched for either one or two human leucocyte antigens.

Candidate research sites selected for the National Ecological Observatory Network
Candidate research sites have been selected for NEON, the NSF-funded National Ecological Observatory Network.

New study finds genetically engineered crops could play a role in sustainable agriculture
Genetically modified crops may contribute to increased productivity in sustainable agriculture, according to a groundbreaking study published June 8 in Science.

Growth in ADHD medication use due to improved ADHD identification in adult and female patients
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder has been traditionally viewed as a childhood disorder, while ADHD in adults has been underdiagnosed and undertreated.

Dark green blood in the operating theatre
The unusual case of a man who produced green blood when undergoing a operation is analysed in a case report in this week's edition of the Lancet.

Cannabinoids produced in the human body have an anti-inflammatory effect
Endocannabinoids seem to play an important role in regulating inflammation processes.

Heart disease deaths fall, as obesity and diabetes increase, experts find
Epidemiologists at the University of Liverpool and the Heart of Mersey have found that approximately half the recent fall in coronary heart disease deaths in the US is due to positive life style changes and a further half to medical therapies.

Research shows cord blood comparable to matched bone marrow
University of Minnesota researchers report that umbilical cord blood transplants may offer blood cancer patients better outcomes than bone marrow transplants, according to an analysis of outcome data performed at the Center for International Blood and Marrow Transplant Research, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee.

SIAM awards the Ralph E. Kleinman Prize
The Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics presented the 2007 Ralph E.

New collaborative research reveals chimpanzees can sustain multiple-tradition cultures
Scientists have long wondered if local animal cultures exist, and now, based on findings by researchers at the Yerkes National Primate Research Center at Emory University, the University of Texas and St.

Experts call for urgent research into anti-epileptic drugs given to children
Researchers have discovered a five-fold increase in newer anti-epileptic drugs given to children, despite the fact that their long-term safety has not been established.

Dartmouth professor makes case for ethically universal stem cell lines
A recent paper in Nature Review Genetics considers six current approaches to deriving human embryonic stem cell (hESC) lines.

Energy and Agriculture Departments provide $8.3 million in funding for biofuels research
DOE and USDA have selected 11 projects for awards totaling $8.3 million for biobased fuels research.

Conference to examine role technology can play in managing health care costs
The role technology can play in helping the United States manage health care costs by advancing the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of disease will be examined in a conference at the National Institute of Standards and Technology in Gaithersburg, Md., on Sept.

Hormone that signals fullness also curbs fast food consumption and tendency to binge eat
The synthetic form of a hormone previously found to produce a feeling of fullness when eating and reduce body weight, also may help curb binge eating and the desire to eat high-fat foods and sweets.

Lack of sun does not explain low vitamin D in elderly who are overweight
People who are overweight tend to have lower levels of vitamin D, which may increase their risk of osteoporosis and other chronic conditions.

Ancient DNA traces the woolly mammoth's disappearance
Some ancient-DNA evidence has offered new clues to a very cold case: The disappearance of the last woolly mammoths, one of the most iconic of all Ice Age giants, according to a June 7 report published online in Current Biology, a publication of Cell Press.

Standards for measuring narrowing of carotid arteries too aggressive
Standards for measuring the narrowing of the carotid artery using ultrasound may be too aggressive, resulting in some needless follow-up tests and procedures according to researchers at the University of Chicago Medical Center.

MIT demonstrates wireless power transfer
Imagine a future in which wireless power transfer is feasible: cell phones, household robots, mp3 players, laptop computers, and other portable electronics capable of charging themselves without ever being plugged in, freeing us from that final, ubiquitous power wire.

UCLA researchers discover novel pathway that may promote immune system balance
Researchers at UCLA's Jonsson Cancer Center have discovered a novel anti-inflammatory cell signaling pathway that may serve as a vital Yin-Yang mechanism to maintain the delicate balance of immune response.

High self-esteem may be culturally universal, international study shows
The notion that East Asians, Japanese in particular, are self-effacing and have low self-esteem compared to Americans, may describe a surface view of personality, but a new study indicates that Chinese, Japanese and Americans have high implicit self-esteem and this trait may be culturally universal.

How to cough up sputum is vital for tuberculosis diagnosis in women
Sputum-submission guidance produces 63 percent more positive tests for tuberculosis in women and could be a highly cost-effective intervention to improve case detection in low-income countries.

International Workshop on Cities, Science and Sustainability
Institutions and individuals from developing countries are invited to an international workshop examining successful approaches related to cities, science and sustainability.

The abortion mediation misoprostol -- under the tongue or vaginally, and how often?
Administration under the tongue of the abortion medication misoprostol is most effective when taken in three hour intervals, but this can cause more side effects than when taken every 12 hours.

Menthol receptor also important in detecting cold temperatures
The ion channel activated by menthol also detects cold temperatures.
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