Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

June 08, 2007
Penn researchers find potential new target for Type 2 diabetes
Researchers at the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine have discovered a potential new target for treating type 2 diabetes.

Los Alamos National Laboratory making progress in Groundwater Protection Program
Despite progress in efforts to protect groundwater in the surrounding region, the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) needs to address substantial technical challenges in understanding and quantifying its inventories of hazardous wastes and how contaminants from them can migrate to groundwater beneath the 40-square-mile site, says a new report from the National Research Council.

Solving sudokus -- Coloring by numbers
The article

Scientists propose the kind of chemistry that led to life
Before life emerged on earth, either a primitive kind of metabolism or an RNA-like duplicating machinery must have set the stage -- so experts believe.

Study proves alcohol injections for common cause of foot pain highly successful
Sonographically-guided alcohol injections has a high success rate and is well-tolerated by patients with Morton's neuroma, a common cause of foot pain, according to a recent study conducted by researchers at the Royal National Orthopedic Hospital and Kingston Hospital NHS Trust in Middlesex, United Kingdom.

Calorie density key to losing weight
Eating smart, not eating less, may be the key to losing weight.

ESA's water mission instrument passes test program
After successfully undergoing a rigorous three-month testing programme, the innovative SMOS (Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity) payload is about to make its journey from ESA's Test Centre in the Netherlands to France, where it will join the platform to form the satellite in preparation for launch next year.

Competition, loss of selfishness mark shift to supersociety
How social or altruistic behavior evolved has been a central and hotly debated question, particularly by those researchers engaged in the study of social insect societies -- ants, bees and wasps.

Honor for young engineer
A young academic at The University of Nottingham has been recognized for his outstanding research in the field of engineering.

New quantum key system combines speed, distance
Researchers at NIST have built a prototype high-speed quantum key distribution system, based on a new detector system that achieves dramatically lower noise levels than similar systems.

Building retrofits reduce chem/biohazards risks
A new report from NIST and the Environmental Protection Agency offers building owners and managers information on retrofit options to improve the safety of buildings against airborne chemical and biological hazards.

Boosting key milk nutrients may protect against cancer
Increasing intake of calcium and vitamin D could reduce the risk for cancer in women by at least 60 percent, according to a new study published in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition.

Sun exposure early in life linked to specific skin cancer gene mutation
Early life sun exposure, from birth to 20 years old, may specifically increase the risk of melanomas with BRAF gene mutations.

Now playing -- Cell migration LIVE!
Johns Hopkins researchers have found a way to directly observe cell migration -- in real time and in living tissue.

Annual reports fail to capture value of innovation
Annual reports fail to capture the full value of companies' innovative activities, particularly in the services sector, according to research funded by the Economic and Social Research Council shows.

Comorbidities common in bipolar disorder, may have genetic link
While the symptoms of bipolar disorder can be disabling on their own, most patients with the condition also are afflicted with a variety of other psychiatric and physical disorders.

Silicon nanowires upgrade data-storage technology
Scientists at NIST, along with colleagues at George Mason University and Kwangwoon University in Korea, have fabricated a memory device that combines silicon nanowires with a more traditional type of data-storage.

PG-13 films not safe for kids
PG-13 films have lots of

Rescue robot tests to offer responders high-tech help
NIST engineers are organizing the fourth in a series of Response Robot Evaluation Exercises for urban search and rescue responders to be held on June 18-22, 2007, at the

Geisinger launches healthcare book series
Danville, Pennsylvania-based Geisinger Health System, a national innovator in healthcare, has launched a series of books that give clear, easy to understand explanations to critical health questions and conditions.

Woods Hole Research Center scientists study impacts of industrial logging in Central Africa
Though the dense humid forests of Central Africa have been regarded as among the most pristine on Earth, the expansion of industrial logging and the accompanying proliferation of road density are threatening the future of this important ecosystem.

Fluorescent glass SRMs are new tool for spectroscopy
Researchers at NIST have developed two new calibration tools to help correct and validate the performance of analytic instruments that identify substances based on fluorescence.

It's not all the parent's fault -- Delinquency in children now linked to biology
A unique study appearing in the June issue of Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science, shows that, in children, a highly reactive autonomic nervous system paired with a stressful family environment leads to increased instances of maladaptive personality change.

Diet and exercise key to surviving breast cancer, regardless of obesity, new UCSD study says
Breast cancer survivors who eat a healthy diet and exercise moderately can reduce their risk of dying from breast cancer by half, regardless of their weight, suggests a new longitudinal study from the Moores Cancer Center at the University of California, San Diego.

Minister Lunn announces $39.6M for next phase of mountain pine beetle response
The Honorable Gary Lunn, minister of Natural Resources, today announced Canada's New Government is investing $39.6 million for ongoing work with the province and communities to address the mountain pine beetle infestation in British Columbia.

Study suggests newer breast cancer drug may protect heart
By uncovering how one breast cancer drug protects the heart and another does not, Duke University Medical Center researchers believe they may have opened up a new way to screen drugs for possible heart-related side effects and to develop new drugs.

Repeated childhood stroke and venous thrombosis -- The risks
Being over two-years-old, not being administered anti-coagulant drugs, and having a certain genetic mutation all increase the risks of repeated venous thrombosis (VT) in children, conclude authors of an Article published early Online and in the July edition of The Lancet Neurology.

Caribbean frog populations started with single, ancient voyage on South American raft
Nearly all of the 162 land-breeding frog species on Caribbean islands, including the coqui frogs of Puerto Rico, originated from a single frog species that arrived on a sea voyage from South America.

Salty oceans provide early warning for climate change
Monitoring the saltiness of the ocean water could provide an early indicator of climate change.

Indiana University and Regenstrief researcher receives top psychiatry award
Hugh Hendrie, a pioneer in geriatric psychiatry, has been honored with the American Psychiatric Association's Jack Weinberg Memorial Award.

The emergence of life on earth...and other planets?
On Monday, June 18, 2007, astrobiologist Robert Hazen of the Carnegie Institution and George Mason University, will provide insights into the emergence of life on our planet -- and perhaps others -- during a Directorate for Biological Sciences Distinguished Lecture at the National Science Foundation in Arlington, Va.

AGU Journal Highlights -- June 7, 2007
In this issue: Climate change imperils Venice Lagoon, Bright lights sketch sprites, Eastern Amazon belches methane, Warm waters flood an Arctic shelf, Human influence may strongly accelerate oceanic planetary waves, Volcanoes mechanically interact, Ancient Mediterranean Sea level variation, Evaluating river discharge from space, Air pollutant scrutinized over Japan, Southern Ocean simulation, Energy descends in North Atlantic, Amazon magnetism illuminates early Earth, From neural networks to sea temperature maps, Megadrought in ancient Colorado River basin.

Cosmic thinkers to probe secrets of the atom
Arizona State University's innovative

A wider range of sounds for the deaf
A tiny electrode array placed directly in the auditory nerve could overcome limitations of today's widely used cochlear implants, initial research in animals suggests.

Taking folic acid does not reduce risk of precancerous colon tumors
Taking folic acid supplements does not reduce the risk of developing precancerous tumors in the colon and may even increase the risk, a new study has found.

Agonized death throes probable cause of open-mouthed, head-back pose of many dino fossils
Like investigators out of CSI or Cold Case, UC Berkeley and Montana paleontologists are finding clues to a dinosaur's demise in its peculiar death pose.

Computer guide may boost security testing efficiency
NIST has published for comment a draft of a new version a guide for assessing the effectiveness of security of controls in federal information systems. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to