Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

June 13, 2007
Producing high performance spinel refractory cements using cheaper materials
Spinel containing high alumina refractory cements are in high demand by the glass, cement and metallurgy industries.

Sleep-related breathing disorder common among aggressive, bullying schoolchildren
Aggressive behavior and bullying, common among schoolchildren, are likely to have multiple causes, one of which may be an undiagnosed sleep-related breathing disorder.

College students who pull 'all-nighters' and get no sleep more likely to have a lower GPA
A common practice among many college students involves

New evidence points to oceans on Mars
Scientists have found new evidence to support the presence of large oceans on Mars in the past.

Assessment for basic research needs fine tuning, policy experts say
Assessing the impact of basic science in terms of economic returns can be a futile and self-defeating exercise, according to economist Wolfgang Polt of the Joanneum Research Institute in Vienna.

Penn researchers link cell's protein recycling systems
Researchers have discovered a molecular link between the cell's two major pathways for breaking down proteins and have succeeded in using this link to rescue neurodegenerative diseases in a simple animal model.

Free from the atmosphere
An artificial, laser-fed star now shines regularly over the sky of ESO's VLT.

New findings challenge established views about human genome
The ENCyclopedia Of DNA Elements (ENCODE), an international research consortium organized by the National Human Genome Research Institute, part of the National Institutes of Health, today published the results of its exhaustive, four-year effort to build a

UGA study finds surge in director pay following landmark Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
A new University of Georgia study finds that the landmark Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 and related rule changes of the major stock exchanges have dramatically altered the makeup of corporate boards, making them larger and more independent.

Improving plants' abilities to cope with saline conditions
A method for increasing plants' tolerance to salt stress and thus preventing stunted growth and even plant death has been developed by researchers at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem.

Livestock virtually fenced in
Australia's premier research organization, CSIRO, is developing a satellite-based 'virtual fencing' system for livestock.

Genetic factors are linked to fever following smallpox vaccination
New evidence supports the link between genetic factors and certain adverse events related to smallpox vaccination.

Study supports notion that Mars once had ocean
UC Berkeley geophycists are providing strong evidence that Mars once had an ocean.

Lithium additions to nickel aluminides increases material strength
Intermetallics such as nickel aluminides have been of particular interest due to their excellent high temperature properties such as strength and corrosion resistance.

Melbourne dementia discovery chosen for synchrotron testing
A protein involved in memory that has the potential to be developed into a treatment for dementia and other forms of memory loss will be one of the first proteins to be visualised on Australia's new synchrotron, before it opens for general use later this year.

Small, self-controlled planes combine plant pathology and engineering
A Virginia Tech plant pathologist has developed autonomous unmanned aerial vehicles to detect airborne pathogens above agricultural fields.

Hidden planet pushes star's ring a billion miles off-center
A young star's strange elliptical ring of dust likely heralds the presence of an undiscovered Neptune-sized planet, says a University of Rochester astronomer in the latest Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society.

New sepsis model may help shape patient care
A new mathematical model of sepsis can help predict deaths, discharges and disease progression in hospital patients with this serious bacterial blood infection.

Can a Mediterranean diet help prevent colon cancer?
Researchers at the University of Michigan Comprehensive Cancer Center are beginning a study to look at whether diet can impact a person's risk of developing colon cancer.

£5.9 million award gives UK aging research a new lease on life
Research into aging has received a major boost thanks to a £5.9 million Strategic Award from the Wellcome Trust, the UK's largest medical research charity.

Reduced sleep quality can aggravate pre-existing psychological conditions
Proper sleep is critical for cognitive and daily functioning, and reduced quality of sleep has the potential to exacerbate pre-existing psychological conditions.

Does OTC diet pill Alli live up to its name?
Alli is the first and only FDA-approved OTC product for weight loss.

Simple steps make breast cancer survivors eager to exercise, study shows
Simple steps, like giving breast cancer survivors an exercise workbook or step pedometer, can improve their quality of life and fatigue levels.

The wider view from a detailed focus
A major study of the organization and regulation of the human genome published today changes our concept of how our genome works.

Progress toward an antitumor vaccine
A team led by Horst Kunst at the University of Mainz has found a way to bind a molecule that is typical for tumors to a carrier protein without irritating the immune system.

University of Washington researchers play leading role in major study of human genome function
Scientists at the University of Washington and other members of an international consortium have completed a multiyear research effort that dramatically boosts understanding of how the human genome functions.

CBT workshops an effective means for getting men to seek help for their insomnia
The development and implementation of a cognitive behavioral therapy workshop is an effective means for getting men to seek help for their insomnia.

Springer and the Society of Behavioral Medicine announce publishing agreement
Springer has signed an agreement with the Society of Behavioral Medicine to publish its journal, Annals of Behavioral Medicine.

Alternative energy comes closer with advances in hydrogen fuel cell sealing technology
Solid oxide fuel cells have attracted major interest from research and development communities as an alternative source of power, with commercial trials already under way.

Study investigates 'divorce' among Galapagos seabirds
Being a devoted husband and father is not enough to keep an avian marriage together for the Nazca booby, a long-lived seabird found in the Galapagos Islands off the coast of Ecuador.

Study finds mix of disease processes at work in brains of most people with dementia
Few older people die with brains untouched by a pathological process.

Bacteria ferry nanoparticles into cells for early diagnosis, treatment
Researchers at Purdue University have shown that common bacteria can deliver a valuable cargo of

Going to bed late may affect the health, academic performance of college students
College students who go to bed late are more likely to have poor quality sleep, which may affect their mental health and academic performance.

Study suggests other causes for childhood brain aneurysms
A new University of Cincinnati study questions the commonly held scientific belief that childhood brain aneurysms are caused by trauma, infection or underlying vascular malformations.

Fluorescence diffuse optical tomography provides high contrast, 3-D look at breast cancer
University of Pennsylvania researchers have created the first three-dimensional optical images of human breast cancer in patients based on tissue fluorescence.

ENCODE map changes view of the human genome landscape
The June issue of Genome Research is devoted to the ENCODE (ENCyclopedia Of DNA Elements) Project, whose goal is to characterize all functional elements in the human genome.

Herpes virus hijacks DNA repair process
Scientists probing the details of viral infection have discovered an intriguing surprise: in mice, herpes viruses hijack their host cells' tools for fixing DNA damage and use those tools to enhance their own reproduction.

Comparison study shows US low in primary care physician visits
The average American spends a total of about 30 minutes a year with a primary care physician in a system that is less comprehensive than that of Australia or New Zealand, according to a new study comparing primary care practice in the three countries.

Brisbane researchers tackle cervical cancer in Vanuatu
In a project funded by the Wesley Research Institute, Brisbane researchers are in Vanuatu studying low cost means to reduce the fatal effects of cervical cancer.

New study shows exposure to smokers in movies increases likelihood of smoking in the future
Watching an actor smoke on the big screen may make smokers more likely to continue smoking in the future, and make nonsmokers more favorably disposed toward smoking.

Fermilab physicists discover 'triple-scoop' baryon
Physicists of the DZero experiment at the Department of Energy's Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory have discovered a new heavy particle, the Îb (pronounced

Sleep deprivation is common among members of the US Marine Corps
Members of the US Marine Corps experience combined stressors, including physical exertion and the threat of enemy fire.

Deakin University research finds rogue cells that could cause spread of breast cancer
A Deakin University study has shed light on what causes breast cancer cells to move to other parts of the body.

Study: Discriminating fact from fiction in recovered memories of childhood sexual abuse
How accurate are recovered memories of childhood sexual abuse? Researchers have found that spontaneously recovered memories were corroborated about as often as continuous memories.

Release of new guidelines on the management of arterial hypertension
The European Society of Cardiology and the European Society of Hypertension have released new guidelines on the management of Arterial Hypertension.

Study of the drug, Isradipine, to determine if it slows or prevents Parkinson's disease
Gloria E. Meredith, Ph.D., collaborated with D. James Surmeier, Ph.D., and others at Northwestern University to study the drug, Isradipine, and its effects on Parkinson's disease.

Weill Cornell Medical College announces gifts totaling $400M
Weill Cornell Medical College announced today that it is the recipient of $400 million, made up of several major gifts, bringing the prestigious medical college to the halfway mark in just the first seven months of its $1.3 billion capital campaign --

New findings challenge established views on human genome
In papers published in Nature and Genome Research, the ENCODE research consortium reports new findings related to the organization and function of the human genome.

Could fungal collection hold the key to new life-saving drugs?
Scientists may be one step closer to finding new drugs to fight MRSA, cancers and other diseases, after CABI, a leading bioservices organisation announced that its fungal collection will be screened by the University of Strathclyde.

Imagery rehearsal therapy improves sleep in insomniacs
Imagery rehearsal therapy has been shown to subjectively improve their ability to get a good night's sleep.

Nanoparticles unlock the future of superalloy metals
As part of Sandia's nanoscale research, a group of experts specializing in inorganic synthesis and characterization, modeling and radiation science have designed a radical system of experiments to study the science of creating metal and alloy nanoparticles.

Double explosion heralds the death of a very massive star
A unique discovery of two celestial explosions at exactly the same position in the sky has led astronomers to suggest they have witnessed the death of one of the most massive stars that can exist.

Mars -- Red Planet once blue planet
New evidence confirms oceans on Mars -- pole shift led to deformed shorelines.

Educating OSA patients about CPAP critical to successful treatment
One of the most important ways to help patients manage their obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is to effectively educate them about CPAP, the most common and effective treatment for OSA.

Scripps/UC San Diego scientists solve genome of promising marine organism
Scientists at UC San Diego's Scripps Institution of Oceanography and Skaggs School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences have solved the genomic puzzle of an organism discovered in the oceans with potential for producing compounds showing promise in treating diseases such as cancer.

Extended duration work shifts risky to the safety, well-being of medical interns, patients
Working an extended duration shift can pose a risk to not only the safety and well-being of medical interns, but also to that of their patients.

Stanford researchers clarify protein's role in multiple sclerosis
A protein found primarily in the lens of the eye could be the critical

Late weekend sleep among teens may lead to poor academic performance
Teenagers who stay up late on school nights and make up for it by sleeping late on weekends are more likely to perform poorly in the classroom.

Students with medical-related majors more likely to have poor quality sleep
College students with medical-related majors are more likely to have poorer quality of sleep in comparison to those with a humanities major.

Early palliative care linked to shorter stays in intensive care
Early palliative care can reduce the length of stay for seriously ill patients in the medical intensive care unit by more than seven days without having an impact on mortality rates, according to a study in the June issue of Critical Care Medicine.

Plants recognize their siblings, biologists discover
Biologists at McMaster University have found that plants get competitive when forced to share their plot with strangers of the same species, but they're accommodating when potted with their siblings.

Highway system drives city population declines, says Brown economist
Examining the phenomenon of suburbanization in America, Brown University economist Nathaniel Baum-Snow shows the extent to which the construction of new highways contributed to population declines in cities.

Poor sleep hygiene in children associated with behavioral problems
A snoring child's poor sleep hygiene habits can have a negative influence on his or her daytime behavior.

Future therapies for stroke may block cell death
A new therapy to re-activate silenced genes in patients who suffer from neurodegenerative diseases or stroke is being developed by researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago and Cornell University.

Nurtured chimps rake it in
Human interaction and stimulation enhance chimpanzees' cognitive abilities, according to new research from the Chimpanzee Cognition Center at the Ohio State University.

Laziness increases back pain risk
Office workers who rarely exercise are at increased risk of back injuries, according to UQ researchers working on a European Space Agency study.

UVa-led team uncovers important secret in gene replication
A team of researchers led by University of Virginia Health System geneticists has uncovered a major secret in the mystery of how the DNA helix replicates itself time after time.

Construction begins on the James Webb Space Telescope's guidance sensor and imager
The Canadian Space Agency has awarded a $39 million contract to COM DEV International Ltd. to build two important instruments on NASA's James Webb Space Telescope.

Extra sleep improves athletes' performance
Athletes who get an extra amount of sleep are more likely to improve their performance in a game.

UIC investigates eye infections tied to contact lens use
The use of a particular contact lens solution has a strong association with Acanthamoeba keratitis, a rare severe eye infection, report researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago in a study published online this week by the American Journal of Ophthalmology.

Human activities increasing carbon sequestration in forests
Human-caused nitrogen deposition has been indirectly

MU researchers to study the status of black bears in Missouri
Researchers at the University of Missouri-Columbia are studying the status of black bears in Missouri.

Latest data shows MabThera provides significant, sustained relief from symptoms of RA
New data presented at the EULAR meeting demonstrate that MabThera's effectiveness in relieving patients of the distressing symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis is sustained or further improved with subsequent courses of treatment, as is the number of patients achieving remission.

As dialysis becomes a target of cost control, doctor-patient relationship is key
As medical, economic, and policy trends converge to alter the way dialysis care is organized and financed, protecting the unique relationship between dialysis patients and the kidney specialists who direct their care is a top priority, according to a special feature in the July Journal of the American Society of Nephrology.

Interim analysis of anti-cancer vaccine, BiovaxID, to be conducted
Accentia Biopharmaceuticals, Inc. announces a milestone in its effort to gain accelerated conditional approval for BiovaxID.

'Father figure' of plate tectonics wins award 40 years later
The Geological Society of America announced in May that Kevin Burke, a professor with the UH College of Natural Sciences and Mathematics, won the 2007 Penrose Medal for his pioneering research in plate tectonics.

American College of Preventive Medicine applauds IOM report on training public health physicians
The American College of Preventive Medicine today applauded the recent release of the Institute of Medicine report,

'Wurst' ensures that the respiratory system works
A newly discovered transmembrane protein called

Enbrel safety data for up to 8 years in patients with juvenile rheumatoid arthritis
Amgen and Wyeth Pharmaceuticals, a division of Wyeth, today announced the presentation of additional data that showed that the safety profile of Enbrel was maintained with long-term use in patients with moderate-to-severe juvenile rheumatoid arthritis who completed up to eight years of therapy.

The 5 dimensions of online gifts
Different social media, such as wikis, MySpace, Flickr and various forums have different ways for people to give and receive gifts, according to Swedish scientists.

Sleep restriction reduces heart rate variability
Chronic sleep restriction has a negative effect on a person's cardiac activity, which may elevate the risk of cardiovascular disease and mortality.

More nonphysician clinicians will boost African health care workforce
The use of more nonphysician clinicians in sub-Saharan Africa could be a cost-effective way to boost the health-care workforce in the region, and help deliver specific projects such as the planned expansion of HIV/AIDS prevention and treatment programs.
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