Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

June 18, 2007
Simple hand-washing video for visitors could reduce rapidly increasing hospital infection rates
Families visiting sick children significantly improved their hand-washing technique after being shown a simple and inexpensive video.

How 'memory' T cells curb the spread of viruses throughout the body
A scientific discovery by Fox Chase Cancer Center researchers helps explain how

Discovery of the oldest adornments in the world
The discovery of small perforated sea shells in eastern Morocco has shown that the use of bead adornments in North Africa is older than thought, dating to 82,000 years ago.

Fever after smallpox vaccination tied to individual genetic variations
St. Louis researchers have identified common DNA variations that underlie susceptibility to fever after smallpox vaccination.

Researchers discover 'acquired' DNA key to certain bacterial infection
Researchers announced this week the discovery of a mechanism by which Mycobacterium avium -- a bacterium which can result in serious lung infections and is prevalent in emphysema and AIDS patients among others -- infects tissue cells or

Evidence lacking to guide treatment for sudden hearing loss
Although steroids are the most widely used treatment for sudden hearing loss, little scientific evidence supports their use or that of any other therapies for this condition, according to a systematic review and meta-analysis both published in the June issue of Archives of Otolaryngology -- Head & Neck Surgery, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

CEOs' worth increases even when poor acquisitions are made
Chief executive officers often pursue acquistions regarless of risk because they know their salaries will increase substantially, leaving shareholders to take the financial hit.

Scientists report study results from 'stealth' tsunami that killed 600 in Java last summer
Though categorized as magnitude 7.8, the earthquake could scarcely be felt by beachgoers that afternoon.

Bacterial pneumonia patients at increased risk of major heart problems
A new study suggests patients hospitalized with pneumonia may be at serious risk of new or worsening heart problems.

A safer food supply -- Sandia and FDA to make it so
A team from Sandia National Laboratories research team led the effort to computerize a new FDA program so that it will be distributed as widely as possible.The downloadable program, called

Autistic children could learn through stereotypes
Autistic children have a capacity to understand other people through stereotypes, say scientists at UCL.

Predicting danger of flu pandemic rests on differences in affected population, says O.R. Forum
Scientists studying the potential spread of a flu pandemic must be careful to distinguish the different rates of infection among different groups, including the sociable and the shy, those most susceptible to infection and those less so, according to a new study in the

PINK1 protects from Parkinson's
Mutations in the gene that codes for PINK1 cause a common form of Parkinson disease.

Nanotube adhesive sticks better than a gecko's foot
Mimicking the agile gecko, with its uncanny ability to run up walls and across ceilings, has long been a goal of materials scientists.

Changes in chromosomal constitution of preimplantation embryos suggest caution in genetic screening
Embryos that are selected out as abnormal can undergo chromosomal modifications, a scientist will tell the annual conference of the European Society of Human Genetics today, Tuesday, June 19.

Candy cigarettes: Bringing the candy man home
New research suggests that playing with candy cigarettes may favorably set the minds of some children towards becoming future cigarette smokers.

Human genetic 'deserts' are teeming with significant life
Many of the areas of the human genome previously thought to be deserts are in fact teeming with life, a scientist will tell the annual conference of the European Society of Human Genetics.

Prostate specific antigen: A review of PSA use in screening for prostate cancer
In this review, Drs. Ian Thompson and Donna Ankerst examine the evidence in support of using prostate specific antigen testing, and then discuss how physicians should advise patients about the merits and drawbacks of the test.

Does stimulant treatment for ADHD increase risk of drug abuse?
Parents, doctors, and others have wondered whether common treatments for attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) inadvertently predispose adolescents to future drug abuse.

UI anthropologist, colleagues discover remains of earliest giant panda
Although it may sound like an oxymoron, a University of Iowa anthropologist and his colleagues report the first discovery of a skull from a

Medical metal detector finds 'lost' orthopedic screws
Johns Hopkins undergraduates have invented a small handheld metal detector to help doctors locate hidden orthopedic screws and remove them from patients' bodies.

Promising protein may prevent eye damage in premature babies
Researchers have identified a protein that is part of the body's natural defenses in oxygen-deprived conditions, a finding that could rapidly lead to treatments for babies born before their eyes are finished growing.

Endosome-mediated signaling in plants
In a paper that will be published online in advance of its July 1 publication date, Drs.

Restricting hospital-based services during SARS outbreak had modest impact
In this study, Dr. Michael J. Schull and colleagues determined that restrictions on the non-urgent use of hospital-based services at 32 hospitals in the Greater Toronto Area imposed when a provincial health emergency was declared during the 2003 SARS outbreak in Toronto, Ontario, resulted in a 12 percent decrease in admissions.

Barrow researcher receives grant to study flicker fusion
Stephen Macknik, Ph.D., director of Laboratory and Behavioral Neurophysiology at Barrow Neurological Institute at St.

Burning fat and carbohydrate during exercise
In a paper published in the Journal of Physiology, Helge, Stallknecht, Richter, Galbo and Keins from Copenhagen shed light on fat oxidation during exercise and physical activity.

Potato wart eyed as risk to potato production
While many may be familiar with potato late blight, the plant disease responsible for widespread potato shortages, the lesser known potato wart has the potential to be as devastating to economies that depend on potato production, say plant pathologists with the American Phytopathological Society.

Focused regimens keep aging mind sharp, says new publication
Treatments to keep the brain healthy can be just as effective as exercise is for the body, according to the latest special issue of The Journal of Gerontology -- Psychological Sciences.

Sex, drugs and dating make teens feel older
A Canadian study has confirmed what parents have long suspected: dating, sexual activity and substance use seem to make teens feel older than they really are.

Researchers identify protein pathway involved in Parkinson disease development
Scientists have found a novel signaling pathway in cells that is altered by genetic mutations recently identified in Parkinson disease development.

Infants most at risk among children injured by elevator incidents, Indiana University study finds
First large-scale epidemiological study evaluating elevator-related injuries in children throughout the United States reports on the large number of these preventable injuries.

UCF nanoparticle offers promise for treating glaucoma
The UCF created nanoparticle can safely get past the blood-brain barrier, making it a nontoxic tool in treatment.

Pauletta and Denzel Washington family scholarships to be awarded in Shreveport, June 24
Pauletta and Denzel Washington will present two research scholarships bearing their family's name Sunday, June 24, in a ceremony that begins at 3 p.m. on the Shreveport campus of Southern University.

Virtual Qumran sheds new light on Dead Sea scrolls discovery site
The mysterious archaeological ruins located paces from where the Dead Sea scrolls were discovered 60 years ago served first as a fortress before being adopted by a Jewish religious sect, two UCLA researchers contend.

Clot-dissolving agent may be beneficial in treatment of severe frostbite
A preliminary study suggests that a blood clot-dissolving medication that is administered to some patients following a stroke or heart attack may help to reduce the risk of amputation following severe frostbite, according to a report in the June issue of Archives of Surgery, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

National Academies advisory -- Future of Coal R&D
Over half of US electricity is currently generated by burning coal.

Multidisciplinary approach to treatment of heart attacks a success
Acute heart attacks can be successfully treated through a multidisciplinary team approach involving emergency medical services, emergency physicians, cardiologists and specialty centres, according to a study conducted by Dr.

Tip sheet Annals of Internal Medicine, June 19, 2007
In this issue: Women with Diabetes left behind in overall drop in death rates in the US; Substance in soy products increased bone density compared to placebo; Meta-analysis showed that acupuncture has no meaningful short-term benefits in pain or function compared to Sham control trials; Different ways to describe the benefits of treatments influence patients' willingness to accept the treatments; and Two views on stopping randomized trials early because of apparent benefit.

Electronics spin-off stacks its chips to win 2007 EUREKA Lynx Award
French SME 3-D Plus has received the 2007 EUREKA Lynx Award for outstanding technological and commercial achievement.

Fat fish put obesity on the hook
Everyone knows that eating lean fish helps slim waistlines, but researchers have found a new way fish can help eliminate obesity.

Turning scientific findings into practice
Four humanities transfer projects begin work in Hamburg.

Women with diabetes left behind in drop in death rates
A new analysis of data from three large national databases finds that in the 29 years between 1971 and 2000, the death rate of men with diabetes has dropped significantly, in line with the overall decline of the death rate for all Americans.

Gannet population under threat from global warming
Researchers at the University of Leeds, UK, have warned that global warming is a major threat to the gannet, a species known for its stable populations and constant breeding success.

Inflammation is at the origin and progression of diseases such as diabetes or cancer
What is the role of inflammation in cancer? Which molecular and cell mechanisms promote inflammation?

Hebrew Rehabilitation Center psychiatrist named Practice Change Fellow
Eran D. Metzger, M.D, associate director of psychiatry at Hebrew Rehabilitation Center in Boston, has been named a Practice Change Fellow by The Atlantic Philanthropies.

UT medical researcher determines link between foie gras and disease
Experimental data published today by University of Tennessee Graduate School of Medicine researchers shows a potential link between foie gras consumption and amyloid-related dieases such as Alzheimer's, rheumatoid arthritis and adult onset diabetes.

Bariatric surgery appears to be safe for carefully selected older, Medicare patients
Complications after bariatric surgery appear similar between patients younger and older than age 60 and also between Medicare recipients and nonrecipients, according to a study in the June issue of Archives of Surgery, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Public health in developing countries to suffer most from climate change
Climate change is an emerging threat to global public health.

Arctic spring comes weeks earlier than a decade ago
In the Earth's cold and icy far north, the harsh winters are giving way to spring weeks earlier than they did just a decade ago, researchers have reported in the June 19 issue of Current Biology, published by Cell Press.

American Chemical Society's Weekly PressPac -- June 13, 2007
The American Chemical Society News Service Weekly Press Package with reports from 35 major peer-reviewed journals on chemistry, health, medicine, energy, environment, food, nanotechnology and other hot topics.

Long-term etanercept treatment reduces psoriasis severity without increased adverse events
Extended exposure to the psoriasis medication etanercept does not appear to cause more infections or adverse events than placebo, and improvements in several measures of disease severity were observed for up to 96 weeks of therapy, according to a study in the June issue of Archives of Dermatology, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

How the Biotech Revolution Is Changing the Way We Fight Disease
From heart disease to AIDS and cancer, Biochemist Frank H.

Reconstructing the biology of extinct species: A new approach
Scientists now have a new way to reconstruct how extinct species moved -- that is completely independent of analyses of limb structure -- as a result of the first large-scale study of the relationship between modes of locomotion and the dimensions of an important part of the organ of balance.

Climate models consistent with ocean warming observations
Climate models are reliable tools that help researchers better understand the observed record of ocean warming and variability.

Researchers demonstrate way to control tree height
Forest scientists at Oregon State University have used genetic modification to successfully manipulate the growth in height of trees, showing that it's possible to create miniature trees that look similar to normal trees -- but after several years of growth may range anywhere from 50 feet tall to a few inches.

Young engineers selected to participate in NAE'S 2007 US Frontiers of Engineering Symposium
Eighty-three of the nation's brightest young engineers have been selected to take part in the National Academy of Engineering's (NAE) 13th annual US Frontiers of Engineering symposium.

Innovative subsea separation technology wins 2007 EUREKA environmental award
Dutch and Norwegian project E! 3040 Subsea Separator has been presented with this year's EUREKA Lillehammer Award for its outstanding environmental benefits.

Autistic children recognize stereotypes based on race and sex
Children with autism, who are unable to grasp the mental states of others, can nonetheless identify with conventional stereotypes based on a person's race and sex, researchers report in the June 19 issue of Current Biology, published by Cell Press.

K-State project aims to make sodium-cooled nuclear reactors safe, efficient
Proposals to reduce America's heavy dependence on foreign oil are helping to renew interest in nuclear energy.

Preventing fractures in men -- Making the most of limited flu vaccine stocks
Serious fractures are common among older people and can have devastating consequences, particularly if a hip is broken. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to