Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

June 22, 2007
American Thoracic Society publishes new statement on pulmonary function testing in children
The ATS and European Respiratory Society published a new statement on pulmonary function testing in preschool children.

Experts predict Tamiflu could halve the pandemic influenza death toll versus no intervention
Treatment with the oral antiviral Tamiflu (oseltamivir) and prophylaxis for people exposed to infected patients could be one of the most cost-effective strategies for reducing illness and death during an influenza pandemic.

Questions over drugs to prevent heart complications during surgery
The use of drugs to prevent heart complications during surgery is called into question in this week's BMJ.

Penn study maps road to cure for inherited eye diseases
Researchers at the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine have identified proteins in the rod and cones of the eye that could lead to the discovery of the genetic causes of a host of inherited eye diseases.

Chronic constipation study offers relief to all sufferers
A clinical trial including 50 medical centers and 304 patients has confirmed that polyethylene (PEG) laxative is safe for patients suffering from chronic constipation.

Engineers prove that 'Hitman' Hatton packs a mighty punch
Measurements taken at The University of Manchester have shown that local boxing hero Ricky

New mangosteen research establishes xanthone measurement standard
Prior to this study, there was no single-lab validated standard for xanthone identification and measurement in its naturally occurring state.

University of Zurich announces worldwide clinical trial of Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy
University of Zurich announces initiation of a worldwide clinical trial to evaluate the impact of Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy in patients with heart failure and narrow QRS.

Software enhancement of breast MRI scans help radiologists reduce false positives
Using commercially available software to enhance breast scans done by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) reduces the number of false positive identifications of malignant tumors and the subsequent need for biopsies, according to a new study.

UGA and Mexican universities focus on production of biofuels in the agricultural sector
The University of Georgia and Mexico's livestock industry have formed a new research partnership to share expertise in generating fuels from waste materials.

New compound effectively treats fungal infections
A new mechanism to attack hard-to-treat fungal infections has been revealed by scientists from the biotech company Anacor Pharmaceuticals Inc., California, and the European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL) outstation in Grenoble, France.

Marker predicts pancreatic cancer outcome after surgery, Jefferson surgeon finds
A team of researchers, led by surgeons at the Kimmel Cancer Center at Jefferson in Philadelphia, has found further evidence supporting the ability of a protein to predict how well a patient with advanced pancreatic cancer will do after surgery, chemotherapy and radiation.

Modified mushrooms may yield human drugs
Mushrooms might serve as biofactories for the production of various beneficial human drugs, according to plant pathologists who have inserted new genes into mushrooms.

Lancet study shows gene therapy for Parkinson's disease is safe and some patients benefit
Safe gene therapy may be effective staving off worsening Parkinson's.

New vaccine prevents CMV infection and disease in mice
Researchers at the University of California, San Diego Skaggs School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences have patented a strategy for developing a human vaccine to prevent against Human Cytomegalovirus (hCMV) infection and disease.

The BBVA Foundation funds the attachment of six leading specialists to Spanish research centers
In this first edition the BBVA Foundation has awarded six Biomedicine Chairs, three for basic research and three for clinical research, each one financed with 200,000 euros.

Targeting key proteins of carcinogenesis
The cell labels the proteins it wants to dispose with Ubiquitin (Ub).

Taking animals out of laboratory research
Pioneering work to reduce the use of animals in scientific research -- and ultimately remove them from laboratories altogether -- has received a major boost at The University of Nottingham.

Moon jobs will tax mental health of workers
Depression, anxiety, and low productivity will characterize the lunar jobs of tomorrow, says Rutgers-Camden HR scholar.

New nanomethod may help compress computer memory
A team of chemists at Brown University has devised a simple way to control both the size and the composition of iron-platinum nanorods and nanowires.

St. Jude study shows genes play an unexpected role in their own activation
Investigators at St. Jude Children's Research Hospital have discovered how a single molecular

18-year-old Singaporean student to present stem cell research paper at conferences in US and UK
Eighteen-year old Nicholas Tan Xue-Wei of Singapore is presenting stem cell research data at two intenational conferences.

The BBVA Foundation commits 2.4 million euros to research in Ecology and Conservation Biology
The BBVA Foundation approves funding for 12 major research projects in Ecology and Conservation Biology, with a total allocation of 2.4 million euros.

Dead on target
Researchers at the University of Michigan have devised dendrimer nanoparticle systems which are able to seek out and specifically bind to cancer cells.

International Public Health Network awards grants to projects in 5 nations
The International Association of National Public Health Institutes, has awarded its first short- and mid-term technical assistance grants to public health institutes in five nations.

CERN announces new start-up schedule for world's most powerful particle accelerator
Speaking at the 142nd session of the CERN Council today, the Organization's Director General Robert Aymar announced that the Large Hadron Collider will start up in May 2008, taking the first steps towards studying physics at a new high-energy frontier.

2 MSU professors spearhead international water project
Two MSU professors are leading an international partnership of environmental engineers and scientists from four research universities, including U.S., to purify the world's waters.

Neuroblastoma expert reviews progress and challenges in fighting difficult pediatric cancer
A world leader in neuroblastoma research describes the current status of treatments and trends in fighting this challenging disease, which accounts for 7 percent of all childhood cancers, but 15 percent of childhood cancer deaths.

DIY anti-satellite system
Satellite tracking software freely available on the Internet and some textbook physics could be used by any organization that can get hold of an intermediate range rocket to mount an unsophisticated attack on military or civilian satellites.

Alzheimer's drug based on Purdue -- designed inhibitor begins clinical trials
A drug based on the design of a Purdue University researcher to treat Alzheimer's disease began the first phase of human clinical trials this week.

Montana State University to host international conference on light, color in nature
Approximately 45 scientists from the United States, Canada, Finland, Denmark, Switzerland, Germany, England and Spain will gather in Bozeman, Mont., June 25 through 29 to discuss the latest findings on light and color in nature.

FDA approves Novartis Consumer Health Inc.'s over-the-counter THRIVE gum for cessation of smoking
Thrive (Nicotine Polacrilex Gum USP) 2mg and Thrive 4mg have been approved by the US Food and Drug Administration to help smokers quit smoking in 12 weeks.
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