Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

June 26, 2007
Chronic conditions in children will pose future health and welfare challenges
The increased incidence of chronic conditions among American children predicts serious strains on health care and social welfare systems in the future, caution investigators from Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard School of Public Health.

Community Oncology explores pitched debate over anemia-fighting drugs
The June issue of Elsevier's Community Oncology takes an in-depth look at the charge that ESAs, generally considered vital to cancer patients' quality of life, are overprescribed for profit.

New research spares children the pain of the needle
Children suffering from pneumonia could be spared the pain of the doctor's needle, thanks to new research funded by the British Lung Foundation.

Cord blood may preserve insulin levels in children with type 1 diabetes
It is feasible to use a patient's own cord blood stem cells to neutralize the body's autoimmune attack on the pancreas and help restore the organ's ability to make insulin, University of Florida researchers have discovered.

Children with serious complex illness more likely than before to die at home than in the hospital
Children who die of a chronic illness are more likely to spend their final days at home compared to children who died two decades ago.

Ultrasound proves safe alternative to biopsy in some breast masses
Researchers have reported that breast masses shown on ultrasound that are diagnosed as

More than just bare bones -- New research suggests emotions can affect recovery from hip surgery
A patient's emotional state plays a significant role in his or her recovery from hip surgery, suggests Saint Louis University research published this month.

Story ideas from Molecular & Cellular Proteomics
Story ideas from the June 2007 issue of Molecular & Cellular Proteomics include the first large-scale identification of the proteins involved in coronary heart disease, ways to improve colorectal and esophageal cancer treatments, and a new and easy way to look at how proteins interact with one another.

Bisphosphonate treatment is associated with jaw bone problems
Patients treated with intravenous bisphosphonates are at an increased risk of jaw or facial bone deterioration or infection, according to a study published online June 26 in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.

More than 80 percent of patients manage to stop discomfort from tinnitus and can lead a normal life
Dr. Heitzmann from the University Hospital of Navarra has recommended TRT treatment -- based on the neurophysiological model -- for those suffering from tinnitus.

Business and ethics -- mutually exclusive?
Corporations are under fire. Hardly a day goes by that executive conduct doesn't appear as a topic in the media.

ORNL-led team wins DOE bioenergy center
A team led by Oak Ridge National Laboratory has won a bid from the Department of Energy for a $125 million bioenergy research center that will seek new ways to produce biofuels.

News tips from ACS Chemical Biology
Highlights from the American Chemical Society journal, ACS Chemical Biology, are now available on EurekAlert!.

UGA scientists receive $20M in federal bioenergy initiative
Scientists at the University of Georgia teamed with researchers at major universities, national research laboratories and industry colleagues to win a bid from the Department of Energy for a $125 million bioenergy research center that will seek new ways to produce biofuels.

Childhood cancer survivors at increased risk of severe health problems as adults
A substantial proportion of childhood cancer survivors experience serious health problems as young adults, particularly those who received radiation treatment, according to a study in the June 27 issue of JAMA, a theme issue on chronic diseases of children.

Carnegie Mellon U. chemists advance organic semiconductor processing
Any machinist will tell you that a little grease goes a long way toward making a tool work better.

Transparent transistors to bring future displays, 'e-paper'
Researchers have used nanotechnology to create transparent transistors and circuits, a step that promises a broad range of applications, from e-paper and flexible color screens for consumer electronics to

Energy department selects 3 Bioenergy Research Centers for $375 million in federal funding
The Department of Energy has selected three new Bioenergy Research Centers that will be located in Oak Ridge, Tennessee; Madison, Wisconsin; and near Berkeley, California.

University Hospitals receives full accreditation from human research protection programs
A national nonprofit association seeking to raise the standards of protection for medical research participants has given full accreditation to University Hospitals Case Medical Center.

Several tons of uranium and a town called Colonie
Recent research by the Department of Geology at University of Leicester, and at the British Geological Survey aims to improve understanding of how depleted uranium particulate behaves in the environment.

Greenhouse gas burial
Deep coal seams that are not commercially viable for coal production could be used for permanent underground storage of carbon dioxide (CO2) generated by human activities, thus avoiding atmospheric release, according to two studies published in Inderscience's International Journal of Environment and Pollution.

UC Davis is partner in new $125 million federal bioenergy research center
UC Davis researchers who are experts at turning plants into energy for transportation, buildings and industry will be partners in a new $125 million federal bioenergy research center, the US Department of Energy announced this morning.

Adding folic acid to bread could help in the fight against depression
A unique study by researchers at the University of York and Hull York Medical School has confirmed a link between depression and low levels of folate, a vitamin which comes from vegetables.

First European Multidisciplinary Meeting on Urological Cancers
A unique meeting will be held from Nov. 2-4, 2007 in Barcelona: the 1st European Multidisciplinary Meeting on Urological Cancers

Drugs used to fight cancer-related bone problems boost odds of jaw- or face-bone disease
Treatment with intravenous bisphosphonates -- drugs used to reduce harm done to bones by cancer or cancer therapy -- increases the risk of jaw or facial bone disease or infection, a large-scale comparative study by researchers at the University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston has found.

Weizmann scientists discover a new line of communication between nervous system cells
Scientists have now provided a vital insight into the mechanism by which glial cells recognize and myelinate axons -- a discovery that may aid in restoring the normal function of the affected nerve fibers.

First study transplanting angina patients' purified stem cells shows safety and symptom relief
The first U.S. study to transplant a potent form of purified adult stem cells into the heart muscle of patients with severe angina provided evidence that the procedure is safe and produced a reduction in angina pain as well as improved functioning in patients' daily lives, reports Northwestern University.

Nepalese researchers identify cost-effective treatment for drug-resistant typhoid
New research carried out by researchers in Nepal has shown that a new and affordable drug, Gatifloxacin, may be more effective at treating typhoid fever than the drug currently recommended by the World Health Organization.

A new system for collaboration in cell communication
Investigators from the Institute of Research in Biomedicine have identified a new signalling mechanism among cells in the fruit fly, Drosophila melanogaster.

$125 million bioenergy initiative powered by Midwest ag industry, MSU research
Renewable energy for American industry is at the root of a major Midwest research center funded by the largest federal grant exclusively for research endeavors in Michigan State University's history, it was announced today.

How fish punish 'queue jumpers'
Fish use the threat of punishment to keep would-be jumpers in the mating queue firmly in line and the social order stable, a new study led by Australian marine scientists has found.

Double honors for diabetes researchers
Two University of Manchester scientists have been awarded international prizes for their research into the peripheral nerve damage suffered by people with diabetes.

Other highlights in JNCI, June 26
Also in the June 26 JNCI are a study of sexual function in men taking a potential prostate cancer prevention drug, a review of the use surrogate endpoint in clinical cancer research, and a more efficient clinical trial design for testing targeted drugs.

How can I stop smoking? The Cochrane Library has evidence that can help
Acupuncture? Nicotine patches? Telephone therapy? Antidepressants? Cognitive behavioural therapy? Which work?

Inaugural IBM Blue Gene/P system to expand Argonne leadership-class computing facility
Argonne National Laboratory, IBM and the US Department of Energy Office of Science announced today that IBM will soon be shipping its first external Blue Gene/P system to the Argonne Leadership Computing Facility.

UCLA's Christopher Russell leads NASA's Dawn Mission, set for July 7 launch
Christopher Russell, UCLA professor of geophysics and space physics, is principal investigator on NASA's Dawn mission to the doughnut-shaped asteroid belt between Mars and Jupiter.

Frog molecule could provide drug treatment for brain tumors
A synthetic version of a molecule found in the egg cells of the Northern Leopard frog (Rana pipiens) could provide the world with the first drug treatment for brain tumors.

Biotech breakthrough could end biodiesel's glycerin glut
With U.S. biodiesel production at an all-time high and a record number of new biodiesel plants under construction, the industry is facing an impending crisis over its major waste byproduct, glycerin.

NASA'S Swift sees double supernova in galaxy
In just the past six weeks, two supernovae have flared up in an obscure galaxy in the constellation Hercules.

Weight management program cuts diabetes risk, improves BMI in overweight children
A family-based weight management program developed by researchers at Yale School of Medicine was more effective at reducing weight, body fat, body mass index and insulin sensitivity than traditional clinic-based weight counseling.

Increasing physical activity with a little boost
Personalized programs that provide feedback and motivation through mail or phone counseling offer a cost-effective way to promote healthy behaviors, such as exercise.

News tips from the Journal of Neuroscience
The following articles are featured in the upcoming issue of the Journal of Neuroscience:

Cancer research specialist and HSPH professor awarded Medal of Honor from WHO cancer agency
Dimitrios Trichopoulos, Vincent L. Gregory professor of Cancer Prevention at the Harvard School of Public Health, was one of three recipients of a medal of honor from the International Agency for Research on Cancer, part of the World Health Organization.

Sweden's early baby boom provides lessons for US
Sweden is known for its high quality care for older adults.

NASA's new gamma ray satellite currently lodging in a comfortable 'clean room'
NASA's gamma ray large area telescope awaits its launch in December this year and is currently living in a

Study: the price of recreation goods affects how much time American men spend at work
When we enjoy recreation, our time is combined with goods and services such as sporting equipment or admission fees.

A small leak will sink a great ship
New insights into the function of microRNAs in plants: abolishing a microRNA converts petals to stamens.

Nanoparticles carry chemotherapy drug deeper into solid tumors
A new drug delivery method using nanosized molecules to carry the chemotherapy drug doxorubicin to tumors improves the effectiveness of the drug in mice and increases their survival time, according to a study published online June 26 in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.

Weight management program improves body fat levels, diabetes risk factors for overweight children
Children who participated in a family-based weight management program designed for inner-city minority children had better outcomes regarding weight gain, body fat, body mass index (BMI) and insulin sensitivity compared to children who received traditional weight counseling in a clinic, according to a study in the June 27 issue of JAMA, a theme issue on chronic diseases of children.

Place of death shifting for children with complex chronic conditions
It is becoming more common for children with complex chronic conditions to die in their home than in a hospital, although black and Hispanic children with these conditions are less likely to die in their home, according to a study in the June 27 issue of JAMA, a theme issue on chronic diseases of children.

Emergency department guidelines enhance quality patient care
Defining what constitutes quality care -- especially in a large, urban hospital -- isn't easy.

MIT tool determines landslide risk in tropics
Engineers at MIT have devised a simple yet effective system for determining an area's landslide risk, a tool that could help planners improve building codes, determine zoning and strengthen mitigation measures in mountainous tropical regions frequently hit by typhoons.

Psychiatric Genomics Center established at Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory
Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory has received one of the largest gifts in its history from Theodore and Vada Stanley to establish the Stanley Center for Psychiatric Genomics on its Long Island campus.

Why do power couples migrate to metropolitan areas? Actually, they don't
More than half of all

Among youth in US, whites have highest incidence of diabetes
Non-Hispanic white youth have the highest rate of diabetes of all racial/ethnic groups for children in the US, with type 1 being the predominant kind of diabetes among youth, according to a study in the June 27 issue of JAMA, a theme issue on chronic diseases of children.

Gene deficiency is a protective barrier to obesity
A search for the molecular clues of longevity has taken Mayo Clinic researchers down another path that could explain why some people who consume excessive calories don't gain weight.

Gene variant increases risk for alcoholism following childhood abuse
Girls who suffered childhood sexual abuse are more likely to develop alcoholism later in life if they possess a particular variant of a gene involved in the body's response to stress, according to a new study led by researchers at the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, part of the National Institutes of Health.

Too little scope for development in today's aircraft technology
New technology can do much to improve certain aspects of aviation in terms of sustainable development over the next fifty years, but this will be nowhere near enough to compensate for the expected growth in air travel.

University of Arizona launches major scientific research initiative at Biosphere 2
The University of Arizona today announces a major new scientific initiative to tackle the grand challenges facing science and society, including global climate change, the fate of water and how energy travels through Earth's ecosystems.

Sentinel lymph node biopsy is associated with breast cancer rates
The incidence of some early stage metastatic breast cancers is increasing, but this finding is likely explained by changes in clinical practice, according to a study published online June 26 in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.

New reovirus isolated
In a collaboration with Malaysian scientists, Australia's premier scientific research agency, the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization has discovered a new reovirus which can be transmitted from bats to humans.
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