Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

June 29, 2007
Alcohol abuse is in the genes
Researchers state that

Common preterm labor drug has more side effects than alternative
The drug most commonly used to arrest preterm labor, magnesium sulfate, is more likely than another common treatment to cause mild to serious side effects in pregnant women, according to a study from researchers at Lucile Packard Children's Hospital and Stanford University School of Medicine.

Raveché to address Fortune Conference: 'Thinkers of Tech,' July 12-13
Stevens Institute of Technology's President Harold J. Raveché will join a select group of leaders and innovators, who will come together to share the ideas they consider the

Key to male infertility
A factor in immune cells regulates human semen.

Angioplasty procedure has potential to damage kidneys, research shows
The most common procedure for clearing blocked kidney arteries can also release thousands of tiny particles into the bloodstream that can impair kidney function, according to researchers from Wake Forest University Baptist Medical Center and colleagues.

Workers in no-smoking restaurants show lower carcinogen levels
A new study compares the level of a tobacco-specific carcinogen in nonsmokers who work in restaurants that allow smoking with that of employees in restaurants that ban it.

Mayo Clinic-led study improves breast cancer risk prediction in women with atypia
Women with at least three sites of cellular atypia in breast tissue are nearly eight times more likely than average women to develop breast cancer, according to findings of a Mayo Clinic Cancer Center-led study of women with atypical hyperplasia.

July GEOLOGY and GSA TODAY media highlights
Topics include: New insights into dynamics of seafloor spreading; Erosion of Alaska's Arctic coast; A challenge to hypothesized glaciation in the mid-Cretaceous; Evidence of vegetation causing erosion rather than preventing it; A case for a Hadeon ocean; and Dating of Earth's earliest and largest global carbon cycle imbalance.

AGU Journal Highlights -- June 29, 2007
In this issue: Reversed water mass trends in North Atlantic; China's solar radiation varies under cloud-free skies; Ultraviolet penetrates deep into southeast Pacific; 2006 Java tsunami's extreme run-up; Lack of see-saw response to Southern Ocean wind reduction; Water dimer absorption heats atmosphere; Recent earthquake illuminates 1755 Lisbon tsunami quake; Nonmigrating atmospheric tides in ionosphere; Wind-driven countercurrent off Iberian Peninsula; Thermodynamics approach to ocean circulation; Detecting magnetic-grain dissolution in sediments; and Desert dust reduces mountain snow cover duration.

Field school explores 19th Century digs
About 250 years before Daniel Massey built his farm house in Huntingdon County, Pennsylvania, his great-grandfather came to the New World as an indentured servant.

PNW Research Station's accomplishment report receives international accolades
This week, the Pacific Northwest Research Station learned that its 2005 Science Accomplishments Report received an award of

Surgeons say minimally invasive lung surgery should be standard care
Major US academic medical centers can successfully -- and safely -- integrate minimally invasive lung surgery into their training programs with a standardized, step-by-step plan, according to University of Cincinnati thoracic surgeons.

Kalyon elected Fellow of American Institute of Chemical Engineers
The American Institute of Chemical Engineers honored the accomplishments of 16 of its most illustrious members, including Dr.

Hikers could die from AMS: Prevention awareness needs to increase
Acute mountain sickness affects almost half of those ascending to heights over 3,000 meters and may lead to life-threatening complications such as pulmonary or cerebral edema.

Shire announces filing of VYVANSE for treatment of ADHD in adults
Shire plc announced today that it has submitted a supplemental New Drug Application to the US FDA for VYVANSE for the treatment of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder in adults.

More than 80 percent of NYC restaurants now using fry oils with 0 grams trans fat
Facing a July 1 deadline, most restaurants have already eliminated artificial trans fat in oils used for frying, a new Health Department survey shows.

Anti-gay hate crimes widespread
Nearly four in 10 gay men and about one in eight lesbians and bisexuals in the United States have been the target of violence or a property crime because of their sexual orientation, according to a new study by University of California, Davis psychology professor Gregory Herek.

Survivors of rare ovarian cancer retain fertility, have positive relationships, study finds
Ovarian germ cell tumor patients treated with platinum-based chemotherapy and fertility-sparing surgery are likely to retain their menstrual function and reproductive ability, according to the largest and most comprehensive survey of survivors ever conducted.

Undifferentiated networks would require significant extra capacity
A new study by researchers at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, AT&T Labs and the University of Nevada, Reno, suggests that an Internet where all traffic is treated identically would require significantly more capacity than one in which differentiated services are offered.

Modern brains have an ancient core
Researchers from the European Molecular Biology Laboratory now reveal that the hypothalamus and its hormones are not purely vertebrate inventions, but have their evolutionary roots in marine, worm-like ancestors.

Smoking interferes with thinking and memory in recovering alcoholics
After six to nine months of abstinence from alcohol, recovering alcoholics who were also chronic smokers showed a significantly lower rate of improvement in tests of memory, reasoning, judgment and visual/spatial coordination than non-smoking recovering alcoholics in a study conducted by researchers at the San Francisco VA Medical Center.

US Senate Appropriations Committee approves funding for National Research Center at CNSE
The College of Nanoscale Science and Engineering of the University at Albany announced that Senator Charles Schumer, in partnership with Senator Hillary Clinton, has secured $1 million in funding in the Senate Appropriations Committee to create a new national nanotechnology research center through a partnership between the National Institute for Science and Technology and CNSE.

Discovery could help bring down price of DNA sequencing
One promising method for speeding up DNA sequencing is nanopore sequencing.

NASA satellite captures first view of 'night-shining' clouds
A NASA satellite has captured the first occurrence this summer of mysterious iridescent polar clouds that form 50 miles above Earth's surface.

Cloned pigs help scientists towards a breakthrough in Alzheimer's
The first pigs containing genes responsible for Alzheimer's disease will be born in Denmark in August.
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