Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

July 17, 2007
New particle explains odd behavior in cuprate superconductors
New fundamental particles aren't found only at Fermilab and at other particle accelerators.

Exceeding '5/day' guide for veggie, fruit intake doesn't reduce chance of breast cancer recurrence
Eating double the amount of veggies and fruits recommended by general dietary guidelines doesn't reduce the likelihood of breast cancer recurrence among women whose cancers were treated at an early stage of the disease, says a researcher at the Stanford University School of Medicine.

Device helps physically disabled turn on computer
A large percentage of persons with disabilities that have little or no use of their hands have difficulty turning a computer on and off.

UT and Atom Sciences Collaborate on NIH grant to develop test for major african disease
A new grant from the National Institutes of Health will help researchers at Atom Sciences and the University of Tennessee, better understand how people in rural Africa contract a deadly disease known as Buruli ulcer.

New study examines effectiveness of tailored health messages
In a newly published Journal of Experimental Social Psychology article, Dr.

Bull's-eye -- Programs targeting math, science teacher shortage may get boost
Targeting the math and science teacher shortage, the National Math and Science Initiative (NMSI) has invited the University of Houston to take aim at winning up to $2.4 million to foster the next generation of teachers in these areas.

University of Colorado licenses two influenza virus detection discoveries to Quidel Corp.
The University of Colorado's Technology Transfer Office has executed two licenses with Quidel Corporation of San Diego, CA, a leading provider of rapid point-of-care (POC) diagnostic tests.

Beyond A.I. -- Creating the Conscience of the Machine
In the new book,

Decoding mushroom's secrets could combat carbon, find better biofuels and safer soils
Researchers at the University of Warwick are co-ordinating a global effort to sequence the genome of one of the world's most important mushrooms -- Agaricus bisporus.

Research study describes the role part of the brain plays in memory
A research with experimental rats carried out by the Institute of Neuroscience of the UAB describes the brain region connected to how our declarative memory functions.

When the war comes home
During APsaA's recent annual meeting held in Denver from June 20-24, the members of the association issued a positions statement,

Foxes get frisky in the far north
A team of researchers from the University of Alberta in Edmonton and the University of Quebec at Rimouski has gathered DNA evidence from adult foxes and their offspring, that proves that some arctic foxes are mixing it up when it comes to mating.

Rosiglitazone for type 2 diabetes -- concern over side effects
New studies are needed to assess the trade-offs between potential benefits and potential harms when rosiglitazone is used by people with type 2 diabetes.

Better sleep may put Huntington's disease sufferers back on track
Mice carrying the genetic mutation that causes Huntington's disease (HD) showed marked improvements in alertness and their ability to learn after they were given drugs that put them to sleep.

Carnegie's Mark Phillips to share Gruber Prize for Cosmology
Carnegie astronomer Mark Phillips will share the 2007 Cosmology Prize of the Peter and Patricia Gruber Foundation for his role in discovering that the universe is expanding at an accelerating rate.

Progress in infectious disease surveillance but gaps remain, says Mailman School of Public Health
Although considerable progress has been made in global infectious disease surveillance, few scientists are optimistic that an effective early warning system is in place, and many gaps remain, according to researchers at Columbia's Mailman School of Public Health.

Diet very high in fruit, vegetables does not appear to reduce risk of breast cancer recurrence
Women with early stage breast cancer who adopted a diet very high in vegetables, fruit and fiber and low in fat did not have a lower risk of breast cancer recurrence compared to women who followed a diet of five or more servings a day of fruit and vegetables (the

Fedoroff, of Penn State, to receive National Medal of Science
Nina V. Fedoroff, of Penn State University, is one of eight scientists named today by President Bush to receive the 2006 National Medal of Science, the nation's highest award for lifetime achievement in scientific research.

Reducing smoking -- mixed messages and poor markers
Some people are unwilling or unable to stop smoking, but are prepared to try and reduce the numbers of cigarettes they smoke each day.

New ink sampling technique taking a bite of out time
Primetime crime drama meets reality in forensic research taking place at the Midwest Forensics Resource Center at Iowa State University.

Commentary highlights impact of food-cancer drug interactions
A commentary in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, urges researchers to explore an intriguing approach to reduce the dose and therefore the cost, of oral targeted cancer therapies.

Study estimates cancer risk from radiation exposure during cardiac CT scans
An analysis based on computerized simulation models suggests that the lifetime risk of cancer associated with radiation exposure from a computed tomography (CT scan) coronary angiography varies widely, with the risk greater for women and younger patients, according to a study in the July 18 issue of JAMA.

Nonsmall cell lung cancer -- chemotherapy before surgery appears better than surgery alone
Combining pre-operative chemotherapy and surgery increases the average chance of survival at five years by approximately 6 percent compared with surgery alone.

Monkeys don't go for easy pickings
Animals' natural foraging decisions give an insight into their cognitive abilities, and primates do not automatically choose the easy option.

Gruber Cosmology Prize awarded to discoverers of dark energy
The 2007 Gruber Cosmology Prize has been awarded jointly to Saul Perlmutter of the Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and the University of California at Berkeley, Brian Schmidt of the Australian National University, and members of the two international teams that these researchers led in discovering the accelerating expansion of the universe -- the Supernova Cosmology Project and the High-Z Supernova Search Team.

Rapid-acting insulin analogues in diabetes mellitus type 1 -- superiority not proven
There is currently no evidence available of a superiority of rapid-acting insulin analogues over human insulin in the treatment of adult patients with diabetes mellitus type 1.

Case Comprehensive Cancer Center receives $25.5 million award and 'outstanding' rating
The Case Comprehensive Cancer Center has been awarded $25.5 million by the National Cancer Institute for continued cancer research and expanded clinical trials.

Vitamin C offers little protection against colds
Unless you run marathons, you probably won't get much protection from common colds by taking a daily supplemental dose of vitamin C, according to an updated review of 30 studies.

Implanon, Norplant and Jadelle are all effective contraceptives -- but side effects vary
A Cochrane Systematic Review that set out to assess the effectiveness and tolerability of subdermal implantable contraceptives compared to other reversible methods of contraception found that they were all good at preventing pregnancy.

UCLA researchers show that culture influences brain cells
The brain's mirror neuron network responds differently depending on whether we are looking at someone who shares our culture, or someone who doesn't.

Asthma: A short course of steroids reduces relapse
Giving patients a short course of corticosteroids after they have been discharged from hospital for an asthma attack reduces the chances of a relapse, a Cochrane systematic review has found.

Prevention programs in school might help kids recognize abuse
School-based sexual abuse prevention programs can teach children to recognize mistreatment and might increase self-protective behaviors, according to a new review of studies.

2007-2008 Genzyme/ACMGF Clinical Genetics Fellowship In Biochemical Genetics award winner announced
T. Andrew Burrow, M.D. of Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center was honored as the 2007-2008 recipient of the Genzyme/ACMGF Clinical Genetics Fellowship in Biochemical Genetics at the ACMG 2007 Annual Clinical Genetics Meeting in Nashville, Tenn.

University of Pennsylvania engineers discover natural 'workbench' for nanoscale construction
Engineers at the University of Pennsylvania have taken a step toward simplifying the creation of nanostructures by identifying the first inorganic material to phase separate with near-perfect order at the nanometer scale.

Orthodontic treatment -- no better in childhood than during adolescence
By analyzing data from eight trials involving a total of 592 patients, a group of Cochrane Researchers concluded that two-stage orthodontic therapy (in childhood and then in adolescence) does not appear to have any advantages over one phase treatment.

Quitting smoking -- a time in hospital can be a good time to start
For many people, going in to hospital provides an opportunity to stop smoking.

Quitting with rimonabant -- 20 mg dose can help, and can prevent weight gain
Using selective cannabinoid 1 receptor antagonists such as rimonabant at a dose of 20 mg per day can help people quit smoking, can help them to remain abstinent, and can help prevent the weight gain that so often accompanies attempts at stopping smoking.

Keck Foundation donates $1.5 million to the Large Synoptic Survey Telescope
The W.M. Keck Foundation has announced a gift of $1.5 million to the Large Synoptic Survey Telescope.

Erectile dysfunction -- group psychotherapy can help
Taking part in group psychotherapy can help men who have erectile dysfunction to overcome their problem, and adding sildenafil to group therapy was more effective that sildenafil alone.

Increasing vegetables and fruits beyond guidelines not necessary for breast cancer survivors
Eating a diet very high in vegetables, fruit and fiber and low in fat did not reduce breast cancer recurrence or death in early stage breast cancer survivors, according to a new study.

News tips from the Journal of Neuroscience
In this issue: BMP signaling and synaptic plasticity, Reducing oligodendrocyte apoptosis after spinal cord injury, News for the left-handed, and The benefits of sleep in a mouse model of HD.

Protecting HIV patients from Hepatitis B virus
As it is not quite clear how HIV patients that don't respond to the HBV vaccine should be managed, new research from the University of Alberta has evaluated the immune response of HBV vaccine given intradermally (into the skin) in HIV-infected individuals who failed to respond to two cycles of HBV vaccine given intramuscularly (into the muscle).

Increase in creeping vines signals major shift in southern US forests
A new study of bottomland hardwood forests in the southeastern United States suggests that the increased growth of vines may change the landscape of these forests.

Disease-free mosquito bred to disease-carrier can have all disease-free progeny
Researchers from Virginia Tech and the University of California Irvine have demonstrated the ability to express a foreign gene exclusively in the female mosquito germline, a necessary prerequisite to future genetic control strategies in mosquitoes where all progeny of lab and wild mosquitoes will have the gene that blocks virus replication -- or whatever trait has been introduced into the lab mosquitoes.

Obesity: Lentils better than white bread for dieting
You have a greater possibility of losing weight if you eat a diet that is high in foods like lentils that release energy slowly once they have been consumed, rather than one that is high in foods that rapidly release sugar into the blood stream such as white bread, a Cochrane systematic review has concluded.

Gruber Prize awarded for discovery of universe acceleration
Researchers at UC Berkeley and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory have been awarded the 2007 Gruber Cosmology Prize for their role in the seminal discovery that the expansion of the universe is accelerating.

Conservation Leadership Program announces 2007 awardees
The Conservation Leadership Program is proud to announce the winners of the 2007 Conservation Leadership Awards.

Interventions during hospital stays can help motivate smokers to quit
Hospitalized patients make a great captive audience for smoking cessation efforts, according to a new systematic review.

Ability to listen to 2 things at once is largely inherited, says twin study
Your ability to listen to two things at once is an important communication skill that's heavily influenced by your genes.

Stroke in nonvascular atrial fibrillation -- anti-coagulants better than anti-platelet therapy
The results of this Cochrane Systematic Review showed that anti-coagulants were more successful than anti-platelet therapies at reducing stroke.

Malaria -- Effective insecticide-repellent synergy against mosquito vectors
IRD researchers and their partners devised a new control strategy against Anopheles gambiae, Africa's principal malaria vector.

Measles vaccinations need to be repeated to protect HIV-infected children
HIV-infected children may require repeat measles vaccination for protection. Researchers found that only half of the HIV-infected children who survived without antiretroviral therapy maintained protective antibody levels 27 months after receiving measles vaccine.

Sequencing method yields fuller picture
Sequence data for both chromosomes, can be inferred under the right circumstances through a new statistical method developed by USC biologists.

A crazy result delivers $500,000 Gruber Cosmology Prize to 2 teams for the accelerating universe
Saul Perlmutter and Brian Schmidt and their teams: the Supernova Cosmology Project and the High-z Supernova Search Team, will receive the 2007 Gruber Cosmology Prize for their discovery that the expansion of the Universe is accelerating.

The UAB heads a European research project on proteases and pathological processes
A research group of the UAB Institute of Biotechnology and Biomedicine and the UAB Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, directed by Francesc Xavier Avil├ęs, is the coordinator of a European project aimed at studying proteases with fluorescent molecules that allow their monitoring in healthy and pathological situations.

CRESIB coordinates an international consortium to fight malaria caused by Plasmodium vivax
The CRESIB (Centre de Recerca en Salut Internacional de Barcelona, a Research Institute on International Health established in Barcelona) will put into operation a new research consortium on malaria caused by Plasmodium vivax, under the coordination of Dr.

Chronic rhinosinusitis -- washing nasal passages with saline can help
Spraying salty water (saline) into your nose can help reduce the symptoms of pain and congestion that accompany long-term infections of the nasal passages, a Cochrane systematic review has concluded.

New review adds more reasons to avoid diabetes drug Avandia
Little evidence supports using rosiglitazone (Avandia) to improve the quality or length of life among adults with diabetes, according to a systematic review of data by German researchers.

Adult type 2 diabetes -- poor information on diet, but exercise seems good
There are no high quality data to assess how well dietary treatments for type 2 diabetes work in people who have just been told they have the disease, but there is evidence that taking on exercise seems to be one way of improving blood sugar levels, according to the findings of a Cochrane Systematic Review.

Losing weight after pregnancy -- diet and exercise better than diet alone
Preliminary evidence suggests that a combination of dieting and exercise is a more effective way of losing weight after pregnancy than dieting alone, concludes a Cochrane systematic review.

Colposcopy: Playing music helps women relax
If a cervical smear test reveals abnormal cells the woman will be offered colposcopy, a technique that involves a doctor studying the cervix with a special microscope.

Flavonoids in orange juice make it a healthy drink, despite the sugar
Orange juice, despite its high caloric load of sugars, appears to be a healthy food for diabetics due to its mother lode of flavonoids, a study by endocrinologists at the University at Buffalo has shown.

Borlaug is golden
The man history will honor as the father of a

SMS your ECG to ER
A Bluetooth heart monitor could text your local hospital if you are about to have a heart attack, according to research published today in Inderscience's International Journal of Electronic Healthcare.

Case closed -- MIT gumshoes solve 'throbbing' oil mystery
Try this at home. Pour clean water onto a plate.

UIC researchers evaluate lithium for pediatric bipolar disorder
Researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago are participating in a national study to evaluate lithium for the treatment of bipolar disorder in children and adolescents.

In violent neighborhoods, adults too fearful to intervene with most young offenders
A study of young, violent criminals in New York City found that they used fear and intimidation to keep adults from interfering with their criminal activities.

High-definition laparoscopic cameras at Cedars-Sinai have clear advantages in telesurgery
Cedars-Sinai has placed the most advanced high-definition cameras in two of its state-of-the-art operating rooms that are equipped to transmit images and audio in real time around the world for educational purposes.

Universal flu vaccine being tested on humans
A universal influenza vaccine that has been pioneered by researchers from VIB and Ghent University is being tested for the first time on humans by the British-American biotech company Acambis.

High nonfasting triglyceride levels associated with increased risk for cardiovascular events
Results from two studies indicate that elevated nonfasting triglyceride levels are associated with cardiovascular events such as a heart attack, with one study finding that triglyceride levels measured after fasting does not show this association, according to studies in the July 18 issue of JAMA.

NY Stem Cell Foundation's 2nd Annual Translational Stem Cell Research Conference
The NY Stem Cell Foundation's 2nd annual Translational Stem Cell Research Conference, co-chaired by John Gearhart, Ph.D., director, Stem Cell Program, Institute for Cell Engineering, Johns Hopkins Medicine; Douglas Melton, Ph.D., co-director of the Harvard Stem Cell Institute; and Paul Nurse, Ph.D., president of the Rockefeller University will bring together the most prominent figures in human embryonic stem cell (hESC) research to present the latest breakthroughs in this revolutionary field of research.

Nerve impulses from primary motor cortex can cause movement even when person is unaware
A new study identified the areas of the brain involved in both voluntary and involuntary movement and found that neural activity was restricted to the primary motor cortex during the unconscious motor activity seen with AHS.

Study finds hereditary link to premenstrual depression
A specific genetic variation may be tied to an increased risk for severe premenstrual depression, scientists at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and the National Institute of Mental Health have found.

New research seeks to enhance alternative fuel integration in public vehicle fleets
Rochester Institute of Technology and the County of Monroe, New York have created a research partnership to assess the performance of the county's fleet of E85 flex-fuel vehicles.

Cardiac patches stimulate regeneration, improve function after heart attack
When human hearts are injured, as during a heart attack, healthy tissue normally can't regrow.
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