Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

July 20, 2007
Investigating the causes of Parkinson's disease
A University of Nottingham researcher has been awarded more than £440,000 by the Parkinson's Disease Society to investigate the causes of the condition.

Early behavior problems appear to lead to peer rejection and friendlessness
Rejection and lack of friends in elementary school has been linked to behavior problems in the early grades.

Evaluations aim to advance translation technology
Wartime military patrols and civilian encounters can be especially dangerous if neither group understands the other's language.

Children with intracranial ependymoma can avoid damage-causing radiotherapy
Use of chemotherapy to treat children with intracranial ependymoma avoids or delays the need for use of radiotherapy which can potentially cause serious damage to the child's nervous system, without compromising chances of survival.

Status of adolescent peer groups plays role in understanding groups influence on early teen behavior
Researchers found that the peer group a child belongs to has differential effects on deviant, aggressive, and prosocial behavior.

How do newcomers make changes in long-standing groups?
Virtually everyone who joins a new group is sensitive to the fact that, as a newcomer, he or she must tread carefully for a while, keeping a low profile until becoming sufficiently integrated into the group.

Adverse reactions of natural health products/drugs under-reported, study shows
The adverse effects of using prescription drugs side by side with natural health products (NHP) are being under-reported, so the potential risks may be underestimated by health-care professionals and the public.

Young children's defiance toward mothers may be part of health development
New results suggest that defiance toward their mothers when children are very young, may reflect confidence and early autonomy.

High school theater program helped strengthen adolescents' emotional development
A study conducted among adolescents in a high school theater program demonstrated how teens learned about how to employ positive emotions to motivate their work.

Researchers plumb mysteries of Antarctic Mountains
The 3,000-kilometer-long Transantarctic Mountains are a dominant feature of the Antarctic continent, yet up to now scientists have been unable to adequately explain how they formed.

Magnetic tape analysis 'sees' tampering in detail
The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) has developed an improved version of a real-time magnetic microscopy system that converts evidence of tampering on magnetic audio and video tapes -- erasing, overdubbing and other alterations -- into images with four times the resolution previously available.

By ice flow to the North Pole
At the end of August, an unusual expedition under Russian leadership will leave for the Arctic Ocean.

Better treatment for children with brain cancer
Young children diagnosed with a malignant type of brain tumor will benefit from research that has taken twelve years to complete.

Embedded computers research by Virginia Tech's Shukla attracts national attention
Sandeep Shukla's work in designing, analyzing and predicting the performance of electronic systems -- particularly embedded computers -- has drawn acclaim from the National Academies, the National Science Foundation and the White House.

DETER Workshop in Cyber Defense Experimentation will probe ways to safeguard the Internet
This workshop will address issues in the design and use of moderate-to-large scale network testbeds to conduct experiments on security topics such as worm propagation, infrastructure defense (e.g., defending the DNS and BGP routing), and denial of service defense.

NREL/Boeing Spectrolab team wins Research and Development Award
A solar cell produced by Boeing Spectrolab under a subcontract with the US Department of Energy's National Renewable Energy Laboratory is among this year's most significant innovations, as judged by Research & Development Magazine.

Art and music for the birds
Conceptual sculptor Elizabeth Demaray, an assistant professor of fine arts at Rutgers University -- Camden, is is giving birds a chance to rock out to human music.

Children's memory of long-ago events may be more accurate than previously thought
Research with 5- and 6-year olds indicates that children's memories can be accurate even when interviewed well after an event.

European Patent Office launches patent information service in Russia
On July 17, 2007, the European Patent Office and Rospatent (Russian Patent Office) marked the first step in a joint campaign to promote the use of patent information to stimulate competition, innovation and economic growth across Russia.

Groundbreaking research changing geological map of Canada
Geologists from the University of Alberta have found that portions of Canada collided a minimum of 500 million years earlier than previously thought.

One species, many genomes
Adaptation to the environment has a stronger effect on the genome than anticipated.

Yearly mammograms protect breast cancer survivors
Older women with breast cancer often receive less care than do younger ones.

Awards celebrating women and biotech brilliance
Through sponsorship of the Biotech Rising Star Award at the upcoming Women in Technology Gala Awards Dinner, Queensland Clinical Trials Network Inc. encourages the advancement of women in the biotechnology and technological industries.

Children's ability to describe past event develops over time
A study analyzing forensic interviews with 250 4- to 10-year old children found many age-related differences in children's recall of events experienced.

Carnegie Mellon's Hendrickson named honorary member
Charngie Mellon's Chris T. Hendrickson will be named an honorary member of the American Society of Civil Engineers at the 137th Annual Civil Engineering Conference.

New research provides hope for childhood cancer sufferers
Scientists investigating drug therapies for children with Acute Lymphoblastic Leukaemia (ALL) have presented new data demonstrating for the very first time that a small molecule called ABT-737 can increase the effectiveness of standard therapies.

Identified main genetic variants involved in response to HIV
An international collaboration between European, Australian and American researchers has unveiled some of the genetic mysteries explaining why some people naturally keep HIV levels almost undetectable, whereas others quickly lose control of the infection.

A sense of crisis is imperative for recycling efforts to work
A forthcoming paper in Historical Research argues that recycling can only ever succeed if a sense of crisis is linked to it.

Tech Transfer Law vital to maintain US edge, OHSU executive testifies
Oregon Health & Science University's director of technology and research collaborations told a congressional subcommittee this week that a more than quarter-century-old law that allows universities to patent inventions stemming from federally funded research and development has been instrumental in creating 260,000 jobs and contributing more than $40 billion annually to the US economy.

Vision and robotics -- A unique contribution from Sage and Springer
SAGE and Springer have launched a landmark joint-special issue between The International Journal of Robotics Research and International Journal of Computer Vision.

Health-care providers could help avert depression in fathers of children with fatal cancer
Adequately preparing parents, intellectually and emotionally, for the death of their child is associated with parents' future health, according to an article published online this week and in the Lancet Oncology special edition on paediatric oncology.

Wake Forest University launches 2 nanotechnology startup companies
Wake Forest University has launched two startup companies, FiberCell and PlexiLight, to turn breakthrough technologies developed at the university's Center for Nanotechnology and Molecular Materials into products for the commercial marketplace.

UCF, Holochip Corp. announce global licensing agreement for zoom lens patents
A UCF optics professor's patented research will lead to a portfolio of technologies that will allow zoom lenses, such as those used in digital cameras and camera phones, to be manufactured at a dramatically smaller size without compromising clarity.

Cancer research summaries
Individuals who receive blood transfusions from donors with undiagnosed cancers are at no higher risk of developing malignant disease than people who receive blood from donors without cancer, according to the results of a retrospective study published in the Lancet last month.

Improvement following ADHD treatment sustained in most children
Most children treated in a variety of ways for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder showed sustained improvement after three years, in a major follow-up study.

House backs taxpayer-funded research access
In what advocates hailed as a major advance for scientific communication, the US House of Representatives yesterday approved a measure directing the National Institutes of Health, to provide free public online access to agency-funded research findings within 12 months of their publication in a peer-reviewed journal.
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