Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

July 27, 2007
Trials underway for 'essential' new TB vaccine
Clinical trials are underway with the first new vaccine against TB in over 80 years.

Sexual problems of long-term cancer survivors merit more attention
Long-term female survivors of genital-tract cancer were pleased with their cancer care but not with the emotional support and information they received about the effects of the disease and treatment on their sexuality.

Prevent smoking to reduce risk of erectile dysfunction
Men who smoke cigarettes run an increased risk of experiencing erectile dysfunction, and the more cigarettes smoked, the greater the risk, according to a study by Tulane University researchers published in the American Journal of Epidemiology.

Nottingham biosciences million pound injection
Nottingham's strength as a UK Science City is further underlined today, with news that the Wellcome Trust, the UK's largest medical research charity, has awarded almost £1 million to an innovative biosciences company.

Nottingham center to help UK to meet its carbon targets
Cutting-edge technology that

St. Jude study solves mystery of mammalian ears
A 30-year scientific debate over how specialized cells in the inner ear amplify sound in mammals appears to have been settled more in favor of bouncing cell bodies rather than vibrating, hair-like cilia, according to investigators at St.

New research identifies anti-viral protein that may predict who might be at risk to develop lupus
Certain families produce higher levels of a specific molecule, called interferon-alpha, that primes the body's immune system to turn on, and in some cases initiate an autoimmune attack on itself, according to new research from Hospital for Special Surgery in New York City.

A new brake on cellular energy production discovered
A condition that has to be met for the body to be able to keep warm, move and even survive is that the mitochondria - the cells' power stations - release the right amounts of energy.

Mailman School of PH receives $23M to lead network evaluating cardiac interventions
The International Center for Health Outcomes and Innovation Research, a joint initiative of the Mailman School of Public Health and the Department of Surgery at Columbia's College of Physicians and Surgeons, has received a $23 million grant from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute to serve as the Data Coordinating Center for a newly established Cardiothoracic Surgery Investigations Network.

Shire's new ADHD medication, VYVANSE TM (lisdexamfetamine dimesylate) now available in US
Shire plc announces that VYVANSE TM (lisdexamfetamine dimesylate), a new once-daily medication approved to treat the ADHD symptoms of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, is now available in US pharmacies nationwide.

American Fed for Aging Research/Hartford Foundation award collaborative research grants
Five research teams will receive $400,000 each to collaborate on translational and multi-disciplinary research on aging.

Seawater intrusion is the first cause of contamination of coastal aquifers
About 60 percent of coastal aquifers are contaminated by seawater intrusion, a generalised phenomenon in 20 percent of cases.

Prenatal stress keeps infants, toddlers up at night, study says
Anxious or depressed mothers-to-be are at increased risk of having children who will experience sleep problems in infancy and toddlerhood, finds a study that published this month in Early Human Development.

Wild weather forces farmers to adapt
The development of cropping systems resilient to extreme climatic conditions, is a major challenge to farmers.

Floods and fires across Europe captured from space
Highlighting the extreme weather conditions hitting Europe, space sensors aboard ESA's Envisat satellite have detected the worst floodwaters to hit Britain for 60 years and deadly fires raging through southern Europe.

U-M scientist says Mars winds could pose challenges
Martian winds probably won't cause serious problems for NASA's upcoming Phoenix Mars Lander mission, but could complicate efforts to collect soil and ice at the landing site, according to University of Michigan atmospheric scientist Nilton Renno.

Two bacteria better than one in cellulose-fed fuel cell
No currently known bacteria that allow termites and cows to digest cellulose, can power a microbial fuel cell and those bacteria that can produce electrical current cannot eat cellulose.

Mailman School of PH 5th International Workshop on Aging Societies in Developing Countries
Developing countries are experiencing a continued increase in the relative number of older persons with many implications for their emerging public health policy area.

University hospitals wins multiple national IT awards for electronic patient data bank
University Hospitals in Cleveland has received two national information technology awards for its FirstGateways Physician Portal, an electronic data bank for UH clinicians system-wide, which acts as a one-stop haven for patient data.

Science steps in to discover wonders of Toe-tankhamun
An artificial big toe attached to the foot of an ancient Egyptian mummy could prove to be the world's earliest functional prosthetic body part, say scientists.

Diabetes drugs increase risk of heart failure, research shows
A class of drugs commonly used to treat type 2 diabetes may double the risk of heart failure, according to a new analysis by researchers at Wake Forest University School of Medicine and colleagues.

LSU professor works with international researchers to make quantum physics discovery
John F. DiTusa, professor of physics and astronomy at LSU, and his international colleagues have discovered an unusual magnetic material that behaves very differently from the average refrigerator magnet.

Family, research, funding
The compatibility of family and a career in science took center stage at the sixth annual meeting of young researchers who are funded by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft as part of the Emmy Noether Program.
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