Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

August 06, 2007
Taking a supplement of glycine helps prevent degenerative diseases such as arthrosis or osteoporosis
A doctoral thesis presented in the UGR has established that these diseases are due to a lack of this amino acid which is present in food such as fish, meat or dairy products.

UIC researchers to develop new drugs to fight bioterrorism
The University of Illinois at Chicago College of Pharmacy has received a grant from the US Department of Defense to develop new drugs to combat agents of bioterrorism.

Young children's taste preferences may be influenced by fast-food branding
Preschool children preferred the taste of foods and drinks in McDonald's packaging to the same foods and drinks in unbranded packaging, according to a report in the August issue of Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

UCF research links proteins, stem cells and potential Alzheimer's treatment
UCF researcher finds link between protein and stem cells, which may lead to a new way to treat Alzheimer's disease.

A pioneering study opens roads for tailor-made antidepressants
The study confirms the relation between a mutation in the serotonin transporter gene and exposure to threatening life events in depression.

UF, French scientists seek test to detect gene doping in athletes
An international research team aims to develop the ability to detect gene doping in performance-driven athletes.

World's largest respiratory health study launches next phase
The Tasmanian Longitudinal Health Study, the world's largest and longest running respiratory health research study, is launching a new research phase focussing on the 21,000 brothers and sisters of the original sample.

It's time to look at health risks in a new light, authors say
How should we interpret the daily flood of news reports on sometimes contradictory medical studies?

Can hemp help the everglades?
Within Southern Florida, soil and water conditions indicate potential for leaching from the use of atrazine-based herbicides in corn crops.

Monitoring influenza impact
Don Olson and colleagues report that influenza-related morbidity in New York City from 2001 to 2006 was highly age and strain-specific and conclude that surveillance using electronic data can provide timely and representative information about the epidemiology of circulating influenza viruses.

Iowa State researchers work to track North American climate change
Iowa State University researchers are part of an international project that will run computerized climate models to see how climate change may affect North America or even individual states.

Sports concussion research using fMRI provides insight for safe return-to-play decisions
Concussions are common in young athletes but the underlying changes in brain function that occur have been poorly understood.

Congressman McNulty secures funding for innovative nanoscale research effort at CNSE
The College of Nanoscale Science and Engineering of the University at Albany and the Arsenal Business and Technology Partnership announced today that Congressman Michael R.

Fourth EURYI Award brings 4 young top researchers to Germany
The fourth round of the European Young Investigator (EURYI) Award has once again shown how attractive Germany is for young scientists from all over the world.

Gene variant is associated with brain anatomy, clinical course of ADHD
A variant of the dopamine receptor gene may be associated with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and with thinner tissue in areas of the brain that handle attention, but also appears associated with better clinical outcomes among individuals with the disorder, according to a report in the August issue of Archives of General Psychiatry, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Not all embryonic stem cell lines are created equal
When it comes to generating neurons, researchers have found that not all embryonic stem cell lines are equal.

Quality of treatment guidelines
Practicing physicians are nowadays presented with official guidelines on the treatments they should give their patients.

Northeastern U researchers answer longstanding question in the field of condensed matter physics
Northeastern University Physics professor Sergey V. Kravchenko, along with colleagues Svetlana Anissimova (Northeastern University), A.

Highlights from August issue of BSSA
The following articles are highlighted in the upcoming issue of Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America:

Link identified between Alzheimer's disease and glaucoma
UK scientists have shown for the first time that key proteins involved in Alzheimer's disease are also implicated in glaucoma, the major cause of irreversible blindness worldwide.

UQ researchers discover some of the oldest forms of life
University of Queensland researchers have identified microbial remains in some of the oldest preserved organic matter on Earth, confirmed to be 3.5 billion years-old.

IUDs safe and effective in high-risk patients
Virginia Commonwealth University researchers have found that intrauterine devices are safe and effective in a population of women previously not considered as good candidates for this method of birth control.

Decision aid for diabetes
The following articles will be in the upcoming issue of PLoS Medicine.

Electrical implant steadies balance disorder in animals
Hearing and balance experts at Johns Hopkins report successful testing in animals of an electrical device that partly restores a damaged or impaired sense of balance.

Genetic analysis finds greater threat in frog-killing fungus
A new study led by UC Berkeley researchers suggests that a frog-killing fungus may be harder to fight because of the pathogen's ability to spread over long distances and possibly persist in the environment as a consequence of sexual reproduction.

ADHD appears to be associated with depressed dopamine activity in the brain
Adults with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder show a blunted response to the drug methylphenidate (Ritalin), which increases brain dopamine levels, according to a report in the August issue of Archives of General Psychiatry, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Old McDonald's has a hold on kids' taste buds, Stanford/Packard study finds
Asked to sample two identical foods from the fast-food giant McDonald's, children preferred the taste of the version branded with the restaurant's familiar

UC-San Diego computer scientists shed light on Internet scams
Computer scientists from UC-San Diego have found striking differences between the infrastructure used to distribute spam and the infrastructure used to host the online scams advertised in these unwanted email messages.

Anthrax bacterium's deadly secrets probed
New insights into why the bug that causes anthrax behaves in the unusual way that it does have come to light thanks to a development under the UK e-Science Program.

High blood pressure problems largely misunderstood by sufferers
The distrust of health-care providers shown by people with high blood pressure impedes effective treatment, as emphasized in a new study published in Journal of the American Academy of Nurse Practitioners.

New mechanism links smoking to lung damage
A poorly understood and previously unsuspected mechanism may be the key to understanding how life-style associated forms of oxidative stress, such as exposure to cigarette smoke, damage cells in the lungs.

Story tips from the US Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory, August 2007
The following stories are from the US Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory for August 2007.

Biologist traces coconut's history through DNA
The coconut has been popular in lore and on palates for centuries, yet little is known about the history of coconut's domestication and dispersal.

ACC/AHA release revised UA/NSTEMI guidelines
The American College of Cardiology and the American Heart Association have jointly released revised

Computer graphics spills from milk to medicine
A new UC San Diego computer graphics model capable of generating realistic milk images based on the fat and protein content will likely push the field of computer graphics into the realms of diagnostic medicine, food safety and atmospheric science, according to a new study.

American Chemical Society's Weekly PressPac -- Aug. 1, 2007
The American Chemical Society News Service Weekly Press Package with reports from 35 major peer-reviewed journals on chemistry, health, medicine, energy, environment, food, nanotechnology and other hot topics.

Monster galaxy pileup sighted
Four galaxies are slamming into each other and kicking up billions of stars in one of the largest cosmic smash-ups ever observed.

Green tea holds promise as new treatment for inflammatory skin diseases
Green tea could hold promise as a new treatment for skin disorders such as psoriasis and dandruff, Medical College of Georgia researchers say.

Genetic factors strongly shape how peers are chosen
As we develop, the company we keep may be increasingly influenced by our genes, according to a new study led by Virginia Commonwealth University researchers.

Why do some teens get more out of youth activities?
A University of Illinois study confirms what has long been thought about the benefits of organized youth activities: It's not enough to appear in the yearbook's Pep Club picture or show up for the really big games.

U of M report says early-childhood intervention improves well-being through young adulthood
Minority preschoolers from low-income families who participated in a comprehensive school-based intervention fared better educationally, socially and economically as they moved into young adulthood, according to a report by University of Minnesota professors Arthur Reynolds and Judy Temple.

Fat is the new normal, FSU researcher says
American women have gotten fatter as it has become more socially acceptable to carry a few extra pounds, according to a new study.

Backache sufferers who fear pain change movements
People who fear aggravating a backache will change the way they move to prevent more pain, a new study finds.

Study sees US retirement wealth up sharply by 2040
The average value of Americans' 401(k) plans will be substantially higher in real terms by the year 2040 even if stock market returns fall short of their historical values, according to new research by a team of economists from MIT, Harvard and Dartmouth.

Gene predicts better outcome as cortex normalizes in teens with ADHD
Brain areas that control attention were thinnest in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder who carried a particular version of a gene.

Locked in glaciers, ancient ice may return to life as glaciers melt
The DNA of ancient microorganisms, long frozen in glaciers, may return to life as the glaciers melt, according to a paper published online this week in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences by scientists at Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey, and Boston University.

Research team enlightens the reasons for severe blindness
Coordinated by the geneticist Ronald Roepman from Nijemegen, an important step has now been made in this direction by an international research team with the participation of the GSF-National Research Center for Environment and Health: They identified a further gene for the inherited retinal disease Leber Congenital Amaurosis and discovered first evidences how it functions.

Early-childhood intervention may improve well-being through young adulthood
Minority preschoolers from low-income families who participated in a comprehensive school-based intervention appear to fare better educationally, criminally and economically into young adulthood, according to a report in the August issue of Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Postpartum hospital discharges -- when is the 'right time?'
This landmark nationwide study is the first ever to prospectively examine the decision-making process of over 4,000 mothers and their physicians around the readiness of mothers and their infants to leave the hospital after childbirth and finds that 17 percent are unready.

New medical college study finds limited English proficiency, barrier to safe prescription use
An analysis of Milwaukee County pharmacies shows that about half don't provide prescription labels and instructions in languages other than English, and almost two-thirds are unable to communicate to patients who don't speak English.

In a first, Einstein scientists discover the dynamics of transcription in living mammalian cells
Transcription -- the transfer of DNA's genetic information through the synthesis of complementary molecules of messenger RNA -- forms the basis of all cellular activities.

Teamwork between 2 key proteins necessary for normal development and regulation of red blood cells
Virginia Commonwealth University researchers studying hemoglobin genes, mutations of which play a role in genetic blood disorders like sickle cell anemia and beta-thalassemia, have identified two proteins that are responsible for regulating overlapping groups of genes during the development of red blood cells.

New research finds high prevalence of smoking among physicians in China
In this first-of-its kind-study, researchers found that 23 percent of 3,552 hospital-based physicians surveyed were smokers, substantially higher than in the United States (3.3 percent), where the smoking prevalence in the general population is 20.9 percent, and the United Kingdom (6.8 percent), with 25 percent prevalence in the general population.

Researchers link metal ions to neurodegenerative disease
Researchers have defined for the first time how metal ions bind to amyloid fibrils in the brain in a way that appears toxic to neurons.

Maternal obesity prior to pregnancy associated with birth defects
Mothers of babies born with some structural birth defects -- including missing limbs, malformed hearts and underdeveloped spinal cords -- appear more likely to be obese prior to becoming pregnant than mothers whose children are born without such defects, according to a report in the August issue of Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Fine as North Dakota wine
Faux wine labels suggesting a wine was from either California or from North Dakota had a surprising impact far beyond the taste of the wine.

Promoting child safety with computers
Parents who receive safety information tailored to their family's specific circumstances are significantly more likely to follow safety recommendations compared to parents who receive general information.

Trial stops after stroke and mortality significantly reduced by blood
An international trial looking at the benefits of giving blood-pressure lowering medication to elderly patients has stopped early, after researchers observed significant reductions in overall mortality in those receiving treatment.

ASBMB taps 8 scientists and 1 politician for top awards
The American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology has announced the recipients of its annual awards competition.

Satellite tracking will help answer questions about penguin travels
University of Washington scientists plan to attach satellite tracking devices to the backs of six penguins then trace their movements using satellites and the Internet.

Annals of Internal Medicine tip sheet for Aug. 7, 2007, issue
In the Aug. 7, 2007 issue of Annals of Internal Medicine:

Nanoparticle technique could lead to improved semiconductors
Devices made from plastic semiconductors, like solar cells and light-emitting diodes, could be improved based on information gained using a new nanoparticle technique developed at the University of Texas at Austin.

RAND, Health Dialog form alliance to create tools to evaluate health-care quality and efficiency
The RAND Corp. and Health Dialog Services Corp. today announced an alliance that will entitle Health Dialog to exclusive, worldwide rights to integrate select RAND quality measures into its existing provider performance measurement tools and care management services.

Largest transiting extrasolar planet found around a distant star
A team of astronomers with the Transatlantic Exoplanet Survey today announce discovery of TrES-4, a new extrasolar planet in the constellation Hercules.

In women, caffeine may protect memory
Caffeine may help older women protect their thinking skills, according to a study published in the Aug.

Tipping points
Growing food and fiber entails the use of fertilizer and irrigation systems and results in land clearing.

Inhaled nitric oxide safe for tiny preemie lungs, UCSF study finds
A nationwide study led by researchers at UCSF provides evidence that inhaled nitric oxide is safe and effective for the prevention of the most common type of long-term lung disease of very premature infants.

Theory of facial aging gets a facelift from UT Southwestern researchers
The longstanding idea that the entire human face ages uniformly is in need of a facelift, say researchers at UT Southwestern Medical Center who have found that multiple, distinct compartments of fat in the face age at different rates.

FSU researchers developing diagnostic 'lab on a chip'
If you have ever marveled over the orderly process by which cars, buses and other modes of transportation are directed toward their destinations in a big city, you'll really appreciate the work of one Florida State University chemist.

Dartmouth economist forecasts 401(k) retirement saving behaviors
Researchers have developed projections of future levels of retirement wealth to address what some analysts have called a

Novel candidate biomarker for heart failure also strongly predicts risk of death
A potential new biomarker for heart failure may be more powerful than established measures in identifying patients at increased risk for death from several causes.
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