Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

August 07, 2007
Stem cell transplantation procedure results in long-term survival for amyloidosis patients
Researchers from the Stem Cell Transplant Program and the Amyloid Treatment and Research Program at Boston University Medical Center have found that high-dose chemotherapy and blood stem cell transplantation can result in long-term survival for patients diagnosed with primary systemic light chain Amyloidosis.

Experiment suggests limitations to carbon dioxide 'tree banking'
While 10 years of bathing North Carolina pine tree stands with extra carbon dioxide did allow the trees to grow more tissue, only those pines receiving the most water and nutrients were able to store significant amounts of carbon that could offset the effects of global warming, scientists told a national meeting of the Ecological Society of America.

WPI wins $1M to develop system to locate and monitor emergency workers in buildings
Worcester Polytechnic Institute has received nearly $1 million from the federal US Department of Homeland Security to develop a system that can precisely locate and track the movement of emergency workers inside buildings and monitor their health and physiological status.

MC Strategies will host webinar to help hospitals navigate IPPS changes
MC Strategies announced today it will host a free webinar, at 10 a.m., Sept.

A new wrinkle in thin film science
A remarkably simple experiment devised by scientists yields important information about the mechanical properties of thin films -- nanoscopically thin layers of material that are deposited onto a metal, ceramic or semiconductor base.

Community-supported agriculture serves as counterexample to market demands of globalization
A new paper explores community-supported agriculture and its survival in the face of economic globalization.

New research discovers independent brain networks control human walking
In a study published in the August issue of Nature Neuroscience, researchers at the Kennedy Krieger Institute in Baltimore, Md., found that there are separate adaptable networks controlling each leg and there are also separate networks controlling leg movements, e.g., forward or backward walking.

EURYI award project to store antimatter in box like 'office bin'
Physicists want to study antimatter much more closely and confirm beyond all doubt that it really is the exact opposite of the matter we observe in everyday existence, but there is a problem.

'Convenience' foods save little time for working families at dinner
When researchers at UCLA's Center for the Everyday Lives of Families studied the dinner time routines of local two-income families, they expected to find abundant use of fast food.

Role of thyroid hormones in slumber under investigation at Rutgers
While the thyroid has long been linked to metabolism, cutting-edge research underway at Rutgers University-Camden is investigating the possibility that thyroid hormones have an important role in sleep regulation.

Controlling prescription drug expenditures: a case report of success
As national spending on prescription drugs rose faster than any other segment of health-care spending, the health plan at Wake Forest University Baptist Medical Center was able to maintain constant spending, resulting in savings of more than $6.6 million over three years.

Cornell scientists link E. coli bacteria to Crohn's disease
A team of Cornell University scientists from the College of Veterinary Medicine, Weill Cornell Medical College and the College of Agriculture and Life Sciences have discovered that a novel group of E. coli bacteria -- containing genes similar to those described in uropathogenic and avian pathogenic E. coli and enteropathogenic bacteria such as salmonella, cholera and bubonic plague -- is associated with intestinal inflammation in patients with Crohn's disease in their research paper published July 12 by the ISME Journal: Multidisciplinary Journal of Microbial Ecology.

News tips from the Journal of Neuroscience
The following articles are featured in the upcoming issue of the Journal of Neuroscience:

Math plus cryptography equals drama and conflict
Neal Koblitz is a mathematician who, starting in the 1980s, became fascinated by mathematical questions in cryptography.

Penn researchers discover how key protein stops inflammation
Researchers recently identified how a regulatory protein called Bcl-3 helps to control the body's inflammation response to infection by interfering a critical biochemical process called ubiquitination.

High-intensity ultrasound may launch attack on cancer, wherever it lurks
An intense form of ultrasound that shakes a tumor until its cells start to leak can trigger an

Link between sunspots, rain helps predict disease in east Africa
A new study shows that sunspot cycles can be used to predict heavy rains, flooding and subsequent disease outbreaks in east Africa.

Secret life of elephant seals not secret anymore!
Miniature oceanographic sensors attached to southern elephant seals have provided scientists with an unprecedented peek into the secret lives of seals.

Bacteria may not hasten death
Get rid of bacteria or let the body fight them.

Osteoporosis screening and treatment may be cost-effective for selected older men
It may be cost-effective to screen and treat selected older men with osteoporosis, depending on their age and if they have had a prior fracture, according to a study in the Aug.

Study suggests nonpharmaceutical interventions may be helpful in severe influenza outbreaks
An analysis of nonpharmaceutical interventions used in the US during the 1918-1919 influenza pandemic, such as closing schools and banning public gatherings, found an association between these interventions and reduced death rates, suggesting that nonpharmaceutical interventions may play a role in planning for future influenza pandemics, according to a study in the Aug.

Parents' depression can weigh on children
Parents struggling with stress or depression may not provide adequate support to overweight children.

Other highlights in the Aug. 7 JNCI
Also in the Aug. 7 JNCI are a study showing vitamins and minerals do not improve liver cancer survival, another study on testicular cancer survivors' survival rates for second cancers, a gene expression pattern that predicts lung cancer prognosis and epigenetic changes in Wilms tumor.

Preclinical study links gene to brain aneurysm formation
University of Cincinnati neurovascular researchers have identified a gene that -- when suppressed or completely absent -- may predispose a person to brain aneurysms.

Even older women at high risk have little interest in being tested for HIV, study finds
Few older women were interested in being tested for the virus that causes AIDS despite significant risk factors for lifetime exposure, according to a study published in the Journal of Women's Health.

Study reveals gaps in vaccine financing for underinsured children
A national survey of state immunization program managers reveals gaps in coverage for the current vaccine financing system, suggesting that many underinsured children may not receive recommended vaccinations, such as for pneumonia and meningitis, according to a report in the Aug.

Weed gave up sex long ago
The ability of plants to self-pollinate -- a big factor in the spread of weeds -- is much older than previously thought in one widely studied species, biologists from five leading institutions say.

The eyes have it: What do we see when we look at ads?
How do consumers look at advertisements? Most marketing textbooks advance the theory that looking at ads is a predominantly

American Hydrogen Corp. gains rights to Ohio University fuel research
It would be great -- and more environmentally responsible -- to run cars on hydrogen, but experts say it would cost about four times as much as gasoline.

Researchers find vitamin B1 deficiency key to vascular problems for diabetic patients
Researchers at Warwick Medical School, University of Warwick, have discovered that deficiency of thiamine -- vitamin B1 -- may be key to a range of vascular problems for people with diabetes.

Young inventors' research transforms the marketplace
What do a portable imaging device, a material for cardiac stents and a process for creating strong and flexible plastics have in common?

Simulated relationships offer insight into real ones
In a new study, researchers look at the choices people make in simulated online dating relationships.

Metabolic study in mice could lead to 'good cholesterol' boosters
Researchers have identified a new player in the control of so-called

Study: Sticking to the sand might not be such good, clean fun for beachgoers
Microbes that result in beach closures and health advisories when detected at unsafe levels in the ocean also have been detected in the sand, according to a study by Stanford University scientists.

Indo-Pacific coral reefs disappearing more rapidly than expected
Corals in the central and western Pacific ocean are dying faster than previously thought, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill researchers have found.

Underinsured children receive fewer vaccines
Underinsured children, that is, those whose health insurance plans do not cover the cost of vaccines, often do not have access to all recommended vaccines.

Wealth gap is increasing, U-M study shows
The rich really are getting richer and the poor are getting poorer, a new University of Michigan study shows.

Wireless technology shows promise in diagnosing pediatric intestinal disease
A new study in the American Journal of Gastroenterology suggests that wireless capsule endoscopy is a useful and safe technique to study small bowel health in children.

Why guilt doesn't keep some of us from making the same mistakes twice
Many of us experience a tinge of guilt as we delight in feelings of pleasure from our favorite indulgences, like splurging on an expensive handbag or having another drink.

American Chemical Society meets Aug. 19-23 in Boston
The 234th national meeting of the American Chemical Society in Boston will take place on Aug.

Diets high in choline may increase risk for colorectal polyps
Contrary to expectations, diets high in the nutrient choline were associated with an increased risk of some colorectal polyps, which can -- but do not always -- lead to colorectal cancer, according to a study published online in the Aug.

Lost forest yields several new species
An expedition led by the Wildlife Conservation Society to a remote corner of the eastern Democratic Republic of Congo has uncovered unique forests which, so far, have been found to contain six animal species new to science: a bat, a rodent, two shrews and two frogs.

Rutgers professor Bart Krekelberg is named 1 of 20 US Pew Scholars for 2007
Recently named a Pew Scholar in the Biomedical Sciences, Bart Krekelberg, assistant professor in the Center for Molecular and Behavioral Neuroscience at Rutgers University in Newark, seeks to provide a map of the neural activity involved in visual processing during eye movements.

Argonne wins three R&D 100 awards for innovative technologies
Researchers at the US Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory devised three of the world's top 100 scientific and technological innovations during 2006, as judged by R&D magazine.

Chemotherapy with bevacizumab increases risk of blood clots in arteries
Treatment with chemotherapy and bevacizumab, an anticancer drug, is associated with a greater risk of blood clots in patients' arteries compared with treatment with chemotherapy only, according to a study published online Aug.

Quantum analog of Ulam's conjecture can guide molecules, reactions
By creating a quantum mechanical analog of Ulam's conjecture, researchers at the University of Illinois and the University of California have expanded the flexibility and controllability of quantum mechanical systems.

Geriatric health conditions have major effect on half of all seniors
While much of the medical world focuses on the diagnosis and treatment of diseases, a new study from the University of Michigan Health System finds that half of all seniors have a geriatric condition that can affect their ability to engage in activities of daily living as much as diseases can.

UCLA scientists produce functioning neurons from human embryonic stem cells
Scientists with the Institute of Stem Cell Biology and Medicine at UCLA were able to produce from human embryonic stem cells a highly pure, large quantity of functioning neurons that will allow them to create models of and study diseases such as Alzheimer's, Parkinson's, prefrontal dementia and schizophrenia.

AAAS analysis finds Congress would add billions to FY 2008 R&D investment
The US Senate and House of Representatives are poised to add billions of dollars to the fiscal year 2008 research and development budget, with much of the proposed new funding targeted for environmental, energy and biomedical initiatives, according to a new report by the R&D Budget and Policy Program of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.

The grass isn't greener
In a series of eight experiments, Tom Meyvis of New York University and Alan Cooke of the University of Florida find that when consumers expect to make similar choices in the future, they selectively pay attention to information that suggests that an alternative would be better.

Ecologists work to link kids with nature
Now ecological scientists -- well-positioned because of their field of study -- are stepping up to do their part.

Miniature implanted devices could treat epilepsy, glaucoma
Purdue University researchers have developed new miniature devices designed to be implanted in the brain to predict and prevent epileptic seizures, and a nanotech sensor for implantation in the eye to treat glaucoma.

In limiting life span, study finds booming bacteria innocent
Aging flies are simply crawling with bacteria -- both inside and out -- but their microbial infestations don't seem to hasten the insects toward death, according to a new study in the August issue of the journal Cell Metabolism, a publication of Cell Press.

Viewing ecosystems from above
In symposium nine, to be held at the Ecological Society of America Annual Meeting, scientists will discuss current research practices involving remote sensing (use of satellites, airplanes and other distance-related technologies).

Michigan-CDC study supports value of social restrictions during influenza pandemics
In a study published in the Aug. 8 Journal of the American Medical Association, a team of University of Michigan medical historians and epidemiologists from the federal US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention say that social restrictions allowed 43 US cities to save thousands of lives during the Spanish influenza pandemic of 1918-1919.
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