Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

August 17, 2007
New guidelines address treatment of dangerous infection
The American Journal of Gastroenterology has published medical guidelines for the treatment of Helicobacter pylori infection, one of the most common worldwide infections and an important factor linked to the development of peptic ulcer disease, gastric malignancy and dyspeptic symptoms.

Call for network to monitor Southern Ocean current
The senior science advisor to the World Climate Research Program has called for the establishment of a Southern Hemisphere network of deep ocean moorings to detect any change in ocean circulation that may adversely influence global climate.

Loneliness is bad for your health
A new study in Current Directions in Psychological Science finds that as we get older, loneliness plays a devestating role in our physical decline.

A safe bet or Russian roulette?
All too often, health benefits and risk statements are presented as if they were authoritative, definitive, and based on compelling evidence.

'New continent' and species discovered in Atlantic study
Exploring life in the North Atlantic Ocean at various depths of 800 to 3,500 meters, 31 scientists are returning from a five-week scientific expedition which has surfaced a wealth of new information and insights, stunning images and marine life specimens, with one species thought to be new to science.

Muscle mass: Scientists identify novel mode of transcriptional regulation during myogenesis
In an upcoming issue of G&D, Drs. Maria Divina Deato and Robert Tjian (HHMI, UC Berkeley) reveal that the formation of an alternative transcriptional core promoter complex directs cell-type specific differentiation during myogenesis.

Effects of war on women in the military
This symposium will examine how the current conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan affect women who are serving and have served in the military.

Congestion charge potentially unsafe for motorcyclists, claim researchers
The London congestion charge may be having an adverse effect on motorcyclist and cyclist casualties, according to research now published online in the journal Transportation.

Tel Aviv University researcher goes 'through the nose' to delay onset of Alzheimer's disease
New drug candidate dissolves plaques associated with Alzheimer's and other neurological diseases.

KAUST and NUS to collaborate on science research
King Abdullah University of Science and Technology and National University of Singapore will focus on chemical and energy sciences, materials sciences, biosciences, applied mathematics and computational sciences.

Depression may play a bigger role in readjustment than previously thought in troubled vets
Depression may be an unrecognized readjustment problem for recently returning veterans of the conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan, according to a study released today at the American Psychological Association 115th Annual Convention.

Health care incentive model offers collaborative approach
A major focus in the search for accountability in the US health care system is new reimbursement and benefit models that provide incentives better linked to positive health outcomes.

Biggest costs of bloat may be in undiagnosed cattle
Cattle deaths due to bloat are an economic loss, but the greater cost may come during the early stages of bloat, said a Texas Agricultural Experiment Station researcher at Vernon.

PFOS and PFOA exposure associated with lower birth weight and size
Exposure to perfluorooctane sulfonate and perfluorooctanoate in the womb is statistically associated with lower weight and head circumference at birth, according to an analysis of nearly 300 umbilical cord blood samples led by researchers at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health.

New nanotoxicology study delivers promising results
Findings by a team of researchers from Oak Ridge National Laboratory and the University of Tennessee bode well for using single-walled carbon nanohorns, a particular form of engineered carbon-based nanoparticles, for drug delivery and other commercial applications.

Many parents at-risk for cancer disclose genetic test results to children
Predictive genetic testing for adult-onset diseases, including cancer, is generally discouraged until the age at which interventions are believed to be helpful.

New clues to mechanism for 'colossal resistance' effects
Experiments at the US Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory, shed new light on some materials' ability to dramatically change their electrical resistance in the presence of an external magnetic or electric field.

NASA eyes warm sea surface temperatures for hurricanes
Sea surface temperatures are one of the key ingredients for tropical cyclone formation and they were warming up in the Gulf of Mexico, Caribbean and eastern Atlantic Ocean by the middle of August.

Fat on chest and upper back increases risk of insulin resistance
Upper trunk fat -- deposits of fat on the chest and back -- is associated with an increased risk of insulin resistance, a condition that is a precursor of type 2 diabetes, according to a study led by researchers at the San Francisco VA Medical Center.

Ecological restoration -- a global strategy for mitigating climate change
The Society for Ecological Restoration International issued a position statement on global climate change during its joint conference with the Ecological Society of America

UK satellite mission to improve accuracy of climate-change measurements gains global support
A UK-led initiative to build a satellite which can significantly improve the accuracy of climate change data is gaining momentum following calls from the United Nations, the US Academy of Sciences and the World Meteorological Organisation.

Kenyan malaria success strengthens call for free insecticide-treated nets for all
Experts have today called for international agencies to provide insecticide-treated bed nets for all children in Africa as the most equitable way of tackling malaria.

Deadly mine 'bump' was recorded as seismic event
The University of Utah Seismograph Stations recorded a magnitude-1.6 seismic event at the time of a Thursday, Aug.

A new radiation therapy treatment developed for head and neck cancer patients
Most head and neck cancers that recur locally after prior full-dose conventional radiation therapy respond to Boron Neutron Capture Therapy suggests the recent Finnish study.

Study examines the mechanisms that silence the estrogen receptor gene alpha during breast cancer
The mechanisms that silence the estrogen receptor gene alpha (ER-α) in certain breast cancer cell lines may be closer to being unlocked, according to a study by researchers at Temple University's Sbarro Institute for Cancer Research and Molecular Medicine.

New research shows how chronic stress worsens neurodegenerative disease course
The evidence is accumulating on how bad stress is for health.

Medicine can be inspiring and infuriating
Two physician-editors chose the best 111 stories and poems from the popular 'On Being a Doctor' section of Annals of Internal Medicine, one of the world's top clinical journals.

Invasive Australian jellyfish sighted in Gulf of Mexico in summer 2007
The invasive Australian jellyfish, Phyllorhiza punctata, first reported in great quantities in the Gulf of Mexico in 2000, has made a vigorous reappearance this summer in waters from southwestern Louisiana to Morehead City, N.C.

UGA researcher leads effort to sequence and catalog conifer genes for future biofuels research
Jeffrey Dean, professor of forest biotechnology in the University of Georgia Warnell School of Forestry and Natural Resources, is spearheading a project at the US Department of Energy's Joint Genome Institute that will greatly expand the gene catalog for pines and initiate the first gene discovery efforts in five other conifer families.

Tel Aviv University redefines 'Internet addiction' and sets new standards for treatment
Researchers aim to educate medical health professionals on net hazards at the workplace and in schools
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