Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

August 28, 2007
Men choose romance over success
Men may be more willing than women to sacrifice achievement goals for a romantic relationship, according to a new study by Catherine Mosher of Duke Medical Center and Sharon Danoff-Burg from the University of Albany.

OSU 'sweet' biofuels research goes down on the farm
Oklahoma State University's sorghum-related biofuels research is taking a localized approach, with the aim of making possible the effective production of ethanol in the farmer's own field.

September Geology and GSA Today media highlights
Topics include: discovery of Sudbury impact event debris in Michigan; climate change and dispersal of early modern humans out of Africa; relationship of mantle plumes and supercontinent cycles; relationship of San Andreas fault system activity and the eastern California shear zone; and ramifications of sediment mixing in studying the Great Barrier Reef.

New study: Pine bark reduces perimenopausal symptoms
A study to be published in an upcoming edition of the Scandinavian Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology reveals that Pycnogenol, pine bark extract from the French maritime pine tree, reduces

Jefferson specialists studying innovative surgery for effectively treating sleep apnea
Sleep disorder and ear, nose and throat specialists at Thomas Jefferson University are examining an innovative procedure to treat obstructive sleep apnea syndrome.

Mothers' baby cradling habits are indicator of stress, suggests new research
Mothers who cradle their baby to their right hand side are displaying signs of extreme stress, a new study suggests.

Circulating fats kill transplanted pancreas cells, study shows
Dietary restrictions or other strategies that limit fat formation might make pancreatic cell transplants more effective, UT Southwestern Medical Center researchers report.

Study confirms limited human-to-human spread of avian-flu virus in Indonesia in 2006
In the first systematic, statistical analysis of its kind, infectious disease modeling experts at Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center confirm that the avian influenza A (H5N1) virus in 2006 spread between a small number of people within a family in Indonesia.

New resource will help develop biobased economy
Open, convenient access to information will drive new biomass science and technology out of the computer network and into our garages and homes.

Fasten your seat belts -- turbulent lessons from Titan
Have you spilled your drink on an airliner? Researchers on both sides of the Atlantic are finding new ways to understand turbulence, both in the Earth's atmosphere and that of Saturn's moon Titan.

'Mighty mice' made mightier
The Johns Hopkins scientist who first showed that the absence of the protein myostatin leads to oversized muscles in mice and men has now found a second protein, follistatin, whose overproduction in mice lacking myostatin doubles the muscle-building effect.

Molecules line up to make the tiniest of wires
A team of researchers at the University of Alberta has demonstrated a technique for producing conductive nano-wires on silicon chips.

A gene for metastasis
Weizmann Institute Scientists reveal the actions of a key player in colorectal cancer.

Sex is thirst-quenching for female beetles
Female beetles mate to quench their thirst according to new research by a University of Exeter biologist.

Facial transplantation may be a safer option, study shows
Researchers in Cincinnati and Louisville report that immunosuppressive risks associated with facial transplantation may be lower than thought, possibly making the procedure a safer option for people who have suffered severe facial injuries.

Gamma globulin effective in treating eye infections caused by adenoviruses
Gamma globulin, a type of antibody that is isolated from blood samples that used to be routinely given to health-care workers and international travelers to protect them from infectious diseases, is a highly effective treatment for pinkeye with little apparent toxicity, according to a study by researchers at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine.

Innovative civil engineering application promises cleaner waters
A novel software application will help engineers and planners select the most efficient and site specific methods of controlling the amount of pollutants that enter the receiving waters through stormwater runoff.

Safe water: simpler method for analyzing radium in water samples cuts testing time
A simpler technique for testing public drinking water samples for the presence of the radioactive element radium, can dramatically reduce the amount of time required to conduct the sampling required by federal regulations.

Other highlights in the Aug. 28 JNCI
Also in the Aug. 28 JNCI are H. pylori strains that are associated with precancerous gastric lesions, a gene that blocks the spread of prostate cancer, and a study on the risk of neutropenia in patients taking irinotecan.

Treating diabetes during pregnancy can break link to childhood obesity
New Kaiser Permanente study shows treating gestational diabetes can break the link to childhood obesity.

Low oxygen in coastal waters impairs fish reproduction
Low oxygen levels in coastal waters interfere with fish reproduction by disrupting the fishes' hormones, a marine scientist from the University of Texas at Austin Marine Science Institute has found.

Study suggests we remember the bad times better than the good
Do you remember exactly where you were when you learned of the Sept.

Hospital practices affect long-term breastfeeding success
A new study in Birth: Issues in Perinatal Care suggests that implementing five breastfeeding-friendly practices in hospitals following birth can significantly improve long-term breastfeeding success.

News tips from the Journal of Neuroscience
The following articles are featured in the upcoming issue of the Journal of Neuroscience:

Don't trust experts' forecasts, O.R. study says
A study about predicting the outcome of actual conflicts found that the forecasts of experts who use their unaided judgment are little better than those of novices, according to a new study in a publication of the Institute for Operations Research and the Management Sciences.

High-risk behaviors could lead to HIV epidemic in Afghanistan
In a report that is among the first to describe the prevalence of HIV and Hepatitis B and C viruses in Afghanistan, a researcher from the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine voiced concerns that increasing injection drug use and accompanying high-risk behavior could lead to an HIV epidemic in Afghanistan.

Virginia Tech faculty members earn IBM awards
IBM Faculty Awards will enable research on relationships between organisms, creation of create a self-adapting computing environment to enable rural regions and secondary schools to access customizable computing resources, and development of tools to get software to run efficiently on multiple cores with minimum human involvement.

New MRI finding sheds light on multiple sclerosis disease progressio
Using magnetic resonance images of the brain, researchers have identified a new abnormality related to disease progression and disability in patients with multiple sclerosis, according to a study published in the August issue of Radiology.

Fasten your seat belts, turbulence ahead -- lessons from Titan
Ever spilled your drink on an airline due to turbulence?

University of Maryland researchers unlock mystery of a third olfactory system
Researchers at the University of Maryland School of Medicine have found a

Not all risk is created equal
A camper who chases a grizzly but won't risk unprotected sex.

Neutron stars warp space-time, U-M astronomers observe
Einstein's predicted distortion of space-time occurs around neutron stars, University of Michigan astronomers and others have observed.

Greenhouse gases likely drove near-record US warmth in 2006
Greenhouse gases likely accounted for over half of the widespread warmth across the continental United States in 2006.

More prostate cancer screening has little effect on detection of aggressive cancer
More prostate cancers were detected among men who were screened every two years than men screened every four years, according to a study published online Aug.

Switching goals
A computer simulation shows how evolution may have speeded up.

Different method of evaluating the urinary tract system reduces radiation dose
The split-bolus (cross sectional imaging) MDCT urography technique reduces both radiation dose and number of images produced, according to a recent study conducted by radiologists from Stanford University School of Medicine in Stanford, Calif., and VA Palo Alto Health Care System in Palo Alto, Calif.

In matters of sex and death, men are an essential part of the equation
In a paper, to appear in the August 29 issue of the online, open-access journal PLoS ONE, Stanford scientists show that the standard practice of tracking only female life histories leads to mistaken conclusions about the forces that shape human evolution.

Clearance of hepatitis C viral infection after liver transplantation
Hepatitis C viral infection disease is a worldwide challenge disease, and researchers has been fighting for seeking the effective way to cure this disease.

Novel method enables genomic screening of blood vessels from patient tissue
Scientists have developed a new method of capturing a complete genome-wide screening of blood vessel cells in their actual disease state, advancing the potential for genetic research on the tissue responsible for delivering nourishment that can accelerate the growth of both a cancer tumor or wound healing.

Preventing misdiagnosis a top priority at University of Virginia hospital
Isabel Healthcare, Inc., today announced that University of Virginia Hospital is using the Isabel's diagnosis decision support and knowledge mobilizing system to improve patient care by attempting to help minimize diagnostic errors.

Hypnosis reduces pain and costs in breast cancer surgery
The use of hypnosis prior to breast cancer surgery reduced the amount of anesthesia administered during the operation, the level of pain reported afterwards, and the time and cost of the procedure, according to a study published online Aug.

Shrinking giants, exploding dwarves
New, detailed observations of a supernova show evidence that a white dwarf star

New golden frog discovered in remote region of Colombia
A new poisonous frog was recently discovered in a remote mountainous region in Colombia by a team of young scientists supported by the Conservation Leadership Program.

Discovery may help defang viruses
Researchers may be able to tinker with a single amino acid of an enzyme that helps viruses multiply to render them harmless, according to molecular biologists who say the discovery could pave the way for a fast and cheap method of making vaccines.

Controlling bandwidth in the clouds
UC-San Diego computer scientists have designed, implemented, and evaluated a new bandwidth management system for cloud-based applications capable of solving the problem of lack of bandwidth control.

Toxic food trend continues to worry US public
In the past year there have been several high profile recalls of toxic foods, from spinach to canned green beans, pet food to chili.

Leading experts meet to help advance motor neurone research
World renowned experts on motor neurone disease will share their work at an international symposium hosted by the University of Edinburgh tomorrow (Wednesday, 29th Aug.) to enable greater understanding of the condition.

UNC study questions FDA genetic-screening guidelines for cancer drug
Not everyone needs a genetic test before taking the cancer drug irinotecan, and the US Food and Drug Administration should modify its prescription guidelines to say so, according to researchers at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

Novel MS drug shows promise in 2 lethal leukemias
A new study suggests that an experimental drug being tested for the treatment of multiple sclerosis and to prevent organ rejection might also help people with certain deadly forms of chronic and acute leukemia.

New ORNL roof system means savings for homeowners
Homeowners could see their summer utility bills fall by 8 percent or more with a new roof and attic system being developed at the US Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory.
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