Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

September 07, 2007
UCLA receives $22.5 million to explore the fundamental biology of mental disorders
The NIH has awarded $22.5 million to a team of scientists at UCLA to discover the biology that underlies mental disorders.

Nuclear medicine approach can be first choice for excluding pulmonary embolism in young women
Young women at risk of having a pulmonary embolism -- a potential life-threatening blockage in a lung artery -- should first undergo a ventilation/perfusion lung scan rather than a CT angiogram, conclude authors in a paper published in the September Journal of Nuclear Medicine.

MIT works toward safer gene therapy
In work that could lead to safe and effective techniques for gene therapy, MIT researchers have found a way to fine-tune the ability of biodegradable polymers to deliver genes.

Mountain pine beetle: Canada's new government delivers
Speaking on behalf of the Honorable Gary Lunn, Minister of Natural Resources, Dick Harris, Member of Parliament for Cariboo-Prince George, today announced that Canada's New Government's Mountain Pine Beetle Program will deliver more than $2.8 million to help communities, including First Nations, deal with public safety issues resulting from the unprecedented beetle infestation in British Columbia.

Study says women's health much more at risk from sleep deprivation
New research led by researchers at Warwick Medical School at the University of Warwick reveals that women's health is much more at risk from sleep deprivation than men's.

Systems Biology poised to revolutionize the understanding of cell function and disease
Systems Biology is transforming the way scientists think about biology and disease.

Prions and retroviruses -- an unholy alliance?
In work originating from the Bavarian Research Cooperation Prions, which ended in 2007, a team led by the scientist Professor Dr.

Frequent alcohol consumption increases cancer risk in older women
Postmenopausal women consuming two or more alcoholic beverages a day may double their risk of endometrial cancer, suggests a study led by researchers at the University of Southern California.

MU researchers to collaborate on $20 million project
More than 10 million people in the United State have cancer, and more than half of them are women.

Academic Researcher of the Year 2007
Neil Marlow, professor of neonatal medicine at the University of Nottingham, has been recognized for his extensive research into the care and treatment of newborn babies, particularly those born prematurely, with an award for Academic Researcher of the Year.

Normal role for schizophrenia risk gene identified
How the gene that has been pegged as a major risk factor for schizophrenia and other mood disorders that affect millions of Americans contributes to these diseases remains unclear.

Low vitamin D during pregnancy linked to pre-eclampsia
Vitamin D deficiency early in pregnancy is associated with a five-fold increased risk of pre-eclampsia, reports a University of Pittsburgh Schools of the Health Sciences study.

New method reveals substances on surfaces of any kind
ETH Zurich researchers have developed a new method that allows even the surfaces of living organisms to be examined quickly and simply.

Color contrast is 'seen' by the brain early doors
Color contrast is detected much earlier in the brain than previously thought, a new study shows.

Socioeconomic position associated with effectiveness of HIV drugs
Socioeconomic position is a determinant of antiretroviral treatment effectiveness during initial therapy for HIV-1 infection.

Medical, technological advances prompt updating of nuclear medicine technologists' scope of practice
To meet the changing needs of health care, the SNM Technologist Section recently revised its

Tulane University to receive $14M for international HIV/AIDS program
Tulane University will receive $14 million from the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention over the next year to continue programs to fight HIV/AIDS in eight countries that lack the large-scale public health resources to track HIV infections.

TAU scientists probe 'deep' questions aboard EcoOcean's environmental research ship
TAU scientists and Swedish environmental philanthropist Andreas Weil are collaborating on an adventure in research aboard

ESA support to NASA Phoenix highlights beneficial Mars cooperation
When NASA's Phoenix lander descends to the Red Planet's surface in the spring of 2008, ESA's Mars Express will closely monitor progress, serving as a key communications back-up.

Reception year teachers most important for primary education
A good reception year teacher makes the biggest and longest-lasting difference to primary school education, an assessment of over 70,000 children from Durham University's Curriculum, Evaluation and Management Center reveals.

Future career path of gifted youth can be predicted by age 13
The future career path and creative direction of gifted youth can be predicted well by their performance on the SAT at age 13, a new study from Vanderbilt University finds.

'Rain Man' mice provide model for autism
Mice containing a mutated human gene implicated in autism exhibit the poor social skills but increased intelligence akin to the title character's traits in the movie

Acid rain has a disproportionate impact on coastal waters
The release of sulfur and nitrogen into the atmosphere by power plants and agricultural activities plays a minor role in making the ocean more acidic on a global scale, but the impact is greatly amplified in the shallower waters of the coastal ocean, according to new research by atmospheric and marine chemists.

Gastroenterology sets standards for CT colonography
Recognizing that CT colonography will play a role in screening for colorectal cancer, and the critical need to increase overall CRC screening rates, the American Gastroenterological Association Institute issued minimum standards for gastroenterologist performance of the test.

Care reforms raise concerns over patient access to GP services
GP services could be compromised by new provisions enabling commercial companies to provide primary care through locally negotiated contracts, researchers warn.

Online auctions that reveal bids good for buyers, says study in Management Insights
Online buyers are better served in markets where all bids are disclosed after the bidding, according to the Management Insights feature in the July issue of Management Science, the flagship journal of the Institute for Operations Research and the Management Sciences.

For the 50th anniversary of the launch of Sputnik 1
Since the launch of Sputnik 1 in 1957, contributions made by satellites to society have been enormous: instant awareness of sporting, political and human events across the globe; immediate communication undreamt of 50 years ago; and the chance to see close-ups of planets and stars and share the excitement of astronauts in space.
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