Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

September 10, 2007
UCSF animal care facility receives top accreditation
UCSF has received highly regarded accreditation from the Association for Assessment and Accreditation of Laboratory Animal Care International.

Drug-free treatments offer hope for older people in pain
Mind-body therapies, which focus on the interactions between the mind, body and behavior, and the ways in which emotional, mental, social and behavioral factors can affect health, may be of particular benefit to elderly chronic pain sufferers.

12 McGill researchers awarded Canada Research Chairs
Twelve McGill University researchers exploring issues from green chemistry to biochemical pharmacology to international security and ethnic conflict are among the 62 newly appointed Canada Research Chairs announced Sept.

Decline in blood platelet count associated with increased risk of HIV-related dementia
HIV patients with declining platelet counts appear to be at increased risk for HIV-associated dementia, according to a report in the Sept. issue of Archives of Neurology, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

News briefs from the journal Chest, September 2007
Selected studies from the September 2007 issue of the journal Chest, the peer-reviewed journal of the American College of Chest Physicians.

Tiny tubes and rods show promise as catalysts, sunscreen
Scientists at the US Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory have developed new ways to make or modify nanorods and nanotubes of titanium oxide, a material used in a variety of industrial and medical applications.

Stem cell research produces a key discovery for Fragile X Syndrome
An important finding has been made by McMaster researchers about Fragile X Syndrome, a sex-linked genetic disorder that affects approximately one in 4,000 males and one in 6,000 females.

Embryonic stem cells thrive when shaken
Researchers from Georgia Tech and Emory University have discovered that gently shaking embryonic stem cells, similar to how an embryo is shaken in the mother's womb, improves their development and could some day even be used to control what type of cell they eventually become.

Medication appears helpful for treatment of erectile dysfunction in men with spinal cord injuries
The drug tadalafil appears to improve erectile function in men with spinal cord injuries, according to an article posted online today that will appear in the Nov.

SinuNase Phase 3 show almost 100 percent of chronic sinusitis cases are from fungal-induced inflamma
Accentia Biopharmaceuticals announces evidence that most, if not all cases of chronic sinusitis, are due to a fungal-induced inflammation as originally proposed by investigators at the Mayo Clinic.

UI nursing researcher to study post-operative pain control
Barbara Rakel, Ph.D., assistant professor in the University of Iowa College of Nursing, was recently awarded a $2.1 million grant from the National Institute of Nursing Research to study the use of balanced nonpharmacologic and pharmacologic strategies to improve movement-evoked pain and enhance function in TKR patients.

How vitamin C stops the big 'C'
Nearly 30 years after Nobel laureate Linus Pauling famously and controversially suggested that vitamin C supplements can prevent cancer, a team of Johns Hopkins scientists have shown that in mice, at least, vitamin C -- and potentially other antioxidants -- can indeed inhibit the growth of some tumors, just not in the manner suggested by years of investigation.

Oncologists are critical in managing psychiatric disorders in patients with advanced cancer
Mental illness and emotional distress in patients with advanced cancer are often overlooked by oncologists but, if screened for, can be adequately managed to improve a patient's quality of life.

Implantable device designed to detect, stop seizures under study at MCG
A small device implanted in the skull that detects oncoming seizures, then delivers a brief electrical stimulus to the brain to stop them is under study at the Medical College of Georgia.

HARDY rice: less water, more food
An international team of scientists has produced a new type of rice that grows better and uses water more efficiently than other rice crops.

Antidepressant shows early promise in treating agitation and psychotic symptoms of dementia
Researchers have found surprising evidence that an antidepressant (citalopram) may perform as well as a commonly prescribed antipsychotic (risperidone) in the alleviation of severe agitation and psychotic symptoms of dementia.

First solar dynamic observatory instrument arrives at Goddard
The University of Colorado at Boulder delivered the Extreme Ultraviolet Variability Experiment (EVE), first of three Solar Dynamic Observatory instruments, to NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Md.

Pioneering study catalogs ethical issues of scientific research in developing world
The first comprehensive examination of the ethical, social and cultural challenges faced by major science programs in developing countries has identified a complex assortment of issues with the potential to slow critical global health research if left unaddressed.

Women less likely than men to change habits that increase heart disease risk
Smoking, eating fattening foods and not getting enough exercise are all lifestyle habits that can lead to poor health and cardiovascular disease -- more so if you have a family history.

Frontiers in Optics presents scientific advancements
With more than 600 papers presented by the world's most renowned physicists and engineers, OSA's Frontiers in Optics meeting will give a comprehensive update on the most significant new developments in the science of light.

Natural aorta grafts have few side effects for infection-prone patients
A vascular surgery technique pioneered at UT Southwestern Medical Center, in which veins are removed from the thigh to repair the aorta does not create blood-flow problems and painful side effects in a majority of patients, researchers report.

Mathematics plays critical role in war against terror
A terrorist cell quietly forms and grows in a pattern -- crossing countries, oceans, hemispheres.

Human C-reactive protein regulates myeloma tumor cell growth and survival
Scientists report that a protein best known as a common marker of inflammation plays a key role in the progression of human cancer.

American Chemical Society's Weekly Presspac -- Sept. 5, 2007
In This Edition: PCBs may threaten killer whale populations for 30-60 years; Blocking formation of toxic plaques implicated in type 2 diabetes; Magnets can boost production of ethanol for fuel; Discovery promises more nutritional cassava (yucca) for developing world; and

Scientists learn role of oxidative stress in estrogen-related bone loss
Scientists have discovered new information about an immune pathway in mice that explains how oxidative stress that results from acute estrogen deficiency leads to the loss of bone.

Adverse drug events reported to FDA appear to have increased markedly
The number of serious adverse drug events reported to the US Food and Drug Administration more than doubled between 1998 and 2005, as did deaths associated with adverse drug events, according to a report in the Sept.

Common misdiagnosis: most women believe they have a yeast infection when they don't
How do you know if you have a yeast infection?

Gray whales a fraction of historic levels, genetic research says
Gray whales in the Pacific Ocean, long thought to have fully recovered from whaling, were once three to five times as plentiful as they are now, according to a report to be published September 10 in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

Researcher finds lake boiling with methane
Last month, UAF researcher Katey Walter brought a National Public Radio crew to Alaska's North Slope, hoping to show them examples of what happens when methane is released when permafrost thaws beneath lakes.

Chemotherapy may be culprit for fatigue in breast cancer survivors
A new study finds that, compared to healthy women, breast cancer survivors reported more days of fatigue and more severe fatigue symptoms.

Europe needs collective effort on System Biology, says ESF Task Force
Most of the diseases which plague humankind today are multifactorial: They are not simply the result of one mutation in one gene, producing one rogue protein that can no longer carry out its job.

Nutrients lutein and zeaxanthin associated with reduced risk for age-related eye disease
Consuming higher levels of the yellow plant pigments lutein and zeaxanthin may be associated with a lower risk for age-related macular degeneration, according to a report in the Sept. issue of Archives of Ophthalmology, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

4,000 e-Books now available on ScienceDirect
The e-Books on ScienceDirect program will, for the first time, make virtually all of Elsevier's Science and Technology academic publication catalogue of books fully searchable.

Organisms found on contact lenses can provide clues to cause of corneal eye infection
Cultures of contact lenses may sometimes identify the organisms involved in cases of corneal eye infection, according to a report in the September issue of Archives of Ophthalmology, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Being overweight may independently increase risk for heart disease events
Being moderately overweight or obese appears to increase the risk for developing coronary heart disease events independent of traditional cardiovascular risk factors, according to a meta-analysis of previously published studies in the Sept.

Sugar identified as key to malaria parasite invasion
Researchers at the Johns Hopkins Malaria Research Institute have identified a sugar in mosquitoes that allows the malaria-causing parasite to attach itself to the mosquito's gut.

Purdue researchers click nutrition with camera diet study
A Purdue University team plans to help health-conscious people better gauge what's on their plates by using their cell phone cameras.

Stevens Health, Technology and Society roundtable: Sept. 19
Multimodal messaging, a core service within the delivery of healthcare, will be the topic of Stevens Institute of Technology's next health care roundtable, 3-5 p.m.

Study shows adverse drug events reported to the FDA have significantly increased
A new study shows the number of drug-therapy related deaths and injuries reported to the US Food and Drug Administration nearly tripled between 1998 and 2005.

Mouse model for schizophrenia has genetic on-off switch
The researchers developed the transgenic mouse by inserting the gene for mutant Disrupted-In-Schizophrenia-1 (DISC-1) into a normal mouse, along with a promoter that enables the gene to be switched on or off.

Altered expression of ultraconserved noncoding RNAs linked to human leukemias and carcinomas
A new study provides evidence that noncoding RNAs and interactions between noncoding genes play a much greater role in human cancer than was previously understood.

Scientists, physicians present latest findings in 'personalized' cancer treatment and prevention
Scientists and clinicians from around the world will gather in Atlanta, Ga., next week at the American Association for Cancer Research's second International Conference on Molecular Diagnostics in Cancer Therapeutic Development.

Workshop to examine childhood neurological disorders
Childhood neurological disorders will be the focus of a new and innovative workshop to be attended by more than 40 junior as well as senior neuroscientists from all over the country on Sept.

Online games, political campaigns provide opportunities for electronic criminals
New computer security threats posed by online multiplayer games and the potential for political dirty tricks on the Web are among the topics that electronic crime researchers will discuss at the second annual Anti-Phishing Working Group e-Crime Researchers Summit, Oct.

Mutations in the insulin gene can cause neonatal diabetes
Insulin gene mutations can cause permanent neonatal diabetes, a rare form of diabetes that affects very young children.

New lung cancer guidelines oppose general CT screening
New evidenced-based guidelines from the American College of Chest Physicians provides 260 of the most comprehensive recommendations related to lung cancer prevention, screening, diagnosis, staging and medical and surgical treatments.

Pioneering study catalogs ethical issues of scientific research in developing world
Pioneering study catalogs ethical issues of scientific research in developing world.

Peace parks work
International peace parks can work as a tool of diplomacy in war zones around the world, concludes Peace Parks, edited by University of Vermont professor Saleem Ali, and released by MIT Press, Sept.

Mediterranean diet may help Alzheimer's patients live longer
A Mediterranean diet may help people with Alzheimer's disease live longer than patients who eat a more traditional Western diet.

Icy calculations on a hot topic
University of Utah mathematicians have arrived at a new understanding of how salt-saturated ocean water flows through sea ice -- a discovery that promises to improve forecasts of how global warming will affect polar icepacks.

Vitamin D supplements appear to be associated with lower risk of death
Individuals who take vitamin D supplements appear to have a lower risk of death from any cause over an average follow-up time of six years, according to a meta-analysis of 18 previously published studies in the Sept.

Examining the Lacey Act
Andrea Fowler, David Lodge, and Jennifer Hsia (University of Notre Dame) examined the efficacy of the Lacey Act in their research communication,

Global Warming and the Habitability of Planet Earth, Sept. 26
Dr. D. James Baker, a consultant to UNESCO and a former administrator of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, will deliver a talk at Stevens Institute of Technology, Sept.

Embryonic stem cell strategy advanced with UCSF finding
UCSF scientists are reporting what they say is a significant improvement in the technique for genetically reprogramming mouse cells to their embryonic state, a process that transforms the cells, in essence, into embryonic stem cells.

UD leads $5.3-million research project on rice epigenetics
Using a novel

The fight against colorectal cancer
In 2007, colorectal cancer will kill approximately 8,700 Canadians. To draw attention to this situation, Dr.

Drawing nanoscale features the fast and easy way
Scientists at Georgia Tech have developed a new technique for nanolithography that is extremely fast and can be used in liquids and outside of a vacuum.

New research may lead to earlier diagnosis and treatment of primary biliary cirrhosis in families
Mayo Clinic researchers have found that first-degree relatives (i.e., parents, siblings, children) of patients with primary biliary cirrhosis are more likely to have the biomarker of the disease in their blood.

Boston University School of Medicine researcher recipient of Memory Ride Grant
Newton resident Benjamin Wolozin, MD, PhD, a professor of pharmacology at Boston University School of Medicine, was one of nine Massachusetts researchers to receive a 2007 Memory Ride Grant from the Alzheimer's Association.

Scientists demonstate link between genetic variant and effectiveness of smoking cessation meds
A genetic variant present in nearly half of Americans of European ancestry is linked to greater effectiveness of the smoking cessation medication bupropion (Zyban), according to research by scientists supported by the National Institute on Drug Abuse and the National Cancer Institute, part of the National Institutes of Health.

2 drugs equally effective for heart patients undergoing angioplasty, Mayo study finds
In lifesaving procedures to open blocked heart arteries a key question has persisted for years: Is use of the more expensive drug, abciximab, justified over use of the less-expensive eptifibatide?

Japanese beetle may help fight hemlock-killing insect
The eastern hemlock, a tall, long-lived coniferous tree that shelters river and streamside ecosystems throughout the eastern United States and Canada, is in serious danger of extinction because a tiny, non-native insect is literally sucking the life out of it.

Emory researchers identify signaling protein for multiple myeloma
Researchers at Emory University's Winship Cancer Institute are the first to discover a mechanism that plays a critical role in the multiple myeloma cell cycle and survival.

Louisiana Tech researchers investigate tracking, sensors to assist Air Force
The research conducted by two Louisiana Tech professors will affect many applications such as chemical agent monitoring, weather and hurricanes tracking and monitoring and explosive detection at the battlefield, Selmic said.

Study reveals predation-evolution link
The fossil record seems to indicate that the diversity of marine creatures increased and decreased over hundreds of millions of years in step with predator-prey encounters, Virginia Tech geoscientists report in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Science.

New therapy could preserve vessel function after heart attack
Scientists have identified the process that causes blood vessels to constrict during and after a heart attack.

New approach to fighting obesity and diabetes
World-first equipment, made exclusively for UQ scientists, will determine how to produce food which is better for us, but still tastes good.

Deakin University research finds diesel exhaust kills throat cells
Researchers at Deakin University have found that diesel exhaust is far more damaging to our health than exhaust from biodiesel, the plant-based fuel. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to