Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

September 28, 2007
Occupational exposures may be linked to death from autoimmune disease
A new study examined the possible associations between occupation and the risk of dying from systemic autoimmune diseases and found that occupational exposures in farming and industry may be linked to higher death rates from these diseases.

Genomic profiling of lung tumors helps doctors choose most effective treatment
Determining the genetic profile of a particular lung tumor can help clinicians make the crucial decision about which chemotherapy treatment to try first.

The Real X-Files: the Inside Story of the MoD's UFO Project
Nick Pope, who ran the MoD'S UFO project in the early '90s, will be giving a talk on the subject.

When children are upset, mothers and fathers make a difference
When a young child experiences negative emotions -- anger, anxiety, or distress -- can his parents respond in a way that fosters the child's emotional development?

New discovery may improve treatment of one of the world's leading causes of blindness
An inflammatory eye condition that is one of the world's leading causes of blindness could be treated much more effectively and easily thanks to a new discovery.

Treating obstructive sleep apnea, preventing heart attacks and strokes
Researchers in Brazil have found that treating patients who suffer from obstructive sleep apnea with continuous positive airway pressure dramatically reduces early indications of atherosclerosis in just months, linking OSA directly to the hardening or narrowing of the arteries.

Higher death rates in kidney patients with newly recognized disease
A new study on the prevalence of NSF and its risk factors found that the disease is associated with an increased risk of dying and that gadolinium exposure is a significant risk factor for developing it.

Aggression in adolescents is influenced by siblings
Sibling order and gender have effects on children's and adolescents' aggression.

Satellite images corroborate eyewitness accounts of human rights abuses in Burma, AAAS reports
A new analysis of high-resolution satellite images -- completed by the American Association for the Advancement of Science -- pinpoints evidence consistent with village destruction, forced relocations and a growing military presence at 25 sites across eastern Burma where eyewitnesses have reported human rights violations.

Can racial health disparities be effectively reduced?
Studies show that minority patients generally receive a lower quality of health care compared to white patients.

'Deviancy training' among friends may lead to more trouble
Friendships can be beneficial, but watch out when talk about deviant topics is the best way to get a laugh in an adolescent relationship, because such interaction may well lead to questionable behavior down the road, say University of Oregon researchers.

Montana State University researchers investigate new suspect in West Nile deaths of pelicans
Stable flies are the latest suspect in the West Nile virus deaths of hundreds of pelican chicks at the Medicine Lake National Wildlife Refuge in northeast Montana.

The impact of physical activity on weight-bearing knee joint
Exercise for cardiovascular health keeps knee cartilage healthy, too, suggests a long-term, community-based study.

High blood pressure may be due to excess weight in half of overweight adults
As many as 50 percent of overweight men and women with high blood pressure may have hypertension as a result of being overweight, researchers reported today at the American Heart Association's 61st Annual Fall Conference of the Council for High Blood Pressure Research.

Breaking the barrier toward nanometer X-ray resolution
A team of researchers at the U.S. Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory have overcome a major obstacle for using refractive lenses to focus X-rays.

Meditation therapy for rheumatoid arthritis patients
Mindfulness-based stress reduction shows promise for easing psychological distress associated with disease symptoms.

High-quality adolescent friendships may come at a cost for youth with shared deviant values
This study found that the quality of interactions in adolescent peer relationships (such as good eye contact and responsiveness), is related to incidences of problem behavior.

Rice unveils $100 million initiative for world health technology
Rice University today unveiled plans for a $100 million initiative to create an institute to develop technologies to combat pressing health problems in the developing world, such as HIV/AIDS and child mortality.

NIH awards UC $9 million grant to improve patient point-of-care technologies
A leading cause of disability in the United States is a neurological event such as stroke, head injury or drug abuse.

Major energy and nanotech meeting
AVS holds its annual International Symposium and Exhibition in Seattle Oct.

Occupational therapy is an effective way of improving the daily life of stroke patients
Occupational therapy can improve the lives of patients who have suffered a stroke and lessen their chances of deteriorating, according to a study published on today.

Babies raised in bilingual homes learn new words differently than infants learning one language
Research on the learning process for acquiring two languages from birth found differences in how bilingual babies learned words compared to monolingual babies.

Leading experts cite poor health and nutrition as major barrier to education in developing world
Poor health and nutrition is causing millions of children in the developing world to miss out on essential education, according to a new book by leading school health experts.

First International Conference on Quantum Error Correction
The goal of the conference is to bring together a wide group of experts to discuss all aspects of quantum error correction, decoherence control and fault tolerance.

From Microscope to Stethoscope: the MUHC's distinguished public lecture series begins a second seaso
'From Microscope to Stethoscope,' the distinguished public lecture series organized by the Research Institute of the McGill University Health Centre, is embarking on a second season.

Vulnerable groups are not at higher risk of physician-assisted death
Claims that vulnerable groups, such as the elderly and people with physical or mental disabilities, are at an increased risk of physician-assisted death are not supported by evidence, says an expert in this week's BMJ.

Of mice and men: new male contraceptives successful in rodents and humans
Pills, sponges, IUDs, diaphragms -- women have many options for planning their fertility, none of them quite perfect.

Liquid rainbows: British color researchers meet Norwegian children
Language is no barrier when British researchers from Nottingham Trent University conduct a science workshop for Norwegian preschool children.

'Dead time' limits quantum cryptography speeds
According to a new paper by researchers at NIST and the Joint Quantum Institute, technological and security issues will stall maximum transmission rates at levels comparable to that of a single broadband connection, such as a cable modem, unless researchers reduce 'dead times' in the detectors that receive quantum-encrypted messages.

Center gets national funding for child trauma research
The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration has awarded a four-year $1.6 million grant to the newly established University of Kentucky Center for the Study of Violence Against Children.

Painful condition affecting kidney failure patients increases risk of death
A painful and debilitating condition that affects patients with kidney failure may be more common than previously believed and appears to be strongly associated with prior exposure to certain contrast agents used in imaging studies.

Carnegie Mellon researchers create new scanning system
Carnegie Mellon University's Yan Cai is developing new technology that could revolutionize the way archeologists work.

Children may benefit when mothers and fathers react differently to their negative emotions
New research suggests it might be beneficial to children if both parents don't react the same to the child's negative emotions.

Females explain influence of past on future differently than males
New research might help explain higher anxiety levels in women than in men.

Ossur's Proprio Foot nets the 2007 da Vinci Award
Ossur, a trusted and global developer of more scientifically advanced prosthetic innovations than any other company in the field, is pleased to announce that its Proprio Foot is the winner of a 2007 da Vinci Award.

A new milestone in the GMES Space Component Program successfully achieved
Yesterday ESA's Member States participating in the GMES Program approved the transition to phase two of segment one of the GMES Space Component Program.

Dysfunctional families and bad neighborhoods may worsen asthma in children and adolescents
A lack of family support and problems in one's neighborhood are associated with greater asthma symptoms in children and adolescents, according to researchers in Vancouver, Canada.

Acute lung injury patients one-third less likely to die in 'closed' model ICUs
Patients with acute lung injury are nearly one-third less likely to die if they are treated at ICUs that require board-certified critical care physicians to oversee patient care, as compared to patients treated at ICUs that allow any attending physician to oversee admission and case management.

NIST announces 56 new awards for innovative technology research and development
NIST today announced 56 new awards for innovative industrial research and development projects under the agency's Advanced Technology Program.

Mysterious energy burst stuns astronomers
In a shock finding, astronomers using CSIRO's Parkes telescope have detected a huge burst of radio energy from the distant universe that could open up a new field in astrophysics.

Surprise in the organic orchard -- a healthier worm in the apple
Scientists discover how the codling moth rapidly developed virus resistance.

U of Minnesota study finds that US high school dropout rate higher than thought
University of Minnesota sociologists have found that the US high school dropout rate is considerably higher than most people think -- with one in four students not graduating -- and has not improved appreciably in recent decades.

Infectious diseases experts applaud bill against 'bad bugs'
With extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis, life-threatening drug-resistant respiratory and skin infections, and other 'bad bugs' routinely making headlines, infectious diseases physicians are applauding Rep.

Jefferson researchers uncover new evidence of prolactin's possible role in breast cancer
Scientists at the Kimmel Cancer Center at Jefferson in Philadelphia have discovered new molecular evidence of the role of the hormone prolactin in breast cancer.

Iowa State consumer survey shows links between local foods, climate change, food safety
American consumers believe that local foods are safer, better and more healthy, and half of the respondents are willing to pay more for it.

Professor analyzes China's rise to power for upcoming NJIT talk
Cheng Li, William R. Kenan Professor of Government at Hamilton College, will analyze China in the 21st century at NJIT's Technology and Society Forum presentation.

Oncolytics Biotech Inc. reports positive interim results of UK phase Ia/Ib trials
An oral presentation covering interim results from a U.K. Phase Ia/Ib combination Reolysin and radiation clinical trial for patients with advanced or metastatic cancers is scheduled to be presented at the National Cancer Research Institute conference on Oct.

Center for Poverty Research to study senior hunger in America
The University of Kentucky Center for Poverty Research has received a major research grant from the Meals On Wheels Association of America Foundation to study the economic and demographic causes, consequences and future of senior hunger in America.

New Swedish research hope for millions of sufferers
Today's issue of the scientific journal Science presents research on the genetic makeup and biology of the parasite Giardia lamblia that ultimately may lead to better diagnosis and treatment of the diarrhea disease, giardiasis, which affects 200 million people every year.

Measurements from the edge: magnetic properties of thin films
Materials researchers at NIST, together with colleagues from IBM and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, have pushed the measurement of thin films to the edge -- literally -- to produce the first data on how the edges of metallic thin films contribute to their magnetic properties.

Recovery from acid rain 'much slower than expected'
Studies in Scotland and Wales show that streams still have high levels of acidity from pollution in the 1970s and 1980s, despite efforts to clean them.

Only half of hypertensive California adults take blood pressure-lowering drugs
About half of California adults diagnosed with high blood pressure, or hypertension, do not take medication to lower it, researchers reported today at the American Heart Association's 61st Annual Fall Conference of the Council for High Blood Pressure Research.

Mayo Clinic study finds FDA warning against antinausea drug droperidol unnecessary
A Mayo Clinic review of patients' responses to a drug used to control nausea and vomiting during anesthesia for general surgery questions a US Food and Drug Administration warning against the drug's use.

'Bad carbs' not the enemy, University of Virginia professor finds
The latest common wisdom on carbohydrates claims that eating so-called is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to