Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

October 11, 2007
1st successful treatment for chronic TBI
A research team led by Dr. Paul Harch, Assistant Professor of Clinical Medicine at Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center New Orleans and Director of the LSU Hyperbaric Medicine Fellowship Program, has published findings that show hyperbaric oxygen therapy improved spatial learning and memory in a model of chronic traumatic brain injury.

Drizzly mornings on Xanadu
Noted for its bizarre hydrocarbon lakes and frozen methane clouds, Saturn's largest moon, Titan, also appears to have widespread drizzles of methane.

Uneven progress in maternal health worldwide but some countries setting good example
Progress in maternal health has been uneven, inequitable and unsatisfactory, but successes in several countries show that change is possible.

Stem cell nuclei are soft 'hard drives,' Penn study finds
Biophysicists at the University of Pennsylvania have discovered that the nuclei of human stem cells are particularly soft and flexible, rather than hard, making it easier for stem cells to migrate through the body and to adopt different shapes, but ultimately to put human genes in the correct nuclear

Story ideas from the Journal of Lipid Research
Story ideas from the November 2007 issue of the Journal of Lipid Research include how to prevent Alzheimer's disease early on, improving the assessment of coronary heart disease risk in Chinese, slowing down the development of heart disease, and potential health benefits of fish oil in baby formula.

The nanotech future: a conversation with Mihail Roco
It is hard to discuss the future of nanotechnology without talking about or with Mike Roco.

$2.7 million awarded for metastatic colon cancer research
Through the generous philanthropic support of the Littlefield 2000 Trust, the American Association for Cancer Research is pleased to announce four recipients of the 2007 Jeannik M.

Genome update defines landscape of breast and colon cancers
One year after completing the first large-scale report sequencing breast and colon cancer genes, Johns Hopkins Kimmel Cancer Center scientists have studied the vast majority of protein-coding genes which now suggest a landscape dominated by genes that each are mutated in relatively few cancers.

'Chlamy' genome holds clues for renewable energy, the environment and human health
University of Minnesota researchers contributed to a national effort to sequence the genome of an ancient, one-celled organism that will help advance research in a broad range of areas, from biofuels to restoring the environment to understanding a variety of human diseases.

Study involving more than 100 scientists provides new insights on green algae
More than 100 scientists worldwide report in the Oct. 12 issue of the journal Science a 'goldmine' of data on a tiny green alga called Chlamydomonas, with implications for human diseases.

Kansas Wind For Schools program selects rural schools to receive wind turbines
The newest addition to five Kansas schools or school districts will give students a chance to learn more about wind power.

Video conferencing could help resolve conflicts at work and at home, researchers say
The latest video technology could help to resolve conflicts between employees at work, neighbors or even family members, researchers from the University of Bath, UK, believe.

Patients can't recall their medications to tell doctors
Doctors depend on patients to accurately tell them what drugs they are taking in out-patient visits.

Taking the stress out of choosing the right stress test
Stress tests are good front-line indicators of heart disease, but just how good depends on ordering the right one, researchers say.

New research may show why some prostate cancer recurs after treatment
Cancer researchers have long worked to understand why some prostate cancers recur after the use of therapies designed to stop the production of testosterone and other androgens that fuel cancer cell growth.

MIT links gene to cholesterol
MIT researchers have discovered a link between a gene believed to promote long lifespan and a pathway that flushes cholesterol from the body.

New insight into childhood metabolic disease
Glutaric acidemia type I is an inherited disorder similar to Huntington disease.

MIT uncovers key blood protein
Scientists working in the only lab at MIT doing hematology research have uncovered a protein that plays a key role in the recycling of iron from blood.

Semiconductor Industry Association and IEEE-USA urge action on immigration reform
In a joint letter to key Senate and House leaders, the Semiconductor Industry Association and the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers-USA urged passage of measures to ease the hiring of foreign-born scientists and engineers and other proposals to enhance the global competitiveness of the US high-tech sector.

Millennium development target on maternal mortality unlikely to be met
Continuing high rates of maternal mortality in sub-Saharan Africa are offsetting progress made in other world regions.

Science survey ranks top biopharma employers
Science's annual survey of top employers polls employees in the biotechnology, biopharmaceutical, pharmaceutical and related industries.

Analysis of breast and colon cancer genes finds many areas of differences between tumors
Researchers from University Hospitals Ireland Cancer Center and Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine are part of a new national study that has analyzed more than 18,000 genes, including 5,000 previously unmapped genes, from breast and colorectal tumors.

JCI table of contents: Oct. 11, 2007
This release contains summaries, links to PDFs and contact information for the following newsworthy papers to be published online, October 11, 2007, in the JCI, including: New insight into childhood metabolic disease; Mast cells get straight As; CD8+ T cells LAG behind; It's good to talk: PGC-1-alpha helps skeletal muscle and pancreatic islets communicate; HRI controls anemia of inflammation with an iron fist; and others.

Building efficient, effective, locally sensitive solutions for dementia care
Dementia is a growing burden for society, propelling patients and caregivers to increasingly use the health-care system.

Home sprinklers score 'A' in NIST cost-benefit study
In a new stody, NIST economists demonstrate that installing residential fire sprinklers as part of the construction of new homes makes good economic sense.

Severe obstetric complications mean greater risk of death and mental health problems
Women who give birth with severe obstetric complications are at greater risk of death and mental-health problems than are women with uncomplicated delivery.

Quantum mechanics predicts unusual lattice dynamics of vanadium metal under high pressure
A Swedish-American research team has used theoretical calculations to understand a totally new type of high-pressure structural phase transition in Vanadium.

Anticlotting drug found to be safe in sickle cell patients
An intravenous

New 'seed' therapy helps pinpoint breast tumors with more accuracy
Physicians at UT Southwestern Medical Center are the first in Texas to use a new technique in which a small radioactive pellet, or

The benefits of 80 million years without sex
Scientists have discovered how a microscopic organism has benefited from nearly 80 million years without sex.

DOE publishes update of plan: 'Facilities for the Future of Science: A 20-Year Outlook'
The US Department of Energy's Office of Science today released a comprehensive update of its landmark 2003 publication, Facilities for the Future of Science: A Twenty-Year Outlook, that shows the agency has made

Rejection sets off alarms for folks with low self-esteem
Few can tolerate such romantic or professional rebuffs as

Prostate cancer increases hip fracture risk by eight times in 50 to 65 year-olds
Men with prostate cancer are four times more likely to suffer a hip fracture and two times more likely to suffer any kind of fracture.

New membrane strips carbon dioxide from natural gas faster and better
A modified plastic material greatly improves the ability to separate global warming-linked carbon dioxide from natural gas as the gas is prepared for use, according to engineers at The University of Texas at Austin who have analyzed the new plastic's performance.

UD plant biologists uncover top wetland plant's hidden weapon
Scientists at the University of Delaware have uncovered a hidden weapon that one of the most invasive wetland plants in the United States uses to silently and efficiently

Minister Lunn to announce clean energy project
On Friday, Oct. 12, the Honourable Gary Lunn, minister of natural resources, will make an ecoENERGY Technology initiative announcement at the Canadian Academy of Engineering energy workshop.

Lux Executive Summit announces 2007 speakers
Corporations are changing how they innovate, relying on external technologies sourced from start-ups, research institutions, and even competitors.

Fantastic plastic could cut CO2 emissions and purify water
A new membrane that mimics pores found in plants has applications in water, energy and climate change mitigation.

Human Factors researchers improve performance with robotic systems on the ISS
Software for a robotic extension of existing NASA technology for remote operations on the International Space Station has been shown to improve astronauts' performance on high-precision tasks.

A tiny pinch from a 'z-ring' helps bacteria cells divide
In process that is shrouded in mystery, rod-shaped bacteria reproduce by splitting themselves in two.

Green algae -- the nexus of plant/animal ancestry
Genes of a tiny, single-celled green alga called Chlamydomonas reinhardtii may contain scores more data about the common ancestry of plants and animals than the richest paleontological dig.

Lack of HIV prevention for male sex workers in the Caribbean could fuel AIDS epidemic
Male sex tourists, largely from the United States and Europe, may be fueling an HIV/AIDS epidemic in the Caribbean, and efforts to stop the epidemic will be severely hampered unless HIV prevention dollars are diverted to help male prostitutes, a new study suggests.

Armed with cameras, teens spread health advocacy message in their communities
A Children's Memorial Hospital researcher has developed an innovative health advocacy program that uses photovoice, a combination of digital photography and storytelling, to empower minority teens to identify and address important health problems in their communities.

European lead in reading past climates from ice cores
Climate change is a reality today, but how can we find out about the future dangers it poses?

Cassini's new view of land of lakes and seas
The best views of the hydrocarbon lakes and seas on Saturn's moon Titan taken by the Cassini spacecraft are being released today.

Safer abortion and better emergency care among factors decreasing maternal mortality in Bangladesh
Better access to safe abortion services and emergency obstetric care are among the factors which have led to a massive decrease in maternal mortality in Bangladesh during the last 30 years.

Enzyme promotes fat formation
The enzyme TPPII may contribute to obesity by stimulating the formation of fat cells, suggests a study in EMBO reports this week.

Morning forecast on Titan calls for widespread methane drizzle off Xanadu
New near-infrared images from Hawaii's Keck Observatory and Chile's Very Large Telescope show for the first time a nearly global cloud cover at high elevations on Titan and a widespread and persistent morning drizzle of methane on the flanks of Titan's major continent, Xanadu.

Alternative food networks connect ethical producers and consumers and can lead to healthier eating
In the light of growing concerns about the separation of producers and consumers in our food system and the power of big supermarkets, new research funded by Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC) provides valuable insights into the motivations and practices of consumers and producers involved in 'alternative food' networks, which include schemes as varied as organic vegetable boxes, community gardens and farm animal adoption.

NIST light source illuminates fusion power diagnostics
Using a device that can turn a tiny piece of laboratory space into an ion cloud as hot as those found in a nuclear fusion reactor, physicists at NIST are helping to develop one of the most exotic 'yardsticks' on earth, an instrument to monitor conditions in the plasma of an experimental reactor.

Green alga genome project catalogs carbon capture machinery
The analysis of a tiny green alga has uncovered hundreds of genes that are uniquely associated with carbon dioxide capture and generation of biomass.

AACR, BCRF award inaugural grants in translational breast cancer research
Through the generous support of the Breast Cancer Research Foundation, the American Association for Cancer Research is pleased to announce the inaugural recipients of the 2007 BCRF-AACR Grants in Translational Breast Cancer Research.

Iowa State professor's genome research published in the latest issue of Science
An Iowa State University professor is part of team that is published in Science for sequencing and annotating the genome of the green algae chlamydomonas.

Crucial moment to redress appalling neglect of maternal mortality
The crucial moment to redress the appalling historical neglect of maternal mortality has arrived, concludes the editorial introducing the Women Deliver Special Issue of the Lancet.

The era of global aging: GSA showcases cutting-edge San Francisco meeting topics
Once again the Gerontological Society of America is inviting all journalists to attend its 60th Annual Scientific Meeting -- the country's largest multidisciplinary conference in the field of aging.

Regenstrief institute selected to help design nationwide health information network
In a move that is viewed as a major step toward developing a secure and portable health information system for all Americans, the U.S.

Quick technique to identify adenoviruses can improve patient care
NIAID grantees have adapted a rapid and accurate new molecular typing strategy and used it to conduct one of the most comprehensive studies of adenoviruses ever performed in the United States.

Jefferson scientists find protein may be key in developing deadly form of pancreatic cancer
A tumor-blocking protein previously implicated in prostate and breast cancer development may also be behind the most aggressive type of pancreatic cancer.

1 in 5 pregnancies worldwide and 1 in 3 in Europe ends in abortion
One in five pregnancies worldwide and one in three in Europe ends in abortion.

Biopharmaceutical infrastructure key to lower drug development costs
Improvements to the technology infrastructure for researching and developing new biopharmaceuticals would be expected to save the industry hundreds of millions of dollars annually, according to a new economic study sponsored by NIST.

Breast cancer awareness calls for cardiovascular awareness
Women who overcome breast cancer have every reason to celebrate.

Nanoparticle exposures happen, says expert
Some nanotechnology fanciers suggest that, like proverbial birds of a feather, engineered nanoscale materials will flock -- or clump -- together.

Global Sourcing Council: Inaugural meeting, NYC, Oct. 25
The inaugural meeting of the Global Sourcing Council, a voluntary, public-private initiative to facilitate dialog, information and greater understanding of global sourcing, will take place 8:30 a.m.-2:00 p.m.

New force-fluorescence device measures motion previously undetectable
A hybrid device combining force and fluorescence developed by researchers at the University of Illinois has made possible the accurate detection of nanometer-scale motion of biomolecules caused by pico-newton forces.

Modeling pathogen responses
A new study by David Heckerman and colleagues from Massachusetts General Hospital, publishing on Oct.

Educators help create new geography education standards dealing with natural disasters in Bangladesh
A Kansas State University professor traveled with a dozen American K-12 teachers and two professors from the state of Iowa, in July on a 28-day trip to Bangladesh.

Bottomless bowls are an Ig Nobel winner
Last week, he was featured in Time magazine and USA Today.

RNA-binding protein key to understanding myotonic dystrophy type 1
Increased levels of a protein called CUGBP1 play an important role in the adult-onset form of muscular dystrophy called myotonic dystrophy type 1, said Baylor College of Medicine researchers in a report that appears today in the journal Molecular Cell.

New class of drug offers hope to treatment-resistant AIDS patients
A series of HIV integrase inhibitors discovered by Vasu Nair, Georgia Research Alliance Eminent Scholar in Drug Discovery at the University of Georgia, recently was licensed by Georgia biotechnology company Inhibitex from the University of Georgia Research Foundation.

Penn study suggests professional welders at risk for loss of sense of smell
Researchers at the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine have found that professional welders who work in enclosed spaces with poor ventilation may be at risk for loss of sense of smell.

UT Southwestern researcher named Howard Hughes Medical Institute investigator
Dr. Beth Levine, professor of internal medicine and microbiology and chief of the division of infectious diseases at UT Southwestern Medical Center, was named a Howard Hughes Medical Institute investigator today.

New molecules discovered that block cancer cells from modifying cell DNA
Researchers have discovered new small molecules that may prevent prostate cancer cells from turning off normal genes in a process that transforms normal cells into cancer cells.

New quantum dot transistor counts individual photons
NIST researchers have deisgned and demonstrated a transistor containing quantum dots that can count individual photons.

Innovative 3D-imaging technique captures brain damage linked to Alzheimer's disease
Using an advanced three-dimensional mapping technique developed by UCLA researchers, the team analyzed magnetic resonance imaging data from 24 patients with amnestic mild cognitive impairment and 25 others with mild Alzheimer's disease.

Sol-gel inks produce complex shapes with nanoscale features
New sol-gel inks developed by researchers at the University of Illinois can be printed into patterns to produce 3-D structures of metal oxides with nanoscale features.
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