Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

October 26, 2007
CAST rolls out biofuel commentaries in New Orleans
The Council for Agricultural Science and Technology will roll-out two new commentaries on biofuel byproducts and ethanol production in New Orleans on Nov.

US Department of Defense confence held at UH
From defusing bombs to treating post trauma, the US armed forces face challenges on multiple fronts.

Now is Africa's turn for a green revolution, global experts say
A renowned group of speakers, including Pedro Sanchez and Jeffrey Sachs, share the promise of fighting hunger in Africa through agricultural productivity at

Removal of uterus increases risk of urinary incontinence
Researchers at the Swedish medical university Karolinska Institutet have shown that hysterectomy -- a common operation involving the removal of the uterus -- greatly increases the risk of urinary incontinence.

High-tech textiles pave the way for glowing garments
Researchers at the University of Manchester have developed high-tech battery-powered textile yarns that can be used to make clothing glow in the dark.

New study of Concerta showed significant improvement of ADHD symptom management in adults
Adults with ADHD treated with CONCERTA OROS methylphenidate HCl extended-release tablets showed significant improvements in ADHD symptom management compared to adults taking placebo, according to study results presented today at a major psychiatric medical meeting.

Less Arctic ice means higher risks, experts warn
The International Ice Charting Working Group predicts more marine transportation in the Arctic as sea ice continues to diminish and warns of

Cell pathway, disease linked to histone action
In the study a protein was identified that modifies H2A, which in turn regulates normal cell pathways and cell growth.

MedImmune to present RSV surveillance and cost-effectiveness data at American Academy of Pediatrics
MedImmune, Inc., today announced it will present three abstracts at the American Academy of Pediatrics 2007 National Conference & Exhibition, adding to the company's growing body of research into the prevention of respiratory syncytial virus, a leading cause of hospitalization among infants.

A new chapter for pediatricians: Multimedia book helps improve patient care
A new and innovative book for pediatricians from sports medicine specialists at Hospital for Special Surgery is taking a different approach in helping to increase knowledge and understanding in the field of sports medicine.

USC conference brings biotech industry together to discuss the future of patient management
The University of Southern California will host its first Body Computing Conference on Oct.

Video shows buckyballs form by 'shrink wrapping'
The birth secret of buckyballs -- hollow spheres of carbon no wider than a strand of DNA -- has been caught on tape by researchers at Sandia National Laboratory and Rice University.

STS-120: crew set for first spacewalk
Two astronauts will step out of the International Space Station later today to take part in a six and a half hour spacewalk to install the Italian-built Node 2 module, also known as Harmony.

Einstein researchers receive grants totaling $700,000 for innovative breast cancer research
Three researchers at the Albert Einstein College of Medicine have been awarded grants from the Breast Cancer Research Foundation.

Tips from the Journals of the American Society for Microbiology
The following articles are in the upcoming issue of the Journals of the American Society for Microbiology:

The race for biofuels driving alternative sources of biomass
Research presented on Nov. 6-7 at the ASA-CSSA-SSSA International Annual Meetings will examine the future of biomass for biofuel production and will look at how several regional species could be grown for biofuels.

New journal for astronomy communicators goes live!
In response to an increasing need among the growing community of astronomy communicators, the International Astronomical Union is today announcing the advent of a new journal called 'Communicating Astronomy with the Public Journal.' Subscriptions to print and online versions are free of charge to communicators.

Penn State receives mine emergency training grant
Penn State's Miner Training Program has received a $135,000 Brookwood-Sago Mine Safety Grant from the Mine Safety and Health Administration, US Department of Labor.

UD researchers race ahead with latest spintronics achievement
In a rapid follow-up to their achievement as the first to demonstrate how an electron's spin can be electrically injected, controlled and detected in silicon, electrical engineers from the University of Delaware and Cambridge NanoTech now show that this quantum property can be transported a marathon distance in the world of microelectronics -- through an entire silicon wafer.

Obesity-related hormone is higher in children with Down syndrome
Children with Down syndrome are more likely than their unaffected siblings to have higher levels of a hormone associated with obesity, according to pediatric researchers.

Predators and parasites may increase evolutionary stability
Study explores the role of natural enemies and the consequences for mating.

Red hair and freckles...
Genetic studies show that some Neanderthals may have had red or fair hair and lighter-colored skin.

Stevens education partners, Boeing and Novations, win Project Management Institute award
The Project Management Institute, the world's leading membership association for the project management profession, awarded The Boeing Company and its project management training partner, Novations Group, Inc., the PMI Professional Development Provider of the Year Award in the organizational category.

Dealing with stress as a treatment for alcohol abuse
A researcher at the University at Buffalo's Research Institute on Addictions is initiating a study of

Helicobacter pylori inhibits intercellular communication of cultured gastric cells
A research group led by Dr. Jin-Tu Lou from China has reported that Helicobacter pylori could inhibit intercellular communication of cultured gastric cells.

NIST demos industrial-grade nanowire device fabrication
Nanowires have attracted a great deal of interest for their potential to build unique atomic-scale electronics, but manufacturers will need efficient, reliable methods to build them in quantity.

'Twinkle after-effect' can help retinal patients detect vision loss quickly and cheaply
Scientists at Schepens Eye Research Institute have discovered a simple and inexpensive way for patients with retinal and other eye disease to keep track of changes in their vision loss.

Soil, conservation experts to reflect on Hurricane Katrina disaster
Two years after Hurricane Katrina devastated the Gulf Coast, soil scientists and conservation leaders are coming together to share lessons learned at a symposium on Nov.

Presidents of Iceland, Bangladesh to discuss global climate change in New Orleans
The presidents of Iceland and Bangladesh will each discuss the topic of global climate change on Monday, Nov.

World's hottest chile pepper discovered
Researchers at New Mexico State University recently discovered the world's hottest chile pepper.

Microbial biofilms evoke Jekyll & Hyde effects
Microbes such as bacteria tend to live in complex colonies called biofilms, where they can resist antibiotics and cause more problems for the immune system.

Food and environmental sustainability focus of ASA-CSSA-SSSA Annual Meetings
More than 4,000 soil and crop scientists and agronomists from around the world will meet in New Orleans, Nov.

AAPS and Springer widen publishing partnership
Starting in January 2008, Springer will publish the AAPS Journal and AAPS PharmSciTech, both official publications of the American Association of Pharmaceutical Scientists.

Emergence of recombinant forms of HIV: dynamics and scaling
The new model provides a framework for predicting the development of multi-drug resistance in HIV patients.

The largest colonic lipoma to date
Colonic lipoma is an uncommon tumor of the gastrointestinal tract.

Huge numbers willing to go under knife to alter their appearance, study finds
Most women, and large numbers of men, expressed interest in having cosmetic surgery, university scientists report.

Attenuation of NASH by stimulation of free fatty acid metabolism
The prevalence of obesity around the world is booming. Consequently, obesity-associated comorbid diseases, such as non-alcoholic steatohepatitis are also escalating.

Biogeochemistry -- A window into the Earth's ecological health
On Oct. 29, Dr. William H. Schlesinger, president of the Institute of Ecosystem Studies, will present his latest analysis of human impacts on the global nitrogen cycle as the Michel T.

Quality-of-life yardstick needed for children with serious urologic conditions, Hopkins study shows
A small but revealing study from the Johns Hopkins Children's Center suggests that a widely used tool to measure physical, emotional and psychological functioning and well-being in children may fail to accurately gauge these quality-of-life indicators in the children with some of the most severe bladder conditions, such as spina bifida and bladder exstrophies.

ESA tracking support essential to Chinese mission
The ESA ground station network is being mobilized to provide direct support to China's Chang'E-1 Moon mission.

Norman Borlaug, Rob Horsch to keynote world hunger lecture
Nobel Peace Prize winner Norman Borlaug and Rob Horsch of the Gates Foundation will address the challenges of developing agricultural technologies to feed the world on Nov.
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