Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

November 02, 2007
Mars Express probes the Red Planet's most unusual deposits
The radar system on ESA's Mars Express has uncovered new details about some of the most mysterious deposits on Mars: The Medusae Fossae Formation.

Arizona State University launches biofuel initiative with BP and Science Foundation Arizona
Arizona State University has announced a significant research partnership with energy company BP and Science Foundation Arizona to develop a renewable source of biofuel.

Scientists discover novel way to remove iron from ferritin
A new study led by Children's Hospital Oakland Research Institute senior scientist, Elizabeth Theil, PhD, is the first to suggest that a small protein or heptapeptide could be used to accelerate the removal of iron from ferritin.

Cornell will host the Northeast Biofuel Summit, Nov. 11-13
Cornell University will host the Northeast Biofuel Summit, Nov. 11-13, at the Statler Hotel on the Cornell campus.

New technology puts guilty verdict to the test
An academic at the University of Sheffield has used groundbreaking technology to investigate the potential innocence of a woman convicted of poisoning a child in her care.

Divers find new species in Aleutians
There are unknown creatures lurking under the windswept islands of the Aleutians, according to a team of scientific divers from the University of Alaska Fairbanks.

WPI professor receives institute award for excellence from American Institute of Chemical Engineers
The American Institute of Chemical Engineers will present Yi Hua Ma, Frances B.

24-week course of interferon-alpha therapy prolongs survival in patients hepatitis C virus
A group at Hiroshima University Hospital performed a matched historical controlled study on whether a 24-week course of interferon-alpha therapy, after curative treatment for primary hepatocellular carcinoma associated with hepatitis C virus, could influence tumor recurrence, patient survival, and liver function.

Teamwork increases student learning and career success
A two-year study of college students at The Pennsylvania State University proves that students learn better and develop higher-level skills by participating in cooperative (team) activities, compared to traditional classroom teaching methods.

Study: Fountain of youth for your heart?
University of Alberta professor Jason Dyck's findings suggest that the protein responsible for transporting fat into the contractile cells of the heart may be a candidate for drug inhibition and that this drug could protect the heart from aging.

Folic acid linked to increased cancer rate
Two recent commentaries appearing in the November issue of Nutrition Reviews find that the introduction of flour fortified with folic acid into common foods was followed by an increase in colon cancer diagnoses in the U.S. and Canada.

NYU physicist wins presidential early career award
New York University's Kyle Cranmer, an assistant professor in the Department of Physics, has been awarded a Presidential Early Career Award for Scientists and Engineers.

Elderly with high blood pressure less likely to get lifestyle modification advice from doctors
People older than 60 with high blood pressure are less likely than other groups of patients to receive advice from their doctors about lifestyle modifications that can help lower their blood pressure, a study by UNC researchers concludes.

Large dose dexamethasone plays important roles in severe acute pancreatitis
The sound therapeutic effects of large dose dexamethasone on severe acute pancreatitis have been demonstrated, but the mechanism of large dose dexamethasone treatment in SAP has not been explored.

Doctors and medical ethicist discuss whether doctors should participate in capital punishment
Should doctors be involved in the state-ordered administration of capital punishment?

Sweet potato promise shines for small enterprise and hunger relief in developing countries
Despite its storied history, sweetpotato has received relative little attention from crop improvement research.

Emotional Intelligence and the use of tobacco and cannabis
Emotional Intelligence has become increasingly popular in the past few years, both at social and professional levels.

Liverpool scientists reveal how mice recognise each other
Scientists at the University of Liverpool have discovered that mice rely on a special set of proteins to recognise each other.

Carnegie Mellon researchers to develop new drug delivery system
Carnegie Mellon University's Stefan F. Zappe is using adult neural stem cells to develop a new stem-based drug delivery therapy that may ultimatley help treat a variety of inherited disorders like Hunter syndrome.

Space Exploration 3.0 about to begin
Space exploration is about to enter a third age where nations will cooperate to explore the solar system.

National Professional Science Master's Association launched with Sloan Foundation grant
The Alfred P. Sloan Foundation has awarded a $500,000 grant to a group of universities led by Worcester Polytechnic Institute to inaugurate the National Professional Science Master's Association.

Collegiate Inventors Competition announces winners for 2007
A novel way to treat cancer has won the top honor at the 2007 Collegiate Inventors Competition, an annual program of the National Inventors Hall of Fame Foundation.

How does the antitumor drug get to the cell nucleus?
Platinum complexes such as the well-known cisplatin are powerful antitumor medications.

Treat all patients with rare lung disease to prevent stroke, say doctors
Treatment should be offered to all people with a particular rare lung condition, regardless of whether or not they show symptoms of it, say researchers and doctors behind a new study published today.

Plasma serotonin levels can correlate with degree of liver insufficiency
Liver cirrhosis is a worldwide, challenging disease, and researchers have been focused on non-invasive assessment of the stages of disease.

Scientists question folic acid fortification
Scientists at the Institute of Food Research have highlighted possible consequences of fortifying flour with folic acid due to new evidence of how it is absorbed by the body.

Molecular medical research points to treatment of spinal muscular atrophy
Researchers at the Peninsula Medical School in Exeter, UK, have carried out studies into one of the two survival motor neuron genes that set suffers from SMA apart from the rest of the population.

Survival traits for breast, lung, prostate, colorectal cancers are passed from parents to children
Children whose parents had good survival after diagnosis of breast, lung, prostate, or colorectal cancers have better survival rates for cancers at the same site than children whose parents had died from these conditions.

Anesthesia pouch allows children to go home sooner after surgery
Children recovering from orthopaedic surgery feel less pain and leave the hospital sooner when they go home with a small pouch that delivers local anesthetic agents and blocks pain transmission from surgical sites.

A hairpin to fight HIV
A team of researchers from the University of Zurich (Switzerland) and the University of Washington (USA) has developed a new potential starting point for a drug that could intervene in the deadly cycle of HIV reproduction.

NSF awards Stevens team $1 million for research on smart, bacteria-repellent nanohydrogels
The National Science Foundation has awarded an interdisciplinary team of five Stevens Institute of Technology researchers a four-year, $1 million grant to develop

Does neural cell adhesion molecule-180 predict survival in colorectal cancer?
As cancer is one of the most fatal diseases worldwide, tumor markers and prognostic criterions are of great interest to researchers.

$1.1 million NSF grant to fund research in advanced light microscopy at UCLA
The National Science Foundation has awarded $1.1 million for Major Research Instrumentation for the Advanced Light Microscopy core laboratory at the California NanoSystems Institute at UCLA.

Endosonography-guided biliary drainage is useful in cases with failed endoscopic biliary stenting
Endosonography-guided biliary drainage is a new method that enables internal drainage of bile.

Adolescence and autism: a difficult, but not hopeless, combination according to a new MUHC study
The challenges that autistic patients face for building up relationships become more pronounced during adolescence, a crucial period when many kinds of social behaviours are developed.

U of M performs first systemic therapy for fatal childhood disease
University of Minnesota Children's Hospital, Fairview physicians have performed the first bone marrow and cord blood transplant to treat recessive dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa.

The need for speed: Two new studies on stroke
Sixty-nine percent of stroke victims still don't reach the hospital in the first three hours after their stroke symptoms begin, a new study finds.

Heavier hydrogen on the atomic scale reduces friction
Scientists may be one step closer to understanding the atomic forces that cause friction, thanks to a recently published study by researchers from the University of Pennsylvania, the University of Houston and the US Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory.

Testing delays cause severe AIDS complications, Einstein researchers find
Despite the availability of life-saving antiretroviral treatment, people infected with HIV continue to die and suffer from complications of AIDS, mainly due to delayed diagnosis and initiation of treatment.
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