Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

November 04, 2007
Older adults not more distractible, research shows
Despite previous research suggesting that older adults are more distractible, new research shows they are no more distractible than younger adults when asked to focus their attention on their sense of sight or sound, or when asked to switch their attention from one sense to the other.

Distance from transplant center cannot explain racial gap in kidney transplant waitlisting
Why are African-American patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) less likely to be placed on waiting lists for kidney transplantation?

Renal week program looks at new medical causes of kidney disorder
Nephrologists and other health care providers need to be aware of certain medications and diagnostic test preparations that, in some patients, can cause damage to the kidneys, according to a special clinical update being presented at the American Society of Nephrology's 40th Annual Meeting and Scientific Exposition in San Francisco.

American Association for Cancer Research announces AACR Asia
The American Association for Cancer Research is pleased to announce its plans to facilitate global advances in cancer research through the establishment of AACR Asia, an office that will open officially in Singapore in 2009.

Curry-derived molecules might be too spicy for colorectal cancers
Curcumin, the yellowish component of turmeric that gives curry its flavor, has long been noted for its potential anti-cancer properties.

'Expanded criteria nonbeating-heart' kidneys don't do well in elderly transplant patients
For older patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD), the results of kidney transplants from

Epilepsy genes may cancel each other
Inheriting two genetic mutations that can individually cause epilepsy might actually be 'seizure-protective,' said Baylor College of Medicine researchers in a report that appears online today in the journal Nature Neuroscience.

Statewide program helps improve quality of care for heart attack
Implementation of a program in North Carolina to increase the rate of coronary reperfusion for heart attack significantly improved the quality of care these patients received, according to a study in JAMA being released early online to coincide with its release at the American Heart Association's annual meeting.

Study identifies novel gene alterations in lung cancer
Unprecedented study of the genomic landscape of lung cancer identifies key gene alteration not previously implicated in any form of cancer.

WFU researchers discover new hemoglobin function
A team of researchers from Wake Forest University, the National Institutes of Health and other institutions has discovered a previously undetected chemical process within the oxygen-carrying molecule hemoglobin that could have far-reaching implications for the treatment of cardiovascular diseases.

Smaller heart pump bridges time to transplant for more women
A small, implantable device that helps the heart pump blood works equally well for men and women but may benefit twice as many women awaiting transplants, researchers reported at the American Heart Association's Scientific Sessions 2007.

Training and experience can affect brain organization, research shows
New research comparing music conductors and non-musicians shows that both the conductors and the nonmusicians

New York cardiologist receives national Research Achievement Award
The American Heart Association presented its national Research Achievement Award posthumously 'with distinct gratitude' to the late Edmund H.

Breast cancer screening may not be cost-effective for older women on dialysis
For older women on dialysis, routine mammograms to screen for breast cancer may not be a cost-effective use of medical resources, according to a paper being presented at the American Society of Nephrology's 40th Annual Meeting and Scientific Exposition in San Francisco.

Aging heart changes shape, shrinks and loses pumping function too
Researchers at Johns Hopkins have evidence to explain why the supposedly natural act of aging is by itself a very potent risk factor for life-threatening heart failure.

Emory scientist honored for identifying key components of blood pressure control
The American Heart Association awarded its 2007 Basic Research Prize to Kenneth E.

Genome study charts genetic landscape of lung cancer
An international team of scientists today announced the results of a systematic effort to map the genetic changes underlying lung cancer, the world's leading cause of cancer deaths.

Shigetada Nakanishi receives $500,000 Gruber Neuroscience Prize
Over the last 40 years, Shigetada Nakanishi has unraveled many of the molecular secrets that underpin the function of the human nervous system.

Study shows energy drink 'cocktails' lead to increased injury risk
College students who drink alcohol mixed with so-called

Atlanta physician recognized for 4 decades of mentoring
The American Heart Association presented one of its highest national honors to Darwin R.

Antioxidants could provide all-purpose radiation protection
Two common dietary molecules found in legumes and bran could protect DNA from the harmful effects of radiation, researchers from the University of Maryland report.

Manchester researchers identify gene behind rheumatoid arthritis
University of Manchester researchers have identified a genetic variant in a region on chromosome 6 that is associated with rheumatoid arthritis, the most common inflammatory arthritis affecting 387,000 people in the UK.

Florida neurologist honored for work to raise stroke awareness among African Americans
The American Heart Association presented its Chairman's Award to Ralph L.

RACE: a statewide model of better, faster heart attack care
A North Carolina team of doctors, nurses, hospitals and emergency medical service workers has come up with a way to provide faster, more effective treatment for heart attack patients.

Tumor genome analysis unveils new insights into lung cancer
An international consortium of scientists today in an advanced online publication in the journal Nature revealed a comprehensive view of the altered genetic background of the type of lung cancer that is the most common cause of cancer deaths in humans.

Ludwig Institute for Cancer Research to set up its first Asian branch in Singapore
A memorandum of understanding has been signed by the world's largest international non-profit cancer research institute, the Ludwig Institute for Cancer Research, to establish a branch for translational and clinical cancer research in Singapore.

Gesturing helps grade-schoolers solve math problems
Are math problems bugging your kids? Tell them to talk back -- using their hands.

Rare cancer-causing syndrome found, for the first time, in Singapore
A rare hereditary disorder that strongly predisposes carriers to develop cancer at an early age has been found in an Asian female, report researchers today at the American Association for Cancer Research Centennial Conference on Translational Cancer Medicine.

Asymptomatic peripheral artery disease prevalence is rising
The prevalence of asymptomatic peripheral artery disease is steadily increasing among American adults, researchers reported at the American Heart Association's Scientific Sessions 2007.

Harvard researcher wins prize for identifying destructive heart changes
The American Heart Association awarded its Clinical Research Prize to a Harvard researcher for identifying destructive structural changes in the diseased heart and leading clinical trials showing that lifesaving therapies can limit damage.

Guardian of genome predicts treatment outcomes for childhood cancer
Researchers have identified a new role for a cancer-prevention gene in the response to drug treatment for childhood cancer.

Chicago scientist honored for trials documenting CVD burden
The American Heart Association awarded its Population Research Prize to Paul K.
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