Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

November 09, 2007
High-energy particles from violent black holes travel to Earth
High-energy particles from just outside enormous active black holes in nearby galaxies travel as far as 250 million light years to make it all the way to Earth, an international team of 400 physicists and astronomers from 17 countries reports in the Nov.

First symposium of UN University-Cornell Africa Series to be held at UN
Cornell University and the United Nations University will explore causes, effects and potential solutions for the health, governance and security of the African continent when it inaugurates the

Survey shows gender differences are factor when surgeons in training choose a subspecialty
A gender difference exists among surgeons who choose a surgical subspecialty, particularly when they evaluate the factors that may influence their career choice, according to results of a new survey published in the November issue of the Journal of the American College of Surgeons.

Argonne scientists use unique diamond anvils to view oxide glass structures under pressure
Researchers at the US Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory have used a uniquely-constructed perforated diamond cell to investigate oxide glass structures at high pressures in unprecedented detail.

Warning for women who binge drink
As levels of binge drinking in the UK rise, doctors in this week's BMJ report three cases of bladder rupture in women who attended hospital with lower abdominal pain.

A galaxy for science and research
Known until now as a simple number in a catalogue, a new stunning image taken with ESO's VLT shows that NGC 134 is replete with remarkable attributes.

Chicken pox vaccination should be introduced for children in the UK
The only realistic way of preventing deaths and severe complications arising from chicken pox is to routinely vaccinate children against the disease, concludes research published ahead of print in Archives of Disease in Childhood.

Children's Hospital studying drug with the potential to prevent/delay onset of type 1 diabetes
Researchers at Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh of UPMC are participating in an international clinical trial currently underway to study the effectiveness of oral insulin in preventing or delaying the onset of type 1 diabetes in people at risk for the disease.

Study reveals high death toll after severe urinary complications in men over 45
As many as one in four men admitted to hospital with acute urinary retention will die within a year, finds a study published on today.

AUA releases new guidelines on non-muscle invasive bladder cancer
The AUA is pleased to announce their new Guideline on the Management of Nonmuscle Invasive Bladder Cancer.

Research highlights important indicators of early-stage ovarian cancer
New research explains why some ovarian cancer patients are dying, while others survive, despite similar surgical and post-operative treatment.

1 in 5 young Britons has sex with someone new while abroad
Around one in five young Britons has sex with a new partner while overseas, finds research published ahead of print in the journal Sexually Transmitted Infections.

UCSD bioengineering grad student wins leadership award
The plastic containers Adam Feist uses to carry his lunch to his UC San Diego lab are petroleum based.

UK government has reneged on pledge for flexible working in NHS
The government has reneged on its pledge to provide more flexible working in the NHS, says the Medical Women's Federation in Postgraduate Medical Journal.

Jefferson researchers show chemotherapy and radiation together extend lung cancer patients' lives
Chemotherapy given at the same time as radiation therapy can help patients with a certain type of lung cancer live nearly 50 percent longer than they might have otherwise if the same treatment was given differently, according to an international team's analysis of several trial results.

Distant black holes may be source of high-energy cosmic rays
Breakthrough astrophysics research may have established the hitherto mysterious source of exceptionally high-energy cosmic ray emissions, according to recently published research that culminates a project developed by a scientist at the US Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory.

Parents survey: Perceptions of the duration of their child's ADHD medication
Shire plc yesterday announced results of a national survey where 60 percent of 121 mothers reported their 6- to 12-year-old child's once-daily ADHD medication stopped working before 6 p.m.

Dr. Dinesh Verma to be honored with President's Leadership Award at Edwin A. Stevens Society Gala
The Edwin A. Stevens Society of Stevens Institute of Technology will this year honor the dean of Stevens' School of Systems and Enterprises, Dr.

Landmark trial to evaluate cardioprotective properties of insulin
The ability of insulin to limit heart-tissue damage during a heart attack will be tested in a landmark clinical trial led by Paresh Dandona, M.D., Ph.D., University at Buffalo Distinguished Professor in the departments of medicine and pharmacology and toxicology in the UB School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences.

Physics provides new insights on cataract formation
Researchers demonstrate that a finely tuned balance of attractions between proteins keeps the lens of the eye transparent, and that even a small change in this balance can cause proteins to aggregate, leading to cataract formation.

New technology illuminates protein interactions in living cells
While fluorescence has long been used to tag biological molecules, a new technology developed at Yale allows researchers to use tiny fluorescent probes to rapidly detect and identify protein interactions within living cells while avoiding the biological disruption of existing methods, according to a report in Nature Chemical Biology.

HIV drug resistance risk in mothers reduced by combination of common drugs
Adding a single dose of two common anti-HIV drugs can prevent HIV-positive pregnant women from developing resistance to an entire class of drugs, potentially improving future treatment options.

Most UK citizens susceptible to hepatitis B infection
The failure of the UK to introduce universal hepatitis B immunization means that most UK citizens are susceptible to infection, warns an infectious diseases expert in this week's BMJ.

Study reveals differences in cancer stage presentation between rural and urban patients
New research published in the November issue of the Journal of the American College of Surgeons shows that urban colorectal and lung cancer patients present at later stages of disease than rural patients do.

Humanitarian assistance often lacks needs assessment
The first academic thesis in Sweden on international health assistance in disaster zones is to be presented at the medical university Karolinska Institutet.

Tailored for optical applications
Scientists at the Simon Fraser University in Canada have developed a material that is among the most birefringent solids ever observed.

How global is the Global Biodiversity Information Facility?
A study, funded by the Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council, and conducted by biologists at the University of Reading and computer scientists at the University of Cardiff, has revealed large gaps in data available to the Global Biodiversity Information Facility -- the world's largest single data network which gives access to millions of current digitised biodiversity records.

Abnormal immune cells may cause unprovoked anaphylaxis
Two new clinical reports shed light on why some people suffer from recurrent episodes of idiopathic anaphylaxis -- a potentially life-threatening condition of unknown cause characterized by a drop in blood pressure, fainting episodes, difficulty in breathing, and wheezing.

Safe water is theme of African science academies conference in Senegal
The National Academy of Sciences and Technologies of Senegal is hosting the third annual conference of the African Science Academy Development Initiative, a 10-year effort to boost the ability of African academies to provide their nations with evidence-based advice.

HGS announces positive Phase 2 LymphoStat-B at ACR meeting
Human Genome Sciences, Inc. today announced the presentation of Phase 2 clinical results demonstrating that LymphoStat-B (belimumab) achieved a sustained improvement in disease activity across multiple clinical measures, decreased the frequency of disease flares over time, and was well tolerated through 2.5 years on treatment in combination with standard of care in patients with active systemic lupus erythematosus.

New public-private hybrid rice group aims to raise rice yields in the tropics
The Hybrid Rice Research and Development Consortium, established by the International Rice Research Institute, will strengthen public-private sector partnership in hybrid rice.

USDA Cooperative Agreement funds mosquito project at Rutgers
The Center for Vector Biology at Rutgers New Jersey Experiment Station is a major partner in a recent USDA Cooperative Agreement aimed at using integrated pest management techniques to suppress the Asian tiger mosquito across the country.

Chronic kidney disease rises while most people with the condition remain unaware
A growing number of Americans have chronic kidney disease, but most remain unaware of it, hampering efforts to prevent irreversible kidney failure requiring dialysis or a transplant, according to a study funded by the National Institutes of Health and published Nov.

Too much sugar turns off gene that controls the effects of sex steroids
Eating too much fructose and glucose can turn off the gene that regulates the levels of active testosterone and estrogen in the body, shows a new study in mice and human cell cultures that's published this month in the Journal of Clinical Investigation.

Screening for abdominal aortic aneurysms in women may save lives
In nine out of 10 cases, a burst abdominal aortic artery is quickly fatal for its most common victim: elderly males.

Canadian Society of Exercise Physiology Annual Scientific Conference
The University of Western Ontario is set to host Canada's largest exercise science summit -- the Canadian Society of Exercise Physiology Annual Scientific Conference.

Are there rearrangement hot spots in the human genome?
The debate over the validity of genomic rearrangement 'hot spots' has its most recent addition in a new theory put forth by researchers at the UC-San Diego.

Researchers successfully simulate photosynthesis and design a better leaf
Illinois researchers have built a better plant, one that produces more leaves and fruit without needing extra fertilizer.

Mayo Clinic shows therapy effective for reducing lupus flares
Mayo Clinic researchers have shown that an immunosuppressive drug used in organ transplant cases is effective in reducing flare-ups in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus.

Existing drugs show promise for treating end-stage renal disease in lupus
Studies in mice suggest that two drugs already approved by the US Food and Drug Administration show promise for treating the complications of lupus, according to Nilamadham Mishra, MD, in presentations this week at the American College of Rheumatology in Boston.

New study questions disparities in vascular surgery among Hispanics
Hispanics in the United States receive fewer vascular surgeries than the general population and have worse outcomes in some cases, according to new research, which also finds that Hispanics often seek treatment only after developing more advanced disease.

Discovered connection between active galactic nuclei and most energetic known cosmic rays
The prestigious journal Science has published this Nov. 9 the results of this research work, with members from 17 countries. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to