Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

November 12, 2007
UTSA new center for manufacturing awarded $500,000
The Department of Defense has awarded the University of Texas at San Antonio $500,000 to support a new Center for Advanced Manufacturing and Lean Systems.

Study says nitrite/nitrate-rich foods may help in heart attack survival
Nitrite/nitrate found in vegetables, cured meats and drinking water may help you survive a heart attack and recover quicker, according to a pre-clinical study led by a cardiovascular physiologist at the University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston.

New study looks at long-term drug costs for treating AIDS in Brazil
AIDS continues to be a staggering global public health problem.

N.J. nurses are overworked according to Rutgers College of Nursing professor
New Jersey registered nurses are teetering on the brink of exhaustion due to heavier work loads, feeling that they are not able to provide proper patient care and receiving little support from management, according to a survey conducted by Rutgers College of Nursing faculty member Linda Flynn.

VELO -- in you go!
One of the most fragile detectors for the Large Hadron Collider beauty experiment has been successfully installed in its final position.

Surgical errors rare but serious in ophthalmic procedures
Surgical confusions -- for instance, operations involving the wrong site, the wrong patient or the wrong procedure -- occur infrequently in eye surgery procedures, according to a report in the November issue of Archives of Ophthalmology, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Family counseling improves lives of patients and spouses coping with prostate cancer
Families coping with prostate cancer report improved quality of life from a structured support program integrated into the patient's cancer management, according to a new study.

Antivirals reduce deaths from flu in hospitalized patients
Adults with influenza infections serious enough to require hospitalization are much less likely to die from the disease if they are given antiviral medications, according to a new study published in the Dec.

Obesity and overweight linked to higher prostate cancer mortality
Men who are overweight or obese when diagnosed with prostate cancer are at greater risk of death after treatment.

Health professionals responding to ethnic diversity
Guidelines and training for doctors have tried to address the problems they face when dealing with patients who come from cultures and ethnic groups different to their own.

Human ancestors: more gatherers than hunters?
Chimpanzees crave roots and tubers even when food is plentiful above ground, according to a new study in PNAS that raises questions about the relative importance of meat for brain evolution.

Research suggests mechanism for acne drug's link to depression
New research has found that a drug used to treat severe forms of acne reduces the availability of the chemical serotonin, low levels of which have been linked to aggression and clinical depression.

Entomological Society announces 2007 award winners
The Entomological Society of America is pleased to announce the winners of its 2007 awards.

The key to unlocking the secret of highly specific DNAzyme catalysis
Using an extremely sensitive measurement technique, researchers at the University of Illinois have found clear evidence that a lead-specific DNAzyme uses the

Study quantifies cost-benefit of hospital-based program to keep youth out of prison
With violence plaguing inner-city youth at epidemic rates, the report of a new study in the November issue of The Journal of the American College of Surgeons illustrated a research-based approach to confronting this national problem.

Burn injuries take devastating toll on nation's children
The approach of winter season brings with it an increase in burn-related injuries to our nation's children.

Yellowstone viruses 'jump' between hot pools
Researchers at Montana State University and Idaho National Laboratory embarked on one of the first comprehensive, long-term characterizations of hot pool ecosystems in Yellowstone National Park.

Early academic skills, not behavior, best predict school success
An educational study unprecedented in scope finds children who start school with elementary math and reading skills are the most likely to have later academic success -- whether or not they have social or emotional problems.

Cell response to stress signals predicts tumors in women with common pre-breast cancer
A specific biological response to cellular stress may predict the likelihood of future tumor formation of the most common, noninvasive form of pre-malignant breast cancer -- ductal carcinoma in situ, or DCIS.

New seismic vessel will look deep under oceans
The science community's most advanced seismic-research vessel has been dedicated, opening potential new windows on natural hazards, earth's evolution, and other vital questions.

Baker Institute study shows 'Big Five' oil companies limit exploration
A study released today by Rice University's Baker Institute for Public Policy finds that the

Long-term beta carotene supplementation may help prevent cognitive decline
Men who take beta carotene supplements for 15 years or longer may have less cognitive decline, according to a report in the Nov.

Biomarkers predict risk for invasive breast cancer years before the tumor develops
A team of scientists from the University of California San Francisco has identified distinct molecular markers that predict whether or not a woman is likely to develop subsequent invasive cancer after initial diagnosis with a noninvasive form of early breast cancer.

Actions speak louder: Why we use our past behavior to determine our current attitudes
Sometimes it's difficult for us to remember how we felt about a product.

Brain matures a few years late in ADHD, but follows normal pattern
In youth with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, the brain matures in a normal pattern but is delayed three years in some regions, on average, compared to youth without the disorder, MRI scans reveal.

University Hospitals Case Medical Center finds new treatment holds promise for Tourette syndrome
New research from University Hospitals Case Medical Center finds deep brain stimulation helps patients who suffer from Tourette Syndrome.

Smac-ing lung cancer to death
Researchers have developed a small molecule that can turn the survival signal for a variety of cancer cells into a death signal.

Caregivers benefit from cancer support programs, U-M study finds
Researchers at the University of Michigan Comprehensive Cancer Center found that a targeted intervention aimed at prostate cancer patients and their caregiver spouses provided significant improvements for the spouse in physical and emotional quality of life.

Laser can spot illness before symptoms appear
It may not rank among the top 10 causes of death, but decompression sickness can be fatal.

Using neural signals to predict sensory decisions
Rats palpate objects with their whiskers to perceive texture. Their judgment of texture is predicted by the firing rate of neurons in the somatosensory cortex.

Early teen sex may not be a path to delinquency, study shows
A new study by University of Virginia clinical psychologists has found that teens who have sex at an early age may be less inclined to exhibit delinquent behavior in early adulthood than their peers who waited until they were older to have sex.

Higher risk of death for babies born just a few weeks early, study finds
Just a few more weeks of pregnancy may mean the difference between life and death for premature babies.

Scientists discover record-breaking hydrogen storage materials for use in fuel cells
Scientists at the University of Virginia have discovered a new class of hydrogen storage materials that could make the storage and transportation of energy much more efficient -- and affordable -- through higher-performing hydrogen fuel cells.

Program of exercise and education improves function and symptoms in women with fibromyalgia
An exercise program that incorporates walking, strength training and stretching may improve daily function and alleviate symptoms in women with fibromyalgia, according to a report in the Nov.

Proteins pack tighter in crowded native state
The syrupy soup of proteins, ribosomes and membranes inside a living cell is so tightly packed it may increase the structural content of proteins by as much as 25 percent, according to new research from Rice University and the University of Houston.

Pursuing parenthood: Discourses of persistence
People harbor many cherished goals that may prove elusive even with the aid of market offerings, such as pursuit of an ideal of beauty.

Smart dust, gassy antennas, and warp speed calculations
Smart dust for tracking fluid flow; gassy antennas are stealthy, versatile, and jam resistant; and warp speed calculations offer particles physics insights.

Genetic technology reveals how poisonous mushrooms cook up toxins
Scientists have identified genes that produce the poison of the death cap mushroom -- a unique pathway previously unknown in fungi.

TAU professor finds global warming is melting soft coral
Coral extinction could mean a worldwide catastrophe impacting all marine and terrestrial life.

New genetic lineage of Ebola virus discovered in great apes
Research scientists from the IRD and the International Medical Research Centre of Franceville in Gabon recently succeeded in mapping virus sequences from samples taken from anthropoid apes.

Ohio scientists develop blue-blocking glasses to improve sleep and ADHD symptoms
Scientists at John Carroll University in Cleveland, Ohio have developed glasses, nightlights and light bulbs designed to block blue light, therefore altering a person's circadian rhythm, which leads to improvement in ADHD symptoms and sleep disorders.

Researchers take first steps towards spinal cord reconstruction following injury
A new study has identified what may be a pivotal first step towards the regeneration of nerve cells following spinal cord injury, using the body's own stem cells.

Cost of AIDS drugs in Brazil, and more
The following articles will be in the upcoming issue of PLoS Medicine:

Earth Observation essential for geohazard mitigation
Every year geohazards -- such as volcanoes, earthquakes, landslides and tsunamis -- claim thousands of lives, devastate homes and destroy livelihoods.

Synthetic compound promotes death of lung-cancer cells, tumors
Human lung cancer tumors grown in mice have been shown to regress or disappear when treated with a synthetic compound that mimics the action of a naturally occurring 'death-promoting' protein found in cells, researchers at UT Southwestern Medical Center report.

Art meets science: Engineer discusses his photographs in free UH lecture
Visually unsettling and intellectually provocative, John Chervinsky's photographs are an ongoing series of conceptual still lifes.

Big ticket: You'll spend more thinking about your bank account than about your wallet
It has long been assumed that consumers are good judges of affordability, but a new study reveals that how much you're willing to spend is influenced by whether you think about a larger pool of resources (such as your bank account) or a smaller pool (the cash in your wallet).

Researchers identify how to switch off cancer cell genes
A new study led by researchers at the University of Southern California identifies how genes are silenced in cancer cells through distinct changes in the density of nucleosomes within the cells.

Connection between startled response and schizophrenia
The search for responsible genes for prepulse inhibition, a measure deemed to be a biological trait in schizophrenia, has exposed a gene encoding essential fatty acid-binding protein.

Reports of seizure frequency may be inaccurate in patients with focal epilepsy
Asking patients with focal epilepsy (also known as partial seizures, which usually involve focal areas of the body and altered consciousness) how often they have seizures does not appear to provide an accurate count, according to a report in the November issue of Archives of Neurology, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Security loophole found in Windows operating system
A group of researchers headed by Dr. Benny Pinkas from the department of computer science at the University of Haifa succeeded in finding a security vulnerability in Microsoft's Windows 2000 operating system.

Parallels between pumping blood, oil focus of conference
Much like moving oil through a pipeline, the heart must pump blood through the body.

Correcting poor vision in nursing home residents may decrease symptoms of depression
Nursing home residents who received eyeglasses for uncorrected refractive error were found to have improved quality of life and decreased symptoms of depression when compared to those with refractive error who had not received eyeglasses, according to a report in the November issue of Archives of Ophthalmology, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Eating fish, omega-3 oils, fruits and veggies lowers risk of memory problems
A diet rich in fish, omega-3 oils, fruits and vegetables may lower your risk of dementia and Alzheimer's disease, whereas consuming omega-6 rich oils could increase chances of developing memory problems, according to a study published in the Nov.

Luxembourg joins EMBL
Today, the European Molecular Biology Laboratory announces Luxembourg as the new member of its international community.

Rutgers College of Nursing emerita professor Beverly Whipple receives FSSS book award
The Foundation for the Scientific Study of Sexuality presented its Bonnie and Vern L.

Chimps dig up clues to human past?
One of the keys enabling the earliest human ancestors to trade a forest home for more open country may have been the ability to gather underground foods.

Social change relies more on the easily influenced than the highly influential
An important new study appearing in the December issue of the Journal of Consumer Research finds that it is rarely the case that highly influential individuals are responsible for bringing about shifts in public opinion.

Eating your greens could prove life-saving if a heart attack strikes
A diet rich in leafy vegetables may minimize the tissue damage caused by heart attacks, according to researchers at the Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University.

Emergency response
Disasters are getting worse it seems so federal and state support must now be given to programs that enable local governments to work effectively with communities to prepare for and respond to natural and technological disasters.

Market testing of dietary supplements and drugs underscores value of USP's public health programs
On Sept. 10, 2007, ConsumerLab.com issued a report stating that several multivitamin supplements did not contain label amounts of folic acid.

American Chemical Society's Weekly PressPac -- Nov. 7, 2007
The American Chemical Society News Service Weekly Press Package with reports from 36 major peer-reviewed journals on chemistry, health, medicine, energy, environment, food, nanotechnology and other hot topics.

Children's early academic and attention skills best predict later school success
Children entering kindergarten with elementary math and reading skills are the most likely to do well in school later, even if they have various social and emotional problems, say researchers who examined data from six studies of close to 36,000 preschoolers.

Early, routine testing for HIV is key to curbing the disease among teens
Research from the Bradley Hasbro Children's Research Center in Providence, R.I. suggests that early and widespread HIV testing -- both in schools and community centers -- may be the key to effectively curbing the spread of the disease among adolescents and young adults.

Repellents between dusk and bedtime make insecticide-treated bednets more effective
Using insect repellent in addition to insecticide treated bednets has been shown to provide greater protection against malaria in areas where mosquitoes feed in the early evening.

Anti-smoking strategy targets fourth-graders, parents in rural and urban Georgia
A smoking-prevention strategy that targets black fourth-graders and their parents is under study in urban and rural Georgia.

That friendly car is smiling at me: When products are perceived as people
A forthcoming study looks at how consumers anthropomorphize products, endowing a car or a pair of shoes with human characteristics and personalities.

Jefferson scientists uncover key pathway, potential drug targets in autoinflammatory disease
Molecular biologists at Jefferson's Kimmel Cancer Center in Philadelphia have detailed the cascade of cellular events behind some potentially dangerous autoinflammatory diseases.

Zinc transporters regulate pancreatic cancer
Zinc, an important trace element for healthy growth and development, can be related to pancreatic cancer.

Clean, carbon-neutral hydrogen on the horizon
Hydrogen as an everyday, environmentally-friendly fuel source may be closer than we think, according to Penn State researchers.

A new view on sensing, movement, and behavioral control in animals
Most animals have sensory and motor capabilities that are biased in the forward direction.

Tool-wielding chimps provide a glimpse of early human behavior
Chimpanzees inhabiting a harsh savanna environment and using bark and stick tools to exploit an underground food resource are giving scientists new insights to the behaviors of the earliest hominids who, millions of years ago, left the African forests to range the same kinds of environments and possibly utilize the same foods.
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