Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

November 13, 2007
UK hospitals short-changing women with heart failure
Women with heart failure are less likely than men to receive recommended investigations and treatment, when admitted to hospital as an emergency, reveals an extensive UK survey, published ahead of print in the journal Heart.

Ancient retroviruses spurred evolution of gene regulatory networks in humans and other primates
Ancient retroviruses -- distant relatives of the human immunodeficiency virus -- helped a gene called p53 become an important

Number of cases of most vaccine-preventable diseases in US at all-time low
A comparison of illness and death rates for 13 vaccine-preventable diseases in the US, before and after use of the vaccine, indicates there have been significant decreases in the number of cases, hospitalizations and deaths for each of the diseases examined, according to a study in the Nov.

Britney and K-Fed doing it all wrong, MU family researcher says
Britney Spears and ex-husband Kevin Federline continue to duke it out in the headlines over the custody of their two children.

Together we stand: bacteria organize to survive hostile zones
Using an innovative device, researchers have gleaned important new information about how bacteria survive in hostile environments by forming antibiotic-resistant communities called biofilms.

GSA confers 2007 Richard Kalish Innovative Publication Award to USC's Mather
The Gerontological Society of America has chosen the University of Southern California's Mara Mather as the 2007 recipient of the Richard Kalish Innovative Publication Award.

Antegrade bowel intussusception can cause recurrent, chronic postoperative intestinal obstruction
Surgical interventions for pancreatic disease are being increasingly performed worldwide.

How much fish have we got?
What were fish stocks distributions like when they were once pristine?

First book on petascale computing launched at SC07
The College of Computing at Georgia Tech and Chapman & Hall/CRC Press today announced the launch of

2 proteins may be survival markers in some breast cancers
New research suggests that the presence or absence of two proteins may be important markers for long-term survival in some breast cancer patients.

Gene signatures can help doctors choose the best treatment for breast cancer patients
Gene signatures can be used to select the right treatment for patients with breast cancer, with the aim to give patients

PET scans useful for some cancer treatment, but how do patients fare?
Positron emission tomography or PET scans can help clinicians diagnose and treat some cancers, but it is not clear yet whether the imaging technology helps people with cancer live longer and healthier lives, according to a comprehensive review by the UK National Health Service.

News Tips from the Journal of Neuroscience
The following papers are featured in the upcoming edition of the Journal of Neuroscience:

Microbes churn out hydrogen at record rate
By adding a few modifications to their successful wastewater fuel cell, researchers have coaxed common bacteria to produce hydrogen in a new, efficient way.

ICU survival determines family's satisfaction with care
New research reveals that the families of patients who died in the intensive care unit had higher satisfaction of care ratings than families of patients who survived their time in the ICU.

News briefs from the November issue of Chest
The following is select research from the November issue of the journal Chest, the peer-reviewed journal of the American College of Chest Physicians.

Ice age imprint found on cod DNA
An international team of researchers, led by the University of Sheffield, has demonstrated how Atlantic cod responded to past natural climate extremes.

Language barriers adversely impact health-care quality
For the millions of Americans whose native tongue isn't English, language remains a critical road block to quality health care, according to a University of California, Irvine study.

Sociologist co-authors new book on juvenile delinquency, edits another on violent offenders
Iowa State University sociologist Matt DeLisi knows that chronic juvenile delinqueny leads to violent offenders.

Optimal systemic and splanchnic hemodynamic state after living-donor liver transplantation
Prior to undergoing living-donor liver transplantation, cirrhotic recipients generally develop peculiar systemic and splanchnic hemodynamics due to portal hypertension.

HIPAA privacy rule slows scientific discovery and adds cost to research
Implementation of HIPAA has severely eroded the process of scientific research, delaying some clinical studies and curtailing others before they even begin.

National Institutes of Health selects Children's Hospital Oakland for grant award
The National Institutes of Health selects Children's Hospital and Research Center Oakland for national award.

A higher risk of obesity for children neglected by parents
Spending more time and giving more attention to your child may mean the difference between a lean or obese child, finds a new study from Temple University, published this month in Child Abuse & Neglect.

New therapeutic targets in the treatment of ulcerative colitis
The morbidity of ulcerative colitis, a chronic inflammatory disease of the colon with unclear etiology and pathogenesis, is a common disease in Europe and has been increasing in China.

Model explains how abused moms decide to leave
Two University of Illinois scientists have found a way to help health care providers, social workers and abused women's families understand the stages that these women go through when deciding to leave their partners.

American donors put faith (and dollars) in TAU cancer research
Award ceremony with a US ambassador highlights bilateral scientific research for future medical breakthroughs.

'Time-sharing' tropical birds key to evolutionary mystery
Whereas most birds are sole proprietors of their nests, some tropical species

UCLA's Phillips wins GSA's 2007 Doris Schwartz Gerontological Nursing Research Award
The Gerontological Society of America has chosen Linda R. Phillips of the University of California, Los Angeles as the recipient of the 2007 Doris Schwartz Gerontological Nursing Research Award.

The Gerontological Society of America bestows Robert W. Kleemeier Award to UCLA's Effros
The Gerontological Society of America has chosen Rita B. Effros of the University of California, Los Angeles as the 2007 recipient of the Robert W.

Researchers explore how violent video games are exemplary aggression teachers
Iowa State University assistant professor of psychology Douglas Gentile and his father, J.

New operations research paper tackles problems facing confidential databases
As database managers for Web sites like the New Zealand census bureau have begun releasing a wide variety of information online, new operations research techniques are helping to balance the public's right to know with the need to maintain online security, according to a new study in Operations Research, a flagship journal of The Institute for Operations Research and the Management Sciences.

Citrus juice, vitamin C give staying power to green tea antioxidants
To get more out of your next cup of tea, just add juice.

GSA confers 2007 Nathan Shock New Investigator Award to San Antonio's Ran
The Gerontological Society of America has chosen Qitao Ran of the University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio to receive its 2007 Nathan Shock New Investigator Award.

Researchers investigate ways to detect lupus-associated kidney disease
High urinary levels of certain molecules might have the potential to serve as biomarkers for a potentially life-shortening kidney ailment caused by the autoimmune disease lupus, UT Southwestern Medical Center researchers have found.

Risk of disability rises in states with income inequality
A massive survey conducted by researchers at the University of Toronto reveals Americans living in states with high rates of income inequality are significantly more likely to have a disability that limits the completion of daily tasks such as dressing, bathing and mobility at home.

Little evidence that binge drinking while pregnant seriously harms fetus
There is little substantive evidence that binge drinking while pregnant seriously harms the developing fetus, finds a study in the Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health.

Google meets Sherlock Holmes
In any one day, homeland security and law enforcement agencies might sift through thousands of complex and often contradictory clues about potential terrorist threats.

STEP HIV vaccine study to be unblinded
Merck & Co., Inc. and the HIV Vaccine Trials Network today announced that study volunteers in the STEP study of Merck's HIV vaccine will be told whether they received vaccine or placebo, and all study volunteers will be encouraged to continue to return to their study sites on a regular basis for ongoing risk reduction counseling and study-related tests.

'Chronic Risk of Global Climate Change to Urban Coasts & Economies,' Nov. 15-16
'Chronic Risk of Global Climate Change to Urban Coasts & Economies,' a two-day symposium coordinated by the New Jersey Marine Sciences Consortium, will be hosted at Stevens Institute of Technology's Hoboken, NJ, campus, this coming Thursday and Friday.

Leading neuroscientist seeks beauty, love and happiness
One of the world's leading neuroscientists is to search for the neural and biological basis for creativity, beauty and love after receiving over £1 million from the Wellcome Trust, the UK's largest medical research charity.

GSA confers 2007 Distinguished Mentorship in Gerontology Award to Manson, Ory
The Gerontological Society of America has chosen Spero M. Manson of the University of Colorado and Marcia M.

Abnormal glutamine repeats interfere with key transcription factor, leading to neurodegeneration
Although repeating sequences of three nucleotides encoding some of the bodies' 20 amino acids are a normal part of protein composition, abnormal expansion of trinucleotide repeats is the known cause of multiple inherited neurodegenerative disorders, including Huntington disease.

LA BioMed researchers find lower response rates to antidepressants with African-Americans, Latinos
Drawing from data in the nation's largest real-world study of treatment-resistant depression, a team led by researchers at Los Angeles Biomedical Research Institute at Harbor-UCLA Medical Center reported in November's Medical Care journal that African-Americans and Latinos didn't respond as well as whites to medication for their depression.

New book by UCR biologist discusses 12 diseases that impacted humanity
Understanding past outbreaks of diseases can better prepare us for diseases in our future.

NCOA's Whitelaw to receive GSA's 2007 Maxwell A. Pollack Award
Nancy A. Whitelaw of the National Council on Aging has been chosen by The Gerontological Society of America to receive its 2007 Maxwell A.

River restoration poorly coordinated, evaluated
The process of river restoration in the US is uncoordinated at almost every level.

Satellite shows regional variation in warming from sun during solar cycle
A NASA satellite designed, built and controlled by the University of Colorado at Boulder is expected to help scientists resolve wide-ranging predictions about the coming solar cycle peak in 2012 and its influence on Earth's warming climate, according to the chief scientist on the project.

Diabetes dilemma: older people with diabetes face a heavy burden from co-existing health conditions
As if diabetes weren't enough to handle, a new study shows that 92 percent of older people with the disease have at least one other major chronic medical condition -- and that nearly half have three or more major diseases besides their diabetes.

Higher-risk kidneys may help solve organ shortage facing older adults
New research from Wake Forest University Baptist Medical Center suggests that age alone shouldn't be a barrier to receiving a kidney transplant -- and that using donated kidneys that would once have been discarded may help alleviate the burgeoning organ shortage among older adults.

GSA confers 2007 Joseph T. Freeman Award to University of Maryland's Goldberg
Andrew P. Goldberg of the University of Maryland at Baltimore has been chosen by The Gerontological Society of America to receive its 2007 Joseph T.

NIH funds 10 Science Education Partnership Awards
To improve the nation's science literacy, NIH is investing $9 million to create innovative hands-on learning education programs for school children.

Cell transplants may improve severe urinary incontinence
Severe urinary incontinence can be caused by urethral sphincter muscle deficiency, often associated with trauma during childbirth, prostate surgery, or aging.

Experimental technique at GUMC offers real-time analysis of breast cancer biopsies
A sophisticated microscope that offers a

Molecular level nanoelectronics a step closer to reality with DNA nanowire research
Biological and physical studies on DNA structure have revealed considerable interest into the electronic properties of DNA.

Consider supplemental math programs as holiday gifts
Parents of school-aged children might want to think of giving their children an enduring holiday gift this year: enrollment in a supplemental mathematics program.

Telomerase enzyme structure provides significant new target for anti-cancer therapies
Inappropriate activation of a single enzyme, telomerase, is associated with the uncontrollable proliferation of cells seen in as many as 90 percent of all of human cancers.

M. D. Anderson researchers identify tumor-suppressor gene for lung cancer
The GPRC5A gene, which is under-expressed in human lung cancer cells, suppresses lung tumors in mouse models and could provide a key to attacking lung cancer in humans, researchers at the University of Texas M.

A new method allows for the early diagnosis of pulmonary hypertension
This disease, classified as rare, affects approximately 1,200 out of every million people.

Mental health needs of soldiers increase several months after returning from Iraq war
Compared to initial screening upon returning from the Iraq war, US soldiers report increased mental health concerns and needs several months after their return for problems such as posttraumatic stress disorder and depression, according to a study in the Nov.

Changing environment organizes genetic structure
What is the fundamental creative force behind life on Earth?

Other highlights in the Nov. 13 JNCI
Other highlights in the Nov. 13 JNCI include a simple model to predict breast cancer risk, the link between smoking and rectal cancer, research into how a cancer drug causes heart damage, a gene that may inhibit lung cancer, BRCA1's influence on drug response, and the difficulties assigning patients to cancer subtypes.

NIH selects LIAI for major study on allergy molecular causes and possible treatments
A major study that will provide a new window into understanding and potentially treating allergies will be conducted by the La Jolla Institute for Allergy & Immunology under a $5 million federal contract.

Life-saving clean water project secures $13M from Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation
The fight against water-borne disease -- one of the most serious threats to child health in developing countries -- will receive a major boost thanks to groundbreaking work by an international consortium led by the University of Bristol and supported by a $13 million grant from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation.

Sound medicine at Acoustics Meeting
Topics include cancer detection, hemorrhage control, drug delivery, and bacterial biofilm disruption.

University of Houston's Achenbaum wins GSA's 2007 Donald P. Kent Award
The Gerontological Society of America has chosen W. Andrew Achenbaum of the University of Houston as the 2007 recipient of the Donald P.

Cranberry sauce: good for what ails you
Cranberry sauce is not the star of the traditional Thanksgiving Day meal, but when it comes to health benefits, the lowly condiment takes center stage.

Brody wins the Gerontological Society of America's 2007 M. Powell Lawton Award
The Gerontological Society of America has chosen retired social worker Elaine Brody to receive its 2007 M.

The most important candidate genes for pancreatic stone formation
Chronic pancreatitis, an inflammatory condition of the pancreas, is usually associated with parenchymal calcification and multiple stones in the pancreatic duct.

LA BioMed research finds simpler way to assess breast cancer risk
A new, simpler model for predicting breast cancer risk in postmenopausal women appears to be as accurate as a more complicated method currently used to decide if women would benefit from medication to reduce their risk of getting cancer, according to research published today in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.

Rosetta right on track for Earth swing-by
Preparations for Rosetta's Earth swing-by scheduled for tonight, 21:57 CET, are well underway.

A low-carb diet may stunt prostate tumor growth
A diet low in carbohydrates may help stunt the growth of prostate tumors, according to a new study led by Duke Prostate Center researchers.

Researcher models effects of suicide bombing: results of crowd configurations
Virtual simulations conducted by Zeeshan-ul-hassan Usmani, a Florida Institute of Technology doctoral student and Fulbright Scholar, indicates that various crowd formations affect the number of injuries and fatalities in the event of a pedestrian suicide bomb attack.

Ultrasound may better classify ovarian tumors
Experts examining patterns in ultrasound images can more accurately classify ovarian tumors as benign or malignant than can pre-surgical blood tests, according to a study published online in the Nov.

63 percent of diabetics risk serious foot problems by wearing the wrong-sized shoes
Diabetics are risking foot amputation, impaired quality of life and even elevated death rates by wearing the wrong-sized shoes, according to research just published.

Scientists reveal secrets of ancient ocean in new book
Call it the ocean that time forgot. About 400 million years ago, the Rheic Ocean played a big role in Earth's history.

Karolinska Institutet's Pedersen to receive GSA's 2007 Distinguished Career Award
The Gerontological Society of America has chosen Nancy L. Pedersen of Sweden's Karolinska Institutet to receive its 2007 Award for the Distinguished Career Contribution to Gerontology.

A definitive guide to the great mantle plume debate
Geoscientists' heightened debate on the existence of mantle plumes is highlighted in a new volume published by the Geological Society of America.

University of Pittsburgh's Martire wins the Gerontological Society of America's 2007 Baltes Award
The Gerontological Society of America has chosen Lynn M. Martire of the University of Pittsburgh as the 2007 recipient of the Margret M.

Cancer gene drives pivotal decision in early brain development
A gene linked to pediatric brain tumors is an essential driver of early brain development, researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St.

Tiny fish can yield big clues to Delaware River health
Where have all the bridle shiner gone? That's the mystery The Academy of Natural Sciences' fish scientists are trying to answer, and the outcome will shed light on the environmental health of the Upper Delaware River.

Hospital quality indicator may not be linked to patient survival after colon cancer surgery
Examining a specific number of lymph nodes after colon cancer surgery, a measurement that has been recommended as a quality indicator for hospitals, is not associated with length of patient survival, according to a study in the Nov.

Scientists indicate HIPAA privacy rule has had negative influence on health research
About two-thirds of clinical scientists surveyed report that the HIPAA Privacy Rule for patients has had a negative influence on the conduct of health research, often adding uncertainty, cost and delays, according to a study in the Nov.

USC School of Dentistry researchers discover link between oral cancer and ethnicity
Clinicians from the USC School of Dentistry unravel connection between the incidence of oral cancer and race and ethnicity -- as part of first epidemiological study of oral cancer in California.
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