Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

November 14, 2007
Springer titles to be preserved by Portico
Portico is pleased to announce the signing of an agreement with Springer to preserve 824 titles from its online journals collection.

Histochemistry is the golden standard in the diagnosis of carcinosarcomas
Carcinosarcomas are rare, malignant, biphasic tumors. Those in the upper gastrointestinal tract are observed mostly in the esophagus; stomach localization is less frequently reported.

Story tips from the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Nov. 2007
Story ideas included encompass materials, medical and energy topics.

Nicotine addiction slashed in test of new cigarette smoking strategy
Scientists are reporting the first successful strategy to reduce smokerS' nicotine dependence while allowing them to continue smoking.

NASA Goddard Space Flight Center's carbon nanotube manufacturing technology wins Nano 50 Award
NASA Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Md., proudly announces that its method for manufacturing high-quality carbon nanotubes has been named a winner in the third annual Nanotech Briefs Nano 50 awards in the Technology category.

Caribbean collisions: exploring tectonically-active plate margins
The geology of northern Central America reveals a complex record of tectonic and volcanic processes operating in tandem.

Predicting the future in ovarian cancer
Kisspeptin and its receptor GPR54 predict a favorable clinical outcome in women with ovarian carcinoma, and are specific for the clear cell carcinoma subtype, research published this week in the online open access journal, BMC Medicine, reveals.

MIT lecture search engine aids students
Imagine you are taking a biology course. You're studying for an exam and would like to revisit the professor's explanation of RNA interference.

'Fingerprints' help find genes involved in differentiation
A database that includes the molecular profiles of the major components of the blood system -- including the stem cells and the cells differentiated from them -- enabled researchers at Baylor College of Medicine in Houston to identify at least two genes involved in the differentiation process for two different kinds of blood cells.

CGD ranks CO2 emissions from power plants worldwide
CO2 emissions of 50,000 power plants worldwide, the globe's most concentrated source of greenhouse gases, have been compiled into a massive new data base, called CARMA -- Carbon Monitoring for Action.

Medical College of Wisconsin study finds drug may limit radiation kidney damage in BMT patients
Researchers at the Medical College of Wisconsin in Milwaukee have found that the risk of radiation injury in normal tissue after exposure may be reduced by a drug in common use.

Dramatic hike forecast for ADHD drugs spend
The NHS is likely to face a ten-fold increase in the cost of drugs prescribed to children and adolescents with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in the decade to 2012.

Canada's leadership in hydrogen technology honored at World Energy Congress
Canada's leadership in hydrogen and fuel cell technologies received double honors today at the 20th annual World Energy Congress in Rome.

Fire, ice, and invasion
The November 2007 special issue of Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment focuses on paleoecology, which uses fossilized remains and soil and sediment cores to reconstruct past ecosystems.

Effects of social isolation traced to brain hormone
The anxiety and aggression that result from social isolation have been traced to altered levels of an enzyme that controls production of a brain hormone, according to a mouse study reported online in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

Human RecQ helicases, homologous recombination and genomic instability
Two independent papers in the December 1 issue of G&D detail how human RecQ helicases regulate homologous recombination and protect genome stability.

Lessons from Turkey's bird flu outbreak
Rapid responses by Turkey's health authorities and key health personnel were critical in bringing the 2006 bird flu outbreak under control, according to research published in the online open access journal, BMC Public Health.

Parasites might spur evolution of strange amphibian breeding habits
Parasites can decimate amphibian populations, but one University of Georgia researcher believes they might also play a role in spurring the evolution of new and sometimes bizarre breeding strategies.

Simple reason helps males evolve more quickly
Evolutionary biologists have focused on sex differences since Darwin's

Researchers push transmission rate of copper cables
You may not be able to get blood out of a turnip, but according to Penn State engineers, you can increase the data transmission of Category-7 copper cables used to connect computers to each other and the Internet.

Gene in male fish lures females into sex
A gene has been found in male cichlid fish that evolved to lure female fish so that male cichlids can deposit sperm in the females mouths.

Schizophrenics more likely to suffer from ruptured appendix
People with mental illness suffer more than just psychological problems.

Forteo's bone-building power shown in arthritis patients
In a head-to-head comparison of the two drugs, Forteo increased lumbar spine density measurements by 7.2 percent compared to 3.4 percent for Fosamax, and it boosted hip density measurements by 3.8 percent compared to 2.4 percent for Fosamax.

Researchers find that experienced teachers reap the benefits of pension spikes, then retire
Teacher shortages and requirements associated with the No Child Left Behind Act combine to make experienced teachers valuable assets.

FDA petition would protect public from dangerous drugs
In a petition filed today with the US Food and Drug Administration, an international coalition of scientists and doctors seeks to compel the agency to stem the flood of dangerous drugs reaching American consumers by mandating the use of scientifically superior nonanimal testing methods when those alternatives exist.

Scientific evidence of the significant anti-cancer effect of milk thistle
A research team led by Dr. Ke-Qin Hu at the University of California, Irvine, demonstrated the significant anti-cancer effects of milk thistle.

Stevens, Columbia and IBM Research to hold Security and Privacy Day, Nov. 16
Stevens Institute of Technology's Department of Computer Science, Columbia University and IBM Research will hold their fourth bi-annual Security and Privacy Day on Friday, November 16.

Human embryonic stem cells derived from preimplantation genetically diagnosed embryos
A human stem cell line derived from embryos that were identified by preimplantation genetic diagnosis to carry the mutation for fragile X syndrome has provided an unprecedented view of early events associated with this disease.

Largest study to investigate risk factors of autism to begin enrolling families
Researchers from Kaiser Permanente and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, as well as from five other sites nationwide, today will begin enrolling thousands of families in the largest study to date investigating the genetic and environmental factors that may cause autism and other developmental disabilities.

Yale discovery suggests protein may play a role in severe asthma
A protein measured in a simple blood test may be a new biomarker to identify patients with the most serious form of asthma.

Local bars, not liquor stores, associated with heavy drinking
Bars and nightclubs, but not liquor stores, are linked with excessive alcohol consumption and heavy episodic drinking in adults who live nearby, according to a new study from the Pardee RAND Graduate School in Santa Monica, Calif.

MIT commercial real estate index posts first drop since '03
The value of US commercial real estate owned by big pension funds fell 2.5 percent in the third quarter of 2007, according to an index produced by the MIT Center for Real Estate.

What's in a name? Initials linked to success, study shows
Do you like your name and initials? Most people do and, as past research has shown, sometimes we like them enough to influence other important behaviors.

A dose of God may help medicine
For some families, the cancer diagnosis of a child strengthens existing religious ties or prompts new ones.

Hormone links sleep, hunger and metabolism, researchers find
While investigating how the hormone orexin might control sleep and hunger, researchers at UT Southwestern Medical Center have discovered, to their surprise, that it activates a protein, HIF-1, long known to stimulate cancerous tumor growth.

University of Toronto finds humans and chimps differ at level of gene splicing
Researchers are closer to understanding why humans differ so greatly from chimpanzees in the way they look, behave, think and fight off disease, despite having genes that are nearly 99 percent identical.

Images of Earth and moon captured by Rosetta
Images taken right after Rosetta's second Earth swing-by last night are now available.

First woman appointed to world's oldest chair in political science
Li Bennich-Björkman will be the new Skytte Professor of Elocution and Political Science at Uppsala University.

Single-largest biodiversity survey says primary rainforest is irreplaceable
As world leaders prepare to discuss conservation-friendly carbon credits in Bali and a regional initiative threatens a new wave of deforestation in the South American tropics, new research from the University of East Anglia and Brazil's Goeldi Museum highlights once again the irreplaceable importance of primary rain forest.

Genes influence age-related hearing loss
A new Brandeis University study of twins shows that genes play a significant role in the level of hearing loss that often appears in late middle age.

Global view shows link between endometrial cancer and vitamin D status
Using newly available data on worldwide cancer incidence, researchers at the Moores Cancer Center at University of California, San Diego have shown a clear association between deficiency in exposure to sunlight, specifically ultraviolet B, and endometrial cancer.

Identification of a novel class of (not-so) small RNAs
In the December 1 issue of G&D, Dr. Hailing Jin and colleagues (UC Riverside) report on their discovery of a new class of small RNAs in Arabidopsis.

How to make the brightest supernova ever: Explode, collapse, repeat
A supernova observed last year was so bright -- about 100 times as luminous as a typical supernova -- that it challenged the theoretical understanding of what causes supernovae.

Scientists get first look at how water 'lubricates' proteins
Scientists are one step closer to understanding how proteins move when they perform functions essential for supporting life.

Brain implant turn thoughts to words
Signals from an electrode implanted in the area of the brain responsible for generating speech, could help paralysed people get their

Russian Academy of Sciences awards prize to Springer author Professor Paul J.J. Welfens
The Russian Academy of Sciences has awarded the economist Professor Paul J.J.

Artificial arms move at the speed of thought
Prosthetic limbs controlled by thought alone could soon be capable of making more complex movements.

Menstruation proves more than a curse
The cells which thicken the womb wall during a woman's menstrual cycle contain a newly discovered type of stem cell, and could be used in the treatment of damaged and/or old tissue, according to research published today in the online open access publication, Journal of Translational Medicine.

Grape powder blocks genes linked to colon cancer
Low doses of freeze-dried grape powder inhibit genes linked to the development of sporadic colorectal cancer, University of California, Irvine, cancer researchers found.

Space technology put into service for global water resources observations
The world's rivers, lakes, reservoirs and groundwater as well as snow fields and glaciers are the main sources of freshwater to support terrestrial life and human livelihoods.

JDRF and Lilly partner to fund research to identify beta cell biomarkers
The Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation and Eli Lilly and Company announced today that they are joining together to create a $3 million research effort to accelerate the pace of research into drugs and therapies to cure diabetes and its complications by developing biomarkers -- indicators that can measure the progress of disease and the effectiveness of therapeutics.

Dartmouth researchers show effects of low dose arsenic on development
Dartmouth researchers find more evidence that arsenic at low doses (at levels found in US drinking water in some areas) can be harmful.

Scientists zero in on the cellular machinery that enables neurons to fire
If you ever had a set of Micronauts -- toy robots with removable body parts -- you probably had fun swapping their heads, imagining how it would affect their behavior.

Princeton scientists break cholera's lines of communication
A team of Princeton scientists has discovered a key mechanism in how cholera bacteria communicate with each other, a pivotal breakthrough that could lead to treatments for cholera and other bacterial diseases.

Viral infection affects important cells' stress response
Viral infection disrupts the normal response of mammalian cells to outside deleterious forces, cleaving and inactivating a protein called G3BP that helps drive the formation of stress granules, which shelter the messenger RNAs that carry the code for protein formation, said researchers from Baylor College of Medicine in Houston.

Left brain helps hear through the noise
Our brain is very good at picking up speech even in a noisy room, an adaptation essential for holding a conversation at a cocktail party, and now we are beginning to understand the neural interactions that underlie this ability.

2007 Albert Maucher Prize for Outstanding Young Geoscientists
Two young geoscientists have been selected to receive the Albert Maucher Prize by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG, German Research Foundation) in honor of their outstanding research findings.

Latinos and African-Americans live longer with Alzheimer's disease
Latinos and African-Americans with Alzheimer's disease live longer than white people who have the disease, according to a study published Nov.

New anemia measure predicts risk of death in dialysis patients
A new indicator of variations in hemoglobin level over time is a strong predictor of the risk of death among patients receiving dialysis for end-stage renal disease, reports a study in the December Journal of the American Society of Nephrology.
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