Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

November 16, 2007
TU Delft demonstrates new control techniques for preventing aircraft crashes
On Wednesday Nov. 21, TU Delft will demonstrate how improved control techniques can reduce the risk of aircraft crashes.

Young mathematician receives the 2007 von Kaven Prize
Gitta Kutyniok, a mathematician from Giessen, has been selected to receive this year's von Kaven Prize in Mathematics for her outstanding work in the field of applied harmonic analysis.

University-industry team developing coal cleaning technology in India
In support of the Asia-Pacific Partnership on Clean Development and Climate, the US Department of State has awarded more than $1 million to a university-industry team led by the Center for Advanced Separation Technologies at Virginia Tech to help India increase energy production and reduce carbon dioxide emissions by developing and testing advanced technologies for cleaning coal.

Subcutaneous administration of an antiemetic for treating vomiting caused by chemotherapy
The subcutaneous administration of granisetron, an antiemetic pharmaceutical drug (suitable for control of vomiting), achieves similar blood concentrations to those administered intravenously.

Long-term pharmacotherapy for obesity and overweight: updated meta-analysis
The study, which looked at the long-term effectiveness of anti-obesity medications, found that three drugs recommended for long-term use -- orlistat, sibutramine and rimonabant -- reduced weight by less than 5 kg (11 pounds).

Tinea of the nails underdiagnosed in children
Two doctors from Hospital del Mar in Barcelona and UAB professors have observed, through a research carried out during the past 9 years, an increase in the number of children affected by tinea of the nails, as well as an underdiagnosis of this affection by paediatricians.

Should the UK lower the age for prostate cancer detection?
Prostate cancer screening occurs in many countries ahead of evidence from ongoing trials.

Genital arousal disorder adversely impacts women's lives
New research shows that women suffering from Persistent Genital Arousal Disorder are likely to experience a variety of associated psychological conditions.

JRRD releases single-topic issue on traumatic brain injury and polytrauma
JRRD releases single-topic issue (44-7) focused on the diagnosis and treatment of TBI and polytrauma in veterans.

Discovery of a new way to manipulate light a million times more efficiently
A discovery of a new way to manipulate light a million times more efficiently than before is announced in the journal Science this week.

Springer to publish Sports Engineering
Springer has signed an agreement with the International Sports Engineering Association to publish their journal Sports Engineering.

The Moon and Europe -- Rosetta OSIRIS images
As Rosetta closed in on Earth, swung by and then left on its course again, several instruments on the spacecraft were busy taking snaps.

Too few women scientists achieving academic leadership positions
As the US continues to fall behind countries such as China and India in producing high-level scientists, one immediate and obvious solution would be to take advantage of the many women who have obtained doctoral degrees in science but have been passed over in their attempts to rise to the position of tenured professor, according to a provocative editorial in the November 2007 issue (Volume 26, No.

Bee strategy helps servers run more sweetly
According to new research from the Georgia Institute of Technology, the swarm intelligence of honeybees can be adapted to improve the efficiency of Internet servers faced with similar challenges.

Eat chocolate, drink wine, add fun to life: SLU geriatrician shares secrets of staying young
A Saint Louis University geriatrician and the co-author of a new book about staying young suggests detecting health problems early and adding sizzle, such as dancing, drinking wine and eating chocolate, to your daily routine.

Blood clotting protein linked to rheumatoid arthritis
Researchers at Cincinnati Children's have issued the first study showing that a protein involved in blood clotting (fibrin), also plays an important role in the development of rheumatoid arthritis.

Conference on healthspan offers new opportunities for interdisciplinary collaboration
More than 160 participants gathered this week for the fifth annual National Academies Keck Futures Initiative conference.

Some drug studies more likely to have favorable conclusions
Previous work has shown that, when a drug study was funded by the company that made that drug, the results might be biased in favour of that drug because the methods or analyses were manipulated.

Earthquake in Chile: Deployment of the German Earthquake Task Force
A team of scientists from the

Low standards of child well-being linked to greater income inequality
Poorer children fare less well than richer ones in each society.

MIT: Remote-control nanoparticles deliver drugs directly into tumors
MIT scientists have devised remotely controlled nanoparticles that, when pulsed with an electromagnetic field, release drugs to attack tumors.

A mechanism to explain biological 'cross-talk' between 24-hour body cycle and metabolism
It's well known that the body's energy levels cycle on a 24-hour, or circadian, schedule, and that this metabolic process is fueled by oxygen.

Watching what we eat: Food systems in Europe
Food has never been more of a global commodity than it is today.

Geisinger rheumatologists redesign osteoporosis, rheumatoid arthritis care
Geisinger Health System recently improved the ordering process for DXA scans, more than quadrupling the number of patients who received a bone density test for osteoporosis.

Local sources major cause of US near-ground aerosol pollution
A new NASA study estimates that most ground-level particulate pollution in the US stems from regional sources in North America and only a small amount is brought to the country from other parts of the world.

Portable electricity, life-like prosthetics on the way
The technology that makes a cell phone vibrate is the same technology that provides more natural movements to prosthetic limbs.

$2.2M NIH grant to develop drugs to suppress cocaine cravings
The University of Illinois at Chicago College of Pharmacy has received a $2.2 million federal grant to develop therapeutics to suppress the cravings of cocaine addicts.
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