Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

November 30, 2007
Out-of-hours doctors reluctant to do home visits, say patients
Patients feel that doctors providing out-of-hours services in primary care are reluctant to do home visits, shows a small study of patients' experiences in Quality and Safety in Health Care.

Aging improves parent, child relationships, research shows
The majority of relationships between parents and their adult children improve as parents transition to old age, a Purdue University researcher has found.

Latin American adolescents are more likely to become infected with HIV than Spanish
A research work carried out in the UGR among 219 young immigrants and natives aged between 14 and 19 years reveals that the first use methods of birth control less frequently, have more sex partners and start having sex earlier.

NASA'S Glast satellite arrives at Naval Research Lab for testing
NASA's Gamma-ray Large Area Space Telescope has arrived at the Naval Research Laboratory in Washington, for its final round of testing.

Direct-to-consumer advertising for genetic tests concerns physicians and may mislead patients
In the December issue of Obstetrics & Gynecology, Massachusetts General Hospital physician Erin Tracy warns that commercial genetic testing, while increasingly available, is poorly regulated and may present potential pitfalls for patients and physicians.

Levels of prion protein in brain may not be reliable marker for disease
Rapid diagnostic testing used to check for the presence of prion diseases such as

Telemedicine: Health alert via satellite
An earthquake has just shaken the Greek island. Damage is widespread and all conventional, terrestrial communications have been destroyed.

Argonne transportation experts to present research at 23rd electric vehicle meeting
Researchers from Argonne National Laboratory's Transportation Technology R&D Center will present 11 papers during the Electric Vehicle Symposium-23 that will be held in Anaheim, Calif., from Dec.

Jules Verne ATV given its 'wings'
The next time Jules Verne ATV's four solar arrays are fully deployed, giving the vehicle a total span of 22.3 meters, will be in early 2008, at 28,000 km/h over the South Pacific Ocean.

An X-Ray Santa Claus in Orion
Right in time for the festive season, ESA's XMM-Newton X-ray observatory has discovered a huge cloud of high-temperature gas resting in a spectacular nearby star-forming region, shaped somewhat like the silhouette of Santa Claus.

Mountain summits in the Alps becoming increasingly similar
Alpine summit vegetation will become increasingly homogenized as a result of climate change, say researchers from the University of Bayreuth and the Helmholtz Center for Environmental Research writing in the international Journal of Vegetation Science.

Using fMRI to study brain development
Using fMRI to study early brain development requires learning more about the fMRI signal in the developing brain.

Purdue researchers obtain a snapshot clarifying how materials enter cells
A group of Purdue University researchers has captured a key step in the metabolic process that allows materials, such as nutrients and drug treatments, to move in and out of cells.

Alcohol may amplify chronic rejection in lung transplants
A recent study using an animal model of lung transplants shows that chronic alcohol consumption by the donor promotes scarring and airway injury after transplantation.

Bowel cancer screening halves emergency admissions and cuts deaths
Bowel cancer screening halves emergency admissions for the disease and significantly cuts death rates, reveal the fifth year results from one of the first UK pilot sites.

Stevens' Howe School presents Law and Entrepreneurship Conference, Dec. 10-11
Stevens Institute of Technology's Law & Entrepreneurship Program will hold a two-day conference on

Basque Country University researchers publish 2 articles in Nature on latest discoveries on Venus
Nature journal has published a series of articles devoted to the new discoveries by the European Space Agency's Venus Express space probe made on our neighboring planet.

CONRAD receives $28.5M Gates Foundation grant for HIV prevention research
The CONRAD Program of the Eastern Virginia Medical School today announced that it has received a $28.5 million grant from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation to develop microbicides for HIV prevention.

University of Iowa research: Even today, couples put more emphasis on husband's career
Sociological research has shown that when couples move, the husband's career gets a boost, while the wife's career suffers.

Liang receives NIH grant for biofilm research
Stevens Institute of Technology recently received a research grant from the National Institutes of Health for the project,

Duke scientists map imprinted genes in human genome
Scientists at Duke University have created the first map of imprinted genes throughout the human genome, and they say a modern-day Rosetta stone -- a form of artificial intelligence called machine learning -- was the key to their success.

Harvard Professor Steven Pinker to speak at Stevens, Dec. 12
The Center for Science Writings at Stevens Institute of Technology will host a talk by Steven Pinker, Johnstone Family Professor of Psychology at Harvard University.

String of fullerene pearls
Spanish researchers describe their method for

Further development of Water Framework Directive necessary
Experts from 20 countries have called for the guidance documents for the implementation of the European Water Framework Directive to be updated.

It takes a community to address cancer disparities among underserved minority populations
Cancer affects whole communities of people with similar genetic heritage and cultural behaviors, yet medical researchers often have trouble uncovering data on minority populations and promoting changes that could improve health.

Nano-sized voltmeter measures electric fields deep within cells
A wireless, nanoscale voltmeter developed at the University of Michigan is overturning conventional wisdom about the physical environment inside cells.

CTA enters strongly in the European R+T programs of the 7th Framework Program
CTA-Aeronautical Technologies Center will take part in two CENIT projects (

Researchers develop powerful tool to study the genetics of inflammation
Scientists have known which genes are linked to inflammation, but now researchers at Wake Forest University Baptist Medical Center have organized this information to develop a powerful tool to aid investigators in studying the genetics of inflammatory diseases.

Newer radiation treatment easier for some throat cancer patients
Treating throat cancer with intensity modulated radiation therapy can improve the health-related quality of life of patients compared to conventional radiation therapy, according to a study in the Dec.

New X-ray technique targets terrorists and tumors
Scientists at the University of Manchester have developed a new X-ray technique that could be used to detect hidden explosives, drugs and human cancers more effectively.

Women with AIDS face cervical cancer threat
The largest screening program for cervical cancer in the developing world shows that women living with AIDS face a high risk of developing cervical cancer and must be screened.

Government of Canada supports P.E.I. hydrogen shuttle bus demonstration
Prince Edward Islanders can now take a

New system for classifying infant lung disease developed
A new classification system of rare lung diseases in infants is improving diagnosis and treatment.

Ibuprofen associated with slower lung function decline in children with cystic fibrosis
Treatment with ibuprofen is associated with a significantly slower rate of decline in lung function in children and adolescents with cystic fibrosis, according to a new study.

Dark energy -- 10 years on
Three quarters of our universe is made up of some weird, gravitationally repulsive substance that was only discovered ten years ago -- dark energy.

1 in 10 patients comes to harm while in hospital
One in 10 NHS patients comes to harm while in hospital as a result of their clinical care, suggests a study in Quality and Safety in Health Care.

The European ITEA R + D program awards its top prize to the AMEC project
The Information Technology for European Advancement program, a benchmark one in European technological innovation and development, has given its highest award -- the ITEA 2007 Gold Achievement Award - to the AMEC project, in which Fagor Household Electrical Goods, Ikerlan-IK4 and ESI-Tecnalia are taking part.

Helium isotopes point to the best sources of geothermal energy
Unknown to most, the US has enough geothermal energy below its surface to supply three times the amount of energy that the US consumes annually.

Between water and rock -- a new science
Scientists are discovering that aquatic nanoparticles, from 1 to 100 nanometers, influence natural and engineered water chemistry and systems differently than similar materials of a larger size.

New study finds HIV rates among MSM vastly higher than general population in developing countries
New research demonstrating the severity of the HIV epidemic among men who have sex with men (MSM) in low- and middle-income countries prompts amfAR to call on policymakers to put aside their prejudices and provide the resources and the leadership that the epidemic demands.

Noctis Labyrinthus, labyrinth of the night
These images taken by the High-Resolution Stereo Camera, onboard ESA's Mars Express imaged the Noctis Labyrinthus region, the

Aurora Borealis breaks new grounds -- and old ice
It can crush ice sideways and stay precisely on station to an accuracy of a metre.

World AIDS Day: HIV prevention, diagnosis and treatment
On December 1, PLoS Medicine is publishing a collection of research articles and commentary, as well as an editorial to mark World AIDS Day 2007.

More on HIV prevention, diagnosis and treatment
On December 1, PLoS Medicine is publishing a collection of research articles and commentary, as well as an editorial to mark World AIDS Day 2007.
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