Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

December 07, 2007
Mechanism for regulation of growth and differentiation of adult muscle stem cells is revealed
During muscle regeneration, a natural response to injury and disease, environmental cues cause adult muscle stem cells to shift from dormancy to actively building new muscle tissue.

Antibacterial chemical disrupts hormone activities
A new UC Davis study shows that a common antibacterial chemical added to bath soaps is an endocrine disruptor that can alter hormonal activity in rats and in human cells in the laboratory -- and does so by a previously unreported mechanism.

New report explores tourism's impact on rural Alaska community
A new general technical report published by the Pacific Northwest Research Station examines the growth and development of the tourism industry in Hoonah, Alaska -- a Tlingit community located along Icy Strait in the southeast portion of the state.

Starter's orders for unique Ph.D.s in sport
Top researchers at the University of Nottingham are teaming up with colleagues in other higher education institutions around the region, to work on pioneering Sport Ph.D. courses.

Is infant male circumcision an abuse of the rights of the child?
Circumcision is one of the most common surgical procedures performed on males.

Concept of patients' charters 'inadequate'
The concept of patients' charters is inadequate and should be replaced with charters of health responsibilities, argues an expert in this week's BMJ.

Nanotube-producing bacteria show manufacturing promise
Engineers at the University of California, Riverside, are part of a binational team that has found semiconducting nanotubes produced by living bacteria -- a discovery that could help in the creation of a new generation of nanoelectronic devices.

Cleaner diesels thanks to laser light
Dutch researcher Bas Bougie has developed a laser system to investigate soot development in diesel engines.

New research may lead to better climate models for global warming, El Niño
From nine different countries, 150 scientists are starting a program to gain insights about the Earth's climate and the complex system involving the oceans, atmosphere and land.

Scotland's economy challenged by population trends
Scotland's population is changing in ways that could transform the face of the country.

University grant -- a boost to social scientists in the Midlands
Social science researchers are to benefit from a major grant awarded to the University of Nottingham.

Nationwide survey reveals differing physician and patient perceptions regarding impact of UC
Nearly three out of four patients with ulcerative colitis (UC) consider feeling unwell to be a normal part of life, while gastroenterologists estimate this to be true for only 37 percent of their UC patients, according to results from a nationwide series of surveys presented today at the 2007 Crohn's & Colitis Foundation's 6th Annual Advances in the Inflammatory Bowel Diseases conference.

Study points to possibility of blood test to detect lung cancer
A test for four blood proteins may provide a less-invasive follow-up for patients who have suspicious lesions on chest radiographs or computerized tomography scans, according to a new study led by Duke University Medical Center researchers.

New report on deforestation reveals problems of forest carbon payment schemes
A new study by one of the world's leading forestry research institutes warns that the new push to

DFG research team nominated for the German Future Prize
When this year's German Future Prize is awarded on Dec.

Obesity and metabolism: Weight gain and the growing risk of cancer
During this holiday season with its tempting bounty of edible delights, new research calls attention to the role of the expanding American waistline in health and medicine.

Education secretary spellings announces $2.4M grant to University of Houston
The University of Houston has received a grant of up to $2.4 million to improve teacher education in math and science following a competition that included submissions from more than 50 universities nationwide.

Young and invisible: African domestic workers in Yemen
Filmmaker Arda Nederveen and anthropologist Marina de Regt have made a short documentary about Ethiopian and Somalian women who work as domestic workers in Yemen.

Scottish mothers have fewer children than other UK women
Fertility in Scotland is below that of other countries and regions in the UK.

AIUM and ACEP publish guidelines for performing emergency trauma ultrasound -- the FAST exam
The American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine and the American College of Emergency Physicians officially announced today that they will publish jointly the Guidelines for the Performance of the FAST (Focused Assessment with Sonography in Trauma) Examination.

Story ideas from the Journal of Biological Chemistry
Sugary beverages may increase Alzheimer's risk.

Oldest Nobel Prize winner in history to receive award via simulcast
University of Minnesota Regents Professor Emeritus Leonid Hurwicz will be presented the Nobel Prize in Economics during a simulcast of the award ceremony from Stockholm beginning at 9:20 a.m., Monday, Dec.

Most ancient case of tuberculosis found in 500,000-year-old human; points to modern health issues
Although most scientists believe tuberculosis emerged only several thousand years ago, new research from the University of Texas at Austin reveals the most ancient evidence of the disease has been found in a 500,000-year-old human fossil from Turkey.

Media highlights in the Dec. 15 issue of Biophysical Journal
The Dec. 15 issue of Biophysical Journal, published by the Biophysical Society, is now available online.

BBVA Chairman Francisco González announces the BBVA Frontiers of Knowledge Awards
The BBVA Foundation Frontiers of Knowledge Awards seek to recognize and encourage research and artistic creation, prizing contributions of lasting impact for their originality, theoretical and conceptual implications and -- where appropriate -- their translation to innovative practices of a salient nature.

K-State specialist in tick-borne pathogens receives $1.8 million grant
Roman Ganta, a professor of diagnostic medicine and pathobiology at Kansas State University, has been awarded a grant of $1,825,000 by the National Institutes of Health to figure out how to stop the tick-borne bacteria, Ehrlichia chaffeensis, from making animals and people sick.

Hinode: new insights on the origin of solar wind
Spectacular images and data from the Hinode mission have shed new light on the sun's magnetic field and the origins of solar wind, which can disrupt power grids, satellites and communications on Earth.

Procedure to detect fetal heart defects is first automated use of 3-D ultrasound
Eastern Virginia Medical School has licensed to GE Healthcare a process for automatically locating key ultrasound views of the developing fetal heart.

M. D. Anderson research links diet, gardening and lung cancer risk
By simply eating four or more servings of green salad a week and working in the garden once or twice a week, smokers and nonsmokers alike may be able to substantially reduce the risk of developing lung cancer, say researchers at the University of Texas M.

Transfer of knowledge in the Middle Ages
Peeters Publishers, based in Leuven, has recently published the book

Research reveals secrets of alcohol's effect on brain cells
Alcohol triggers the activation of a variety of genes that can influence the health and activity of brain cells, and new research from Weill Cornell Medical College in New York City sheds light on how that process occurs.

Stats fail to reflect investments in knowledge economy
The way productivity performance is calculated in official statistics may be selling UK businesses seriously short, according to new research funded by the Economic and Social Research Council.

Pathogens use previously undescribed mechanism to sabotage host immune system
New research identifies a previously unknown enzymatic mechanism that subverts the early host immune response and promotes pathogenicity by manipulating a common signaling pathway in host cells.

Pharmacology grad student wins national research award for presentation on bovine disease
Dr. Brandon Reinbold, Manhattan, a graduate student in pharmacology in the College of Veterinary Medicine at Kansas State University, has received the Society for Tropical Veterinary Medicine Award at the Conference of Research Workers in Animal Disease meeting Dec.

High-tech helmets reveal new information about the impact of hard hits to the head
In a game that spawned the term

SECCHI team obtains images of the solar wind at Earth
Using the Sun Earth Connection Coronal and Heliospheric Investigation (SECCHI) instruments on board NASA's Solar Terrestrial Relations Observatory spacecraft, a consortium of scientists has seen, for the first time, large waves of solar material sweeping past Earth.

James Webb Space Telescope testing to find infrared light for Christmas
A model of the James Webb Space Telescope's Mid-InfraRed Instrument will be tested before Christmas at the Rutherford Appleton Laboratory in Oxfordshire, England to ensure the final instrument can see infrared light.

US-French research team to barcode an entire ecosystem
UC Berkeley researchers are leading an ambitious, first-of-its-kind effort to inventory all nonmicrobial life on the South Pacific island of Moorea.

Miami Science Museum's IMPACT Project gets 4-year extension from US Dept. of Education
The IMPACT project, a partnership between Miami Science Museum, UM's Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science, and Miami-Dade County Public Schools is opening doors for low income, first-generation students to graduate from high school and gain an interest in a postsecondary education in the sciences and/or technology.

Lifestyle and cancer prevention: Making choices that change cancer risk
How do the lifestyle choices we make affect our chances of developing cancer?

APS offers author names in alternate language alphabets
The American Physical Society offers Physical Review journal authors the option to include their names in Chinese, Japanese or Korean characters.

Relationship between invasive plants, fire subject of new report
A new general technical report published by the USDA Forest Service's Pacific Northwest Research Station explores the dynamics between fire and invasive plants by summarizing completed and ongoing research conducted as part of the Joint Fire Science Program.

Cystic fibrosis proteins photographed interacting
New microscopic pictures show the first-ever physical evidence of interaction between two proteins involved in cystic fibrosis (CF) disease.

Roger Kornberg to present lecture at the Joint Biophysical Society/IUPAB Meeting
The 7,800-member Biophysical Society and the International Biophysics Congress will host Roger Kornberg at a Joint Meeting in Long Beach, Calif., Feb.
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