Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

December 14, 2007
NCI/ASCO host science writers' seminar
NCI and ASCO will host an international event for journalists via the World Wide Web that will explore key issues surrounding cancer in the developing world.

Newer, simpler fixes restore corroded pipelines
Researchers are taking the guesswork out of repairing corroded oil and gas pipelines.

Where have all the lake eels gone? Queen's prof asks
A Queen's University environmental scientist will head a new international study to determine whether American eels -- the slimy, snake-like fish considered worldwide to be a food delicacy -- are dying from chemical pollution in Lake Ontario.

How molecular muscles help cells divide
Time-lapse videos and computer simulations provide the first concrete molecular explanation of how a cell flexes tiny muscle-like structures to pinch itself into two daughter cells at the end of each cell division, according to a report in Science.

Men unaware of their cancer risk when female relatives test positive for BRCA mutation
Men whose mothers, sisters or daughters test positive for a cancer-causing gene mutation also have an increased risk of developing the disease but are unaware of that risk.

Distinguished lecturers to speak at AIAA's 46th Aerospace Sciences Meeting and Exhibit
The American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics is pleased to announce that the following lectures will be presented during the 46th Aerospace Sciences Meeting and Exhibit, Jan.

Heavy traffic makes breathing a burden in children
Exposure to traffic pollution may increase respiratory problems and reduce lung volumes in children with asthma, according to researchers who studied the effects of road and traffic density on children's lung function and respiratory symptoms in the border town of Ciudad Juarez in Mexico.

Coral reefs unlikely to survive in acid oceans
Carbon emissions from human activities are not just heating up the globe, they are changing the ocean's chemistry.

LTER unveils a new decadal science plan
The US Long Term Ecological Research Network releases a 10-year plan developed following three years of network-wide research planning effort.

Computational mathematical sciences receives NSF grant for undergraduate research
Arizona State University's computational mathematical sciences program will power a new set of undergraduate research projects beginning in January with a $1 million grant from NSF.

MIT to lead ambitious lunar mission
MIT will lead a $375 million mission to map the moon's interior and reconstruct its thermal history, NASA announced this week.

Shilatifard Lab sheds light on molecular machinery required for translation of histone crosstalk
The Stowers Institute's Shilatifard Lab has published findings that shed light on the molecular machinery required for the translation of histone crosstalk, or communication between histones.

Breathless babies: Preemies' lung function shows prolonged impairment
Many premature babies face serious health challenges, not the least of which is breathing.

Government of Canada partners with University of Victoria on remote sensing research
The Honorable Gary Lunn, Minister of Natural Resources, today announced a memorandum of understanding providing for contribution agreements of up to $2.25 million with the University of Victoria for advanced remote sensing research.

The dirty work of health care information technology
Looking at 49 million lab results, Regenstrief Institute researchers found that of the approximately 4,000 lab tests administered throughout the metropolitan Indianapolis area, approximately 20 percent accounted for 99 percent of the results and covered all the tests performed for 99 percent of patients.

Herceptin helps women with multiple chromosomes containing HER2 gene, study finds
The targeted therapy Herceptin helps women with HER2+ type of breast cancer independent of whether patients have extra copies of chromosome 17, home to the HER2 gene which produces the HER2 protein that fuels cancer growth.

Therapy can reduce tics and Tourette syndrome
At a time when doctors reach for drugs as a first line of treatment for psychological disorders, a review of the reported research indicates that behavioral programs and procedures can reduce the symptoms of tic disorders.

Emerging field of neuroecology is showcased in December issue of the Biological Bulletin
Neuroecology bridges a critical gap between studying the neural basis of behavior (neuroethology) and evaluating the consequences of that behavior at the ecological levels of populations and communities.

Cholesterol fine tunes hearing
Levels of cholesterol in the membranes of hair cells in the inner ear can affect your hearing, said a consortium of researchers from Baylor College of Medicine, Rice University and Purdue University in a report in today's print edition of the Journal of Biological Chemistry.

Health needs higher for kids of abused moms
Children whose mothers have a history of abuse by intimate partners have higher health-care needs than children whose mothers have no history of abuse, according to a study conducted at Group Health, a Seattle-based health plan.

Aging gracefully requires taking out the trash
Suppressing a cellular cleanup-mechanism known as autophagy can accelerate the accumulation of protein aggregates that leads to neural degeneration.

Awards to be presented at 46th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting and Exhibit
The American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics is pleased to announce that the following awards will be presented during the 46th Aerospace Sciences Meeting and Exhibit, Jan.

Workplace opportunities and stresses are both increasing
Teamworking and other modern employment practices can put as much strain on a woman's family relationships as working an extra 120 hours a year, an extensive study of the British workforce funded by the Economic and Social Research Council suggests.

Ancient Egyptian glassmaking recreated
A team led by a Cardiff University archaeologist has reconstructed a 3,000-year-old glassmaking furnace, suggesting that Ancient Egyptian technology was more advanced than previously thought.

Lymphoma drug used to treat skin disorders
Rituximab, a drug used to treat lymphoma, is now becoming used by dermatologists to treat various dangerous skin diseases.

CERN director general reports on LHC progress
CERN Director General Robert Aymar today delivered an end-of-year status report at the 145th meeting of council, the organization's governing body.

Cedars-Sinai studying whether omega-3 fatty acids can help depression
Researchers at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center's Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Neurosciences are seeking participants for a clinical trial examining whether two polyunsaturated Omega-3 fatty acids are effective treatments for depression.

Long-term superiority of anastrozole over tamoxifen confirmed in early breast cancer
Anastrozole has clear long-term superior efficacy over tamoxifen, and the benefits of treatment with anastrozole are maintained long after treatment is completed, according to an article in the Lancet Oncology to be published online on Saturday, Dec.

Identification of new genes shows a complex path to cell death
Researchers at the University of Massachusetts Medical School, gained new insights into autophagy -- a cellular degradation process associated with a form of programmed cell death -- by studying the salivary gland cells of the fruit fly.

Bodily breakdown explained: How cell differentiation patterns suppress somatic evolution
Natural selection can occur at the cellular level, where it is detrimental to health.

When disease discriminates: Women and COPD
Women have made a good deal of welcome progress in the last several decades, but at least one advance is unwanted: chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is on the rise in women in prevalence, morbidity and mortality.
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