Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

December 21, 2007
MIT study: Workplace, community engagement key to interracial friendship
People who are involved in community organizations and activities and who socialize with their co-workers are much more likely to have friends of another race than those who do not, according to a landmark study of interracial friendship in America.

Reconstruction surgery rarely discussed with breast cancer patients
A new study finds that most general surgeons do not discuss reconstruction with patients before surgical breast cancer treatment.

Sea cucumber protein used to inhibit development of malaria parasite
Scientists have genetically engineered a mosquito to release a sea-cucumber protein into its gut which impairs the development of malaria parasites, according to research out today (21 December) in PLoS Pathogens.

A helping hand from the grandparents
A team of scientists led by the University of East Anglia, Norwich, has discovered the existence of

Translational research patented first experimental treatment against idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis
This disease, which deteriorates the alveolar tissue, does not have an effective treatment.

Number of conflicts in the world no longer declining
The trend toward fewer conflicts reported by peace researchers since the early 1990s now seems to have been broken.

Light powered platinum more targeted and 80 times more powerful than similar cancer treatments
Researchers from the Universities of Warwick, Edinburgh, Dundee and the Czech Republic's Institute of Biophysics have discovered a new light-activated platinum-based compound that is up to 80 times more powerful than other platinum-based anti-cancer drugs and which can use

Putting the brakes on bike thieves
Technology being developed at the University of Leeds could put the brakes on bicycle thieves and may also be useful in flagging suspicious events in public places.

Book on little-known species and conservation provides guidance to managers and others
The recently published

Most breast cancer surgeons don't talk to patients about reconstruction options, U-M study finds
Only a third of patients with breast cancer discussed breast reconstruction options with their surgeon before their initial surgery, according to a new study.

Internationally recognized experts presents a complete overview on hydroecology and ecohydrology
This research level text considers the growing volume of research at the interface of hydrology and ecology.

NDA accepted for tolvaptan, investigational drug for worsening heart failure and hyponatremia
Otsuka Pharmaceutical Development & Commercialization Inc. announced today that the US Food and Drug Administration has accepted a new drug application for the company's investigational oral once-daily medication tolvaptan, a selective V2-vasopressin receptor antagonist, for two indications: treatment of adults with worsening heart failure and treatment of hyponatremia.

Cancer stem cells: know thine enemy
Stem cells, popularly known as a source of biological rejuvenation, may play harmful roles in the body, specifically in the growth and spread of cancer.

Study determines costs of breast and cervical cancer detection among low-income women
A new study has estimated the costs of providing comprehensive screening and diagnostic services to under- or uninsured, low-income women to identify those with breast or cervical cancer for treatment.

First reputable book on the history of the Paralympic Movement
Wiley-Blackwell, the scientific, technical, medical and scholarly publishing business of John Wiley & Sons Inc., published today the first academically thorough, researched history and analysis of the Paralympic Movement.

MIT, Harvard offer solution to Mars enigma
Planetary scientists have puzzled for years over an apparent contradiction on Mars.

ASGE offers guidelines on endoscopic treatment of dyspepsia
The American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy has issued guidelines for the role of endoscopy in treating dyspepsia, discomfort thought to arise from the upper-gastrointestinal tract, which affects a fourth of the population in Western countries.

Katherine Freed wins first place at the International ISPE Undergraduate Poster Contest
Katherine Freed, undergraduate at Stevens Institute of Technology, won first place at the International ISPE Undergraduate Poster Contest in Las Vegas in November 2007.

Ireland Cancer Center researcher finds standard treatment for breast cancer not followed
Research out of the Ireland Cancer Center of University Hospitals Case Medical Center, in collaboration with six integrated health plans that are part of the Cancer Research Network, found that the majority of older women with early stage breast cancer fail to adhere to the standard of treatment -- five years of daily oral use of the chemo-prevention drug Tamoxifen.

Mars rovers find new evidence of 'habitable niche'
As the Mars rovers Spirit and Opportunity head into their third and most perilous winter yet, researchers are working to optimize their safety -- and reporting on new evidence that the planet could once have sustained life.

Cornell researchers prove how plants transport sugars
Using genetic engineering techniques, Cornell University researchers have proven a long-standing theory of how many plants ship sugars from their leaves to flowers, roots, fruits and other parts of their structure.

Cornell researcher seeks clues to how tuberculosis infects cells
Cornell researchers are using advanced genetic techniques to better understand the relationship between the bacteria that cause tuberculosis and the human immune system defense cells that engulf them.

Biophysical Society announces winners of 2008 Minority Travel Awards
The Biophysical Society has announced the winner of its Minority Travel Awards to attend the the Joint Meeting of the Biophysical Society and the International Biophysics Congress in Long Beach, California, Feb.

To curious aliens, Earth would stand out as living planet
With powerful instruments scouring the heavens, astronomers have found more than 240 planets in the past two decades, none likely to support Earth-like life.

Songbirds offer clues to highly practiced motor skills in humans
The melodious sound of a songbird may appear effortless, but his elocutions are actually the result of rigorous training undergone in youth and maintained throughout adulthood.

Arecibo gets back to work, spies potential Geminid parent
After receiving its first fresh, full coat of paint in more than 40 years, Arecibo Observatory made its first observation in more than six months at 6:36 a.m., Saturday, Dec.

Major study concludes that global warming is killing off coral
If world leaders do not immediately engage in a race against time to save the Earth's coral reefs, these vital ecosystems will not survive the global warming and acidification predicted for later this century.

Orphaned children fare better in foster care than in institutions
A new study published in Science, Dec. 21, shows strong evidence that children fare much better in foster care than in an institution.

UT-ORNL researchers take step toward understanding superconductivity
A research group at the University of Tennessee and Oak Ridge National Laboratory led by physics professor Pengcheng Dai, along with collaborators at Boston College, has taken a step toward understanding a great physical mystery -- high-temperature superconductivity.

MIT, others ask 'What would E.T. see?'
As astronomers become more adept at searching for, and finding, planets orbiting other stars, it's natural to wonder if anybody is looking back.

Hydrogen storage for cars?
An American research team at the Ford Motor Company in Dearborn and the University of California, Los Angeles, has developed a hydride that could be a useful starting point for the development of future automotive hydrogen-storage materials.

Biophysical Society announces winners of 2008 Student Travel Awards
The Biophysical Society has announced the winners of its student travel award to attend the Joint Meeting of the Biophysical Society and the International Biophysics Congress in Long Beach, Calif., Feb.

Iowa State psychologists explore public policy and effects of media violence on children
Three Iowa State University psychologists have authored a new study that reviews the literature on children's exposure to media violence and assesses the lack of effective public policy response to curb the risks.

Can a vibrating mouse prevent computer-related injuries?
Cornell University professor Alan Hedge, an international authority on office ergonomics, studies a chair that undulates, a mouse that vibrates, a monitor attached to a movable arm and other newfangled workstations.

December Geosphere media highlights
A special themed issue of Geosphere, published in electronic format only by the Geological Society of America, is now available online.

Scoring system identifies MDS patients who have low-risk disease but a poor prognosis
A new scoring system for a form of leukemia known as myelodysplastic syndrome identifies patients who appear to have low-risk disease but actually have poor prospects of survival, researchers at the University of Texas M.

Biophysical Society announces 2008 International Travel Awards
he Biophysical Society has announced the winners of its international travel grants to attend the Joint Meeting of the Biophysical Society and the International Biophysics Congress in Long Beach, Calif., Feb. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to